Ece Aydog

Yeditepe University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (22)39.78 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Taking new developments in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the economic conditions of our country into account, the Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) aimed to develop national treatment recommendations for the management of RA; thus, they consulted with national experts for their opinions. Materials and methods: Eight rheumatologists and 15 physiatrists experienced in the field contributed to the development of the TLAR recommendations for the management of RA. The expert committee planned to develope "Recommendations for the Management of RA in Turkey" based on EULAR 2010 recommendations for the management of RA with synthetic and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in light of expert opinions. Following the meeting, a systematic literature review was performed by searching the Medline and Cochrane, Embase, and Turkish Medical Index databases between 2009 and 2010 for pharmacological treatment recommendations and between 2007 and 2010 for non-pharmacological treatment recommendations. This was done in addition to the studies included in the EULAR 2010 recommendations. All articles were examined, their contents were summarized, their levels of evidence were determined, and the Delphi process was initiated. Results: Sixteen general recommendations were listed along with five main principles and one non-pharmacological treatment method. A consensus was reached for all recommendations, and their strength levels were voted upon. Conclusion: Recommendations were formed for the management of RA in Turkey. These national recommendations are intended to guide physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists (physiatrists), rheumatologists, and family physicians and should be regularly updated.
    Turkish journal of rheumatology 12/2011; 26(4-4):273-294. DOI:10.5606/Tjr.2011.046 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To develop Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) National Recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Materials and methods: A scientific committee of 25 experts consisting of six rheumatologists and 19 physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists was formed by TLAR. Recommendations were based on the 2006 ASsessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Working Group(ASAS)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations and a systematic review of associated publications between January 2005 and September 2010. A Delphi process was used to develop the recommendations. Twelve major recommendations were constructed for the management of AS. Voting using a numerical rating scale assessed the strength of each recommendation. Results: The 12 recommendations include patient assessment, patient follow-up along with pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. Some minor additions and changes have been made to the ASAS/EULAR recommendations. All of the recommendations had sufficient strength. Conclusion: National recommendations for the management of AS were developed based on scientific evidence and consensus expert opinion. These recommendations will be updated regularly in accordance with recent developments.
    Turkish journal of rheumatology 01/2011; 26(3-3):173-186. DOI:10.5152/Tjr.2011.028 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The experience of pain is believed to be influenced by psychologic and genetic factors. A previous study suggested pain catastrophizing and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype influenced clinical pain ratings for patients seeking operative treatment of shoulder pain. This study investigated whether these same psychologic and genetic factors predicted responses to induced shoulder pain. Participants (n=63) completed self-report questionnaires and had COMT genotype determined before performing a standardized fatigue protocol to induce delayed onset muscle soreness. Then, shoulder pain ratings, self-report of upper-extremity disability ratings, and muscle torque production were reassessed 24, 48, and 72 hours later. This cohort consisted of 35 women and 28 men, with a mean age of 20.9 years (SD=1.7). The frequency of COMT diplotypes was 42 with "high COMT enzyme activity" (low pain sensitivity group) and 21 with "low COMT enzyme activity" (average pain sensitivity/high pain sensitivity group). A hierarchical regression model indicated that an interaction between pain catastrophizing and COMT diplotype was the strongest unique predictor of 72-hour pain ratings. The same interaction was not predictive of self-report of disability or muscle torque production at 72 hours. The pain catastrophizingxCOMT diplotype interaction indicated that participants with high pain catastrophizing and low COMT enzyme activity (average pain sensitivity/high pain sensitivity group) were more likely (relative risk=3.5, P=0.025) to have elevated pain intensity ratings (40/100 or higher). These findings from an experimental model converge with those from a surgical cohort and provide additional evidence that the presence of elevated pain catastrophizing and COMT diplotype indicative of low COMT enzyme activity have the potential to increase the risk of developing chronic pain syndromes.
    The Clinical journal of pain 11/2008; 24(9):793-801. DOI:10.1097/AJP.0b013e31817bcb65 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess whether intraarticular corticosteroids improve the outcome of a comprehensive home exercise programme in patients with adhesive capsulitis. The study was undertaken in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of a Ministry of Health hospital in Turkey. Eighty patients with adhesive capsulitis were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Group 1 patients were given intraarticular corticosteroid (1 mL, 40 mg methylprednisolone acetate) followed by a 12-week comprehensive home exercise programme. Group 2 patients were given intraarticular serum physiologic (1 mL solution of 0.9% sodium chloride) followed by a 12-week comprehensive home exercise programme. The outcome parameters were Shoulder Pain and Disability Index and University of California-Los Angeles end-result scores, night pain and shoulder passive range of motion. Mean actual changes in abduction range of motion, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index-total score and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index-pain score were statistically different between the two groups at the second week, with the better scores determined in group 1. However, there were no significant differences between the groups at the 12th week. Medians of University of California-Los Angeles scores in the second week were significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.02), with better scores in group 1; however, the difference in 12th week scores was insignificant. Intraarticular corticosteroids have the additive effect of providing rapid pain relief, mainly in the first weeks of the exercise treatment period. In patients with adhesive capsulitis who have pain symptom predominantly, intraarticular corticosteroid therapy could be advised concomitantly with exercise.
    Clinical Rehabilitation 07/2008; 22(6):503-12. DOI:10.1177/0269215508086179 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A proposed model suggests that the experience of pain is influenced by psychological and genetic factors. Our previous study reported that pain catastrophizing and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype influenced clinical pain ratings for patients seeking operative treatment of shoulder pain. The current study investigated whether these same psychological and genetic factors predicted responses to induced shoulder pain. Our a priori hypothesis was that subjects with high pain catastrophizing and COMT genotype indicative of low COMT enzyme activity would have the highest induced shoulder pain ratings. Subjects (n = 63) completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and had COMT genotype determined by PCR-based strategies. Subjects then completed a standardized fatigue protocol to induce delayed onset muscle soreness and underwent post-fatigue assessments at 24, 48, and 72 hours. The post-fatigue assessments included pain intensity (visual analog scale), evoked pressure pain (visual analog scale), muscle force production (maximum voluntary isometric contraction), and upper-extremity disability (Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire). Hierarchical regression investigated the contributions of pain catastrophizing and previously described COMT diplotypes for shoulder pain intensity at 72 hours. A statistically significant interaction between pain catastrophizing and COMT diplotype was detected, and this interaction was the strongest unique predictor of 72 hour pain intensity ratings. This same interaction was statistically significant for prediction of evoked pressure pain at 72 hours, but not for muscle force production or upper-extremity disability. In conclusion, these findings converge with those from the surgical cohort and provide additional evidence that pain catastrophizing and COMT diplotype have the potential to increase the risk of developing chronic pain syndromes. This study was supported by a grant from the University of Florida.
    Journal of Pain 05/2008; 9(4):14-14. DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2008.01.072 · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • Journal of clinical rheumatology: practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases 05/2008; 14(2):128-9; author reply 130. DOI:10.1097/RHU.0b013e31816b95d4 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are chronic, progressive, systemic inflammatory rheumatic diseases that lead to serious disability. The objective of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients with RA and AS who were treated in tertiary hospitals in Turkey and to analyze their current medical management. A total of 562 RA and 216 AS patients were evaluated. The mean age of RA patients was 52.1 +/- 12.6 years. The female to male ratio was 3.7:1. Of the RA patients, 72.2% had positive rheumatoid factor (RF), 62.9% had high C-reactive protein, and 75.2% had radiological erosion. The ratio of patients with Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28 >3.2 was 73.9% and of those with Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) > or =1.5 was 20.9%. There was a statistically significant increase in RF positivity and HAQ scores in the group with higher DAS 28 score. Frequency of extraarticular manifestations was 22.4%. The ratio of the patients receiving disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) was 93.1%, and 6.9% of the patients were using anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocking agents. In AS, the mean age of the patients was 38.1 +/- 10.6, and the female to male ratio was 1:2.5. The time elapsed between the first symptom and diagnosis was 4.3 years. The ratio of peripheral joint involvement was 29.4%. Major histocompatibility complex, class I, B 27 was investigated in 31.1% of patients and the rate of positivity was 91%. In 52.4% of the patients, Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) was > or =4. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Bath AS Functional Index, and peripheral involvement were significantly higher in the group with BASDAI > or =4. Frequency of extraarticular involvement was 21.2% in AS patients. In the treatment schedule, 77.5% of AS patients were receiving sulphasalazine, 15% methotrexate, and 9.9% anti-TNF agents. Despite widespread use of DMARD, we observed high disease activity in more than half of the RA and AS patients. These results may be due to relatively insufficient usage of anti-TNF agents in our patients and therefore these results mostly reflect the traditional treatments. In conclusion, analysis of disease characteristics will inform us about the disease severity and activity in RA and AS patients and could help in selecting candidate patients for biological treatments.
    Clinical Rheumatology 03/2008; 27(9):1119-25. DOI:10.1007/s10067-008-0877-1 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Ajda Bal · Eda Gurcay · Ece Aydog · Ece Unlu · Ebru Umay · Aytul Cakci
    The Indian Journal of Medical Research 02/2008; 127(1):89-90. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of home versus in-hospital exercise (under supervision) programmes on hip strength, gait speed and cadence in patients with total hip arthroplasty at least one year after operation. Physical therapy and rehabilitation department. Twenty-six patients who had had a total hip arthroplasty operation 12-24 months prior to the study were enrolled. The patients were randomized into three groups: group 1 patients were assigned a home exercise programme, group 2 patients exercised under physiotherapist supervision in hospital, and group 3 served as the control group, with no specific intervention. The study duration was six weeks. Maximum isometric abduction torque of operated hip muscle, gait speed and cadence were measured before and after the study. Maximum isometric abduction torques of the hip abductor muscles improved in groups 1 and 2, but not in group 3 (30 +/- 12 to 38 +/- 11 ft.lb in group 1, 18 +/- 10 to 30 +/- 9.8 ft.lb in group 2). Gait speed improved from 67.8 +/- 23 to 74.35 +/- 24 m/min in group 1, from 48.53 +/- 4 to 56.7 +/- 5 m/min in group 2 and from 58.01 +/- 12 to 59.8 +/- 14 m/min in group 3. Cadence also improved, from 97.7 +/- 18 to 111 +/- 17 steps/min in group 1, from 90.75 +/- 6 to 104.75 +/- 7 steps/min in group 2, and from 87 +/- 16 to 88.22 +/- 16 steps/min in group 3. When the three groups were compared, group 2 showed the best improvement (P = 0.006) only in maximum isometric abduction torque. Our findings suggest that both home and supervised exercise programmes are effective one year after total hip arthroplasty. Home exercise programmes with close follow-up could be recommended.
    Clinical Rehabilitation 09/2007; 21(8):706-11. DOI:10.1177/0269215507077302 · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • A Bal · E Unlu · G Bahar · E Aydog · E Eksioglu · R Yorgancioglu
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    ABSTRACT: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, inflammatory, rheumatological disease affecting primarily the sacroiliac joint and vertebral column, with an etiology that remains obscure. Cytokines are soluble proteins that have specific roles in inflammatory response, arranging the interaction between cells of the immune system both in natural and specific immune reactions. This study was planned to evaluate the relation between the level of cytokines and the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with AS compared to healthy subjects. In this study, we demonstrated increased serum levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in patients with AS compared with healthy subjects. Only IL-1 beta levels were not increased in AS patients. We found a correlation between C-reactive protein and IL-6 levels and between erythrocyte sedimentation rate and sIL-2R, IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels. Only the sIL-2R level was correlated with Bath AS Metrology Index and Bath AS Functional Index. We suggest that sIL-2R, IL-6, and TNF-alpha may have a role in the pathogenesis of AS and that their serum levels can be used as disease activity parameters and tools for diagnosis.
    Clinical Rheumatology 03/2007; 26(2):211-5. DOI:10.1007/s10067-006-0283-5 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • E Eksioglu · E Aydog · E Unlu · A Cakci · B Keyik
    Neurology India 01/2007; 55(2):176-7. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.32800 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the parameters which have an important role in shoulder involvement and disability in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Ninety patients with AS were divided into two groups according to the presence of shoulder involvement. Bath AS metrology index (BASMI), ankylosing spondylitis quality of life (ASQoL) and shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI) were used. Ranges of movements of limited shoulders were measured. Mean disease duration, age, BASMI, and ASQoL were higher and hip involvement was more frequent in the shoulder-involved group. Disease duration was found to be the most significant factor in shoulder involvement. A significant relationship was found between all SPADI scores and ASQoL. The SPADI disability score was affected by flexion limitation. Patients with hip involvement and longer disease duration should be evaluated for shoulder involvement. Flexion limitation of shoulder affected shoulder disability and shoulder disability impaired quality of life.
    Rheumatology International 01/2007; 27(2):169-73. DOI:10.1007/s00296-006-0182-8 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study were to assess what type of foot deformities are found in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, to detect frequency of deformities, and to evaluate deformities affecting Foot Function Index (FFI) and patient functional capacity. Anteroposterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs of 156 feet of 78 patients who had RA for > or =2 years and of 76 feet of 38 healthy controls were studied. We measured hallux valgus angle, intermetatarsal angle between first and second (M1/2) and intermetatarsal angle between first and fifth (M1/5) on anteroposterior radiographs, and calcaneal pitch on the lateral radiographs. We examined the feet of all RA patients and healthy controls for hallux rigidus, cock-up deformity, clawing toe, and mallet finger, and measured calcaneal valgus angle. FFI, comprised of pain, disability, and activity limitation subscales, was administered to all RA patients. Their Steinbrocker Functional Class (SFC) and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores were determined. We determined frequency of deformities as 96.2% in RA patients and 97.4% in controls by radiological and physical examination (p>0.05). The frequency of each deformity was markedly increased in RA patients, with the exception of calcaneal valgus deformity. There was significant correlation between SFC and HAQ with FFI and subscales (respectively, r=0.46, p=0.001; r=0.67, p=0.001). For FFI and subscales, HAQ was the most important predictor factor, followed by gender and hallux rigidus. Foot deformities are seen very frequently in RA. These deformities may affect patient functional foot, especially hallux rigidus and calcaneal valgus.
    Clinical Rheumatology 09/2006; 25(5):671-5. DOI:10.1007/s10067-005-0115-z · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate dynamic postural balance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to the disease characteristics. Seventy-four patients with RA and 42 controls of the same age group were tested using the Biodex Stability System (Biodex Medical Systems, Shirley, NY, USA). Anterior/posterior (AP), medial/lateral (ML), and overall (OA) indices were obtained with bilateral stance at platform stabilities of 2 and 8. Subjects were tested with "eyes open" at all times. At the same time, Disease Activity Score, functional disability [Health Assessment Questionnaire, (HAQ)], and Steinbrocker Functional Class (SFC) were assessed. Both the AP and OA indices in the RA group were significantly higher than in the control group for level 8. For OA index, the results were 2.7+/-0.9 in RA and 2.2+/-0.7 in the control group (p=0.006), and for AP index, the results were 2.1+/-0.7 in RA and 1.7+/-0.6 in the control group (p=0.002). Eleven patients (15.9%) and three controls (7.1%) could not complete the test at level 2. When the patients and controls who completed the test were compared, a significant difference was found only in the ML index. The results were 4.6+/-2.4 in RA and 3.8+/-1.6 in the control group (p=0.047). A positive correlation between HAQ and postural balance for all three stability indices at level 8 was detected. A positive correlation between SFC and postural balance for OA and ML at level 8 was also found. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed age and body mass index (BMI) to be the most important factors influencing postural dynamic balance at both levels in the RA group and in healthy controls. RA has a negative effect on dynamic postural stability. The functional status affects dynamic balance more than disease activity. Age and BMI were the most important factors influencing postural dynamic balance in the RA group and in healthy controls. Level 2 does not appear to be an appropriate level for evaluating postural stability in RA.
    Clinical Rheumatology 08/2006; 25(4):462-7. DOI:10.1007/s10067-005-0074-4 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dermatitis herpetiformis DH is a rare, intensely pruritic, chronic, recurrent, papulovesicular disease. The disease can be clearly distinguished from the other subepidermal blistering eruptions by histologic, immunologic, and gastrointestinal criteria. Most patients have an associated gluten-sensitive enteropathy GSE that is usually asymptomatic. Both enteropathy and the dermatologic findings disappear with a gluten-free diet, therefore, DH is thought to be the specific dermatologic finding of celiac disease CD. An association between CD and autoimmune disease has been documented in several studies. Similar associations have been reported in DH. We report a 46-year-old man with DH diagnosed more than 10 years previously who developed GSE, pernicious anemia, and rheumatoid arthritis in the following years.
    Saudi medical journal 07/2006; 27(6):881-4. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • E Aydoğ · S T Aydoğ · A Cakci · M N Doral
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    ABSTRACT: Three systems affect the upright standing posture in humans - visual, vestibular, and somatosensory. It is well known that the visually impaired individuals have bad postural balance. On the other hand, it is a well documented fact that some sports can improve postural balance. Therefore, it is aimed in this study to evaluate the dynamic postural stability in goal-ball athletes. Twenty blind goal-ball players, 20 sighted and 20 sedentary blind controls were evaluated using the Biodex Stability System. Three adaptation trials and three test evaluations (a 20-second balance test at a platform stability of 8) were applied to the blind people, and to the sighted with eyes open and closed. Dynamic postural stability was measured on the basis of three indices: overall, anteroposterior, and mediolateral. Means of each test score were calculated. The tests results were compared for the blind athletes, sighted (with eyes open and closed) subjects, and sedentary blind people. There were significant differences between the results of the blind people and the sighted subjects with regards to all of the three indices. Although the stability of goal-ball players was better than sedentary blinds', only ML index values were statistically different (4.47 +/- 1.24 in the goal-ball players; 6.46 +/- 3.42 in the sedentary blind, p = 0.04). Dynamic postural stability was demonstrated to be affected by vision; and it was found that blind people playing goal-ball 1 - 2 days per week have higher ML stability than the sedentary sighted people.
    International Journal of Sports Medicine 06/2006; 27(5):415-8. DOI:10.1055/s-2005-865777 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    E Aydog · R Depedibi · A Bal · E Eksioglu · E Unlü · A Cakci
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, our objectives were to investigate whether patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have a poorer dynamic balance than normal subjects, and to study the relationship between balance and posture. Seventy patients (57 men, 13 women) with AS and 35 (31 men, 4 women) controls matched for age, weight, height and body mass index were tested using the Biodex Stability System. Anteroposterior (AP), mediolateral (ML) and overall (OA) indices were obtained with bilateral stance at platform stabilities of 8 and 4. Subjects were tested with 'eyes open' at all times. Correlation analyses were performed between stability indices (OA, AP, ML) and disease duration, cervical rotation (CR), tragus to wall distance (TWD), lumbar side flexion (LSF), lumbar flexion (LF), intermalleolar distance (IMD) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) total score. No significant difference was found between the AS patients and healthy subjects with respect to all three stability indices at levels 4 and 8. A positive correlation was found only between ML stability index and TWD at level 8 (r, 0.249; P = 0.038). No other positive correlation was detected between stability indices and CR, TWD, LSF, LF, IMD, total BASMI score and disease duration. AS has no negative effect on postural stability. The only clinically significant association was found between dynamic postural balance and TWD.
    Rheumatology 05/2006; 45(4):445-8. DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kei192 · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of menstrual cycle on proprioception by using the active knee joint position sense test (JPST). The 19 healthy women (ages between 20 years and 27 years) who have normal regular menstrual cycle were included in the study. We applied JPSTs at two different directions throughout the three different phases of the menstrual cycle, i.e. menstrual, follicular, and early luteal in dominant knees. When we started from flexion (90 degrees ), target angles were 70 degrees , 50 degrees , and 30 degrees and we started from extension (0 degrees ), target angles were 20 degrees , 40 degrees and 60 degrees . The absolute reposition errors from the target angles have been evaluated. Results have shown that reposition errors from the target angle at 40 degrees , 50 degrees and 70 degrees of knee angles were higher in the menstrual phase than that of the follicular phase (P<0.05). In addition, higher value of reposition error from the target angle at 40 degrees was found in the menstrual phase compared to luteal phase (P<0.05). In conclusion, we have demonstrated that active JPST was significantly reduced in the menstruation period.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 11/2005; 13(8):649-53. DOI:10.1007/s00167-004-0604-7 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hand and foot deformities were originally described in Parkinson's disease (PD) in 1864, although their pathogenesis still remains to be clarified. Typical hand deformities are flexion in metacarpopharyngeal joints and hyperextension in interphalangial joints, sometimes accompanied by ulnar deviation. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is no swelling and stiffness in joints. In this report, a case that was previously misdiagnosed as RA due to deformities in the hand and whose PD was detected upon presentation to our clinic is presented, and the differential diagnosis of the disease is discussed.
    Rheumatology International 10/2005; 25(7):548-9. DOI:10.1007/s00296-004-0543-0 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate the intratester and intertester reliability of isokinetic ankle inversion and eversion-strength measurement in neutral foot position in healthy adults using the Biodex dynamometer. Twenty-five men and women performed five maximal concentric contractions at 60 and 180 degrees/s angular velocities. Two physicians tested each subject. The first physician applied the test four times, and the second physician three times. Reliability of peak torque was assessed by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). At both angular velocities, inversion strength was greater than eversion, and when the angular velocity was increased, inversion and eversion strength were decreased, as tested by both physicians. The first measurements of inversion and eversion strength of the first physician were significantly lower than the other measurements (p<0.01). The intratester ICCs for ankle inversion in healthy young adults were highly reliable (ICC 0.92-0.96), and for the eversion values ranged from 0.87 to 0.94. Intertester ICCs for ankle inversion and eversion peak torque values demonstrated a value of 0.95. Isokinetic tests of ankle inversion and eversion strength at 60 and 180 degrees/s angular velocities in neutral foot position for healthy adults are highly reliable with the Biodex dynamometer.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2004; 12(5):478-81. DOI:10.1007/s00167-004-0530-8 · 2.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

373 Citations
39.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Yeditepe University
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2008
    • Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2006–2007
    • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
    • Hacettepe University
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2004–2005
    • Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey