Harry Shi

Monash University (Australia), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Publications (19)214.76 Total impact

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    Faiez Zannad, John J V Mcmurray, Henry Krum, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Karl Swedberg, Harry Shi, John Vincent, Stuart J Pocock, Bertram Pitt, D. R. Nul, [......], A. Andrade, M. Carrageta, C. Fonseca, F. Franco, V. M. Gil, N. Lousada, C. Mendonca, I. Moreira, F. P. Padua, L. Providência
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to assess the impact of eplerenone on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in STEMI without known heart failure, when initiated within 24 h of symptom onset. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial, we assigned 1012 patients with acute STEMI and without a history of heart failure to receive either eplerenone (25-50 mg once daily) or placebo in addition to standard therapy. The primary endpoint was the composite of CV mortality, re-hospitalization, or, extended initial hospital stay, due to diagnosis of HF, sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, ejection fraction ≤40%, or elevated BNP/NT-proBNP at 1 month or more after randomization. BNP elevation was defined as BNP levels or values above 200 pg/mL or NT-proBNP values above 450 pg/mL (in patients aged below 50); above 900 pg/mL (age 50-75 years) or above 1800 pg/mL (patients older than 75). After a mean follow-up of 10.5 months, the primary endpoint occurred in 92 patients (18.2%) in the eplerenone group and in 149 patients (29.4%) in the placebo group [adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 0.58; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.45-0.76; P < 0.0001]. The primary endpoint was driven by a high BNP/NT-proBNP level (adjusted HR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.45-0.79; P < 0.0003). Adverse event rates were similar in both groups. Serum potassium levels exceeded 5.5 mmol/L in 5.6 vs. 3.2% (P = 0.09) and were below 3.5 mmol/L in 1.4 vs. 5.6% of patients (P = 0.0002), in the eplerenone and placebo groups, respectively. The addition of eplerenone during the acute phase of STEMI was safe and well tolerated. It reduced the primary endpoint over a mean 13 months follow-up mostly because of significantly lower BNP/NT-proBNP levels. Additional studies are needed to clarify the role of early use of MRAs in STEMI patients without heart failure. NCT01176968.
    European Heart Journal 04/2014; · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mineralocorticoid antagonists improve survival among patients with chronic, severe systolic heart failure and heart failure after myocardial infarction. We evaluated the effects of eplerenone in patients with chronic systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 2737 patients with New York Heart Association class II heart failure and an ejection fraction of no more than 35% to receive eplerenone (up to 50 mg daily) or placebo, in addition to recommended therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes or hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: The trial was stopped prematurely, according to prespecified rules, after a median follow-up period of 21 months. The primary outcome occurred in 18.3% of patients in the eplerenone group as compared with 25.9% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.74; P<0.001). A total of 12.5% of patients receiving eplerenone and 15.5% of those receiving placebo died (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.93; P=0.008); 10.8% and 13.5%, respectively, died of cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.94; P=0.01). Hospitalizations for heart failure and for any cause were also reduced with eplerenone. A serum potassium level exceeding 5.5 mmol per liter occurred in 11.8% of patients in the eplerenone group and 7.2% of those in the placebo group (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Eplerenone, as compared with placebo, reduced both the risk of death and the risk of hospitalization among patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. (Funded by Pfizer; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00232180.).
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    ABSTRACT: -Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) improve outcomes in patients with systolic heart failure (HF), but may induce a worsening of renal function (WRF) and/or hyperkalemia (HK). We assessed the risk factors for MRA-related WRF and for HK, as well as the association between HK and WRF with clinical outcomes in the Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure (EMPHASIS-HF) METHODS AND RESULTS: -Serial changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and in serum potassium were available in 2737 patients during a median 21-month follow-up. HK variably defined as serum K>4.5, 5 or 5.5 mmol/L occurred in 74.7 %, 32.5 %, and 8.9 % of EMPHASIS-HF patients, respectively. WRF defined as a decrease in eGFR > 20% or >30% from baseline occurred in 27% and 14% of patients, respectively. Patients assigned eplerenone displayed modest and early but significant and persistent i) rise in serum potassium, and ii) reduction in eGFR compared with placebo. In multivariate analyses, eplerenone was associated with a higher incidence of WRF and HK, which were interrelated and also associated with baseline patient characteristics (e.g. age ≥75 years, hypertension, diabetes, non-white race, ejection fraction <30%, and treatment with an antiarrythmics drug or loop diuretic). Eplerenone retained its survival benefits, without any significant interaction with the association between HK >5.5 mmol/l only and WRF and worse outcomes. -In HF patients receiving optimal therapy, WRF and HK were more frequent when eplerenone was added, but their occurence did not eliminate the survival benefit of eplerenone. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov number. Unique identifier: NCT00232180.
    Circulation Heart Failure 12/2013; · 6.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to create a simple prognostic risk score for patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. We then assessed the efficacy of eplerenone across different categories of risk. The Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure trial (EMPHASIS-HF) was an international randomized trial, comparing eplerenone with placebo in 2737 patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, over a median 2.1 years follow-up. Using multivariable Cox modelling age, sex, systolic blood pressure, estimated glomerular filtration rate, diabetes, BMI, haemoglobin, prior heart failure (HF) hospitalization, prior myocardial infarction/coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and heart rate were identified as strong independent risk factors. Estimates from the model were converted into a simple integer risk score which was categorized into three groups of low-, medium-, and high risk. In placebo patients, the rates (per 100 patient-years) for the primary outcome were 7.6, 19.0, and 39.4 in the low-, medium-, and high-risk groups, respectively. On eplerenone, these rates were reduced to 5.6, 12.2, and 24.2, respectively. Eplerenone was beneficial across all risk categories and the hazard ratios were similar. The absolute treatment benefit was greatest among those at highest risk. Similar patterns emerged for all-cause mortality and for all HF hospitalizations. This easy-to-use integer risk score should be of value in quantifying individual patient risk in patients with systolic HF and mild symptoms. The relative benefits of eplerenone appeared consistent across the whole spectrum of risk, including those at lower risk.
    European Heart Journal 07/2013; · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the safety and efficacy of eplerenone in patients at high-risk for hyperkalemia or worsening renal function (WRF) in EMPHASIS-HF, a trial which enrolled patients aged at least 55 years with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF), in NYHA functional class II and with an eGFR>30ml/min/1.73m(2) and serum potassium <5.0 mmol/l. Patients were receiving optimal therapy and most had been hospitalized for a cardiovascular reason within 180 days of inclusion. Underuse of eplerenone in patients with HF-REF may be due to fear of inducing hyperkalemia or WRF in high-risk patients. This was a pre-specified analysis of subgroups of patients at high-risk of hyperkalemia or WRF (patients ≥75years, with diabetes, with eGFR<60ml/min/1.73m(2), and with systolic blood pressure <median of 123 mmHg), examining the major safety measures (potassium >5.5, >6.0 and <3.5mmol/l; hyperkalemia leading to study-drug discontinuation or hospitalization; and hospitalization for WRF) as well as the primary outcome (hospitalization for HF or cardiovascular mortality). In all high-risk subgroups, patients treated with eplerenone had an increased risk of potassium >5.5mmol/l but not of potassium >6.0mmol/l, and of hospitalization for hyperkalemia or discontinuation of study medication due to adverse events. Eplerenone was effective in reducing the primary composite endpoint in all sub-groups. In patients with chronic HF-REF, in NYHA class II and meeting specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, including an eGFR >30ml/min/1.73m(2) and potassium <5.0 mmol/l, eplerenone was both efficacious and safe when carefully monitored, even in subgroups at high-risk of developing hyperkalemia or WRF.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 06/2013; · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: -In EMPHASIS-HF, eplerenone significantly reduced major CV events versus placebo (PBO) in 2737 patients with mild symptoms of heart failure and an ejection fraction of <35%, in addition to recommended therapy. However, it is not known whether such benefits were preserved in patients receiving optimal BACKGROUND: -We further analysed EMPHASIS-HF according to use and dose of these BACKGROUND: -Eplerenone provides substantial benefit on major events (with an acceptable safety profile) in patients with mild symptoms of systolic HF, even in those already receiving high doses of standard BACKGROUND: -URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00232180.
    Circulation Heart Failure 04/2013; · 6.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Eplerenone is known to reduce time to first hospitalization for heart failure or cardiovascular death in patients with mild heart failure. In chronic diseases such as heart failure, characterised by repeat hospitalizations, analysing all heart failure hospitalizations, not just the first, should give a more complete picture of treatment benefits. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and SurvIval Study in Heart Failure trial (EMPHASIS-HF), compared eplerenone with placebo in 2737 patients with mild heart failure, followed for a median 2.08 years (IQR: 1.08 to 3.10 years). Data were collected on all hospitalizations, with a focus on those due to heart failure. Heart failure hospitalization rates in the eplerenone and placebo groups were 10.70 and 16.99 per 100 patient years respectively. Allowing for skewness in the frequency of hospitalizations by using the Negative Binomial generalized linear model, the rate ratio (eplerenone versus placebo) was 0.53 (95% confidence interval 0.42 to 0.66, P<0.0001). A plot of cumulative hospitalization rates over time revealed that most of the reduced risk on eplerenone occurred in the first year of follow-up. Several baseline variables strongly predicted the risk of hospitalization. More complex statistical methods, adjusting for mortality (as informative censoring), made negligible difference to these findings. CONCLUSIONS: Eplerenone markedly reduces the risk of heart failure hospitalizations in patients with mild heart failure, to a greater extent than is captured by only studying time to first hospitalization. Future clinical trials in heart failure would gain from incorporating repeat hospitalizations into their primary evaluation of treatment effects. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: clinicaltrials.gov; Identifier: NCT00232180.
    Circulation 10/2012; · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No studies have examined the effect of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist therapy on new-onset diabetes. In addition, though the combination of diabetes and chronic heart failure (CHF) carries a poor prognosis, few studies have examined predictors of new-onset diabetes in those with CHF. In patients with symptomatically mild CHF who participated in the placebo-controlled Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure, we examined the effect of the aldosterone antagonist, eplerenone, on physician-diagnosed diabetes using univariate Cox proportional hazard analysis. To identify predictors of new-onset diabetes (measures of glycaemia were not available), data from trial arms were combined and multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted. At baseline, the mean age of 1846 initially non-diabetic patients was 69 years and mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 26%. Over 21 months, 69 (3.7%) developed diabetes (33 on eplerenone, 36 on placebo). Eplerenone had no effect on new-onset diabetes [hazard ratio (HR) 0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-1.52] and no effect on the composite of new-onset diabetes or mortality (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.64-1.01). Independent predictors of new-onset diabetes included digoxin therapy, higher serum alanine aminotransferase, longer duration of heart failure, current or previous smoker, higher waist circumference, lower age, and higher systolic blood pressure with a combined c-statistic of 0.74. Eplerenone had no effect on new-onset diabetes in patients with CHF, but further large-scale studies are required to address this question comprehensively. Commonly recorded parameters provided useful information for predicting new-onset diabetes.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 05/2012; 14(8):909-15. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of new atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) in the EMPHASIS-HF (Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization And SurvIval Study in Heart Failure) database. Aldosterone antagonism in heart failure might influence atrial fibrosis and remodeling and, therefore, risk of developing AFF. The development of new AFF was a pre-specified secondary endpoint in the EMPHASIS-HF study. Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II and with ejection fraction ≤35% were eligible for EMPHASIS-HF. History of AFF at baseline was reported by investigators using the study case report form. New onset AFF (in those with no history of AFF at baseline) was reported using a specific endpoint form; in a sensitivity analysis we also examined the effect of eplerenone on AFF reported as an adverse event. New onset AFF was significantly reduced by eplerenone: 25 of 911 (2.7%) versus 40 of 883 (4.5%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.35 to 0.96; p = 0.034). The reduction in the primary endpoint with eplerenone was similar among patients with and without AFF at baseline (HR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.46 to 0.79 vs. HR: 0.70, 95% CI: 0.57 to 0.85, respectively; p for interaction = 0.41). The risk of cardiovascular (CV) death or hospital admission for worsening heart failure, the primary endpoint, was not significantly different in subjects with and without AFF at baseline (both study groups combined: HR: 1.23, 95% CI: 0.81 to 1.86; p = 0.33). In patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms, eplerenone reduced the incidence of new onset AFF. The effects of eplerenone on the reduction of major CV events were similar in patients with and without AFF at baseline.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 05/2012; 59(18):1598-603. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ingen, the Netherlands (D.J.V.); the De-partment of Emergency and Cardiovas-cular Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden (K.S.); Pfizer, New York (H.S., J.V.); the Department of Medical Statis-tics, London School of Hygiene and Trop-ical Medicine, London (S.J.P.); and Uni-versity of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor (B.P.). Address reprint re-quests to Dr. Zannad at the
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mineralocorticoid antagonists improve survival among patients with chronic, severe systolic heart failure and heart failure after myocardial infarction. We evaluated the effects of eplerenone in patients with chronic systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 2737 patients with New York Heart Association class II heart failure and an ejection fraction of no more than 35% to receive eplerenone (up to 50 mg daily) or placebo, in addition to recommended therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes or hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: The trial was stopped prematurely, according to prespecified rules, after a median follow-up period of 21 months. The primary outcome occurred in 18.3% of patients in the eplerenone group as compared with 25.9% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.74; P<0.001). A total of 12.5% of patients receiving eplerenone and 15.5% of those receiving placebo died (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.93; P=0.008); 10.8% and 13.5%, respectively, died of cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.94; P=0.01). Hospitalizations for heart failure and for any cause were also reduced with eplerenone. A serum potassium level exceeding 5.5 mmol per liter occurred in 11.8% of patients in the eplerenone group and 7.2% of those in the placebo group (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Eplerenone, as compared with placebo, reduced both the risk of death and the risk of hospitalization among patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. (Funded by Pfizer; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00232180.).
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mineralocorticoid antagonists improve survival among patients with chronic, severe systolic heart failure and heart failure after myocardial infarction. We evaluated the effects of eplerenone in patients with chronic systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 2737 patients with New York Heart Association class II heart failure and an ejection fraction of no more than 35% to receive eplerenone (up to 50 mg daily) or placebo, in addition to recommended therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes or hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: The trial was stopped prematurely, according to prespecified rules, after a median follow-up period of 21 months. The primary outcome occurred in 18.3% of patients in the eplerenone group as compared with 25.9% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.74; P<0.001). A total of 12.5% of patients receiving eplerenone and 15.5% of those receiving placebo died (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.93; P=0.008); 10.8% and 13.5%, respectively, died of cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.94; P=0.01). Hospitalizations for heart failure and for any cause were also reduced with eplerenone. A serum potassium level exceeding 5.5 mmol per liter occurred in 11.8% of patients in the eplerenone group and 7.2% of those in the placebo group (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Eplerenone, as compared with placebo, reduced both the risk of death and the risk of hospitalization among patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. (Funded by Pfizer; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00232180.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 11/2010; 364(1):11-21. · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mineralocorticoid antagonists improve survival among patients with chronic, severe systolic heart failure and heart failure after myocardial infarction. We evaluated the effects of eplerenone in patients with chronic systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. In this randomized, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 2737 patients with New York Heart Association class II heart failure and an ejection fraction of no more than 35% to receive eplerenone (up to 50 mg daily) or placebo, in addition to recommended therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of death from cardiovascular causes or hospitalization for heart failure. The trial was stopped prematurely, according to prespecified rules, after a median follow-up period of 21 months. The primary outcome occurred in 18.3% of patients in the eplerenone group as compared with 25.9% in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54 to 0.74; P<0.001). A total of 12.5% of patients receiving eplerenone and 15.5% of those receiving placebo died (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.93; P=0.008); 10.8% and 13.5%, respectively, died of cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.94; P=0.01). Hospitalizations for heart failure and for any cause were also reduced with eplerenone. A serum potassium level exceeding 5.5 mmol per liter occurred in 11.8% of patients in the eplerenone group and 7.2% of those in the placebo group (P<0.001). Eplerenone, as compared with placebo, reduced both the risk of death and the risk of hospitalization among patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms. (Funded by Pfizer; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00232180.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 11/2010; 364(1):11-21. · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: In chronic heart failure (HF), aldosterone antagonists have been shown to improve survival in patients with low ejection fraction and moderate-to-severe symptoms [New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes III and IV]. Efficacy of these agents was also shown when they were administered to patients with left ventricular dysfunction and signs and symptoms of CHF early after acute myocardial infarction. It is not known whether the selective aldosterone antagonist eplerenone can improve outcomes in mildly symptomatic patients. The Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization And SurvIval Study in Heart Failure (EMPHASIS-HF) was designed to evaluate the effect of eplerenone on mortality and morbidity in patients with chronic systolic HF in NYHA class II. Methods Approximately 3100 patients with ejection fraction < or =30% and estimated glomerular filtration rate > or =30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) will be recruited. Patients are randomized 1:1 to double-blind eplerenone or placebo in addition to standard chronic HF therapy. Doses are adjusted from 25 mg every other day to 50 mg daily, depending on serum potassium. The primary endpoint is a composite of time to cardiovascular death or first hospital admission for worsening HF, whichever occurs first. CONCLUSION: The study will be complete when approximately 813 subjects experience a primary endpoint. Clinical Trials.gov. NCT00232180.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 04/2010; 12(6):617-22. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (n=6632), eplerenone-associated reduction in all-cause mortality was significantly greater in those with a history of hypertension (Hx-HTN). There were 4007 patients with Hx-HTN (eplerenone: n=1983) and 2625 patients without Hx-HTN (eplerenone: n=1336). Propensity scores for eplerenone use, separately calculated for patients with and without Hx-HTN, were used to assemble matched cohorts of 1838 and 1176 pairs of patients. In patients with Hx-HTN, all-cause mortality occurred in 18% of patients treated with placebo (rate, 1430/10 000 person-years) and 14% of patients treated with eplerenone (rate, 1058/10 000 person-years) during 2350 and 2457 years of follow-up, respectively (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.59 to 0.85; P<0.0001). Composite end point of cardiovascular hospitalization or cardiovascular mortality occurred in 33% of placebo-treated patients (3029/10 000 person-years) and 28% of eplerenone-treated patients (2438/10 000 person-years) with Hx-HTN (HR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.72 to 0.94; P=0.003). In patients without Hx-HTN, eplerenone reduced heart failure hospitalization (HR: 73; 95% CI: 0.55 to 0.97; P=0.028) but had no effect on mortality (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.72 to 1.15; P=0.435) or on the composite end point (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.10; P=0.331). Eplerenone should, therefore, be prescribed to all of the post-acute myocardial infarction patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and heart failure regardless of Hx-HTN.
    Hypertension 06/2008; 52(2):271-8. · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized, comparative, parallel-group trial investigated strategies of blood pressure (BP)-lowering in patients with diabetes and hypertension. Patients not reaching goal BP (<130/80 mm Hg) after 4-week open-label treatment with quinapril 20 mg/d (n=374) received 40 mg/d quinapril (n=167) or 20 mg/d quinapril plus amlodipine besylate (5 mg/d; n=162) for 6 weeks. Patients receiving combination therapy vs monotherapy had significantly greater reductions in mean +/- SE sitting systolic BP (9.9+/-1.0 mm Hg vs 4.3+/-1.1 mm Hg; P<.001) and diastolic BP (6.5+/-0.6 mm Hg vs 2.7+/-0.6 mm Hg; P<.001). No significant differences between groups were observed in percentage of patients achieving goal BP (10.1% with combination therapy vs 8.2% with monotherapy). A clinically neutral effect was observed on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in both groups. Treatments were well tolerated; fewer than 3% of patients in any group discontinued due to treatment-emergent or treatment-related adverse events. In diabetic hypertensive patients, 20 mg/d quinapril plus 5 mg/d amlodipine besylate was a more effective BP-lowering strategy than monotherapy with 40 mg/d quinapril.
    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 02/2007; 9(2):120-7. · 2.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

488 Citations
214.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Monash University (Australia)
      • Centre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2012–2013
    • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
      • Department of Medical Statistics
      London, ENG, United Kingdom
    • Pfizer Inc.
      New York City, New York, United States
    • University of Gothenburg
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
  • 2010–2013
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
  • 2008
    • University of Michigan
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
  • 2007
    • Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada