Gunnar Blumenstock

University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Are you Gunnar Blumenstock?

Claim your profile

Publications (112)235.24 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiation exposure remains an unceasing concern in angiographic procedures. Modern angiography machines such as analog image intensifiers (AII) or the new flat panel detectors (FPD) aim at a further dose reduction. To present dose area products (DAP) in a broad spectrum of therapeutic angiographic procedures, comparing an AII to an FPD angiography system. A total of 999 peripheral therapeutic angiography procedures performed with an FPD (n = 562) and an AII system (n = 437) were evaluated. DAP, fluoroscopy time, and patients' body mass index (BMI) were recorded. Interventions were classified into five main groups: percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA); PTA and stent placement; intra-arterial thrombolysis; embolization procedures; and specialized interventions. DAP values in therapeutic angiographic procedures were significantly higher when performed with the FPD compared to the AII system. The increase of the FPD versus AII system was 100.1% for PTA, 39.9% for PTA and stent placement, 187% for intra-arterial thrombolysis, 31.3% for embolization procedures, and 361% for specialized interventions. These differences persisted after standardizing DAP values to the geometric mean fluoroscopy duration of each procedure. Fluoroscopy times were shorter in all interventions performed at the FPD as compared to the AII system. DAPs increased with higher BMI, but the DAP increase of both systems with elevated BMI was variable, depending on the individual intervention. In therapeutic angiographic procedures, the FPD system required higher DAPs despite shorter fluoroscopy times as compared to an AII system. Better ergonomics and speediness of the FPD system may be advantageous in the emergency setting. © The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2015.
    Acta Radiologica 07/2015; DOI:10.1177/0284185115597262 · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare artefact configuration and diameters in a magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible prototype microwave (MW) applicator and a standard MR-compatible radiofrequency (RF) applicator for MR-guided tumour ablation. Both applicators were tested in a phantom study at 1.5T with three sequences: T1-weighted three-dimensional volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE), T1-weighted fast low angle shot (FLASH), T2-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE). Applicator orientation to main magnetic field (B0) and slice orientation were varied. Needle tip location error (TLE) was assessed, and artefact diameters were calculated. Influence of imaging parameters on artefacts was assessed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc testing. MW applicator: the shaft artefact diameter measured 2.3 +/- 0.8 mm. Tip artefact diameter and length measured 2.2 ± 0.8 mm and 2.4 ± 1.3 mm, respectively. A prominent oval artefact (diameter: 16.5 +/- 1.8 mm, length: 19.1 +/- 2.5 mm) appeared close to the tip. TLE: - .3 +/- 0.6 mm. RF applicator: shaft and tip diameter measured 8.9 +/- 4.7 mm and 9.0 +/- .0 mm, respectively. TLE: -0.1 +/- 0.8 mm. Minimal artefacts were measured with RF applicator orientation parallel to B0 (P < 0.0001), whereas no such influence was found for MW applicator. For both applicators, significantly large artefacts were measured with T1 FLASH (P = 0.03). The MW applicator's artefact is satisfactory and seems useable for MR-guided ablation procedures. • MW applicator's artefact appearance is independent of angulation to main magnetic field. • MW applicator's prominent distal artefact may increase visibility under MR-guidance. • RF and MW applicator's artefacts are precise concerning tip depiction. • Largest artefact diameters are measured with T1-weighted fast low angle shot sequence.
    European Radiology 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00330-015-3891-0 · 4.01 Impact Factor
  • Gerhard Binder · Roland Schweizer · Peter Haber · Gunnar Blumenstock · Regina Braun
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the accuracy of inhibin B and the gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist test for the diagnosis of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). We performed a retrospective analysis of data collected 2009-2014 using a strict clinical protocol. All prepubertal nonunderweight girls, aged 13-17.5 years with Tanner breast stage B1/B2 and low estradiol levels, were tested and re-examined at 6-month intervals (n = 21). Constitutional delay of growth and puberty was defined by spontaneous menarche; HH was identified by association with specific causes of HH or no spontaneous progress of puberty during follow-up. Inhibin B was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone (basal and stimulated by triptorelin) were measured using a chemiluminescence immunoassay. The cohort comprised 12 girls with constitutional delay of growth and puberty and 9 girls with HH. The causes of HH included hypopituitarism (n = 3), Prader-Willi syndrome, chromosomal aberration, intellectual disability syndrome with ataxia, and idiopathic causes (n = 2). Each measurement, basal inhibin B <20 pg/mL or stimulated follicle-stimulating hormone (4 hours) <11 IU/L, demonstrated a sensitivity and a specificity of 100% for the detection of HH. Stimulated luteinizing hormone (4 hours) <9 IU/L showed 100% sensitivity but only 83% specificity. Inhibin B seems to be the ideal measurement for detecting HH in girls. The gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist test is an alternative diagnostic modality, although this approach is more invasive and laborious. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Journal of pediatrics 06/2015; 167(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.039 · 3.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A change in German licensing legislation imposed a portfolio for surgical clerks. We aimed to analyze whether the implementation of the portfolio changed the amount of clinical exposure and activities during surgical clerkships. The study was conducted with a modified pre-post design at the University Hospital of Tuebingen, Germany. Before and after the implementation of the portfolio on April 1, 2013, final-year students (n = 557) who had just finished their surgical clerkship were interviewed with an online questionnaire. A total of 21 basic surgical skills were evaluated. Overall, 230 questionnaires were returned and analyzed; 51% were preintervention. Overall clinical activity for the whole study cohort varied for different activities between 98% and 32%. For 16 of 21 parameters, there was more clinical activity in the postintervention (portfolio) group. This difference was statistically significant for the following 7 activities: discharge, analgesia, local infiltration, patient positioning, drain in, blood transfusion, and emergency diagnostics. The implementation of the portfolio did enhance clinical activity for surgical clerks in the study cohort. Nevertheless, overall exposure is still unsatisfactory low for some activities. Additional changes and studies are necessary to further improve surgical education. Copyright © 2015 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Surgical Education 05/2015; 72(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.03.014 · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/ceo.12549 · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety and efficacy of intraoperative conversion of unsuccessful canaloplasty technique into 180-degree metal or 360-degree suture trabeculotomy. In this retrospective observational case series, 35 eyes of 35 patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) who had undergone unsuccessful canaloplasty technique and underwent intraoperative conversion were studied. In 17 eyes (group A), the procedure was converted into 180-degree metal trabeculotomy because of unsuccessful circumferential Schlemm's canal (SC) catheterisation. Group B included 18 eyes that were converted into 360-degree trabeculotomy because of cheese wiring of tension suture through the trabecular meshwork (TM) after successful complete catheterisation of SC. Median preoperative IOP was 22.0 mmHg (range 16-34) in group A, and 22.0 mmHg (range 15-48) in group B. Median IOP was significantly reduced in both groups postoperatively, at the 12-month examination to 15.0 mmHg (range 9-21) representing a reduction of 36 % in group A, and to 14.5 mmHg (range 8-21) representing a reduction of 34 % in group B. Median glaucoma medication number decreased significantly from 4 (range 2-4) and 3 (range 1-4) preoperatively to 2 (range 0-4) and 1 (range 0-3) at 12 months in groups A and B respectively. Hyphema was the commonest complication, with an incidence of 76 % in group A and 78 % in group B. 180-degree metal or 360-degree suture/catheter trabeculotomy are safe and effective surgical backup methods to control IOP in cases of unsuccessful intracanalicular placement of tension suture during canaloplasty surgery.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 02/2015; 253(5). DOI:10.1007/s00417-015-2955-9 · 1.91 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Very little information on medium- to long-term results is available for surgically treated proximal humeral fractures. The aim of this prospective treatment study was to present long-term results after angular stable plate fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures and to detect which specific patient- and fracture-related parameters affect the clinical outcome. We performed a prospective clinical and radiologic evaluation of 77 patients with a displaced proximal humeral fracture (28 Neer 2-part, 38 3-part, and 11 4-part fractures; 28 AO A fractures, 30 AO B fractures, and 19 AO C fractures) treated with angular stable plate fixation after a mean follow-up period of 96 months (range, 74-133 months). We assessed outcomes with the Constant, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores and evaluated specific patient- and fracture-related parameters including complications. The mean Constant, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores were 79, 31, and 12 points. Reasons for revisions were implant-related impingement (n = 13), screw perforation (n = 10), infection (n = 4), and secondary fracture displacement (n = 1). There was a significant association between worse score results and occurrence of secondary fracture displacement, screw perforation, residual bone deformities, and a rotator cuff defect at follow-up. Good medium- to long-term results after angular stable plate fixation of displaced proximal humeral fracture can be expected. A reconstruction within a range of 15° in both anteroposterior and axillary views and <5-mm tuberosity displacement should be the aim of head-preserving surgery to prevent complications, such as secondary fracture displacement and screw perforation, and a less favorable long-term result. Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 10/2014; 24(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jse.2014.08.009 · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Gerhard Binder · Roland Schweizer · Gunnar Blumenstock · Regina Braun
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The distinction between constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) and isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) in males with delayed puberty is difficult but important for timely treatment. We assessed the accuracy of the GnRH agonist test (triptorelin 0·1 mg) in comparison with inhibin B alone or in combination with basal LH for the diagnosis of IHH. Patients and measurements: Ninety-seven prepubertal males aged 13·7-17·5 year, with testicular volumes ≤4 ml, were examined every 6 months. CDGP was defined by a testicular volume ≥8 ml after 18 months, and IHH was defined by a testicular volume <5 ml after 24 months follow-up. Inhibin B concentrations were measured by ELISA, and LH concentrations were measured by CLIA. Results: At follow-up, the cohort comprised 52 boys with CDGP and nine with IHH. The other patients were lost for follow-up (n = 10), had not reached follow-up yet (n = 20) or did not reach a definite testicular volume (n = 6). Basal LH <0·3 IU/l, stimulated LH (4 h) <5·3 IU/l or inhibin B <111 pg/ml had 100% sensitivity for IHH. Only LH (4 h) <5·3 IU/l had a specificity of 100%, and the specificities of basal LH <0·3 IU/l (88%) or inhibin B <110 pg/ml (92%) were lower. The combination of LH <0·3 IU/l with inhibin B <111 pg/ml increased the specificity to 98·1%. Conclusions: The LH response 4 h after GnRH agonist stimulation has an excellent accuracy for the diagnosis of IHH in prepubertal boys with delayed puberty. However, the measurement of inhibin B and basal LH in combination is a valid, reliable and less-invasive alternative test.
    Clinical Endocrinology 09/2014; 82(1). DOI:10.1111/cen.12613 · 3.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Previous studies have shown a benefit of magnetic resonance (MR)-diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for follow-up after liver radiofrequency (RF) ablation. However, no data are available concerning acute changes of DWI characteristics immediately after RF ablation. Purpose: To analyze and compare the MR-diffusion characteristics of pre-interventional hepatic malignancies and the ablation zone during successful MR-guided RF ablation. Material and methods: This retrospective study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the local institutional review board. Forty-seven patients with 29 HCC (24 patients) and 30 hepatic metastases (23 patients) underwent MR-guided radiofrequency ablation including DWI before and immediately after ablation (b = 0, 400, 800 s/mm(2)). Two reviewers (A and B) analyzed DWI with focus on detectability of the tumor before ablation and characteristics of the coagulative area after treatment. Mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was compared between liver, untreated tumor, and hyperintense areas in post-ablative DWI (b = 800 s/mm(2)) with the paired Student's t-test. Results: Pre-ablative: the reviewers classified 19/29 (A) and 23/29 (B) HCC and 25/30 (A and B) metastases as detectable in DWI. Post-ablative: a hyperintense rim surrounding the ablation zone was observed in 28/29 treated HCC and 30/30 treated metastases (A and B). A homogenous hypointense central ablation zone was found in 18/29 (A) and 20/29 (B) treated HCC and 17/30 (A & B) treated metastases in DWI. ADC of the rim was significantly lower than ADC of the liver (P < 0.001). Conclusion: DWI enables visualization of the target tumor in MR-guided liver radiofrequency ablation in most cases. A common post-ablative DWI finding is a hyperintense rim with decreased ADC surrounding the ablation zone.
    Acta Radiologica 09/2014; 56(8). DOI:10.1177/0284185114545148 · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim of the study was to compare the short-term effects of oxygen therapy via a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on functional and subjective respiratory parameters in patients with acute hypoxic respiratory failure in comparison to non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and standard treatment via a Venturi mask. Fourteen patients with acute hypoxic respiratory failure were treated with HFNC (FiO2 0.6, gas flow 55 l/min), NIV (FiO2 0.6, PEEP 5 cm H2O Hg, tidal volume 6–8 ml/kg ideal body weight,) and Venturi mask (FiO2 0.6, oxygen flow 15 l/min,) in a randomized order for 30 min each. Data collection included objective respiratory and circulatory parameters as well as a subjective rating of dyspnea and discomfort by the patients on a 10-point scale. In a final interview, all three methods were comparatively evaluated by each patient using a scale from 1 (=very good) to 6 (=failed) and the patients were asked to choose one method for further treatment. PaO2 was highest under NIV (129 ± 38 mmHg) compared to HFNC (101 ± 34 mmHg, p <0.01 vs. NIV) and VM (85 ± 21 mmHg, p <0.001 vs. NIV, p <0.01 vs. HFNC, ANOVA). All other functional parameters showed no relevant differences. In contrast, dyspnea was significantly better using a HFNC (2.9 ± 2.1, 10-point Borg scale) compared to NIV (5.0 ± 3.3, p <0.05), whereas dyspnea rating under HFNC and VM (3.3 ± 2.3) was not significantly different. A similar pattern was found when patients rated their overall discomfort on the 10 point scale: HFNC 2.7 ± 1.8, VM 3.1 ± 2.8 (ns vs. HFNC), NIV 5.4 ± 3.1 (p <0.05 vs. HFNC). In the final evaluation patients gave the best ratings to HFNC 2.3 ± 1.4, followed by VM 3.2 ± 1.7 (ns vs. HFNC) and NIV 4.5 ± 1.7 (p <0.01 vs. HFNC and p <0.05 vs. VM). For further treatment 10 patients chose HFNC, three VM and one NIV. In hypoxic respiratory failure HFNC offers a good balance between oxygenation and comfort compared to NIV and Venturi mask and seems to be well tolerated by patients. Trial registration German clinical trials register: DRKS00005132.
    BMC Anesthesiology 08/2014; 14(1):66. DOI:10.1186/1471-2253-14-66 · 1.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: To assess the long-term efficacy and tolerability of both derivatives of mycophenolic acid, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and mycophenolate sodium (MPS), in the therapy of patients with birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR). Methods: Retrospective analysis of 24 patients (48 eyes) with BSCR, treated with MMF or MPS with a follow-up of at least 1 year. The main outcome measures included control of inflammation, steroid-sparing potential and side effects. Secondary outcome measure was the development of retinal function during the therapy measured by best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), visual field and/or electroretinography (ERG). Results: Twelve patients (50%) were treated with MMF and 12 patients (50%) with MPS. Control of intraocular inflammation, defined as complete lack of clinical and angiographic signs of inflammatory activity, was achieved in 16 of 24 patients (67%). The angiographic signs of activity were significantly reduced during the follow-up (p<0.05). No significant difference was found in the mean BCVA, the visual field and the ERG parameters during the treatment compared with the baseline (p>0.05). In 20 out of 21 patients (95%) who received systemic corticosteroids, the corticosteroids could be tapered to a daily dose of ≤10 mg (rate 0.26/patient-year). Drug-related side effects occurred in 12 patients (50%, rate 0.16/patient-year). In four patients (17%), a therapy switch from MMF to MPS was undertaken due to gastrointestinal discomfort. Conclusions: Derivatives of mycophenolic acid are effective and safe drugs for the treatment of BSCR. In cases with gastrointestinal side effects, a therapy switch from MMF to MPS should be considered.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 07/2014; 99(1). DOI:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2014-305535 · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • International Orthopaedics 06/2014; 38(8). DOI:10.1007/s00264-014-2418-7 · 2.11 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: While in adults not total body- or visceral fat mass, but liver fat content was found to independently determine insulin resistance, it is unclear whether these relationships are already present in obese adolescents. Methods: Thirty-nine overweight/obese adolescents were matched for sex and BMI with 39 adults. To compare the age- and sex-specific BMI values of adolescents and adults, the percentile value of each adolescent was projected to the age of 18. Body fat depots were quantified by whole-body magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Liver fat content was measured with (1)H-MR spectroscopy. Insulin resistance was estimated from the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Results: Compared to overweight and obese adults, adolescents had higher HOMA-IR (P < 0.001) and lower lean body mass (P = 0.002). Furthermore, they had higher total body- (P = 0.02), but lower visceral- (P < 0.001) fat mass, while liver fat content was not significantly different between the groups (P = 0.16). In both groups liver fat content (both P ≤ 0.007), but not total body- or visceral fat mass (all P ≥ 0.64) was an independent predictor of insulin resistance. Conclusions: Having lower visceral fat mass, overweight and obese adolescents are more insulin resistant than sex- and BMI-matched adults. Liver fat content, but not total body- or visceral fat mass, is an independent determinant of insulin resistance in adolescents.
    Obesity 05/2014; 22(5). DOI:10.1002/oby.20685 · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • RöFo - Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der R 04/2014; 186(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1373070 · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of continuous epidural analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing major abdominal tumor surgery. Children undergoing major abdominal tumor surgery at our institution between 2008 and 2012 (n=40) received continuous epidural analgesia via an epidural catheter. Surgical trauma scores, pain scores, and clinical data of the children were compared to a pair-matched historical control group operated on between 2002 and 2007 without epidural analgesia. Pain levels in the study group on day 1 and 3 after surgery were lower compared to the control group. The differences did, however, not reach statistical significance (p=0.15 and 0.09). Children in the study group received significantly fewer additional doses of piritramide or morphine (45% versus 82%, p<0.001). Despite significantly higher surgical trauma scores in the study group (p=0.018), there were no statistical differences regarding clinical parameters, such as mechanical ventilation time, time on intensive care unit, and total hospital stay. There were no catheter-related complications. Continuous epidural analgesia is beneficial for children undergoing complex abdominal tumor surgery with regard to pain levels, postoperative recovery, and general clinical course. Expertise of the managing team, a careful patient selection, and a continuous quality assessment are essential for success.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 04/2014; 49(4):551-5. DOI:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.10.025 · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • A Tepass · K Weise · B Rolauffs · G Blumenstock · C Bahrs
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Various treatment options exist for displaced proximal humeral fractures. The impact of the level of hospital care and frequency of treatment on current treatment regimens in Germany was analyzed. A total of 576 hospitals were included. The survey covered questions on frequency, diagnostics, classification, therapy, complications, and clinical scenarios. In all, 48% of the hospitals returned the questionnaire: 73% treat more than 60% of the fractures surgically, mainly with angle-stable implants. The angle-stable plate is the treatment of choice for young patients, but older patients are treated using other treatment options. Problems and complications included malreduction, secondary displacement, screw perforation, avascular necrosis, and impingement. According to treatment indication, implant choice, and common complications, no significant differences between the level of hospital care and frequency of treatment were observed. Independent of the level of hospital care and frequency of treatment, there is a trend for head-preserving angular-stable surgery with a homogenous level of treatment in Germany.
    Der Unfallchirurg 03/2014; 118(9). DOI:10.1007/s00113-013-2531-x · 0.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess the long-term efficacy and tolerability of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) inhibitors in the therapy of children with refractory antinuclear antibody (ANA)-associated chronic anterior uveitis. Retrospective analysis of 31 children with ANA-associated uveitis, treated with TNFα inhibitors with a follow-up period of at least 2 years. The outcome measures included: control of inflammation, corticosteroid-sparing potential and side effects. Twenty-three children (74%) were treated with adalimumab, five children (16%) with infliximab and three children (10%) with etanercept. Control of uveitis, defined as 0 anterior chamber cells while on ≤2 drops/day topical corticosteroids, was achieved in 22 of 31 patients (71%) after 1 year (95% CI 52% to 86%), and in 21 of 29 patients (72%) after 2 years of treatment (95% CI 53% to 87%). Control of uveitis was observed in 18 of 23 children (78%) treated with adalimumab, and in two of five children (40%) treated with infliximab. In all children treated with etanercept, no sufficient inflammatory control was found. Systemic corticosteroids could be discontinued in 71% (12/17 children) and topical corticosteroids in 55% (17/31) of the patients. Treatment-related side effects were found in nine children (29%, rate: 0.10/patient-year). Our data show that adalimumab and infliximab have beneficial effects in the therapy of severe ANA-associated anterior uveitis in children.
    The British journal of ophthalmology 01/2014; 98(4). DOI:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2013-303935 · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Intraocular inflammation of the posterior segment may be associated with neoplastic, infectious, and inflammatory diseases. Biopsy of vitreous and additional ocular tissue might be required for a definitive diagnosis. We therefore aimed to investigate the safety and usefulness of diagnostic vitrectomy in intraocular inflammation. Method: We performed an observational retrospective study of patients who underwent vitreous biopsy due to atypical intraocular inflammation, experienced failed resolution to empirical therapy, or for whom there was suspicion of an underlying neoplastic process. Results: Seventy consecutive patients were included due to idiopathic uveitis of the posterior segment unresponsive to systemic corticosteroids (n = 33, 47%), suspected vitreoretinal or choroidal lymphoma (n = 18, 26%), viral retinitis (n = 17, 24%), and suspected endogenous endophthalmitis (n = 2, 3%). Suspected viral retinitis was most often confirmed (13/17, 76%), followed by lymphoma (6/18, 33%). Remarkably, a proportion of suspected idiopathic uveitis was infectious (7/33, 21%). The most prevalent adverse event following diagnostic vitrectomy was cataract surgery in phakic patients (n = 16/41, 39% of phakic patients). Retinal detachments were observed chiefly in infectious or neoplastic disease (n = 5, 7%) after a median time of 105 days. Conclusion: Diagnostic vitrectomy was helpful in substantiating the clinical suspected diagnosis of posterior segment inflammation. Potential secondary adverse events should be kept in mind.
    Ocular immunology and inflammation 01/2014; 23(1). DOI:10.3109/09273948.2013.870212 · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inactivation of the p53 pathway is a universal event in human cancers and promotes tumorigenesis and resistance to chemotherapy. Inactivating p53 mutations are uncommon in non-complex karyotype leukemias, thus the p53-pathway must be inactivated by other mechanisms. The Apoptosis Stimulating Protein of p53-2 (ASPP2) is a damage-inducible p53-binding protein that enhances apoptosis at least in part through a p53-mediated pathway. We have previously shown, that ASPP2 is an independent haploinsufficient tumor suppressor in vivo. Now, we reveal that ASPP2 expression is significantly attenuated in acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemia - especially in patients with an unfavorable prognostic risk profile and patients who fail induction chemotherapy. In line, knock down of ASPP2 in expressing leukemia cell lines and native leukemic blasts attenuates damage-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, cultured blasts derived from high-risk leukemias fail to induce ASPP2 expression upon anthracycline treatment. The mechanisms of ASPP2 dysregulation are unknown. We provide evidence that attenuation of ASPP2 is caused by hypermethylation of the promoter and 5'UTR regions in native leukemia blasts. Together, our results suggest that ASPP2 contributes to the biology of leukemia and expression should be further explored as a potential prognostic and/or predictive biomarker to monitor therapy responses in acute leukemia.
    PLoS ONE 11/2013; 8(11):e80193. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0080193 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • G Binder · M Liebl · J Woelfle · T Eggermann · G Blumenstock · R Schweizer
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims: To compare adult heights of GH-treated and GH-untreated patients with Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) who were epigenotyped. Methods: This was a nonrandomized retrospective study with matched controls at a single center. Molecular analysis of 32 out of 37 GH-treated patients (16 females) revealed IGF2-H19 epimutations in 12 and maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (matUPD7) in 5 patients; 15 were negative. At start of GH, mean age was 7.2 years and mean height -3.34 standard deviation score (SDS). Mean GH dose used was 51 µg/kg·day, mean duration of therapy was 5.6 years. Puberty was blocked by GnRH analogs in 16 patients. The untreated group comprised 13 individuals (5 females, mean age 6.8 years and mean height -3.34 SDS). End points were adult height and overall height gain. Results: GH-treated patients reached an adult height of -2.12 ± 0.98 SDS gaining 1.22 SDS in comparison to baseline. Adult height SDS of the untreated was -3.13 ± 1.37 SDS. The matched treated patients were significantly taller than their untreated counterparts. Outcome was dependent on height at start of GH and duration of therapy. Height gain was highest in the shortest patients. Conclusions: GH improved adult height in SRS to a comparable degree as reported in nonsyndromic SGA children. A trend toward a better outcome in matUPD7 needs confirmation in larger cohorts.
    Hormone Research in Paediatrics 09/2013; 80(3):193-200. DOI:10.1159/000354658 · 1.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

803 Citations
235.24 Total Impact Points


  • 1999–2015
    • University of Tuebingen
      • • Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometry
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics
      • • Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2006–2007
    • Universität Heidelberg
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Kassenärztliche Bundesvereinigung
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 2003
    • Sana Herzchirurgie, Stuttgart
      Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute for Hygiene and Medical Microbiology
      München, Bavaria, Germany