Kyung-Hoon Lee

Sungkyunkwan University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (3)3.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is neuroprotective in ischemic brain injuries of adult animals because it blocks the permeability transition of the mitochondrial membrane. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effect of CsA on hypoxia-ischemia (HI)-induced brain injury in newborn rats. Seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were subjected to 2h of 8% oxygen following a unilateral carotid artery ligation. With a single dose of CsA treatment (20mg/kg, intraperitoneal) given immediately after HI, the HI-induced decrease in brain mitochondrial membrane potential measured with 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolyl-carbocyanine iodide (JC-1) and adenosine triphosphate levels, and increase in the brain lactate level, both apoptotic and necrotic cells measured with annexin V and propidium iodide (V-PI), and infarct area measured with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) were significantly attenuated at 48 h, and the reduced brain volume also significantly improved 2 weeks following HI. In summary, Cyclosporine A, a mitochondrial permeability transition blocker, significantly attenuated hypoxia-ischemia-induced lowering of the mitochondrial membrane potential, cerebral energy status, increased apoptotic and necrotic cells, and the ensuing cerebral infarction in the immature brain.
    Brain research 11/2010; 1359:208-15. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    Korean Journal of Pediatrics 01/2010; 53(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on histological brain injury, subventricular zone (SVZ) expansion, and sensorimotor function deficits induced by hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in newborn rat pups. Seven-day-old male rat pups were divided into six groups: normoxia control, normoxia EPO, hypoxia control, hypoxia EPO, HI control, and HI EPO group. Sham surgery or HI was performed in all animals. HI was induced by ligation of the right common carotid artery followed by 90 min of hypoxia with 8% oxygen. Recombinant human EPO 3 U/g or saline was administered intraperitoneally, immediately, at 24- and 48-hr after insult. At two weeks after insult, animals were challenged with cylinder-rearing test for evaluating forelimb asymmetry to determine sensorimotor function. All animals were then sacrificed for volumetric analysis of the cerebral hemispheres and the SVZ. The saline-treated HI rats showed marked asymmetry by preferential use of the non-impaired, ipsilateral paw in the cylinder-rearing test. Volumetric analysis of brains revealed significantly decreased preserved ipsilateral hemispheric volume and increased ipsilateral SVZ volume compared with the sham-operated animals. Treatment of EPO significantly improved forelimb asymmetry and preserved ipsilateral hemispheric volume along with decreased expansion of ipsilateral SVZ following HI compared to the saline-treated HI rats. These results support the use of EPO as a candidate drug for treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 07/2008; 23(3):484-91. · 1.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

28 Citations
3.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • Department of Molecular and Cell Biology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Inje University
      • College of Medicine
      Kimhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Soonchunhyang University
      Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea