[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the psychological adjustment and behaviour of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) children and their parents with a control group.
A cross-sectional study was carried out with 84 CH subjects diagnosed by neonatal screening (range 2.7-18.6 years), subdivided into four age groups: group 1 (2-5 years); group 2 (6-10 years); group 3 (11-13 years); and group 4 (14-18 years) and was compared with an age-matched control group. Patients were assessed using two questionnaires: Child Behaviour Checklist for parents and Youth Self-Report for children over 11 years of age.
In groups 1, 3 and 4, total score (TS), internalising score (IS=problems within the self) and externalising score (ES=conflicts with other people) as reported by parents were not significantly different in CH patients and in controls. In group 2, parents of CH children showed values of TS (P<0.05), IS (P<0.05), ES (P<0.05) and scores on other scales significantly higher than controls. In self-reports of groups 3 and 4, the behavioural scales were not significantly different in CH patients and in controls.
Paediatricians should be informed about the increased risk of the development of behavioural problems at primary school age in CH patients. At this age special attention should be paid to parental worries and anxiety. However, it can be reassuring for the patients and parents to know that the problems may be related to CH, and that they may spontaneously disappear.
European Journal of Endocrinology 02/2011; 164(2):269-76. DOI:10.1530/EJE-10-0761 · 4.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Brain damage following a perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult has been documented by different diagnostic techniques. The aim of the present study was to relate a-EEG time course during the first 24h of life to brain metabolic changes detected by proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) at 7-10days of life and to evaluate their correlation with outcome.
Thirty-two patients with any grade HI encephalopathy were studied. Thirty-one out of 32 patients survived and underwent (1)H-MRS examination at 7-10days of life; a-EEG was recorded during the first 24h of life in 27/32 newborns; 26 patients underwent both examinations. Griffiths test, evaluation of motor skills, visual and hearing function were performed at regular intervals until the age of 2years.
a-EEG at 6, 12 and 24h of life showed a significant correlation with outcome. N-acetyl-aspartate/creatine (Cr), Lactate/Cr and myo-inositol differed significantly between patients with normal or poor outcome. a-EEG time course during the first 24h of life showed improvement in newborns with normal (1)H-MRS and good outcome and a deterioration in those with abnormal (1)H-MRS and poor outcome.
a-EEG time course may be able to document the severity and the evolution of the cerebral damage following an HI event. a-EEG is related to the severity of cerebral injury as defined by (1)H-MRS and both examinations showed a good correlation with outcome. These data, obtained in non-cooled infants, may represent reference data for future investigations in cooled infants.
Brain & development 11/2010; 32(10):835-42. DOI:10.1016/j.braindev.2009.11.008 · 1.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate self and parent reports on quality of life (QoL) and psychological adjustment of youths with type 1 diabetes, in comparison to a general paediatric population, and identify relationships between disease duration, metabolic control and psychological parameters.
Participants included 70 youths with type 1 diabetes and their parents. They were compared with 70 non-diabetic subjects. Data were analyzed in the whole group and in subgroups aged 6-10, 11-13 and 14-18 yr. All cases performed pediatric QoL, Child Behaviour Checklist, filled in by parents, and Youth Self-Report, filled in by youths. Data were compared with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values and disease duration.
Self-reports showed a psychological adjustment of youths with type 1 diabetes similar to that of controls. Parent reports showed that parents of children with type 1 diabetes were more worried than those of controls (p < 0.01). Adolescents showed a worse QoL and more frequent psychological disturbances. In this group, for youth and parent reports, HbA1c levels correlated positively with psychological problems (p < 0.05) and negatively with QoL (p < 0.05). Only for parent reports, in the whole group and in subgroups aged 6-10 and 11-13 yr, disease duration correlated positively with psychological adjustment (p < 0.05).
Before adolescence, youths with type 1 diabetes showed only slight problems in psychological adjustment and QoL, with an association with disease duration reported by parents. In adolescence, both youths and their parents reported more emotional and behavioural problems, independent of disease duration. Better metabolic control and psychological well-being seemed directly related.