[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with autonomic triggers.
One thousand five hundred and seventeen patients with paroxysmal AF participated in the Euro Heart Survey on AF. We categorized patients according to trigger pattern as reported by the physician: adrenergic (AF associated with exercise, emotion or during daytime only and absence of vagal triggers), vagal (postprandial or night time only, without presence of adrenergic triggers) and mixed (combination of vagal and adrenergic triggers). Vagal AF was found in 91 patients (6%), adrenergic in 229 patients (15%) and mixed in 175 (12%) patients. Underlying heart disease was equally prevalent in the three groups. Among patients with vagal AF, 73% were treated with non-recommended drugs according to the guidelines. In vagal AF, non-recommended treatment was associated with a shift to persistent or permanent AF in 19% of the patients, compared with none in the group receiving recommended treatment (P = 0.06).
This study is the first to address the issue of autonomic trigger patterns and AF in a large population. Autonomic trigger patterns were seen frequently in paroxysmal AF patients. Autonomic influences should be taken into consideration since non-recommended treatment may result in aggravation of vagal AF.
European Heart Journal 04/2008; 29(5):632-9. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn025 · 15.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gated blood pool tomoscintigraphy has the unique capacity to accurately assess myocardial motion in paced patients. Our goal was to develop a precise radionuclide angiography analysis of cardiac dynamics to evaluate ventricular synchronization in patients undergoing biventricular pacing.
On the basis of a 4-dimensional deformable motion estimation algorithm, we developed a protocol allowing estimation of motion fields after gated blood pool tomoscintigraphy. We measured the mechanical activation times for 17 left ventricular (LV) segments and determined the main types of contraction pattern in 10 normal subjects, 17 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and 12 resynchronized patients. We analyzed intra-LV dyssynchrony: apex to base, septum to lateral wall, and anterior wall to inferior wall. Three-dimensional measurements of intra-LV activation time (r > .80, P < .001) and LV ejection fraction (r > 0.90, P < .0001) are linearly correlated to 2-dimensional values. LV contraction follows the electrical activation pattern. In normal subjects the anteroseptal and anterior segments are first activated, followed by the apex and inferolateral segments. In resynchronized patients contraction begins with the lateral and apicoseptal segments in correspondence to the LV and right ventricular lead implantation.
By measuring mechanical activation times, this technique allows for the analysis of the regional synchronous contraction. This may help to assess the variation of the activation pattern according to the cardiomyopathy type and the role of septal resynchronization in ventricular functional recovery.