Briggs W. Morrison

Merck, Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (9)40 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rofecoxib and celecoxib, selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, have analgesic efficacy similar to that of nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This study was designed to confirm earlier findings that the overall analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib 50 mg was superior to that of celecoxib 200 mg and to extend the comparison to include celecoxib 400 mg. In this single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-comparator-controlled, parallel-group, single-dose study, patients who experienced moderate or severe pain after surgical extraction of at least 2 third molars received a single oral dose of either rofecoxib 50 mg, celecoxib 400 mg, celecoxib 200 mg, ibuprofen 400 mg, or placebo. Patients recorded scores of pain intensity, pain relief, and global assessment at prespecified time intervals throughout the 24-hour period after dosing. The end points were total pain relief (TOPAR) score over 8 hours (TOPAR8; primary end point), TOPAR score over 12 hours (TOPAR12), sum of pain intensity difference (SPID) over 8 and 12 hours (SPID8 and SPID12), patient's global assessment of study drug at 8 hours, time to confirmed perceptible pain relief (ie, time to onset of analgesic effect), peak pain intensity difference (PID), peak pain relief, time to first dose of rescue medication (ie, duration of analgesic effect), and percentage of patients using rescue medication. A total of 482 patients (358 females, 124 males; mean age, 22.1 years) were enrolled. Rofecoxib 50 mg (n = 151 patients) demonstrated significantly greater overall analgesic efficacy compared with celecoxib 400 mg (n = 151), as measured by TOPAR8 (least squares mean [SE] 17.2 [0.8] vs 15.0 [0.8]; P < 0.05) and TOPAR12 (25.3 [1.2] vs 21.0 [1.2]; P < 0.05), as well as a significantly longer duration of analgesic effect (P < 0.05). Time to onset of analgesic effect and peak analgesic effect were similar for rofecoxib 50 mg and celecoxib 400 mg. Rofecoxib also showed significantly greater overall analgesic efficacy than did celecoxib 200 mg (n = 90), including greater TOPAR8 scores (17.2 [0.8] vs 11.5 [1.1]; P < 0.001), faster onset of analgesic effect (P < 0.001), greater peak analgesic effect (P < 0.001 for peak pain relief and peak PID), and longer duration of analgesic effect (P < 0.001). The overall analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib 50 mg was similar to that of ibuprofen 400 mg (n = 45), except that the duration of analgesic effect of rofecoxib 50 mg was significantly longer (P < 0.001). All active treatments produced significantly greater overall analgesic efficacy compared with that of placebo (P < 0.001 for all scores [TOPAR8, TOPAR12, SPID8, SPID12, and patient's global assessment] for all study drugs). The adverse-events (AE) profile was generally similar in all treatment groups. The 3 most common AEs were nausea, postextraction alveolitis, and vomiting. In this study, rofecoxib 50 mg provided generally superior overall analgesic efficacy compared with that of celecoxib 400 and 200 mg, including a significantly longer duration of analgesic effect. The overall analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib 50 mg was generally similar to that of ibuprofen 400 mg, except for a significantly longer duration of analgesic effect.
    Clinical Therapeutics 11/2002; 24(10):1549-60. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rofecoxib, which specifically inhibits cyclooxygenase-2, is indicated for relief of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and for the management of acute pain in adults. The authors present an overview of six placebo-controlled trials designed to evaluate the single-dose analgesic efficacy of a range of doses of rofecoxib in the treatment of postoperative dental pain. The six studies included doses of rofecoxib ranging from 7.5 to 500 milligrams. Maximal analgesic doses of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or NSAID, either naproxen sodium (550 mg) or ibuprofen (400 mg), were used as active comparators in each study. Analgesic efficacy was assessed with the use of validated self-administered questionnaires. The primary endpoint in each study was the total pain relief over the eight-hour postdose period. Additional endpoints were used to characterize the onset of analgesia and peak analgesic effect. The results of these studies demonstrated that the efficacy of rofecoxib was dose-related, with 50 mg being consistently more effective than placebo for all measures of analgesic efficacy. Moreover, 50 mg was the lowest dose that reproducibly demonstrated an analgesic effect comparable to the effect of maximum single analgesic doses of NSAIDs. The results of these studies support the recommended dose of 50 mg of rofecoxib once daily for the management of pain. Rofecoxib, at a dose of 50 mg, is effective in the management of postoperative dental pain.
    Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) 01/2001; 131(12):1729-37. · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether rofecoxib is effective for treating primary dysmenorrhea and whether cyclooxygenase-2 is involved in the pathophysiology of primary dysmenorrhea. A double-masked, randomized, placebo and active-comparator-controlled clinical trial including 127 subjects with histories of primary dysmenorrhea was conducted in an outpatient clinical research center. Subjects were randomly assigned to placebo, rofecoxib 25 or 50 mg followed by 25 mg every 24 hours as needed, or naproxen sodium 550 mg every 12 hours as needed for up to 3 days. Subjects took all four treatments in a balanced, complete-block, crossover design. Measurements included self-administered questionnaires of analgesic efficacy, spontaneous reports of adverse experiences, physical examinations, and laboratory safety tests. Rofecoxib 25 and 50 mg provided analgesic efficacy greater than placebo (P < or = .006) for the primary endpoint of total pain relief over the first 8 hours. For other efficacy endpoints (sum of the pain intensity difference over the first 8 hours, subject's global evaluation, peak pain relief, peak pain intensity difference, and time to remedication) both doses of rofecoxib were better than placebo (P < or = .006) and were not distinguishable from naproxen sodium for all efficacy endpoints. All treatments were well tolerated. Rofecoxib effectively treated primary dysmenorrhea, and cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostanoids play a role in the pathophysiology of primary dysmenorrhea.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology 11/1999; 94(4):504-8. · 4.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous data have suggested that rofecoxib, a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-specific inhibitor, had analgesic effects similar to those of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs when tested in the post-dental surgery pain model. The objective of this parallel-group, double-masked, randomized, placebo- and active comparator-controlled clinical trial was to assess more fully the analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib in the treatment of postoperative dental pain. After dental surgery, 151 patients (50.3% women; mean age, 18.3 years; 93.4% white) experiencing moderate-to-severe pain were to receive a single dose of placebo, rofecoxib 50 mg, or ibuprofen 400 mg. Analgesic efficacy was assessed for up to 24 hours postdose using self-administered questionnaires. Tolerability was assessed using spontaneous reports of adverse experiences, physical findings, and laboratory measurements. The results of this study demonstrated that rofecoxib 50 mg was more effective than placebo on all measures of analgesic efficacy. Rofecoxib 50 mg exhibited overall analgesic effects, onset of analgesia, and peak analgesic effects that were not significantly different from those of ibuprofen 400 mg, with a significantly longer duration of action (P < 0.05). We concluded that rofecoxib was efficacious in the treatment of postoperative dental pain and that COX-2-derived prostanoids play a role in treatment of the pain associated with dental surgery.
    Clinical Therapeutics 07/1999; 21(6):943-53. · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics 01/1999; 65(2):118-118. · 6.85 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics 01/1999; 65(2):118-118. · 6.85 Impact Factor
  • Solid State Communications 01/1999; 112(6). · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics 01/1999; · 6.85 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics 01/1999; · 6.85 Impact Factor