[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Certain cytokine gene polymorphisms (CGPs) have been shown to be associated with renal transplant rejection episodes or graft outcomes. We sought to evaluate the relationships between gene polymorphisms and acute rejection episodes (RG, n = 19) versus stable graft function (NRG, n = 71) in transplant recipients compared with healthy control subjects (HCG, n = 150). The follow-up time period was 18 months. Using polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers with the Heidelberg kit we genotyped 22 single nucleotide polymorphisms distributed across 13 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes.
Interleukin (IL)-2 TT/GT haplotype was found in 36.8% of RG patients and 6.7% of HCG but not among the NRG (P < .0001; .0007). The IL-2 GG/TT haplotype was observed among 13 NRG and nine HCG patients (P = .007); the IL-2 GG/GG haplotype, 18.7% HCG and 4.2% NRG patients (P = .0033); and the IL-2 TT/TT haplotype, five NRG and eight HCG patients, but none of the RG cohort (P > .05). The transforming-growth factor-beta 1 CG/CC haplotype was noted in 15 NRG (21.1%) and four HCG but no RG patients (P < .0001). The IL-2 +166 GT genotype was detected in 36.8% of RG, 8.5% of NRG, and 14.7% of HCG patients (P = .005, .0244). The IL-2 -330 GG genotype was demonstrated in 32 healthy controls and three nonrejection transplant patients (P = .0007). Significant differences were concluded between NRG and HCG for IL-6 565 AG, IL-1beta -511 TT and +3962 CC/CT/TT genotypes.
We observed significant differences among the frequencies of IL-2 gene polymorphisms among RG and NRG subjects, which agreed with previous clinical, but not in vitro studies.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The balance between oxidative stress and anti-oxidant defense systems after renal transplantation may explain the development and progression of allograft dysfunction. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) decreases the damage from oxidative stress. In contrast, recipient antibodies against GSTT1 expressed on the graft are believed to cause its dysfunction. The aim of our research was to study the probable relationship to rejection between GST gene polymorphisms and anti-GSTT1 antibodies. We included 122 patients transplantations from living donors and 51 healthy individuals as controls group in our study. The patient groups were comprised of 57 patients who did and 65 who did not experienced rejection episode. Polymerase chain reactions were used to detect GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms, whereas PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism), for GSTP1 polymorphism. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was used for anti-GSTT1 antibody scans. There was no significant difference between the groups for allele and genotype frequencies of GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1 polymorphisms of the recipients, donors, and controls. Within the rejection group the frequency of patients with the GSTM1 null genotype was higher among subjects prescribed cyclosporine A versus tacrolimus (P = .029). Among the entire patient group, 46 subjects with GSTT1 null genotype were scanned for anti-GSTT1 antibody which was detected in 5 of 8 patients with an acute rejection episode (P = .04). Anti-GSTT1 antibody was observed more frequently albeit not significantly, among the cyclosporine versus tacrolimus patient group (P = .16). This study suggested that GSTM1 genotype may be important for cyclosporine detoxification and for allograft outcomes due to drug nephrotoxicity. After transplantation, antigens distinct from the HLA system such as GSTT1 protein may also be targets for alloimmune responses.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old female with refractory extramedullary myeloid leukemia relapse underwent peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation from her HLA-identical brother. Hematopoietic recovery followed disappearance of the lesions. Studies three-months post-transplant showed complete chimerism (CC). Fourteen months after transplantation, the patient presented with an increasing number of extramedullary sites of biopsy-proven disease relapse (as nodular skin lesions). Bone marrow was in remission with maintenance of CC. However, tissue chimerism analysis showed full recipient-cell population. After one course of conventional dose chemotherapy followed by mobilized donor-lymphocyte infusions (DLI), a complete response was achieved. DLI continued monthly but she developed new skin lesions accompanied by multiple cervical masses. Bone marrow and tissue chimerism revealed both recipient and donor cell population. We conclude that tissue chimerism analysis after DLI may not accurately document the cell origin.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a well-established curative therapy for various malignant and non-malignant diseases. Successful outcome after allogeneic HSCT has been associated with donor chimerism (DC). However, the detection of residual host cells or mixed hemopoietic chimerism (MC) has indicated that donor chimerism is not obligatory following HSCT. More recently, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis has been applied to engraftment studies for the identification of polymorphic or sex chromosomes. In this study, chimerism status was evaluated in 48 sex-mismatched HSCT pediatric patients (17 women/31 men, mean age: 9.02 +/- 3.95 years, range: 2-19) by FISH and the effect of DC or MC on outcome and long-term disease-free survival was documented. The stem cell source was bone marrow in all cases. All of the donors were human leucocyte antigen-identical siblings. FISH was performed on 156 specimens between days +13 and +1878. Donor chimerism was found in 47.9% (23/48) and MC was found in 52.1% (25/48) of the patients. Fifteen of 48 (31.25%) patients died, of whom 12 (80%) were MC and three patients (20%) were DC. The difference in chimerism status (MC or DC) was statistically significant between those patients who died and those still alive (chi(2) = 6.813; P = 0.009).
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology 07/2007; 29(3):208-14. · 1.29 Impact Factor