[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the regional hemodynamic responses of abdominal arteries at the onset of exercise and to focus on their transient responses, eight female subjects (21-30 yr) performed ergometer cycling exercise at 40 W for 4 min in a semi-supine position. Mean blood velocities (MBVs) in the right renal (RA), superior mesenteric (SMA), and splenic (SA) arteries were measured by pulsed echo-Doppler ultrasonography, with beat-by-beat measurements of heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). The vascular resistance index (RI) of each artery was calculated from MBV/MAP. MAP (76 +/- 9 to 83 +/- 8 mmHg at 4 min) and HR (60 +/- 7 to 101 +/- 9 beats/min at 4 min) increased during exercise (P < 0.05). The MBV of RA and SA rapidly decreased after the onset of exercise (30 s; -19 +/- 5% and -19 +/- 12%, respectively), reaching -27 +/- 7% and -27 +/- 15% at the end of exercise (P < 0.05). RI did not change during the initial 30 s of exercise, reflecting a reduction in MAP, and increased toward the end of the exercise (+55 +/- 21% and +59 +/- 39%, respectively). In contrast, both the MBV and RI in the SMA remained constant throughout the exercise. The results indicate that, whereas the responses of renal and splenic vessels changed similarly throughout the protocol, the vascular response of SMA that mainly supplies blood to the intestinal tract was unchanged during exercise. We, therefore, conclude that low-intensity cycling exercise resulted in differential blood flow responses in arteries supplying the abdominal organs.