ABSTRACT: Glycation and lipid peroxidation are two important processes known to play a key role in complications of many pathophysiological processes. Malondialdehyde (MDA) has been reported to play a possible role in the genesis of glycated proteins. This study was undertaken to unravel the possible association of MDA with glycated hemoglobin and fructosamine in prehypertensive patients. A case-control study was performed on 42 prehypertensive and 30 control subjects. Plasma glucose, MDA, fructosamine, and glycated hemoglobin were analyzed in both the groups. Partial correlation analysis was performed to predict the independent association of MDA and fasting glucose on fructosamine and glycated hemoglobin. Plasma of prehypertensive subjects revealed significantly higher concentrations of lipid peroxides and fructosamine than in controls. Glycated hemoglobin concentrations were also found to be significantly increased in test group when compared with healthy controls. When the effects of fasting glucose on the concentrations of glycated hemoglobin and fructosamine were refuted by partial correlation analysis, MDA was found to be a significant determinant of glycated hemoglobin and fructosamine in subjects with prehypertension. These data also support the premise that lipid peroxides per se could play a role in the glycation of hemoglobin and plasma proteins in prehypertension.
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 05/2012; · 1.07 Impact Factor