[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A Bacillus sp. that produces fibrinolytic enzyme was isolated from Cheonggukjang, a traditional Korean soybean-fermented food. According to 16S rRNA gene base sequencing, the bacillus was identified as a variety of Bacillus subtilis, and named Bacillus subtilis IDCC 9204. Fibrinolytic enzyme NK-IL9204 was stable up to and within pH range of 5-10. Purified NK-IL9204 was detected through fibrin zymography. The molecular weight and isoelectric point of the enzyme were estimated to be 27.7 kDa and 6.7 by SDS-PAGE and 2D electrophoresis, respectively. Its amino acid sequence was similar to that of nattokinase (identities 99.5%) and different from that of nattokinase BPN (identities 86.4%). The plasma fibrinolytic activity of NK-IL9204 was measured by euglobulin clot lysis times (ECLT). The NK-IL9204 was orally administered to SD rats for 3 weeks (1,000 FU/rat/day). The ECLT was significantly shortened by supplementation of NK-IL9204.
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. 01/2012; 44(5).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Probiotics and their products, such as yogurt and cheese have been widely consumed in many countries with proven health benefits including anti-microbial activity and anti-diarrheal activity. LHFM (Lactobacillus helveticus - fermented milk) is a processed skim milk powder, fermented by a probiotics, L. helveticus IDCC3801. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects and the cognitive improvements of LHFM. LHFM itself did not show any cytotoxicity to the human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y; however, it dose-dependently protected against glutamate-induced neuronal cell death. LHFM also attenuated scopolamine-induced memory deficit in Y-maze and Morris-water maze. In the analysis of hippocampus after a behavior test, LHFM significantly increased the acetylcholine level and also inhibited acetylcholine esterase activity. Therefore, the raised acetylcholine release partially contributes to the improvement of learning and memory by a treatment with LHFM. These results suggest that LHFM is an effective material for prevention or improvement of cognitive impairments caused by neuronal cell damage and central cholinergic dysfunction.
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. 01/2012; 44(4).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hyaluronic acid (HA), linear high-molecular-weight glycosaminoglycan produced from Streptococcus sp., has raised interest in the medical and cosmetics industries because of the various biological functions of HA. In this paper, we report on the optimization of medium components for HA production in Streptococcus sp. ID9102 (KCTC 11935BP) by two-step optimization (one-factor-at-a-time and taguchi orthogonal array design). In the first step, medium components, such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphate, and mineral sources, were selected for HA production in Streptococcus sp. ID9102 (KCTC 11935BP) using the one-factor-at-a-time method. In the second step, the concentration of the selected medium components was optimized using taguchi orthogonal array design. The design for medium optimization was developed and analyzed using MINITAB 14 software. In addition, the effect of amino acid and organic acid, such as glutamine, glutamate, and oxalic acid, was studied for HA production in Streptococcus sp. ID9102 (KCTC 11935BP). Through these processes, the optimum medium comprising 4% glucose, 0.75% yeast extract, 1.0% casein peptone, 0.25% K(2)HPO(4), 0.05% MgCl(2), 0.5% NaCl, 0.04% glutamine, 0.06% glutamate, and 0.02% oxalic acid was determined. We were able to produce HA with a molecular weight of 5.9 x 10(6) at a productivity of 6.94 g/l on pilot scale fermentation.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology 08/2009; 36(11):1337-44. · 1.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The carbazole assay has been used for determination of the percentage of hyaluronic acid in biological fluids. However, it is difficult to measure the concentration of hyaluronic acid in culture broth because glucose and polysaccharides remaining after cultures can react with sulfuric acid and carbazole. The glucose and polysaccharide remnants must be completely removed in order to get the correct value for hyaluronic acid. The turbidity assay, another method for estimating the concentration of hyaluronic acid, is based on the formation of insoluble complexes between hyaluronic acid and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. This method is very easy and fast compared with the carbazole assay. Because concentrations of hyaluronic acid measured by the turbidity assay were ranged around 100% of those measured by the carbazole assay, the content of hyaluronic acid in culture broth can be determined by the turbidity assay. The turbidity method also has the advantage of being safer than the carbazole assay.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the influence of amino acids in improving teicoplanin productivity. Arginine, lysine, and proline were selected for better productivity among 20 amino acids in Erlenmeyer flasks. Proline was finally chosen as the additive for maximum teicoplanin productivity in a 5-liter fermenter. We obtained the highest teicoplanin productivity, 3.12 g/l, on the eighth d in a 75-liter pilot fermenter.
Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 07/2008; 72(6):1635-7. · 1.27 Impact Factor