Soo Jin Lee

Konyang University Hospital, Gaigeturi, Jeju, South Korea

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Publications (85)194.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of present study was to examine biological and psychological characteristics of people according to the Sasang typology, which is popular in Korea. We evaluated the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) as a measure of temperament, and Body Mass Index (BMI) as a measure of the somatic properties of each Sasang type.
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 08/2014; 14(1):315. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The new modality of an integrated positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) has recently been introduced but not validated. Our objective was to evaluate clinical performance of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/MRI in patients with head and neck cancer. Methods This retrospective study was conducted between January 2013 and February 2013. Ten patients (eight men, two women; mean age, 61.4 ± 13.4 years) with histologically proven head and neck tumors were enrolled. Whole-body PET/MRI and regional positron emission tomography (PET) with dedicated MRI were sequentially obtained. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis and contrast enhancement were analyzed. A total of ten whole-body positron emission tomography (PET), ten regional positron emission tomography (PET), ten dedicated MRI and ten regional PET/gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted (Gd)-MRI images were analyzed for initial staging. Two nuclear medicine physicians analyzed positron emission tomography (PET) and PET/MRI with a consensus. One radiologist analyzed dedicated MRI. The primary lesions and number of metastatic lymph nodes analyzed from each image were compared. Results Eight patients were diagnosed with head and neck cancer (one tongue cancer, four tonsillar cancers, one nasopharyngeal cancer and two hypopharyngeal cancers) by histological diagnosis. Two benign tumors (pleomorphic adenoma and Warthin tumor) were diagnosed with surgical operation. Whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) and regional positron emission tomography (PET) attenuated by MRI showed good image quality for the lesion detection. Whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) and regional positron emission tomography (PET) detected ten primary sites and compensated for a missed lesion on dedicated MRI. A discordant number of suspicious lymph node metastases was noted according to the different images; 22, 16, 39 and 40 in the whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) only, dedicated MR, regional positron emission tomography (PET) only and regional PET/Gd-MRI, respectively. There was no distant metastasis based on analysis of whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) and whole-body PET/Dixon-volume interpolated breathhold examination (VIBE) MRI. Regional PET/Gd-MRI combined with whole-body PET/MRI modified staging in three patients. Lesions of primary tumor and suspicious metastasis were well detected on both value of SUVmax and visual analysis. The regional PET/Gd-MRI combined with whole-body PET/MRI showed convenient clinical staging performance compared with positron emission tomography (PET) and MRI alone. Conclusion In this preliminary study, PET attenuated by MRI showed good image quality to detect lesions. And whole-body PET/MRI as a single modality was feasible for staging in a clinical setting. Whole-body positron emission tomography (PET), regional positron emission tomography (PET), dedicated MRI and regional PET/Gd-MRI showed discordant results in lesion detection. These discordant results might be synergistic effect for accurate staging.
    Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To determine overall handgrip strength (HGS), we assessed the short-term change of HGS after trigger point injection (TPI) in women with muscular pain in the upper extremities by comparison with established pain scales.
    Annals of rehabilitation medicine. 04/2014; 38(2):241-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Our study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived sleep quality and depression using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Cole's model to materialize the concept of perceived sleep quality in the non-cognitively impaired elderly. Older adults aged 60+ were recruited from the baseline study of Suwon Project between 2009 and 2011 (n = 2,040). Perceived sleep quality was measured using the Korean version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-K), and depression was accessed using the Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (SGDS-K). We excluded the cognitively impaired elderly using the Korean version-Mini Mental Status Examination (K-MMSE) score less than or equal to 17. In multivariable adjusted logistic regression related to PSQI-K components, poor perceived sleep quality, including poor subjective sleep quality (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.61), longer sleep latency (OR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.13-1.55) and the frequent use of sleeping medication (OR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.10-1.53) were significantly associated with depression after adjusting for age, sex, education, living status, current smoking and current alcohol drinking, the number of comorbidity and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). PSQI-K global score also had greater odds of reporting depression (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.07-1.16). These results suggested that poor perceived sleep quality was associated with a greater level of depression in the elderly.
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Serotonin PET after destruction of dopaminergic system.
    Applied Radiation and Isotopes. 01/2014; 94:30–34.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Lymph node (LN) characterization is crucial in determining the stage and treatment decisions in patient with lung cancer. Although 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) has a higher diagnostic accuracy in LN characterization than anatomical imaging, differentiating between metastatic and inflammatory LNs is still challenging because both could show high 18F-FDG uptake. The purpose of this study was to assess if the heterogeneity of the 18F-FDG uptake could help in differentiating between inflammatory and metastatic LNs in lung cancer, and to compare with other parameters. Methods A total of 44 patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung, who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT without having any previous treatments and were revealed to have 18FFDG- avid LNs, were enrolled. There were 52 pathologyproven metastatic lymph nodes in 26 subjects. The pathologyproven metastatic LNs were compared with 42 pathologyproven inflammatory/benign LNs in 18 subjects. The coefficient of variation (CV) was used to assess the heterogeneity of 18F-FDG uptake by dividing the standard deviation of standardized uptake value (SUV) by mean SUV. The volume of interest was manually drawn based on the combined CT images of 18FFDG PET/CT (no threshold is used). Comparisons were made with the maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax), visual assessment of 18F-FDG uptake, longest diameter, and maximum Hounsfield units (HUmax). Results Metastatic lymph nodes tended to have higher CVs than the inflammatory LNs. The mean CVof metastatic LNs (0.30±0.08; range: 0.08–0.55) was higher than that of inflammatory LNs (0.17+0.06; range, 0.07–0.32; P<0.0001). On receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the area under curve was 0.901, and using 0.20 as cut-off value, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were 88.5 %, 76.2 %, 82.2 %, 84.3, and 83.0 % respectively. Accuracy of CV was slightly higher than SUVmax and diameter, but significantly higher than visual assessment and HUmax. Conclusions In patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung having no prior treatments, metastatic LNs showed more heterogeneous 18F-FDG uptake than inflammatory LNs.Measuring the CVof the SUV derived from a manual volume of interest (VOI) can be helpful in determining metastatic LN of adenocarcinoma of the lung. Including diagnostic criteria of CV into the diagnostic approach can increase the accuracy of mediastinal node status.
    Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. 12/2013; 47(4):232-241.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was initiated to determine whether the protective effect of nicotinamide (NAM) on high glucose/palmitate (HG/PA)-induced INS-1 beta cell death was due to its role as an anti-oxidant, nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD+) precursor, or inhibitor of NAD+-consuming enzymes such as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) or sirtuins. All anti-oxidants tested were not protective against HG/PA-induced INS-1 cell death. Direct supplementation of NAD+ or indirect supplementation through NAD+ salvage or de novo pathway did not protect the death. Knockdown of the NAD+ salvage pathway enzymes such as nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) or nicotinamide mononucleotide adenyltransferase (NMNAT) did not augment death. On the other hand, pharmacological inhibition or knockdown of PARP did not affect death. However, sirtinol as an inhibitor of NAD-dependant deacetylase or knockdown of SIRT3 or SIRT4 significantly reduced the HG/PA-induced death. These data suggest that protective effect of NAM on beta cell glucolipotoxicity is attributed to its inhibitory activity on sirtuins.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 04/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the effect of parental attitude on the behavioral problems in children who visited the traditional Korean pediatrics clinic. Methods The subjects were consist of 190 outpatients ( months) and their mother. The Behavior problems of children were measured with Korean version of Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1.5-5 (K-CBCL1.5-5) while parental perception of child vulnerability, parent overprotection, parenting stress were measured by Child Vulnerability Scale (CVS), Parent Protection Scale (PPS), Korean-Parenting Stress Index-Short Form scale (K-PSI-SF), respectively. Correlation and multiple regression were conducted for the analysis. Results Significant correlations between child total problems score and child vulnerability (r=.272, p
    The Journal of Korean Oriental Pediatrics. 01/2013; 27(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The goal of the present study was to elucidate the characteristics of behavior problems in Sasang typology with child patients. Methods Subjects consisted of 176 (95 boys, 81 girls) children from 36 months to 83 months were diagnosed by two clinical experts in pediatrics and Sasang medicine. There were 22 So-Yang types, 141 Tae-Eum types, and 13 So-Eum types. The behavior problems were measured with Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and ANOVA (analysis of variance) was used for the analysis. Results There were no significant differences between Sasang types among subject's age (F(2, 173)=.190, p=.827) and sex ((2, N=176)=1.639, p=.441) as well as their mother's age (F(2, 169)=.060, p=.942) and education level ((4, N=172)=.394, p=.983) and their father's age (F(2, 168)=1.184, p=.309) and education level ((4, N=172)=5.664, p=.226). So-Yang types (; ) had higher scores than Tae-Eum types (; ) in total problems and internalizing problems score of the CBCL, respectively. More specifically, So-Yang types (; ) had significantly higher depression/anxiety and somatization subscale score than Tae-Eum types (; ). Scores of So-Yang types were significantly higher than those of CBCL clinical group in depression/anxiety and somatization subscales. Conclusions There were significant differences between child outpatients with different Sasang types, which would be taken into consideration concerning development of Sasang type diagnosis in addition to parenting, treatment, and prevention for children.
    The Journal of Korean Oriental Pediatrics. 01/2013; 27(1).
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    Soo Jin Lee, Geunwoong Noh, Jae Ho Lee
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    ABSTRACT: Specific oral immunotherapy (SOIT) using interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been successful as a food allergy treatment. Interleukin-10 (IL-10)-producing regulatory B cells (Br1s) play a role in immune tolerance to food allergens. In addition, IFN-γ shows tolerogenic effects on allergen-induced Br1 responses. Eleven patients that were allergic to cow's milk and 12 milk-tolerant subjects were selected by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) and clinical characteristics. The immunomodulatory effects of IFN-γ on allergen-specific Br1 responses were evaluated in 6 milk allergy patients and 8 milk-tolerant subjects. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from subjects were stimulated with casein and/or IFN-γ and analyzed by flow cytometry. IFN-γ had no effect on total cell counts or the proportion of Br1 cells in PBMCs. IFN-γ stimulation did not change total Br1 cell counts or the percentage of Br1s among CD5(+) B cells in the milk allergy or the milk-tolerant groups. In the milk allergy group, Br1 counts were not different between the control and the casein stimulation but significantly increased in the IFN-γ + casein stimulated cells, and the Br1 fractions were decreased after casein stimulation and recovered in the addition of IFN-γ for stimulation. In the milk-tolerant group, Br1 counts increased in the casein stimulated cells and in the IFN-γ + casein stimulated cells, but the increase was significantly less when IFN-γ was added, and the Br1 fractions were increased after casein stimulation and IFN-γ + casein stimulation, that was not significant when IFN-γ was added. IFN-γ-induced allergen-specific Br1 responses in the PBMCs of milk allergy patients play a role in milk allergen-specific tolerance induction in vitro. Further investigations into the molecular immunological mechanisms underlying the induction of allergen-specific Br1 responses are needed.
    Allergy, asthma & immunology research 01/2013; 5(1):48-54. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The purpose of this study was to identify the importance of goodness of fit in mother-child temperamental interaction (MCTI) and the child problem behaviors. Methods The behavior problem of 180 child outpatients from traditional Korean medical clinic was measured with Korean version of Child Behavior Checklists, and the temperament of child and their mother was measured with Junior Temperament and Character Inventory and Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised-Short. The MCTI was calculated as the difference of the temperament score between mother and child. The correlation and linear regression analysis was performed to examine the effects of temperament on Child Behavior Checklists. Results The MCTI on Harm-Avoidance was the significant factor for explaining the internalizing problem (B=-.154, t=-10.130, p
    The Journal of Korean Oriental Pediatrics. 01/2013; 27(2).
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    ABSTRACT: A multistep self-assembly process produced one-dimensional nanostructures that consisted of a monolayer membrane functionalized with a ligand that acted as a coordination site for an anticancer Pt complex. Control of the mode of the networks of intermolecular hydrogen bonds within the monolayer membrane of the nanostructures completely determined the morphologies of the one-dimensional nanostructures to be nanotapes having widths of 20–40 nm and nanotubes having widths of 16 nm (8 nm inner diameter and 4 nm membrane thickness). Various spectroscopic measurements and microscopic observations revealed that the ligand in a nanotape was located on the surface, whereas the ligand in a nanotube was selectively located on the inner surface of the nanochannel. We calculated the stability constants of the nanotape and nanotube with an anticancer Pt complex to be 107.81 and 106.53, respectively. The nanotape and nanotube were able to not only stably coordinate the anticancer Pt complex in Milli-Q water but also release it in phosphate-buffered saline through a ligand exchange reaction. With respect to sustainable, slow release of the drug, the nanotube, which has a nanochannel to store the drug, was superior to the nanotape.
    J. Mater. Chem. B. 12/2012; 1(3):276-283.
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    Soo Jin Lee, Soo Hyun Park, Han Chae
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    ABSTRACT: Background Sasang typology is a personalized traditional medicine widely used in clinical diagnosis and treatment in Korea. The aim of this study was to examine the biopsychological personality profiles of traditional Korean Sasang typology in a clinical sample of Korean children.MethodsA total of 150 children were classified as one of three traditional Korean Sasang types (19 So-Yang, 118 Tae-Eum, and 13 So-Eum) by two clinical experts in Sasang typology. The childrens’ mothers completed the Korean version of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI). The four temperament dimensions of JTCI were compared between the different Sasang types using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and profile analysis.ResultsThere were no significant differences in age, gender, and parents’ education levels across the Sasang types. The JTCI temperament profile for each of the child Sasang types was significantly different (profile analysis, df = 5.315, F = 2.508, p = 0.027). There were significant differences in novelty-seeking (F = 3.850, p = 0.023) and novelty-seeking subscales, but not with other temperament dimensions.Conclusion These results demonstrated distinct temperament traits associated with traditional Korean Sasang types in children using an objective biopsychological personality inventory. With further investigation into the biopsychological profiles of the children, the longitudinal stability of the Sasang typology can be examined.
    Integrative Medicine Research. 12/2012; 1(1):21–25.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic gluconeogenesis is mediated by the network of transcriptional factors and cofactors. Here, we show that B-cell translocation gene-2 (BTG2) plays a crucial cofactor in hepatic gluconeogenesis via upregulation of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) response element binding (CREB) in hepatocytes. cAMP/dexamethasone (Dex) significantly increased BTG2 and other gluconeogenic genes such as Nur77, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) in hepatocytes. In contrast, insulin treatment completely blocks their expressions. Interestingly, overexpression of BTG2 using adenoviral system (Ad-BTG2) significantly elevated hepatic glucose production via the increase of transcriptional activity and gene expression of CREB, PEPCK, and G6Pase in hepatocytes, suggesting that BTG2 is the key player on hepatic glucose production. Physiological interaction studies demonstrated that BTG2 correlated CREB recruitment on the PEPCK gene promoter via a direct interaction. Finally, knockdown of endogenous BTG2 expression markedly inhibits the cAMP/Dex-induced transcriptional activity of gluconeogenic genes and glucose production in hepatocytes. Overall, the present study provides us with a novel molecular mechanism of BTG2-mediated induction of hepatic gluconeogenesis and suggests that BTG2 plays an important role in hepatic glucose metabolism.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2012; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate dopaminergic function in unilaterally lesioned 6-OHDA rats by dual PET radioligands: [(18)F]FPCIT (a dopamine transporter imaging radioligand) and [(18)F]fallypride (a dopamine D2 receptors imaging radioligand). As a result, the brain uptake of [(18)F]FPCIT was significantly reduced and that of [(18)F]fallypride was increased in the ipsilateral striatum (lesion side) of the 6-OHDA rats. These findings implicated that dopamine transporter is down-regulated and dopamine D2 receptor is up-regulated in this hemiparkinsonian rat model.
    Applied radiation and isotopes: including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine 08/2012; 70(12):2689-94. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among the core EUVL (extreme ultra-violet lithography) technologies for nanoscale patterning below the 30 nm node for Si chip manufacturing, new materials and fabrication processes for high-performance EUVL masks are of considerable importance due to the use of new reflective optics. In this work, the selective etching of SnO2 (tin oxide) as a new absorber material, with high EUV absorbance due to its large extinction coefficient, for the binary mask structure of SnO2 (absorber layer)/Ru (capping/etch stop layer)/Mo-Si multilayer (reflective layer)/Si (substrate), was investigated. Because infinitely high selectivity of the SnO2 layer to the Ru ESL is required due to the ultrathin nature of the Ru layer, various etch parameters were assessed in the inductively coupled Cl2/Ar plasmas in order to find the process window required for infinitely high etch selectivity of the SnO2 layer. The results showed that the gas flow ratio and V(dc) value play an important role in determining the process window for the infinitely high etch selectivity of SnO2 to Ru ESL. The high EUV-absorbance SnO2 layer, patternable by a dry process, allows a smaller absorber thickness, which can mitigate the geometric shadowing effects observed for high-performance binary EUVL masks.
    Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 04/2012; 12(4):3334-40. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, specific oral tolerance induction using interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) could successfully treat food allergies. Allergen-specific IL-10-producing regulatory B cell (Br1) responses are characteristic in immune tolerance of food allergies. The in-vivo effects of IFN-γ on allergen-induced changes in Br1 proportion and numbers in food allergies were investigated. Oral food challenges were conducted and 20 allergic patients to cow's milk were selected. Of these 20 patients, five were treated with IFN-γ and milk (SOTI group), five were treated with only milk, five were treated with only IFN-γ, and five did not receive any treatment. In addition, 10 milk-tolerant subjects were involved in this study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated using casein and stained for CD5, CD19, annexin V, and IL-10 before and after treatment. Allergy tolerance was induced only in the SOTI group along with induction of allergen-induced Br1 changes. Thus, IFN-γ can show tolerogenic effects in vivo when introduced with an allergen, which may be at least partly due to its effect on allergen-induced Br1 responses.
    Cellular Immunology 01/2012; 273(2):140-9. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Sasang typology is a traditional Korean medicine based on the biopsychosocial perspectives of Neo-Confucianism and utilizes medical herbs and acupuncture for type-specific treatment. This study was designed to develop and validate the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) for future use in the assessment of personality based on Sasang typology. Design and Methods. We selected questionnaire items using internal consistency analysis and examined construct validity with explorative factor analysis using 245 healthy participants. Test-retest reliability as well as convergent validity were examined. Results. The 14-item SPQ showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .817) and test-retest reliability (r = .837). Three extracted subscales, SPQ-behavior, SPQ-emotionality, and SPQ-cognition, were found, explaining 55.77% of the total variance. The SPQ significantly correlated with Temperament and Character Inventory novelty seeking (r = .462), harm avoidance (r = -.390), and NEO Personality Inventory extraversion (r = .629). The SPQ score of the So-Eum (24.43 ± 4.93), Tae-Eum (27.33 ± 5.88), and So-Yang (30.90 ± 5.23) types were significantly different from each other (P < .01). Conclusion. Current results demonstrated the reliability and validity of the SPQ and its subscales that can be utilized as an objective instrument for conducting personalized medicine research incorporating the biopsychosocial perspective.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2012; 2012:657013. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian teratoma is a dermoid cyst in the ovary that contains mature tissues such as hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, etc. To understand the molecular mechanisms of ovarian teratoma growth, a comparative proteomic analysis was undertaken using mesenchymal stem cell-like cells (MSCLCs) isolated from normal human ovarian or teratoma tissues. Both normal ovarian and teratoma MSCLCs expressed stem cell markers OCT4 and NANOG, and were negatively staining with the senescence-associated (SA) β-galactosidase. Furthermore, teratoma MSCLCs had higher proliferation and colony formation rates, with more angiogenic property than that of normal MSCLCs. Proteomic study revealed that 17 proteins had the expression changes over eightfold in ovarian teratoma MSCLCs compared with normal control. Interestingly, among them, GSTM2 was strongly expressed in teratoma MSCLCs. Moreover, overexpressed GSTM2 in the teratoma was associated with downregulation of p38 MAPK and activation of AKT and survivin. Taken together, these findings suggest that that ovarian teratoma MSCLCs have a higher potency for proliferation and angiogenesis and GSTM2 appears to be involved in the regulation of other survival genes.
    PROTEOMICS - CLINICAL APPLICATIONS 08/2011; 5(7-8):472. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polygonum cuspidatum (PC) has been used for the treatment of arthritis and urinary diseases in traditional medicine. Despite recent evidence that PC has anti-oxidant, anti-tumoral, and anti-inflammatory effects, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of PC have not been elucidated yet in vivo. Thus, in the present study, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of ethyl acetate extract of PC (EAPC) were investigated in vivo for the first time. Hot plate test and tail-flick test revealed that EAPC at 200 mg/kg exerts analgesic effect (p < 0.05). In contrast, EAPC did not show significant analgesic effect in acetic acid-induced writhing test. Serotonin-induced paw edema model and Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced adjuvant arthritis model were used to examine anti-inflammatory effect of EAPC in vivo. In serotonin-induced paw edema model, EAPC suppressed swelling inflammatory response within 12 min after serotonin injection, at both 100- and 200-mg/kg dose (p < 0.05). Consistently, in FCA-induced adjuvant arthritis model, FCA at 200 mg/kg significantly suppressed FCA-induced joint swelling within 3 days (p < 0.05), whereas FCA at 100 mg/kg showed the similar result within 5 days (p < 0.05). Furthermore, EAPC effectively inhibited positive responses of c-reactive protein and rheumatoid factor compared to untreated control. Taken together, our findings suggest that EAPC can be a potent candidate for rheumatoid arthritis treatment.
    Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 06/2011; 34(2):191-5. · 1.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

516 Citations
194.08 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Konyang University Hospital
      Gaigeturi, Jeju, South Korea
  • 2013–2014
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Nuclear Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Ajou University
      • Institute for Medical Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2014
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chungnam National University
      • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
      Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2012–2013
    • Eulji University
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
    • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
      • Nanotube Research Center
      Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    • Pusan National University
      • School of Korean Medicine
      Pusan, Busan, South Korea
    • Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
      • School of Nano-Bioscience and Chemical Engineering
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering (AMSE)
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kyungil University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Kyung Hee University
      • College of Oriental Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006–2011
    • Sangji University
      • College of Oriental Medicine
      Genshū, Gangwon, South Korea
  • 2005–2011
    • Gyeongsang National University
      • Department of Chemistry and Research Institute of Natural Sciences
      Shinshū, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Konkuk University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001–2011
    • Korea Aerospace Research Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Sogang University
      • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Ewha Womans University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Yonsei University
      • College of Health Sciences
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University
      Тояма, Toyama, Japan