Jaime Murillo

Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States

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Publications (3)19.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can improve clinical and cardiac structural status in heart failure patients. The role of baseline diastolic echocardiographic parameters to characterize the likelihood of positive outcomes is not well known. We explored relationships between diastolic parameters and outcomes 6 months after CRT implant in the Predictors of Response to CRT (PROSPECT) Trial. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that diastolic echocardiographic parameters were associated with clinical and structural outcomes in CRT patients. METHODS: For 426 patients in PROSPECT, a prospective observational trial of CRT, baseline E/A ratio, left atrial (LA) area, isovolumic relaxation time, left ventricular inflow deceleration time, E' velocity, and E/E' ratio were evaluated and related to 6-month clinical composite score (CCS) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) reduction using Spearman rank-order correlations. Parameters associated with outcomes were analyzed further by discrete categorization. RESULTS: As continuous variables, only E/A ratio and LA area correlated with CCSs (P = 0.017, P = 0.045, respectively) and relative change in LVESV at 6 months (P < 0.0001, P = 0.001, respectively). As discrete variables, E/A ratio and LA area also correlated with CCSs and LVESV. CONCLUSION: Diastolic echo parameters E/A ratio and LA area were associated with clinical and structural outcomes in CRT patients at 6 months.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 11/2012; 36(2). DOI:10.1111/pace.12042 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular pacing site (LV-PS) was prospectively collected to test the influence of the anatomical LV-PS on the outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and mortality. Four hundred and twenty-six patients with standard indications for CRT underwent echocardiographic and clinical evaluation before and after CRT implantation. The LV-PS was determined from fluoroscopy using the clockwise principle (CP). The LV-PS was categorized into three prospectively defined groups: between 3 and 5 o'clock and longitudinal basal/mid-position (Group A, 'optimal'); between 12 and 2 o'clock and longitudinal mid-apical anterior position (Group B, 'non-optimal'); and all other (Group C, 'other'). Of 333 patients, followed for 0.9 years (mean), adequate images were available to define the LV-PS. Left ventricular pacing site was Group A for 118 patients, Group B for 56, and Group C for 159. The three groups were comparable regarding gender, aetiology, and NYHA class; however, patients in Group A were younger. No relation was found between the LV-PS groups and CRT outcome or all-cause mortality. However, further exploratory subanalyses suggest that LV-PS may impact outcomes in non-ischaemic patients, those with left bundle branch block, and when LV-PS is apical in location. Using the CP to define anatomical LV-PS, no relation was found between the LV-PS groups and CRT outcome and mortality. Exploratory analyses warrant further studies.
    Europace 12/2010; 12(12):1750-6. DOI:10.1093/europace/euq324 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from single-center studies suggest that echocardiographic parameters of mechanical dyssynchrony may improve patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In a prospective, multicenter setting, the Predictors of Response to CRT (PROSPECT) study tested the performance of these parameters to predict CRT response. Fifty-three centers in Europe, Hong Kong, and the United States enrolled 498 patients with standard CRT indications (New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 35%, QRS > or = 130 ms, stable medical regimen). Twelve echocardiographic parameters of dyssynchrony, based on both conventional and tissue Doppler-based methods, were evaluated after site training in acquisition methods and blinded core laboratory analysis. Indicators of positive CRT response were improved clinical composite score and > or = 15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume at 6 months. Clinical composite score was improved in 69% of 426 patients, whereas left ventricular end-systolic volume decreased > or = 15% in 56% of 286 patients with paired data. The ability of the 12 echocardiographic parameters to predict clinical composite score response varied widely, with sensitivity ranging from 6% to 74% and specificity ranging from 35% to 91%; for predicting left ventricular end-systolic volume response, sensitivity ranged from 9% to 77% and specificity from 31% to 93%. For all the parameters, the area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve for positive clinical or volume response to CRT was < or = 0.62. There was large variability in the analysis of the dyssynchrony parameters. Given the modest sensitivity and specificity in this multicenter setting despite training and central analysis, no single echocardiographic measure of dyssynchrony may be recommended to improve patient selection for CRT beyond current guidelines. Efforts aimed at reducing variability arising from technical and interpretative factors may improve the predictive power of these echocardiographic parameters in a broad clinical setting.
    Circulation 05/2008; 117(20):2608-16. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.743120 · 14.95 Impact Factor