Publications (3)10.38 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Recent genetic studies showed evidence for a role of the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs2522833 within the PCLO gene in the etiology of major depression, and rs2522833 has been shown to modulate hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis activity during antidepressant treatment. Monoaminergic modulation of the HPA system may be one possible pathomechanism by which PCLO exerts its effect on depression. In the present study, we investigated the effect of rs2522833 on the cortisol awakening response (CAR) in healthy young adults. A total of 66 healthy volunteers from the community (36 men and 30 women) aged 18-25 years without individual or family history of affective disorders and schizophrenia collected saliva cortisol samples at 0, 30, 45 and 60 min after awakening on two consecutive working days. We identified a blunted CAR (AUCinc) in rs2522833 risk-allele (C) carriers, possibly indicating exhausted regulatory mechanisms underlying the HPA system. We also identified higher neuroticism scores in rs2522833 risk-allele carriers but no phenotypic correlation between the CAR (AUCinc) and neuroticism. These findings suggest that the rs2522833 risk variant might increase vulnerability to depression both by physiological and behavioral pathways, which appear, however, not to be substantially overlapped. Replication with larger samples is warranted.Translational psychiatry. 01/2011; 1:e10.
Article: Subjective quality of life aspects predict depressive symptoms over time: results from a three-wave longitudinal study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Little is known about predictive effects of quality of life aspects on the course of depressive symptoms in clinical and non-clinical settings. This study examines longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and subjective quality of life (QOL) dimensions using a parallel sample of depressed patients and community controls. Eighty-two depressed patients were investigated 1, 6, and 42 months after hospital discharge together with 76 community controls regarding depressive symptoms measured by Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and QOL (WHOQOL-BREF). Data analysis included time-lagged linear models. Physical, psychological, environmental and overall QOL, controlled for depressive symptoms, predicted future depression levels. Group status did not moderate these associations. Depressive symptoms predicted future QOL levels only regarding social relations. Our study suggests that subjective QOL domains have prognostic value for the course of depressive symptoms over time, both in patient and community samples. Respective self-perceptions should therefore be directly addressed by therapeutic and preventive interventions.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 07/2009; 120(6):496-9. · 4.22 Impact Factor
Article: Rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus: effects on mood, dysfunctional attitudes and cortisol stress response.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Although aggravating effects of rumination on dysfunctional cognitions and endocrine stress responses have been proposed, experimental studies testing these assumptions are lacking. In parallel, mindfulness theory suggests beneficial effects of mindfulness on dysfunctional cognitions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of induced rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus on mood and dysfunctional attitudes and to assess the possible impact of induced rumination on participants' cortisol responses. Sixty university students were subjected to negative mood induction and subsequently randomly assigned to a rumination, distraction or mindful self-focus condition. The latter included statements focusing on self-acceptance and awareness of the breath. Four saliva cortisol samples were selected during the session. Compared to induced rumination, distraction showed a clear beneficial effect on the course of dysphoric mood, whereas a mindful self-focus did not. In contrast to distraction and mindful self-focus, participants induced to ruminate showed significant increases in dysfunctional attitudes from baseline to post-induction. Although rumination was not itself linked to higher cortisol responses, participants scoring high on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II who were induced to ruminate showed a smaller decrease in cortisol levels than those scoring low on the BDI-II. This study indicates that rumination as a dysfunctional mode of cognitive processing is able to maintain depression-linked dysfunctional thought content. Furthermore, our study revealed preliminary indications for a link between induced rumination and the cortisol stress response in vulnerable individuals.Psychological Medicine 06/2008; 39(2):219-28. · 6.16 Impact Factor