Masahiko Ikeda

University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka-ken, Japan

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Publications (25)41.34 Total impact

  • Kieko Saito, Masahiko Ikeda, Hideki Kametani
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 11/2011; 51. · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanisms underlying gender difference of atherogenesis were investigated focusing on direct effects of estrogen on the artery. First, male and female apoE(-/-) mice were fed an atherogenic diet for 16 weeks from 10 weeks of age. Second, female apoE(-/-) mice were ovariectomized (ovx) or sham operated at 8 weeks of age, and 2-weeks afterwards, one-third of each ovx-group received conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) (0, 2.5 or 5.0 μg/day) for 16 weeks. Atherosclerotic lesions were examined after experimental periods. To clarify anti-atherogenic effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on artery, neutral cholesteryl ester hydrolase (N-CEase) activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages, and E2-treated J774A.1 cells were measured. First, atherosclerotic lesion in female mice was significantly less than male mice without any changes in serum lipids and lipoprotein profile. N-CEase activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages in female mice was significantly higher than male mice. Second, atherosclerotic lesion in ovx-group was significantly greater than sham-group. CEE-replacement to ovx-group decreased atherosclerotic lesion in a dose-dependent manner. N-CEase activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages was decreased in ovx-group compared to sham-group, and restored by CEE-replacement in macrophages. To study detailed mechanisms, J774A.1 cells were treated with E2. E2 significantly increased N-CEase activity, and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) type II activity and the protein in cytosol fraction without any changes of total protein of A-kinase type II. These results suggest that gender difference of atherogenesis is partly accounted for activation of N-CEase through estrogen-dependent translocation of A-kinase type II in macrophages.
    Atherosclerosis 09/2011; 219(2):545-51. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared ascorbic acid (AA) levels in the blood and TPA- and fMLP-stimulated superoxide (O(2)(•-)) production in neutrophils of pre-, early, and late hypertensive stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) with those of age-matched Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY), or two other normotensive strains of rats. Plasma and lymphocyte AA levels were about two-fold higher in SHRSP as early as 4 weeks old compared to WKY, and also higher than those of Wistar and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Levels of AA were high in the liver and adrenal glands of SHRSP, indicating congenitally high AA levels. The production of O(2)(•-) in neutrophils was about two-fold higher in SHRSP than in WKY even at 4 weeks of age, and increased with age in both strains. Among SHRSP, AA levels in lymphocytes decreased at the late hypertensive stages with a decrease in hepatic l-gulono-γ-lactone oxidase (GLO) activities. These data suggest that bi-phasic AA levels in the blood of SHRSP comprise congenitally high levels and a decrease after persistent hypertension due to enhanced O(2)(•-) production and a decrease in de novo AA synthesis through GLO.
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 06/2011; 33(6):397-403. · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • Kieko Saito, Masahiko Ikeda
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine - FREE RADICAL BIOL MED. 01/2010; 49.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we examined the antiatherosclerotic effects of 3 edible mushrooms, Pleurotus eryngii (Eringi), Grifola frondosa (Maitake), and Hypsizygus marmoreus (Bunashimeji), in atherosclerosis-susceptible C57BL/6J, apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. Male apoE(-/-) mice (6 weeks of age) were fed a normal diet (cholesterol concentration <66 mg/100 g) or a normal diet containing 3% dried Eringi, Maitake, or Bunashimeji mushroom powder for 10 weeks. Food intake, body weight, serum total cholesterol (TC), and serum triacylglycerols (TG) were measured periodically during the experimental period. At the end of the experiment (at 16 weeks of age), the atherosclerotic lesion area was measured in cross-sections of the aortic root. Serum TC concentrations in the Bunashimeji group were significantly lower than that in the control group at 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 weeks of age. Serum TC concentrations in the Eringi, and Maitake groups were significantly lower than that in the control group only at 12 weeks of age. There was no significant difference in the serum TG concentrations in all groups during the experimental period. The atherosclerotic lesions were significantly decreased in the Eringi, Maitake, and Bunashimeji groups than that in the control group at the end of the experiment. Dietary supplementation with the Bunashimeji mushroom powder had the strongest antiatherosclerotic effect among 3 mushrooms. In conclusion, supplementation of the 3 edible mushrooms prevents the development of atherosclerosis, even normal diet. Antiatherosclerotic effect is partly via lowering of serum TC concentrations; further mechanisms should be investigated.
    Nutrition research 05/2008; 28(5):335-42. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    Kieko Saito, Chinatsu Kobayashi, Masahiko Ikeda
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    ABSTRACT: We used malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP) as a stroke model to explore the effects of the radical scavenger N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone (PBN) on stroke. PBN was administrated in drinking water to M-SHRSP. Circadian rhythms in heart rate, blood pressure, and locomotive activity in M-SHRSP were monitored with a telemetric system, in addition to measurement of water intake and body weight. Stroke-onset was assessed by changes in neurological symptoms, water intake, and body weight. Circadian rhythms were basically the same between PBN-treated and control rats several days after stroke onset. Significant differences were seen in blood pressure, relative weight of brain and water intake, heart rate, and locomotive activity between two groups. As a result, no significant difference in age of stroke onset was seen between PBN-treated and control rats, but PBN-treated rats displayed prolonged mean life spans. PBN might be effective in prolonging life span.
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 02/2008; 11(4):25-31. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Green tea catechins possess potent antioxidative properties and protect against various oxidative diseases. Malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP) develop severe hypertension and spontaneous stroke at early ages. We previously reported that ingestion of green tea catechins prevents cerebral ischemic damage in a middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion rat stroke model, in association with increased plasma epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) concentrations. In this study, we examined whether tea catechin intake decreases the incidence of spontaneous stroke in M-SHRSP. Male M-SHRSP ingested 0.5% green tea catechin extract (Polyphenon E) in their drinking water beginning at 5 weeks of age, and blood pressure, heart rate, and locomotor activity were continuously monitored from 8 weeks using a telemetry system. Stroke onset was assessed by the appearance of neurologic symptoms, body weight loss, and circadian rhythm disturbances in heart rate, blood pressure, and locomotor activity. Tea catechin ingestion significantly delayed stroke onset by 10 days compared to the control group. Although there was no difference in blood pressure at 10 weeks, the rate of in blood pressure increase in the tea catechin group was significantly smaller than that in the control group. Plasma NO2- and NO3- concentrations increased after stroke in both groups without significant difference between the two groups. Plasma EGCG concentration significantly decreased at post-stroke compared with that of pre-stroke. Continuous ingestion of green tea catechins from an early age prevented the development of spontaneous stroke in M-SHRSP, probably by inhibiting the further development of high blood pressure at later ages.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 03/2007; 13(2):BR40-5. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of in utero and lactational 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the reproductive system of male rat offspring (F1) and the sex ratio of the subsequent generation (F2) were examined. Female Holtzman rats were gavaged with an initial loading dose of 400 ng/kg TCDD prior to mating, followed by weekly maintenance doses of 80 ng/kg during mating, pregnancy, and the lactation period. Maternal exposure to TCDD had no significant effects on fetus/pup (F1) mortality, litter size, or sex ratio on gestation day (GD) 20 or postnatal day (PND) 2. The TCDD concentration in maternal livers and adipose tissue on GD20 was 1.21 and 1.81 ng/kg, respectively, and decreased at weaning to 0.72 in the liver and 0.84 in the adipose tissue. In contrast, the TCDD concentration in pup livers was 1.32 ng/kg on PND2 and increased to 1.80 ng/kg at weaning. Ventral prostate weight of male offspring was significantly decreased by TCDD exposure on PND28 and 120 compared with that of controls. Weight of the testes, cauda epididymides, and seminal vesicle, and sperm number in the cauda epididymis were not changed by TCDD exposure at PND120. TCDD- or vehicle-exposed male offspring were mated with unexposed females. The sex ratio (percentage of male pups) of F2 offspring was significantly reduced in the TCDD-exposed group compared with controls. These results suggest that in utero and lactational TCDD exposures affect the development of male gonads in offspring (F1), leading to changes in the sex ratio of the subsequent generation (F2).
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 09/2005; 206(3):351-5. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of in utero and lactational exposure of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on brain sexual differentiation were investigated. TCDD was orally administered to pregnant Holtzman rats on gestation day (GD) 15, and the activity of brain aromatase, a key enzyme for sexual differentiation, was measured in offspring on postnatal day (PND) 2. Changes in sexual dimorphisms of saccharin preference and the volume of the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) were examined in adult offspring. In controls, litter means of brain aromatase activity were higher in males than in females. In utero exposure to 200 ng/kg TCDD significantly decreased the sex ratio of aromatase activity (male/female) on PND 2. Offspring were weaned on PND28 and the saccharin test was started on PND84. In controls, saccharin (0.25%) intake (g/kg body weight) was significantly higher in female offspring than in males. In utero exposure to 200 ng/kg TCDD significantly increased saccharin intake in male offspring compared with control males, whereas 800 ng/kg TCDD had no effect. Neither dose of TCDD influenced saccharin intake of female offspring. In controls, SDN-POA volume was significantly greater in males than in females at 14 weeks of age. Exposure to 200 ng/kg TCDD significantly decreased SDN-POA volume in males, whereas 800 ng/kg TCDD had no effect. Neither doses of TCDD influenced the SDN-POA volume in female offspring. These results suggest that in utero and lactational TCDD exposure dose-dependently induces demasculinization in male offspring by inhibiting brain aromatase activity in the hypothalamus-preoptic area during central nervous system development.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 06/2005; 205(1):98-105. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To characterize the role of nitric oxide (NO) in stroke, NO was measured using an in vivo microdialysis technique and electron spin resonance spectrometry in malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP), stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The brain dialysate NO level was higher in SHRSP than in WKY. NO was not detected in M-SHRSP hippocampus microdialysate after stroke except after the administration of N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone (PBN). In addition, very little NO was generated in M-SHRSP brain tissue with hemorrhage. These data demonstrate an association between NO and stroke in M-SHRSP. Further, PBN administration results in maintenance of NO levels after stroke in M-SHRSP.
    Pharmacology 03/2005; 73(2):76-80. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Green tea catechins possess potent antioxidative properties, and the preventive effects against various oxidative diseases have been reported. The purpose of this study is to examine preventive and protective effects of green tea catechins on various deteriorative processes following stroke. Male Wistar rats were given ad libitum water with or without 0.25 and 0.5% tea catechin extract for 5 days prior to the operation and during the experiment. Right middle cerebral artery was occluded for 2 h, then reperfused for 22 h. Brain slices were stained with triphenyltetrazolim chloride to assess infarct area. Concentrations of plasma EGCg, and serum NOx were analyzed by HPLC. Detection of iNOS expression, neutrophil infiltration and peroxynitrite formation in the penumbra was performed by immunostain. Neurologic deficit was scored by posture reflex. Tea catechins dose-dependently reduced the brain infarct area and volume. Infarct volume was inversely correlated with plasma EGCg concentration. Dark staining for iNOS, neutrophils and peroxynitrite were observed in vessel wall of small arteries in control ischemic hemisphere, while in catechins (0.5%)-treated rats iNOS was detected slightly, and staining for neutrophils and peroxynitrite was not seen. Catechin ingestion blocked a 3-fold increase in serum NOx concentration in the jugular vein, and also reduced by 35% a 2-fold increase of plasma lipid peroxide level seen in control rats after reperfusion. Neurologic deficits were significantly alleviated by 0.5% catechin ingestion. Daily intake of green tea catechins efficiently protects the penumbra from irreversible damage due to cerebral ischemia, and consequent neurologic deficits.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 07/2004; 10(6):BR166-74. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that intracellular free cholesterol at physiological concentrations regulates the activity of neutral cholesterol esterase (N-CEase) in macrophages. The objective of the present study is to investigate whether the regulation of N-CEase by cholesterol is generally observed in other types of cells such as adipocytes with high activity of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), the same gene product as N-CEase. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured with and without cholesterol (1-30 microg/mL) or 25-hydroxycholesterol (0.1-10 microg/mL), and changes in the N-CEase activity, expression of HSL mRNA, and protein were examined. Incubation (24 h) of cells with cholesterol did not change N-CEase activity, but incubation with 25-hydroxycholesterol decreased the activity in a concentration-dependent manner by 24 (24 h) and 54% (36 h). Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR indicated that 25-hydroxycholesterol (10 microg/mL) did not influence expression of HSL mRNA. However, Western blot analysis showed that this sterol reduced HSL protein by 72 (24 h) and by 93% (36 h), respectively. It was concluded that sterol-mediated regulation of HSL/N-CEase occurs not only in macrophages but also in adipocytes, and regulation appears to occur not at a transcriptional level but by a post-transcriptional process. Sterol-mediated proteolysis may be involved in the loss of HSL protein.
    Lipids 08/2003; 38(7):743-50. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP) develop hypertension and stroke at earlier ages than do nonmalignant SHRSP. Our previous findings suggested that reactive oxygen species were involved in the development of stroke in this strain. Nitric oxide (NO) which is more released at ischemia, might play a crucial role in stroke development by producing peroxynitrite, a neurotoxic substance. This study investigated whether the development of cerebrovascular lesion in M-SHRSP could be assessed by the fluctuation of serum NO(x) concentration, and whether peroxynitrite is associated with brain damage. Serum NO(x) levels were examined using an automated NO detector. Stroke-onset was temporally assessed according to a known method: changes in body weight, water intake, and neurologic symptoms. Cerebral lesions were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and Evans blue extravasation at autopsy. MRI taken just after estimated stroke onset disclosed brain lesions. The baseline serum NO(x) level remained at 15-18 micromol/l, but the level gradually increased prior to stroke, and significantly at stroke onset. A marked rise in serum NO(x) occurred subsequently at poststroke. Immunohistochemical staining of nitrotyrosine, a peroxynitrite marker, was detected around vessels, neuronal cells and parenchyma in cerebral lesions. Stroke occurred in 50% of male M-SHRSP at 80 days of age. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence for fluctuation of serum NO(x) at the onset of spontaneous stroke accompanying the appearance of peroxynitrite in brain lesions. Monitoring serum NO(x) would serve to assess the development of brain lesions at least in spontaneous stroke model.
    Brain Research 10/2002; 949(1-2):147-56. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxynitrite is assumed to play a crucial role in brain damage associated with the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO). The purpose of this study is to examine time-dependent changes of nitrite and nitrate (NOx) concentration in the circulation, and peroxynitrite formation as well as the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the penumbra of rat brains during transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) of Wistar rat for 2 h and reperfusion for 4-70 h. NOx concentration in the circulation was continuously monitored at the right jugular vein by microdialysis. The expression of iNOS was detected at 22-70 h after reperfusion in vascular walls and the cortex. Nitrotyrosine, a marker of peroxynitrite, appeared 4 h after reperfusion in the cortex, increasing substantially at 22-46 h in vascular walls. NOx level in dialysate increased immediately after MCAO. After a gradual decrease, the level increased again 4 h after reperfusion, reaching a maximum at 46 h. Brain myeloperoxidase activity, a marker of neutrophil infiltration, was not detected 4 h after reperfusion, but greatly increased at 22 h and then decreased. These results suggest that a marked increase of NOx level in the circulation might reflect the expression of iNOS, while neuronal NOS may contribute to peroxynitrite formation in the cortex observed at an earlier phase of reperfusion. This study indicates that monitoring NOx level in the circulation serves to assess the progress of stroke, and to determine appropriate therapeutic measures.
    Brain Research 10/2002; 951(1):113-20. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (M-SHRSP) develop hypertension and stroke at earlier ages than do nonmalignant SHRSP. Our previous findings suggested that reactive oxygen species were involved in the development of stroke in this strain. Nitric oxide (NO) which is more released at ischemia, might play a crucial role in stroke development by producing peroxynitrite, a neurotoxic substance. This study investigated whether the development of cerebrovascular lesion in M-SHRSP could be assessed by the fluctuation of serum NOx concentration, and whether peroxynitrite is associated with brain damage. Serum NOx levels were examined using an automated NO detector. Stroke-onset was temporally assessed according to a known method: changes in body weight, water intake, and neurologic symptoms. Cerebral lesions were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and Evans blue extravasation at autopsy. MRI taken just after estimated stroke onset disclosed brain lesions. The baseline serum NOx level remained at 15–18 μmol/l, but the level gradually increased prior to stroke, and significantly at stroke onset. A marked rise in serum NOx occurred subsequently at poststroke. Immunohistochemical staining of nitrotyrosine, a peroxynitrite marker, was detected around vessels, neuronal cells and parenchyma in cerebral lesions. Stroke occurred in 50% of male M-SHRSP at 80 days of age. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence for fluctuation of serum NOx at the onset of spontaneous stroke accompanying the appearance of peroxynitrite in brain lesions. Monitoring serum NOx would serve to assess the development of brain lesions at least in spontaneous stroke model.
    Brain Research - BRAIN RES. 01/2002; 949(1):147-156.
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    ABSTRACT: Aromatase catalyzes intraneuronal conversion of androgens to estrogens in the hypothalamus-preoptic area at a specific time during development. This local estrogen formation has a central role in sexual differentiation. To investigate the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on sexual differentiation, TCDD (800 and 1600 ng/kg) was orally administered to pregnant Holtzman rats on gestation day (GD) 15, and the change in brain aromatase activity of fetuses (GD20) and pups (postnatal day 2) was examined. Litter means of brain aromatase activity in the hypo-preoptic area of control fetuses were higher in males than in females (female/male ratio was 0.7). This ratio of aromatase activity increased in a TCDD-concentration dependent manner, reaching 1 at the higher dose. There was a similar change in aromatase activity in brains of pups (PND 2). These results suggest that in utero TCDD exposure induces demasculinization in male offspring by inhibiting the aromatase activity in the brain during central nervous system development.
    Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 01/2002; 11(1):1-7. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are assumed to be a causal substance for pulmonary inflammation. As peroxynitrite is recently implicated in inflammation and cytotoxity, the hypothesis was tested that instillation of DEP induces formation of peroxynitrite in cells migrated in lung. Rats were intratracheally instilled with DEP suspension (2 mg/0.5 ml/kg) and killed 24 h later. Alveolar cells were collected by broncho-alveolar lavage. Population of alveolar cells increased more than twice by DEP exposure, mainly due to a large increase of neutrophils. Peroxynitrite formation (NG-nitro-l-arginine methylester and superoxide dismutase inhibitable chemiluminescence) was detected in alveolar cells from treated rats, and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate-stimulation enhanced it. In addition, DEP induced expression of inducible NO synthase mRNA in these cells. But peroxynitrite was not detectable in cells from control. These results indicate that DEP exposure results in peroxynitrite formation in migrated cells, which leads to pulmonary inflammation.
    Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 01/2000;
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    ABSTRACT: The suspension of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) inhibited endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). The mechanism of the impairment of EDR by DEP was investigated with cultured porcine endothelial cells (PEC) and NO synthase (NOS) cell free system. Incubation of PEC with DEP (50–150 μg/ml) for 10–30 min did not induce cell damage. Bradykinin-induced endothelium-dependent relaxing factor (EDRF) release from PEC was bioassayed by cyclic GMP formation in RFL-6 cells. A 10-min preincubation of PEC with DEP (0.1–100 μg/ml) inhibited EDRF release. NOS activity from rat cerebellum cytosol was measured either by the conversion of 3H-l-arginine to 3H-l-citrulline or the NO2− formation. A 10-min preincubation of NOS with DEP (0.1–100 μg/ml) did not affect the formation of 3H-l-citrulline. In contrast, it inhibited NO2− formation. These results suggest that DEP neither induced cell damage nor inhibited EDRF release from PEC, but DEP scavenged NO to block its physiological action.
    Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 10/1998; · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombin- and ionophore A23187-induced aggregation, secretion and 47-kDa protein phosphorylation in washed platelets from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were attenuated with the development of hypertension. In this study, the ultrastructure of platelets from SHRSP and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) at pre- and posthypertensive ages was analyzed in relation to physiological functions using electron microscopy. The platelet size of SHRSP at hypertensive ages (14 and 18 weeks old) was larger on average than that of age-matched WKY. However, the platelet granule size, number and distribution in SHRSP were normal and SHRSP platelets contained similar inclusion bodies to those seen in WKY platelets. At a prehypertensive age (3 weeks old), there was no difference in the morphological characteristics and the platelet size between SHRSP and WKY platelets. At a late hypertensive age (28 weeks old), the large size of SHRSP platelets at 14 weeks of age was normalized and there were no differences in the size between SHRSP and WKY. ADP-induced platelet aggregation measured by a turbidimetric method and electron microscopy was greatly reduced in SHRSP (18 weeks old) compared to WKY. These results suggest that hypofunction of SHRSP platelets at hypertensive and posthypertensive ages would not reflect changes in platelet ultrastructure, although there might be some relationship between hypofunction and larger platelet size at hypertensive ages.
    Pathophysiology 01/1998; 5(2):119-124.
  • Japanese Heart Journal 01/1998; 39(4):539-540. · 0.40 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

198 Citations
41.34 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996–2011
    • University of Shizuoka
      • • Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences
      • • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2007
    • Fuji University
      Fuji, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2000
    • Aomori University of Health and Welfare
      Aomori, Aomori Prefecture, Japan