[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 14-3-3 protein family interacts with more than 700 different proteins in mammals, in part as a result of its specific phospho-serine/phospho-threonine binding activity. Upon binding to 14-3-3, the stability, subcellular localization and/or catalytic activity of the ligands are modified. Seven paralogs are strictly conserved in mammalian species. Although initially thought as redundant, the number of studies showing specialization is growing. We created a protein-protein interaction network for 14-3-3, kinases and their substrates signaling in human cells. We included information of phosphorylation, acetylation and other PTM sites, obtaining a complete representation of the 14-3-3 binding partners and their modifications. Using a computational system approach we found that networks of each 14-3-3 isoform are statistically different. It was remarkable to find that Tyr was the most phosphorylatable amino acid in domains of 14-3-3 epsilon partners. This, together with the over-representation of SH3 and Tyr_Kinase domains, suggest that epsilon could be involved in growth factors receptors signaling pathways particularly. We also found that within zeta's network, the number of acetylated partners (and the number of modify lysines) is significantly higher compared with each of the other isoforms. Our results imply previously unreported hidden differences of the 14-3-3 isoforms interaction networks. The phosphoproteome and lysine acetylome within each network revealed post-transcriptional regulation intertwining phosphorylation and lysine acetylation. A global understanding of these networks will contribute to predict what could occur when regulatory circuits become dysfunctional or are modified in response to external stimuli.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(2):e55703. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mating compatibility tests among seven collections of A. cylindracea (Basidiomycetes, Agaricales) from distant geographic origins were carried out with the aim of determining if A. cylindracea includes one or more taxons from a biological perspective. Fruit body production was used to obtain spore prints, monosporic
cultures and to evaluate the fructification potential of compatible crossings. Protoplast isolation, purification and regeneration
were used to attempt obtaining monokaryotic isolates from 2-spored specimens. Mating tests evidenced inter-fertility of Asian,
American and European strains and the inter-sterility of the Argentinean strain WT-54. These results, in addition to mitochondrial
small subunit variable domains phylogeny and morphological data, lead us to consider this strain as a novel species, A. wrightii. The European, Asian and the rest of the American strains belong to A. cylindracea. The concept of A. cylindracea sensu lato includes at least two different species: A. cylindracea and A. wrightii.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 14-3-3 proteins participate in many key cellular processes after binding to disordered phospho-partners. Usually, the phosphorylated state is an essential target for the binding. Here, we show for the first time residues other than those in the 14-3-3 binding motif that are essential for the binding between 14-3-3 and a phosphorylated partner. Results support that phosphorylation, although necessary, is not sufficient for 14-3-3's complex formation, as structurally constrained anchor residues play a critical function in stabilizing the protein-protein interaction.
Journal of Molecular Biology 03/2011; 406(4):552-7. · 3.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) have crucial roles in vesicular trafficking. Brefeldin A-inhibited guanine nucleotide-exchange proteins (BIG)1 and BIG2 catalyze the activation of class I ARFs by accelerating replacement of bound GDP with GTP. Several additional and differing actions of BIG1 and BIG2 have been described. These include the presence in BIG2 of 3 A kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP) domains, one of which is identical in BIG1. Proteins that contain AKAP sequences act as scaffolds for the assembly of PKA with other enzymes, substrates, and regulators in complexes that constitute molecular machines for the reception, transduction, and integration of signals from cAMP or other sources, which are initiated, propagated, and transmitted by chemical, electrical, or mechanical means. Specific depletion of HeLa cell PDE3A with small interfering RNA significantly decreased membrane-associated BIG1 and BIG2, which by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy were widely dispersed from an initial perinuclear Golgi concentration. Concurrently, activated ARF1-GTP was significantly decreased. Selective inhibition of PDE3A by 1-h incubation of cells with cilostamide similarly decreased membrane-associated BIG1. We suggest that decreasing PDE3A allowed cAMP to accumulate in microdomains where its enzymatic activity limited cAMP concentration. There, cAMP-activated PKA phosphorylated BIG1 and BIG2 (AKAPs for assembly of PKA, PDE3A, and other molecules), which decreased their GEP activity and thereby amounts of activated ARF1-GTP. Thus, PDE3A in these BIG1 and BIG2 AKAP complexes may contribute to the regulation of ARF function via limitation of cAMP effects with spatial and temporal specificity.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2009; 106(15):6158-63. · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the importance of searching new naturally occurring strains to raise yields in mushroom production, eight wild and four commercial strains of Agrocybe cylindracea were cultivated on wheat straw. The highest biological efficiencies (BE) (54.5-72.4%) were obtained with three wild and two commercial strains when cultured on non-supplemented wheat straw. Rolled oats or soybean flour supplementation were tested using three selected strains, increasing BEs up to 1.2, 0.5 and 0.7-fold, respectively. This effect of supplementation was stronger in the Asiatic wild strain, yielding up to 41.1 and 30% more than the two other strains with rolled oats and soybean flour, respectively. The Asiatic wild strain cultivated with soybean flour supplementation achieved an average biological efficiency of 179%, to our knowledge, the highest reported for this species. These results show the importance of searching for new naturally occurring strains in combination with supplemented wheat straw substrate for raising yields in A. cylindracea cultivation.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 07/2008; 35(6):595-602. · 2.32 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BIG1, a brefeldin A-inhibited guanine nucleotide-exchange protein, activates class I ADP-ribosylation factors (ARF1-3) by catalyzing the replacement of bound GDP by GTP, an action critical for the regulation of protein transport in eukaryotic cells. Our earlier report [Padilla PI, Pancheco-Rodriguez G, Moss J, Vaughan M (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:2752-2757] that BIG1 concentrated in nucleoli of serum-starved HepG2 cells prompted us to identify molecules associated with BIG1 in dynamic nucleolar structures. Antibodies against BIG1 or nucleolin coprecipitated both proteins from nuclei, which was abolished by the incubation of nuclei with RNase A or DNase, indicating that the interaction depended on nucleic acids. (32)P labeling of RNAs immunoprecipitated with BIG1 or nucleolin from nuclei revealed bands of approximately 210 bases that also hybridized with U3 small nucleolar (sno)RNA-specific oligonucleotides. Clones of U3 snoRNA cDNAs from the material precipitated by antibodies against BIG1 or nucleolin yielded identical nucleotide sequences that also were found in genomic DNA. Later analyses revealed the presence of fibrillarin, nucleoporin p62, and La in BIG1 and nucleolin immunoprecipitates. Our data demonstrate that BIG1, nucleolin, U3, the U3-binding protein fibrillarin, and the RNA-binding protein La may exist together in nuclear complexes, consistent with a potential role for BIG1 in nucleolar processes. Evidence that BIG1 and nucleolin, but not fibrillarin, can be present with p62 at the nuclear envelope confirms the presence of BIG1 and nucleolin in dynamic molecular complexes that change in composition while moving through nuclei. Nuclear functions of BIG1 remain to be determined.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2008; 105(9):3357-61. · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU) rDNA variable (V1, V2, V4, V6, V8 and V9) domain sequences and rRNA secondary structures evidenced eight molecular groups within 32 strains of the Agrocybe aegerita multispecies complex from different continents. mtSSU-rRNA secondary structure evolution occurred mainly by insertion/deletion of sequences from 8 to 57nt long. Preferential insertion/deletion sites correlated with loops of the mtSSU-rRNA secondary structures, and suggested that these events occurred in regions without interactions in the ribosomal-protein assembly. Indels modified the stem length (V1 and V4 domains) or the size and loop number (V6 and V9 domains). Three indels inserted in the V1 and V4 domains had 76.5% to 94.7% identity with short sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase gene; this fact and the presence of inverted repeated motifs within indel sequences suggested a mechanism of evolution based on insertion/deletion of sequences from another region of the mitochondrial genome. Phylogenetic relationships inferred using both ribosomal DNA sequences and rRNA secondary structures were congruent and evidenced three clades within the A. aegerita complex: European, Argentinean, and a more distant Asian-American clade including A. aegerita and A. chaxingu strains. These results suggested that numerous genetic exchanges occurred between Asian-American strains after isolation of the European clade. V4-V6-V9 concatenated sequences of European and Argentinean clades had 86.1% identity, similar to the value calculated between two Agrocybe closely related species, suggesting that these clades could represent different species. A cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence test for rapid characterization of strains was developed.
Research in Microbiology 05/2007; 158(3):203-12. · 2.89 Impact Factor