Haiwei Zhang

China Pharmaceutical University, Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China

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Publications (11)36.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: HQS-3 is a newly baicalein derivative with a benzene substitution. We investigated the anticancer effect of HQS-3 in vivo and in vitro. HQS-3 significantly decreased tumor growth in mice inoculated with Heps and HepG2 cells; and had little influence on the state and weight of animals. After treatment with 20 mg/kg HQS-3, the inhibitory rate of tumor weight in mice inoculated with Heps and HepG2 cells were 63.62% and 68.03%, respectively. Meanwhile, HQS-3 inhibited the viability of various kinds of tumor cells with IC50 values in the range of 22.98 to 54.32 μM after 48 h treatment measured by MTT-assay. HQS-3 remarkably inhibited viability of hepatoma cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner and induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells by DAPI staining and Annexin V/PI double staining. The apoptosis-induction effect of HQS-3 was attributed to its ability to modulate the actvity of caspase-9, caspase-3 and PARP. Moreover, the expression of bax protein was increased while the bcl-2 protein was decreased, leading to an increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. The accumulation of ROS induced by HQS-3 in HepG2 cells was also observed. The further results suggested that HQS-3 induced mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis by increasing ROS level and inhibiting the expression of anti-oxidative protein SOD2. HQS-3 exerted anti-tumor activity both in vitro and in vivo via inducing tumor cells apoptosis, and these results suggested that it deserves further investigation as a novel chemotherapy for human tumors.
    European journal of pharmaceutical sciences: official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 04/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: To investigate the potential anticancer effects of the natural flavonoid wogonin on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and tumor xenografts and the contribution of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and AKT pathways to the cytotoxicity of wogonin. METHODS: The HCC cell lines HepG2, SMMC-7721 and Hep3B were treated with wogonin. 3-(4 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays were used to evaluate the cell viability. Flow cytometry assays were used to identify the cell death types and measure the concentrations of intracellular H(2) O(2) and Ca(2+) . Western blotting assays were used to detect the protein expression levels of members in the UPR and AKT pathways. Relative quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays were used to analysis the mRNA expression levels of chop and trb3. Furthermore, the male BALB/c nude mice with SMMC-7721 xenografts were treated with wogonin. The tumor volume, tumor weight and bodyweight were monitored during the tumorigenicity assays. RESULTS: Wogonin significantly inhibited the viability of HCC cells by inducing apoptosis and necrosis. This cytotoxicity was at least partially attributed to the activation of the UPR pathway and consequent inactivation of AKT signaling, which resulted from the production of intracellular H(2) O(2) and causal release of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) . Moreover, wogonin evidently repressed the growth of xenografts but slightly influenced the bodyweight of mice. CONCLUSION: Wogonin is a prospect for improving the systemic chemotherapy strategy on HCC by concurrently rectifying the aberrant UPR and AKT signaling pathways, which are crucial to the biology of HCC.
    Hepatology Research 12/2012; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a refractory malignancy with a high incidence and large mortality. Current strategy for the chemotherapy of HCC focuses on developing agents with better efficacy and lower toxicity. In this study, we demonstrated that the natural flavonoid oroxylin A preferentially inhibited the viability of HCC cell line HepG2 but not the normal hepatic cell line L02. In HepG2 but not L02 cells, oroxylin A induced substantial production of intracellular H₂O₂ and inordinate activation of the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP branch of the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway, which resulted in the induction of TRB3 and causal reduction of p-AKT1/2/3 (Ser473). Moreover, these effects were eliminated by either the stable knockdown of CHOP or the pretreatment and then co-incubation with the specific H₂O₂ scavenger catalase. These results indicated that the H₂O₂-triggered overactivation of the UPR pathway and causal inactivation of AKT signaling contributed to the preferential cytotoxicity of oroxylin A in malignant HepG2 cells. Therefore, present study proposed an underlying molecular mechanism that implicated the selective antitumor effect of oroxylin A and recommended oroxylin A as a prospect for improving the current chemotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of HCC.
    Toxicology Letters 05/2012; 212(2):113-25. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been well characterized that flavonoids possess pronounced anticancer potentials including anti-angiogenesis, anti-metastasis, and pro-apoptosis. Herein, we report, for the first time, that VI-14, a novel flavonoid derivative, possesses anti-cancer properties. The purpose of this study is to investigate the anti-migration and anti-invasion activities of VI-14 in breast cancer cells. Our data indicate that VI-14 inhibits adhesion, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cells. MDA-MB-231 cells treated with VI-14 display reduced activities and expressions of ECM degradation-associated proteins including matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and 9 (MMP-9) at both the protein and mRNA levels. Meanwhile, VI-14 treatment induces an up-regulated expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) and 2 (TIMP-2) in MDA-MB-231 cells. Western blotting results show that phosphorylation levels of critical components of the MAPK signaling pathway, including ERK, JNK and P38, are dramatically decreased in VI-14-treated MDA-MB-231 cells. Furthermore, treatment of VI-14 significantly decreases the nuclear levels and the binding ability of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). Taken together, our data suggest that VI-14 treatment suppresses migration and motility of breast cancer cells, and VI-14 may be a potential compound for cancer therapy.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 04/2012; 261(2):217-26. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance is the main obstacle to the efficiency of systemic chemotherapy against hematologic malignancy. This study investigated the reversible effect of the copolymer wogonin and daunorubicin coloaded into Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles, and the mechanism potentially involved. The growth inhibition rate of K562/A02 cells was investigated by MTT assay, and apoptosis of cells and the intracellular daunorubicin concentration were detected by flow cytometry. Distribution of nanoparticles taken up by K562/A02 cells was observed under a transmission electron microscope and demonstrated by Prussian blue staining. The transcription level of MDR1 mRNA and expression of P-glycoprotein were determined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting assay, respectively. The reversible effect of daunorubicin-wogonin magnetic nanoparticles was 8.87-fold that of daunorubicin + wogonin and of daunorubicin magnetic nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy and Prussian blue staining revealed that the nanoparticles were located in the endosome vesicles of cytoplasm. Also, the apoptosis rate and accumulation of intracellular daunorubicin in the daunorubicin-wogonin magnetic nanoparticle group were significantly higher than that in the daunorubicin, daunorubicin + wogonin, and daunorubicin magnetic nanoparticle groups. Furthermore, transcription of MDR1 mRNA and expression of P-glycoprotein in K562/A02 cells were significantly downregulated in the daunorubicin-wogonin magnetic nanoparticle group compared with the other groups. These findings suggest that the remarkable effects of the novel daunorubicin-wogonin magnetic nanoparticle formulation on multidrug resistant K562/A02 leukemia cells would be a promising strategy for overcoming multidrug resistance.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 01/2012; 7:2843-52. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell adhesion plays an important role in the steps of cancer metastasis. Regulation of cell-cell (intercellular) and cell-matrix adhesion is a promising strategy for cancer progression. Gambogic acid is a xanthone derived from the resin of the Chinese plant Garciania hanburyi, with potent anti-metastasis activity on highly metastatic cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the function and mechanism of gambogic acid on tumor adhesion. We found that gambogic acid strongly inhibited the adhesion of human cancer cells to fibronectin. This inhibition was associated with the deformation of focal adhesion complex, which was mediated by suppressing the expression of integrin β1 and integrin signaling pathway. In vitro, cell lipid rafts clustering was inhibited following treatment of gambogic acid, which induced the suppression of integrin β1 and focal adhesion complex proteins colocalization within rafts. Moreover, gambogic acid significantly decreased cellular cholesterol content, whereas cholesterol replenishment lessened the inhibitory effect of gambogic acid on cell adhesion. Real-time PCR analysis showed that gambogic acid reduced mRNA levels of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase and sterol regulatory element binding protein-2, while increased acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-1/2. Taken together, these results demonstrate that gambogic acid inhibits cell adhesion via suppressing integrin β1 abundance and cholesterol content as well as the membrane lipid raft-associated integrin function, which provide new evidence for the anti-cancer activity of gambogic acid.
    Biochemical pharmacology 09/2011; 82(12):1873-83. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The formation of a β-catenin·TCF4 complex in the nucleus of cells is well known as a prerequisite for the transcription of Wnt target genes. Although many co-factors have been identified to regulate the activity of the β-catenin·TCF4 complex, it remains unclear how the complex association is negatively regulated. In this study, we report that p15RS, a negative regulator of the cell cycle, blocks β-catenin·TCF4 complex formation and inhibits Wnt signaling. We observed that p15RS interacts with β-catenin and TCF4. Interestingly, whereas the interaction of p15RS with β-catenin is increased, its interaction with TCF4 is decreased upon Wnt1 stimulation. Moreover, overexpression of p15RS reduces the interaction of β-catenin with TCF4, whereas the depletion of p15RS enhances their interaction. We further demonstrate that overexpression of p15RS suppresses canonical Wnt signaling and results in retarded cell growth, whereas depletion of p15RS shows an enhanced effect on Wnt signaling. We analyzed that inhibition of Wnt signaling by p15RS leads to decreased expression of CYCLIN D1 and c-MYC, two Wnt targeted genes critical for cell growth. Our data suggest that p15RS inhibits Wnt signaling by interrupting β-catenin·TCF4 complex formation and that Wnt signaling initiates downstream gene expression by removing p15RS from promoters.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2010; 285(45):34621-31. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The TCF4/beta-catenin complex, the executor of canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, is regulated by a variety of factors. Among these, Dishevelled (Dvl) is a critical regulator that releases beta-catenin from degradation and stabilizes TCF4/beta-catenin complex. Here, we report that DDIP (Dishevelled-DEP domain Interacting Protein, also named as Spats1, spermatogenesis associated, serine-rich 1), a novel protein that interacts with Dvl, regulates Wnt signaling. We provide evidence that DDIP suppresses Lef-1 luciferase reporter activity stimulated by Wnt1, Dvl2 or beta-catenin, interacts with the TCF4/beta-catenin complex, and disrupts the interaction of TCF4 and beta-catenin by promoting TCF4 degradation through the proteasome pathway. Our results indicate that DDIP is a negative regulator of the canonical Wnt signaling.
    Cellular signalling 11/2010; 22(11):1753-60. · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we examined the antiangiogenic effect of oroxylin A in vitro and in vivo and explored the potential mechanisms for this effect. Transwell assay and tube formation assay were used to evaluate the effects of oroxylin A on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Rat aortic ring assay was also employed to assess the effect of oroxylin A on microvessel outgrowth from rat aorta. Human tumor xenografts model in nude mice was further used to investigate the antiangiogenic activity of oroxylin A in vivo. Western blot analysis was used to investigate the related mechanism. Oroxylin A remarkably suppressed the VEGF-stimulated migration and tube formation of HUVECs. It also inhibited microvessel sprouting from rat aortic ring in vitro. In addition, it suppressed the angiogenesis of xenograft tumor in nude mice, which concurred with the inhibition of tumor growth. Moreover, oroxylin A blocked VEGF-induced phosphorylation of KDR/Flk-1 and related downstream signaling molecules, including p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase and Akt. Oroxylin A possessed antiangiogenic activities in vitro and in vivo, which could be an underlying mechanism of its anticancer effect.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 11/2009; 136(5):667-75. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Varp, a novel protein containing a VPS9 domain and ankyrin repeats, can function as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) of Rab21. We previously reported that Varp plays an important role in the regulation of endosome dynamics. To further investigate the function of Varp, a yeast two-hybrid screen was performed and Rab38 was identified as a Varp-associated protein. We demonstrate that Varp physically interacts with Rab38, and preferentially binds to the active GTP-bound form of Rab38 both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, Varp was shown to be recruited to Rab38-positive organelles in an ankyrin-repeat 1 (ANK1)-dependent manner. Our data demonstrate that Varp is a potential effector of Rab38. Together with our previous study, we propose Varp serves as both an effector and a GEF by interacting with different Rabs in mammalian cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2008; 372(1):162-7. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with an additional nine-amino acid sequence forming another his-tag structure, was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China (SFDA) in 2005 for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of its potent anticancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigations. In this study, we examined the anti-invasive activities of endostar in vitro. The results showed that endostar suppressed MDA-MB-435 cell adhesion to the fibronectin-coated substrate in a concentration-dependent manner. It could inhibit the wound healing migration of MDA-MB-435 cells and invasion of MDA-MB-435 cells through reconstituted ECM (matrigel). Zymography revealed that endostar decreased the secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Endostar could also inhibit the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MDA-MB-435 cells. Additionally, endostar exerted an inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Collectively, these data provided a molecular basis for the anti-invasive effects of endostar.
    Experimental Biology and Medicine 06/2008; 233(8):1013-20. · 2.80 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

74 Citations
36.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2013
    • China Pharmaceutical University
      • Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Intervention
      Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China
    • Beijing Normal University
      • College of Life Sciences
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2010
    • Tsinghua University
      • School of Medicine
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China