Yuliang Wang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (7)10.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Jasmonates (JAs) are important signaling molecules in plants and play crucial roles in stress responses, secondary metabolites' regulation, plant growth and development. In this study, the promoter of AaAOC, which was the key gene of jasmonate biosynthetic pathway, had been cloned. GUS staining showed that AaAOC was expressed ubiquitiously in A. annua. AaAOC gene was overexpressed under control of 35S promoter. RT-Q-PCR showed that the expression levels of AaAOC were increased from 1.6- to 5.2-fold in AaAOC-overexpression transgenic A. annua. The results of GC-MS showed that the content of endogenous jasmonic acid (JA) was 2- to 4.7-fold of the control level in AaAOC-overexpression plants. HPLC showed that the contents of artemisinin, dihydroartemisinic acid and artemisinic acid were increased significantly in AaAOC-overexpression plants. RT-Q-PCR showed that the expression levels of FPS (farnesyl diphosphate synthase), CYP71AV1 (cytochrome P450 dependent hydroxylase) and DBR2 (double bond reductase 2) were increased significantly in AaAOC-overexpression plants. All data demonstrated that increased endogenous JA could significantly promote the biosynthesis of artemisinin in AaAOC-overexpression transgenic A.annua.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e91741. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tocochromanols, usually known as vitamin E, play a crucial role in human and animal nutrition. The enzyme homogentisate phytyltransferase (HPT) performs the first committed step of the vitamin E biosynthetic pathway. The full-length cDNA encoding HPT was isolated from Lactuca sativa L. by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA, designated as LsHPT, was 1,670 bp long containing an open reading frame (ORF) of 1,185 bp which encoded a protein of 395 amino acids. Sequence analysis indicated that the deduced protein, named as LsHPT, shared high identity with other dicotyledonous HPTs. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed that LsHPT was preferentially expressed in mature leaves compared with other tissues. When lettuce plants were subjected to drought and high-light stress treatments, LsHPT expression was markedly increased. Expression of LsHPT in Arabidopsis showed that LsHPT could enhance the α-tocopherol biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Transient expression of LsHPT via agroinfiltration resulted in 9-fold increase in LsHPT mRNA level and nearly 18-fold enhancement in α-tocopherol content compared with the negative controls.
    Molecular Biology Reports 03/2011; 38(3):1813-9. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to ascertain the anti-arthritic active fraction of Capparis spinosa L. (Capparidaceae) fruits and its chemical constituents. The adjuvant arthritic rat model was developed to evaluate the anti-arthritic effects of different fractions of ethanol extraction from C. spinosa L. The fraction eluted by ethanol-water (50:50, v/v) had the most significant anti-arthritic activity. The chemical constituents of this fraction were therefore studied; seven known compounds were isolated and identified as: P-hydroxy benzoic acid; 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural; bis(5-formylfurfuryl) ether; daucosterol; α-D-fructofuranosides methyl; uracil; and stachydrine.
    Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 03/2011; 131(3):423-9. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin E has been found to be associated with an important antioxidant property in mammals and plants. In photosynthetic organisms, the enzyme 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD; E.C. 1.13.11.27) plays an important role in the vitamin E biosynthetic pathway. The full-length cDNA encoding HPPD was isolated from Lactuca sativa L. by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA, designated as LsHPPD, was 1743 base pairs (bp) long containing an open reading frame (ORF) of 1338 bp encoding a protein of 446 amino acids. Sequence analysis indicated that LsHPPD shared high identity with HPPD from Medicago truncatula L. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed that LsHPPD was preferentially expressed in mature leaves compared with other tissues and that the LsHPPD expression was sensitive to high light and drought stress treatments. Transient expression of LsHPPD via agroinfiltration resulted in 12-fold increase in LsHPPD mRNA expression level and 4-fold enhancement in α-tocopherol content compared with the negative control. A decrease in chlorophyll content and inhibition of photosystem II were observed during stress treatments and agroinfiltration.
    Journal of plant physiology 02/2011; 168(10):1076-83. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Catharanthine content and agronomic traits in major Catharanthus roseus varieties were analyzed. It was found that there existed great difference in catharanthine content and agronomic traits among the varieties. Catharanthine content was the highest in variety Pacifica Polka Dot (PPD), reaching 3.79 mg g(-1) dry leaf weight, and the lowest in variety Cooler Pink (CP) with only 0.9 mg g(-1) dry leaf weight. Correlation existed in certain extent between catharanthine content and agronomic traits in C. roseus. Path analysis showed that among all the agronomic traits analyzed, internodal distance positively affected catharanthine content at significant level (P<0.05), with the path coefficient being 1.473. This study provides useful information for high-catharanthine content C. roseus introduction and breeding.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 02/2009; 34(2):128-31.
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    ABSTRACT: Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide derived from Artemisia annua L., is the most effective antimalarial drug. In an effort to increase the artemisinin production, abscisic acid (ABA) with Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide derived from Artemisia annua L., is the most effective antimalarial drug. In an effort to increase the artemisinin production, abscisic acid (ABA) with different concentrations (1, 10 and 100 µM) was tested by treating A. annua plants. As a result, the artemisinin content in ABA-treated plants was significantly increased. Especially, artemisinin content different concentrations (1, 10 and 100 µM) was tested by treating A. annua plants. As a result, the artemisinin content in ABA-treated plants was significantly increased. Especially, artemisinin content in plants treated by 10 µM ABA was 65% higher than that in the control plants, up to an average of 1.84% dry weight. Gene in plants treated by 10 µM ABA was 65% higher than that in the control plants, up to an average of 1.84% dry weight. Gene expression analysis showed that in both the ABA-treated plants and cell suspension cultures, HMGR, FPS, CYP71AV1 and CPR, the important genes in the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway, were significantly induced. While only a slight increase of expression analysis showed that in both the ABA-treated plants and cell suspension cultures, HMGR, FPS, CYP71AV1 and CPR, the important genes in the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway, were significantly induced. While only a slight increase of ADS expression was observed in ABA-treated plants, no expression of ADS was detected in cell suspension cultures. This study suggests that there is probably a crosstalk between the ABA signaling ADS expression was observed in ABA-treated plants, no expression of ADS was detected in cell suspension cultures. This study suggests that there is probably a crosstalk between the ABA signaling pathway and artemisinin biosynthetic pathway and that CYP71AV1, which was induced most significantly, may play a key regulatory role in the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway. pathway and artemisinin biosynthetic pathway and that CYP71AV1, which was induced most significantly, may play a key regulatory role in the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway.
    Biologia 01/2009; 64(2):319-323. · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Artemisinin is an effective anti-malarial drug isolated from Artemisia annua L. (Chinese wormwood), but the content of artemisinin in A. annua is low. In the present study we explored the possibility of using genetic engineering to increase the artemisinin content of A. annua by suppressing the expression of SQS (squalene synthase), a key enzyme of sterol pathway (a pathway competitive with that of artemisinin biosynthesis) by means of a hairpin-RNA-mediated RNAi (RNA interference) technique. A total of 23 independent transgenic A. annua plants were obtained through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation, which was confirmed by PCR and Southern-blot analyses. HPLC-evaporative light-scattering detection analysis showed that the artemisinin content of some transgenic plants was significantly increased, with the highest values reaching 31.4 mg/g dry weight, which is about 3.14-fold the content observed in untransformed control plants. Real-time reverse transcription-PCR analysis demonstrated that the expression of SQS was suppressed significantly, and GC-MS analysis showed that sterol was efficiently decreased in the transgenic plants. The present study demonstrated that genetic-engineering strategy of RNAi is an effective means of increasing artemisinin content in plants.
    Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 07/2008; 52(Pt 3):199-207. · 1.35 Impact Factor