Hyunseung Lee

Inha University, Chemulpo, Incheon, South Korea

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Publications (31)142.79 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by a constitutive activation of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. Bcr-Abl/T315I is the predominant mutation that causes resistance to Imatinib. In the present study, we synthesized a novel Bcr-Abl inhibitor, HS-543, and investigated its effect on cell survival or apoptosis in CML cells bearing Bcr-Abl/T315I (BaF3/T315I) or wild-type Bcr-Abl (BaF3/WT). HS-543 showed anti-proliferative effects in the BaF3/WT cells as well as the BaF3/T315I cells with resistance to Imatinib and strongly inhibited the Bcr-Abl signaling pathway in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, it significantly increased the sub G1 phase associated with early apoptosis, with increased levels of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-3, as well as the TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells. In addition, we found that HS-543 induced apoptosis with the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential by decreasing the expression of Mcl-1 and survivin, together with increasing that of Bax. In BaF3/T315I xenograft models, HS-543 significantly delayed tumor growth, unlike Imatinib. Our results demonstrate that HS-543 exhibits the induction of apoptosis and anti-proliferative effect by blocking the Bcr-Abl signaling pathway in the T315I-mutated Bcr-Abl cells with resistance to Imatinib. We suggest that HS-543 may be a novel promising agent to target Bcr-Abl and overcome Imatinib resistance in CML patients.
    Oncotarget 12/2014; · 6.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As PI3K/Akt signaling is frequently deregulated in a wide variety of human tumors, PI3K inhibitors are an emerging class of drugs for cancer treatment. The monitoring of the drug behavior and distribution in the biological system can play an important role for targeted therapy and provide information regarding the response or resistance to available therapies. In this study, therefore, we have developed a family of xanthine derivatives, serving as a dual function exhibiting fluorescence, as well as inhibiting PI3K. Among them, HS-133 showed anti-proliferative effects and was monitored for its subcellular localization by a fluorescence microscopy. HS-133 suppressed the PI3K/Akt pathway and induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase. The induction of apoptosis by HS-133 was confirmed by the increases of the cleaved PARP, caspase-3, and caspase-8. Furthermore, HS-133 decreased the protein expression of HIF-1α and VEGF, as well inhibited the tube formation and migration of the human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In vivo imaging also showed that tumors were visualized fluorescent with HS-133, and its oral administration significantly inhibited the growth of tumor in SkBr3 mouse xenograft models. Thus, we suggest that HS-133 may be used as a fluorescent anticancer agent against human breast cancer.
    Oncotarget 09/2014; · 6.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The c-KIT tyrosine kinase has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for an array of diseases. However, there exists a drug resistance that is caused by mutations in c-KIT; therefore, c-KIT remains as a clinical challenge due to limited effective treatment options for therapies. For example, the acquired activating point mutation D816V significantly impairs the efficacy of targeted cancer therapies. Understanding the mechanisms of drug resistance at the molecular level will aid in designing and developing particular inhibitors with the potential to overcome these resistance mutations. We undertake a structure-based de novo design of 7-azaindole as the molecular core using the modified scoring function. This approach led to an identification of new c-KIT inhibitors over 100-fold specific for the D816V mutant relative to the wild-type c-KIT with nanomolar inhibitory activity. More importantly, these compounds potently inhibit clinically relevant D816V mutations of c-KIT in biochemical and cellular studies.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2014; · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gemcitabine has limited clinical benefits for pancreatic cancer patients. The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway is important in cell proliferation and survival, and is frequently dysregulated in pancreatic cancer. To obtain insights into novel therapeutic strategies for treating pancreatic cancer, we investigated whether HS-104, a novel PI3K inhibitor, in combination with gemcitabine would show a synergistic effect in pancreatic cancer. We first evaluated the effect of gemcitabine alone or in combination with HS-104 on cell viability. When administered together, the two drugs synergistically inhibited the viability of AsPC-1 and PANC-1 cells, and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, thereby inducing apoptosis. Compared to the treatment with either drug alone, the combination treatment resulted in apoptosis accompanied by increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax. These results were consistent with decreased expression of p-Akt, p-mTOR, p-Mek and p-Erk. Moreover, the combination treatment inhibited blood vessel formation in a Matrigel plug assay in mice. Furthermore, in vivo, the combination significantly inhibited tumor growth and enhanced apoptosis by increasing the number of TUNEL-positive cells, and cleaved caspase-3 together with decreasing the expression of angiogenesis- and proliferation-related effectors such as CD34 and PCNA in tumor tissues, compared with each drug alone. Taken together, our study demonstrates that the combination of gemcitabine and HS-104 had a synergistic anticancer effect and inhibited the PI3K/Akt and RAF/Mek pathways on pancreatic cancers. On the basis of our results, we suggest that the combination of these two drugs may be considered as a new therapeutic regimen for treating pancreatic cancer.
    International Journal of Oncology 05/2014; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imatinib is a selective breakpoint cluster region-Abelson (BCR-ABL) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, T315I gene mutations of the BCR-ABL kinase domain have been shown to confer resistance to Imatinib. In the present study, we synthesized a novel BCR-ABL inhibitor, HS-438, and identified its anti-leukemic effects in vitro and in vivo. We found that HS-438 strongly inhibited the expression of BCR-ABL signaling pathways in wild-type BCR-ABL (BaF3/WT) cells as well as T315I-mutated BCR-ABL (BaF3/T315I) cells with resistance to Imatinib. HS-438 induced cell cycle arrest, particularly during the G0/G1 cell cycle phase, and induced apoptosis. In BaF3/T315I xenograft models, HS-438 significantly delayed tumor growth, unlike Imatinib. In summary, we suggest that HS-438 may be a novel drug candidate with the therapeutic potential to target BCR-ABL and overcome Imatinib resistance in patients with CML.
    Cancer letters 03/2014; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulsatilla koreana has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine whether SB365, Pulsatilla saponin D isolated from the root of Pulsatilla koreana inhibits the progression of pancreatic cancer. We found that SB365 strongly suppressed the growth and proliferation of 5 human pancreatic cancer cell lines (MIAPaCa-2, BXPC-3, PANC-1, AsPC-1 and HPAC). The apoptotic effect of SB365 was demonstrated by increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and decreased Bcl-2 expression via mitochondrial membrane potential, as well as elevated numbers of terminal deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive apoptotic cells. SB365 was also found to exert an anti-angiogenic effect by decreasing the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF, major factors of angiogenesis, which was confirmed by the suppression of tumor sphere formation of pancreatic cancer cells. An in vivo mouse xenograft study showed that SB365 significantly inhibited tumor growth through the induction of apoptosis and inhibition of angiogenesis with strong anticancer activity. Therefore, SB365 is a good candidate as a natural product for use in the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
    Oncology Reports 06/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the world, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all cases. Since more than 60% of NSCLC cases express the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors are used to treat NSCLC. However, due to the acquired resistance associated with EGFR-targeted therapy, other strategies for the treatment of NSCLC are urgently needed. Therefore, we investigated the anticancer effects of a novel phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase α (PI3Kα) inhibitor, HS-173, in human NSCLC cell lines. HS-173 demonstrated anti-proliferative effects in NSCLC cells and effectively inhibited the PI3K signaling pathway in a dose‑dependent manner. In addition, it induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase as well as apoptosis. Taken together, our results demonstrate that HS-173 exhibits anticancer activities, including the induction of apoptosis, by blocking the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in human NSCLC cell lines. We, therefore, suggest that this novel drug could potentially be used for targeted NSCLC therapy.
    Oncology Reports 05/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway plays a central role in cell proliferation and survival in human cancer and is emerging as an attractive therapeutic target. In this study, we synthesized a novel PI3Kα inhibitor, HS-159 [N-(5-(3-(3-cyanophenyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-6-yl)pyridin-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide] and evaluated its anticancer effects on Huh-7 human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. HS-159 effectively inhibited the phosphorylation of downstream PI3K effectors such as Akt, mTOR and P70S6 kinases in a dose-dependent manner. This compound also induced apoptosis and increased the fraction of apoptotic cells in the sub-G1 phase as well as the levels of cleaved PARP, caspase-3 and -9. Furthermore, HS-159 decreased the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor which play important roles in angiogenesis. The anti-angiogenic effect of HS-159 was confirmed by the suppression of tube formation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. Collectively, our results demonstrate that HS-159 exhibited anticancer activities including the induction of apoptosis and inhibition of angiogenesis by blocking the PI3K/Akt pathway in Huh-7 cells. Therefore, we suggest that this drug may be potentially used for targeted HCC therapy.
    International Journal of Oncology 04/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of drug resistance caused by mutations in the break-point cluster region-Abelson tyrosine kinase (Bcr-Abl) kinase domain remains a clinical challenge due to limited effective treatment options for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Herein we report a novel series of benzothiazole-based inhibitors that are effective against wild-type and T315I mutant Bcr-Abl kinases. The original hit compound, nocodazole, was extensively modified through a structure-based drug design strategy, especially by varying the groups at the C2 and C6 positions of the scaffold. In addition, the introduction of water-solubilizing groups at the terminal ethyl group resulted in enhanced physicochemical properties and potency in cellular inhibition. Several compounds inhibited the kinase activity of both wild-type Bcr-Abl and the T315I mutant with IC50 values in the picomolar range and exhibited good antiproliferative effects on Ba/F3 cell lines transformed with either wild-type or T315I mutant Bcr-Abl.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2013; · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peyronie's disease (PD) is fibrosis localized in the tunica albuginea that is characterized by penile deformity and curvature. The pathogenesis of this disease remains unclear even though transforming growth factor‑β (TGF-β)/smad signalling has been reported to be associated with PD. Recent studies have shown that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signalling regulates fibrotic responses including collagen synthesis and cell proliferation. Thus, we synthesized HS-173, a novel PI3K inhibitor, and determined whether this compound has anti-fibrotic effects on PD-derived primary fibroblasts. In this study, we found that HS-173 inhibited the growth of fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner and induced apoptosis. In addition, HS-173 reduced the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), vimentin, PAI-1, fibronectin, collagen type I, collagen IV and TGF-β-activated smad2/3 in PD-derived primary fibroblasts. HS-173 blocked the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway by decreasing the activation of Akt, mTOR and P70S6K. Our results showed that HS-173 suppressed fibrotic responses such as cell proliferation and collagen synthesis by blocking PI3K/Akt signalling in PD-derived primary fibroblasts. Our findings provide molecular insights into the potential therapeutic action of HS-173 through targeting the PI3K/Akt pathway in PD-derived fibroblasts and demonstrated that HS-173 could be used as a pharmacological agent for treating other fibrotic diseases.
    International Journal of Oncology 04/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The RAF/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways are highly implicated in the development of pancreatic cancer. The principal objective of this study was to assess the synergic effect between Sorafenib (a RAF inhibitor) and HS-173 (a novel PI3K inhibitor) to gain insight into novel therapeutic strategies for treating pancreatic cancer. We first investigated the cytotoxic effect of co-treatment with Sorafenib and HS-173 using the Calcusyn program. Combined treatment of the two drugs synergistically inhibited the viability of Panc-1 cells (combination index < 1). Concomitantly, the co-treatment induced G2/M arrest and increased apoptosis with the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Apoptosis resulting from the co-treatment was accompanied by increased levels of cleaved caspase-3 and PARP as well as greater numbers of TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells compared to treatment with either drug alone. Furthermore, combined treatment with these drugs decreased the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF which play an important role in angiogenesis. This anti-angiogenic effect was confirmed by the suppressed tube formation of VEGF-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells and inhibition of blood vessel formation in a Matrigel plug assay in mice. Taken together, our study demonstrates that combined treatment with Sorafenib and HS-173 has a synergistic anti-cancer effect on pancreatic cancer cells, indicating that simultaneously targeting the RAF/MEK and PI3K/AKT pathways can induce a synergistic inhibitory effect on pancreatic cancers in which both pathways are activated. Based on the observations from our study, we suggest that the combined administration of these two drugs may be considered to be a new therapeutic regimen for treating pancreatic cancer.
    Cancer letters 01/2013; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the primary source of matrix components in liver disease such as fibrosis. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling in HSCs has been shown to induce fibrogenesis. In this study, we evaluated the anti-fibrotic activity of a novel imidazopyridine analogue (HS-173) in human HSCs as well as mouse liver fibrosis. HS-173 strongly suppressed the growth and proliferation of HSCs and induced the arrest at the G2/M phase and apoptosis in HSCs. Furthermore, it reduced the expression of extracellular matrix components such as collagen type I, which was confirmed by an in vivo study. We also observed that HS-173 blocked the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, HS-173 suppressed fibrotic responses such as cell proliferation and collagen synthesis by blocking PI3K/Akt signaling. Therefore, we suggest that this compound may be an effective therapeutic agent for ameliorating liver fibrosis through the inhibition of PI3K signaling.
    Scientific Reports 01/2013; 3:3470. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is associated with a wide variety of human malignancies, it is emerging as an attractive target for cancer treatment. In this study we synthesized a novel PI3Kα inhibitor, IPD-196 [ethyl 6-(5-(2,4-difluoro phenylsulfonamido)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-carboxylate], and evaluated its anticancer effects on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. IPD-196 effectively inhibited the phosphorylation of downstream PI3K effectors such as Akt, mTOR, p70S6K, and 4E-BP1, and its antiproliferative effect was more potent than that of sorafenib or LY294002. It also induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase as well as apoptosis by increasing the proportion of sub-G1 apoptotic cells, and the levels of cleaved PARP, caspase-3, and caspase-9. Furthermore, it decreased the expression of HIF-1α and VEFG in Huh-7 cells, and inhibited tube formation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which was confirmed by a Matrigel plug assay in mice. Taken together, IPD-196 exhibited its anticancer activity through disruption of the PI3K/Akt pathway that caused cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction, and inhibition of angiogenesis in human HCC cells. We therefore suggest that IPD-196 may be a potential candidate drug for targeted HCC therapy.
    Cancer letters 11/2012; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is an essential step for the formation and growth of tumors in humans. HS-106 is an imidazopyridine derivative that inhibits the kinase activity of PI3K by binding to the ATP-binding cleft. We found that this compound suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation and induced apoptosis by specifically inhibiting the activity of target proteins in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Cell cycle analysis revealed that treatment with HS-106 resulted in cell cycle arrest at the G(2)/M phase due to up-regulation of p-cdc25 and down-regulation of cyclin B1. Also, HS-106 induced apoptosis by increasing the levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. In addition, chromatin condensation and apoptotic bodies were detected in HS-106-treated breast cancer cells. Furthermore, HS-106 decreased the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), and inhibited tube formation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro and blood vessel formation in an in vivo Matrigel plug assay. These results show that HS-106 may be an effective novel therapeutic candidate in clinical trials as a potential treatment for human breast cancers or other advanced malignancies with aberrant PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling.
    Cancer letters 10/2012; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We synthesized a novel imidazopyridine analogue, a PI3Kα inhibitor HS-173 and investigated anti-cancer capacity in human cancer cells. HS-173 inhibited the PI3K signaling pathway, and showed anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells. Also, HS-173 induced cell cycle arrest at the G(2)/M phase and apoptosis. In addition, HS-173 decreased the expression HIF-1α and VEGF which play an important role in angiogenesis. This effect was confirmed by the suppression of tube formation and migration assay in vitro. Furthermore, HS-173 diminished blood vessel formation in the Matrigel plug assay in mice. Therefore, HS-173 is considered as a novel drug candidate to treat cancer patients.
    Cancer letters 08/2012; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway frequently instigates tumorigenesis leading to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We synthesized N-(5-(3-(3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-6-yl)pyridin-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide (HS-104), a novel PI3K inhibitor, and investigated its in vitro anticancer effect and in vivo capacity in an animal xenograft model. The inhibition of cell growth by HS-104 revealed that it was effective against HCC cell lines. Also, the activation of the AKT/mTOR signal cascade was inhibited by HS-104 treatment in a dose dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis showed an accumulation of HCC cells in the G2/M phase with concomitant loss of cells in the S phase. The apoptotic effect of HS-104 was accompanied by increased evidence of cleaved caspase-3 and PARP, as well as DNA fragmentation. In angiogenesis studies, HS-104 inhibited the tube formation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and suppressed microvessel sprouting from a rat aortic ring, ex vivo, and blood vessel formation in the Matrigel plug assay in mice. HS-104 inhibited the expression of the downstream proteins of PI3K including p-AKT, p-mTOR and p-p70S6K in VEGF-induced HUVECs. In the xenograft animal model, HS-104 significantly delayed tumor growth in a dose dependent manner and suppressed the expression of PCNA, CD34 and cleaved caspase-3 in tumor tissue. These studies show that HS-104 inhibited the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway resulting in cell growth/angiogenesis inhibition and apoptosis induction. Therefore, HS-104 is considered as a novel drug candidate for the treatment of HCC.
    Cancer letters 08/2012; · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide extracted from various brown seaweeds, possesses a wide range of pharmacological properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of fucoidan on acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury in rats. Liver injury was induced by administration of acetaminophen (800 mg/kg, i.p.) and fucoidan was administered (100 mg kg, p.o.) 2 h before and after acetaminophen administration. After 24 h, co-treatment of fucoidan ameliorated liver damage and cell death induced by acetaminophen. Acetaminophen induced the overexpression of CYP2E1, one of the metabolizing enzymes of acetaminophen, but cotreatment with fucoidan suppressed its increased expression of CYP2E1. Fucoidan also reduced the hepatic apoptosis induced by acetaminophen exposure as shown in the protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3. The anti-oxidative effect of fucoidan was observed from the increase of the production and expression of glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase, both of which were decreased by acetaminophen. Also, fucoidan decreased the expression of inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factoralpha, interleukin 1 beta, and inducible nitric oxide synthase. Taken together, the data demonstrate the hepato-protective effects of fucoidan against acetaminophen-induced liver injury via anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic mechanisms.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 06/2012; 35(6):1099-105. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies, yet there have been no significant advances in effective therapeutics. In this study, HS-111 was synthesized as a novel thiazolamine derivative, N-(5-(2-chlorobenzyl) thiazole-2-yl) benzofuran-2-carboxamide, and its anticancer effect and mechanism were examined in human HCC cells. HS-111 strongly suppressed the growth of HCC cells in a dose-dependent manner. Also, apoptosis by HS-111 was identified by DAPI and TUNEL staining, and the increases of the cleaved caspase-3 were observed. In addition, HS-111 decreased protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and inhibited tube formation and the migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). These results showed that HS-111 not only inhibited cell growth and angiogenesis, but also induced apoptosis of human HCC cells. We suggest that HS-111 may be a potential candidate for chemotherapy against HCC.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 03/2012; 35(4):747-54. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Potentiation of anti-breast cancer activity of an imidazopyridine-based PI3Kα inhibitor, HS-104, was investigated in human breast cancer cells. HS-104 shows strong inhibitory activity against recombinant PI3Kα isoform and the PI3K signaling pathway, resulting in anti-proliferative activity in breast cancer cells. It also induced cell cycle arrest at the G(2)/M phase as well as apoptosis. Furthermore, oral administration of HS-104 significantly inhibited the growth of tumor in SkBr3 mouse xenograft models. Therefore, HS-104 could be considered as a potential candidate for the treatment of human breast cancer.
    Cancer letters 12/2011; 318(1):68-75. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway plays a central role in cell proliferation and survival of human cancers. As PI3K is active in many cancer patients, resulting in cancer development and progression, we developed an azaindole derivative, HS-116 as a novel PI3K inhibitor. This study aimed to clarify the anticancer effect of HS-116 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To identify the effect of HS-116 on HCC cells, a PI3K assay, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, and Western blotting were conducted. IC(50) of HS-116 for PI3Kα was 31nM, and it effectively suppressed the phosphorylation of PI3K downstream factors such as AKT, mTOR, p70S6K, and 4EBP1. Also, HS-116 induced apoptosis by increasing the proportion of sub-G1 apoptotic cells from 1.8% to 35% and increasing the expressions of Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, and cleaved-PARP as well as decreasing the expression of Bcl-2. In addition, chromatin condensation and apoptotic bodies were detected in HS-116-treated HCC cells. Furthermore, HS-116 decreased protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and inhibited the tube formation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In vivo, the ability of mice to vascularize subcutaneously implanted Matrigel plugs was diminished when the mice were treated with HS-116. These results show that HS-116 inhibits the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway via apoptosis and anti-angiogenesis in HCC cells. We suggest that HS-116 may be an effective novel therapeutic candidate against HCC.
    Cancer letters 11/2011; 316(2):187-95. · 5.02 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

166 Citations
142.79 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Inha University
      • College of Medicine
      Chemulpo, Incheon, South Korea
  • 2010–2013
    • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
      • Department of Chemistry
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2009
    • Seoul National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea