ABSTRACT: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is proposed for risk stratification in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). We determined if MPO has diagnostic value in patients being evaluated for ACS.
MIDAS was an 18-center prospective study enrolling suspected ACS emergency department patients who presented <8 hours after symptom onset and in whom serial cardiac markers and objective cardiac perfusion testing were planned. Blinded MPO (Biosite, Inc, San Diego, CA) and troponin I (Triage Cardio 3; Biosite, Inc) were drawn at arrival, and Troponin I (TnI) was measured at 90, 180, and 360 minutes. Final diagnoses were adjudicated by the local investigator blinded to study assay.
Of 1,018 patients, 54% were male, 26% black, with a mean age of 58 ± 13 years. Diagnoses were ACS in 288 (23%) and noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) in 788 (77%). Of patients with ACS, 94 (9.2%) had a myocardial infarction (MI) at presentation (69 non-ST-elevation MI, 25 ST-elevation MI), and 136 had unstable angina. Using a cutpoint of 210 ng/mL to provide 90% specificity, MPO had a sensitivity of 0.18; negative predictive value, 0.69; positive predictive value, 0.47; negative likelihood ratio, 0.91; and a positive likelihood ratio of 1.83 to differentiate ACS and NCCP. Because of the large overlap of quartiles, MPO was not clinically useful to predict serial TnI changes. The C statistics ± 95% CI for MPO differentiating ACS from NCCP and for AMI versus NCCP were 0.629 ± 0.04 and 0.666 ± 0.06, respectively.
Myeloperoxidase has insufficient accuracy for decision making in patients with suspected ACS.
American heart journal 11/2011; 162(5):893-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: D-dimer has been reported to be elevated in acute aortic dissection. Potential use as a "rule-out" marker has been suggested, but concerns remain given that it is elevated in other acute chest diseases, including pulmonary embolism and ischemic heart disease. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of D-dimer testing in a study population of patients with suspected aortic dissection.
In this prospective multicenter study, 220 patients with initial suspicion of having acute aortic dissection were enrolled, of whom 87 were diagnosed with acute aortic dissection and 133 with other final diagnoses, including myocardial infarction, angina, pulmonary embolism, and other uncertain diagnoses. D-dimer was markedly elevated in patients with acute aortic dissection. Analysis according to control disease, type of dissection, and time course showed that the widely used cutoff level of 500 ng/mL for ruling out pulmonary embolism also can reliably rule out aortic dissection, with a negative likelihood ratio of 0.07 throughout the first 24 hours.
D-dimer levels may be useful in risk stratifying patients with suspected aortic dissection to rule out aortic dissection if used within the first 24 hours after symptom onset.
Circulation 06/2009; 119(20):2702-7. · 14.74 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The early diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AD) remains challenging. We sought to determine the utility of the troponin-like protein of smooth muscle, calponin, as a diagnostic biomarker of acute AD.
Immunoassays against calponin (acidic, basic, and neutral isoforms) were developed and the levels were compared in a convenience sample of 59 patients with radiographically proven AD [34 males, age 59 +/- 15 (SD) years] vs. 158 patients suspected of having AD at presentation (116 males, age 63 +/- 15 years) but whose final diagnosis was not AD. Basic calponin, which is the most specific and abundant in smooth muscle, and acidic calponin, respectively, showed greater than two-fold and three-fold elevations in patients with acute AD. Diagnostic performance as determined by receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis showed that both acidic and basic calponin have the potential to detect AD in the first 24 h [respective areas under the curve (AUCs) 0.63 and 0.58], with superior performance of basic calponin (when compared with acidic) in the initial 6 h (respective AUCs 0.63 and 0.67).
Circulating calponin levels were elevated in acute AD compared with controls. These biomarkers have the potential for use as an early diagnostic biomarker for acute AD.
European Heart Journal 07/2008; 29(11):1439-45. · 10.48 Impact Factor