[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Shape control of nanocrystals has become a significant subject in materials science. In this work, we describe a convenient
way to achieve morphology-controllable synthesis of CoO nanocrystals including octahedrons and spheres as well as LiCoO2 polyhedrons and spheres. In particular, we explain the formation of CoO octahedrons exposing only high-energy (111) facets
using theoretical calculations; these should also be a useful tool for directing future face-controlled preparation of other
nanocrystals. More importantly, the as-obtained LiCoO2 nanocrystals showed different electrochemical performance depending on their morphology, indicating that Li-insertion/deintercalation
dynamics might be crystal face-sensitive.
Nano Research 04/2012; 3(1):1-7. · 7.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The decomposed regularity of rare-earth nitrates in octadecylamine (ODA) is discussed. The experimental results show that these nitrates can be divided into four types. For rare-earth nitrates with larger RE(3+) ions (RE=rare earth, La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd), the decomposed products exhibited platelike nanostructures. For those with smaller RE(3+) ions (RE=Y, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb), the decomposed products exhibited beltlike nanostructures. For terbium nitrate with a middle RE(3+) ion, the decomposed product exhibited a rodlike nanostructure. The corresponding rare-earth oxides, with the same morphologies as their precursors, could be obtained when these decomposed products were calcined. For cerium nitrate, which showed the greatest differences, flowerlike cerium oxide could be obtained directly from decomposition of the nitrate without further calcination. This regularity is explained on the basis of the lanthanide contraction. Owing to their differences in electron configuration, ionic radius, and crystal structure, such a nitrate family therefore shows different thermolysis properties. In addition, the potential application of these as-obtained rare-earth oxides as catalysts and luminescent materials was investigated. The advantages of this method for rare-earth oxides includes simplicity, high yield, low cost, and ease of scale-up, which are of great importance for their industrial applications.
Chemistry - An Asian Journal 02/2010; 5(4):925-31. · 4.57 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, we prepared a series of chalcogenide semiconductor nanocrystals in controllable shape and size via a facile wet route using metal nitrates and sulfur or selenium powder as precursors and octadecylamine (ODA) as solvent. The as-obtained chalcogenides included CdS, MnS, Ag(2)S, PbS, Cu(1.8)S, Bi(2)S(3), ZnS, Zn(x)Cd(1-x)S, as well as Ag(2)Se, Cu(2-x)Se, CdSe, MnSe. Furthermore, these cyclohexane-soluble monodisperse nanocrystals were assembled to water-soluble colloidal spheres and the adjustment of assembly orderliness has been achieved by controlling the experimental parameters. The general synthesis and assembly of chalcogenide semiconductors provide ideal building blocks for various potential applications.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synthesis of tubular nanomaterials has become a prolific area of investigation due to their wide range of applications. A
facile solution-based method has been designed to fabricate uniform Bi2S3 nanotubes with average size of 20 nm × 160 nm using only bismuth nitrate (Bi(NO3)3·5H2O) and sulfur powder (S) as the reactants and octadecylamine (ODA) as the solvent. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission
electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX) experiments were employed
to characterize the resulting Bi2S3 nanotubes and the classic rolling mechanism was applied to explain their formation process.
Nano Research 01/2009; 2(2):130-134. · 7.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metastable orthorhombic phase of AgInS2 nanocrystals with various shapes, including particles, rods, and worms, have been obtained to demonstrate a facile and effective one-pot chemical route for the synthesis of high quality I-III-VI2 ternary semiconductor nanocrystals (AgInS2, CuInS2, AgInSe2) with controllable shape and size.
Chemical Communications 07/2008; · 6.38 Impact Factor