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Publications (3)9.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mammary angiosarcoma (AS) is an aggressive malignancy with high recurrence rates and poor overall survival. Limited data exist to guide treatment. We aimed to identify patterns of failure in the context of adjuvant radiation and to identify prognostic indicators to better guide management. Thirty-five patients with breast AS at UPMC Magee Women's Hospital from June 1994 to March 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Pathology was rereviewed for 22 patients by an expert breast pathologist using an objective scoring system, partly based on the Rosen grading scheme. All patients completed R0 resection, with 14 of them receiving adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) (82% of which represented reirradiation for radiation-induced AS). At a median follow-up of 20 months (range, 3 to 178 mo), the primary mode of failure was local with 32% local first failure. Tumor size >5 cm, radiation-induced etiology, and the omission of adjuvant RT were important prognostic factors of tumor control and survival. Histopathology including necrosis, number of mitotic figures, endothelial tufting, solid/spindle cell foci, and the combined scoring system were prognostic for recurrence patterns. Breast AS has high rates of local failure despite R0 resection, which may be improved with adjuvant RT, even in the reirradiation setting. Histopathology is prognostic for recurrence patterns.
    American journal of clinical oncology. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The distinction between breast and müllerian carcinomas from each other and from tumors with a similar cytokeratin profile can be difficult. We tested the usefulness of 2 new markers, NY-BR-1 and PAX8, by staining a variety of breast and gynecologic carcinomas, along with tumors of pancreas, bile ducts, stomach, and gastroesophageal junction. NY-BR-1 expression (ie, H score >10) was seen in 58.4% of breast carcinomas (111/190), 5.6% of müllerian carcinomas (8/142), 7% of pancreatic tumors (1/15), 0% of cholangiocarcinomas (0/22), 0% of gastric tumors (0/36), and 0% of gastroesophageal carcinomas (0/25). All 188 breast carcinomas were negative for PAX8. PAX8 expression was seen in 72.4% of müllerian tumors (105/145). All pancreatic tumors (n = 15), cholangiocarcinomas (n = 23), and gastric (n = 35) and gastroesophageal junction (n = 25) carcinomas were negative for PAX8. Addition of NY-BR-1 and PAX8 in a panel would be useful in distinguishing breast cancer, gynecologic tumors, and tumors of the upper gastrointestinal tract.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 09/2011; 136(3):428-35. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current literature suggests that strong WT1 expression in a carcinoma of unknown origin virtually excludes a breast primary. Our previous pilot study on WT1 expression in breast carcinomas has shown WT1 expression in approximately 10% of carcinomas that show mixed micropapillary and mucinous morphology (Mod Pathol 2007;20(Suppl 2):38A). To definitively assess as to what subtype of breast carcinoma might express WT1 protein, we examined 153 cases of invasive breast carcinomas. These consisted of 63 consecutive carcinomas (contained 1 mucinous tumor), 20 cases with micropapillary morphology (12 pure and 8 mixed), 6 micropapillary ‘mimics’ (ductal no special type carcinomas with retraction artifacts), 33 pure mucinous carcinomas and 31 mixed mucinous carcinomas (mucinous mixed with other morphologic types). Overall, WT1 expression was identified in 33 carcinomas, that is, 22 of 34 (65%) pure mucinous carcinomas and in 11 of 33 (33%) mixed mucinous carcinomas. The non-mucinous component in these 11 mixed mucinous carcinomas was either a ductal no special type carcinoma (8 cases) or a micropapillary component (3 cases). WT1 expression level was similar in both the mucinous and the non-mucinous components. The degree of WT1 expression was generally weak to moderate (>90% cases) and rarely strong (<10% cases). None of the breast carcinoma subtype unassociated with mucinous component showed WT1 expression.Keywords: WT1, mucinous and micropapillary breast carcinoma, immunotherapy
    Modern Pathology 05/2008; 21(10):1217-1223. · 6.36 Impact Factor