Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: [Effects of polyethylene oxide at different concentrations on abdominal aortic blood flow and vascular resistance in rats].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of polyethylene oxide (PEO) solution at different concentrations on abdominal aortic blood flow and vascular resistance in rats and evaluate the safety and drag-reducing effect of PEO solution. Thirty-two rats were anesthetized and randomly divided into 4 groups. An ultrasonic flow probe was deployed on the abdominal aorta (5 mm above the common iliac artery) to measure the blood flow. The carotid artery pressure, iliac artery pressure, iliac vein pressure, central venous pressure (CVP) and ECG were also monitored. Saline or different concentrations of PEO [(1x10(-6)(low), 1x10(-5)(middle) and 5x10(-5)(high) g/ml)] were injected in the 4 groups of rats through the caudal vein at a constant rate of 5 ml/h for 20 min, and the changes of the vascular resistance was observed. RESULTS After injections of 1x10(-6) and 1x10(-5) g/ml PEO, the abdominal aortic flow increased significantly (P<0.05) while the vascular resistance was reduced (P(low)=0.052, P(middle)<0.001) as compared to those in the saline control group. Following the injection with 5x10(-5) g/ml PEO, the abdominal aortic flow increased to a threshold in the initial 4 min, after which it rapidly decreased to approach the baseline levels despite continuous infusion. Blood pressure remained stable after the injections except for 5x10(-5) g/mlPEO injection, which resulted in a reduction of the blood pressure by about 10 mmHg (P=0.014). The heart rate and CVP both underwent no significant changes following the injections. The drag-reducing effect of PEO is closely related to its concentration, and compared with 1x10(-6) g/ml, 1x10(-5) g/ml PEO more effectively increases the blood flow and decreases the resistance. The effectiveness and safety of EPO are attenuated at a concentration higher than 5x10(-5) g/ml.Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 04/2010; 30(4):884-7.
Article: [Ultrasound-mediated microbubble destruction increases capillary permeability in rat skeletal muscles].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of ultrasound mediated microbubble destruction on capillary permeability in rat skeletal muscles. Eighteen SD rats were randomized into 3 groups, namely the Evans blue (EB) group, EB+ultrasound (E+U) group and EB+microbubble+ultrasound (U+E+M) group with corresponding treatments, using EB injected into the carotid artery as the indicator for capillary permeability. The microbubbles were injected through the carotid artery with fixed ultrasound parameters. The spillover of EB was estimated under fluorescence microscope according to the visual staining scores. The contents of EB in the skeletal muscles were calculated according to the standard curve and spectrophotometry. EB spillover was observed around the capillaries in E+U+M group, which had a significantly higher visual score than EB group and E+U group (0 and 0-1, respectively, P<0.05). The EB content was 51.57-/+3.89 microg/g in E+U+M group, also significantly higher than those in EB group (28.99-/+4.67 microg/g) and E+U group (30.99-/+4.11 microg/g) (P<0.05). Exposure to both ultrasound and microbubble contrast agents results in increased capillary permeability of rat skeletal muscles, which might be an important mechanisms for gene delivery enhancement by ultrasound contrast agents.Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 04/2008; 28(4):542-4.