K.H. Lee

Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand

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Publications (1)1.57 Total impact

  • K.H. Lee · L.J. Steenberg ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Horseback riding is a common recreational activity that can cause injuries to both mounted and dismounted participants. This study examines the patterns of equine-related maxillofacial fractures presenting in a tertiary referral centre. Patients presenting over an 11-year period from 1996 to 2006 with equine-related maxillofacial fractures were identified through the trauma database. The extent of the injuries, surgical treatment and follow-up details were documented. 45 patients were identified, with an increasing incidence over the study period. 69% were male and 31% female. 31% of patients were 16-30 years of age. 73% of fractures were in the midfacial region. 67% of patients were actively treated, with 60% of these patients requiring internal fixation. 64% of patients were hospitalized. Equine-related maxillofacial fractures frequently involve a young and predominantly female population, compared with facial fractures due to other causes. Midfacial fractures were the most common site of injury. Alcohol was rarely implicated. A high proportion of patients required surgery and hospitalization.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2008; 37(11):999-1002. DOI:10.1016/j.ijom.2008.05.009 · 1.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

9 Citations
1.57 Total Impact Points


  • 2008
    • Canterbury District Health Board
      Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand