Junpei Hayashi

Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (11)32.48 Total impact

  • Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 05/2011; 69 Suppl 4:128-33.
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    ABSTRACT: We treated patients with C-viral chronic hepatitis (CH) and liver cirrhosis (LC) with polaprezinc and determined prospectively the effect on long-term outcome. 62 patients were enrolled. Of these, 32 were administered 1.0 g polaprezinc and the remainder were not administered polaprezinc. We measured the serum zinc concentrations using conventional atomic absorption spectrometry and conducted a prospective study to determine the long-term outcome of the polaprezinc therapy. Changes of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in the polaprezinc administration group were significantly lower than those of the untreated group. The decrease in platelet count was clearly less than that of the untreated group. The factors that inhibited increases in serum zinc concentrations following administration of polaprezinc included low serum zinc concentration states. Furthermore, the reductions of AST and ALT levels in the low zinc group were significantly greater than those of the high zinc group. When the patients who were administered polaprezinc were divided into two groups whose zinc concentrations increased (zinc responders) or remained stable or decreased (zinc non-responders), the zinc responders had a clearly lower cumulative incidence of HCC than the zinc non-responders. We conclude zinc supplementation improved the long-term outcome in C-viral CH and LC patients.
    Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition 11/2009; 45(3):292-303. · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old woman was found to have dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct in the right anterior segment during a general health. Laboratory data were within normal ranges and no solid mass was detected in her abdominal computer tomography (CT) or nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) demonstrated an obstruction of the right bile duct. Intraoperative cholangiography showed stenosis of the intrahepatic bile duct in the anterior inferior segment (B5) and narrowness of the intrahepatic bile duct in the anterior superior segment (B8), so that we strongly suspected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Histologically, surgically resected liver specimens, without tumor mass by macroscopic observation, showed intraductal papillary proliferation with fibrovascular cores and intraductal spreading of carcinoma in situ throughout a considerable area, especially in bile ductules around the peripheral small portal area. Furthermore, the immunohistochemical profile of the tumor (MUC5AC+/CK7+) was compatible with an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPN-B). Consequently, this case was diagnosed as IPN-B with spreading CIS, stage I (pT1, pN0, P0, H1, M0). We report a case of IPN-B with interesting histopathological findings and emphasize that cholangiography is especially helpful for the diagnosis of bile duct dilatation due to infiltration of carcinoma cells.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2008; 14(10):1625-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • Kanzo 01/2006; 47(12):566-573.
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    ABSTRACT: Human hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in the world. We previously showed that dbpA, a member of the Y box family of proteins, could accelerate the process of inflammation-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, and that dbpA is more abundantly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma than in non-tumorous tissue. In this study, to clarify the mechanism by which expression of dbpA is enhanced in the proliferative state, we examined the transcriptional activity of the dbpA promoter region. We focused on the sequence 5'-TTTGGGGC-3' (-8 to -1 in the promoter region) resembling the E2F binding site (one base mismatch, TFSEARCH score 86.2). By overexpressing E2F1 in Huh-7 cells, transcriptional activity of dbpA was significantly increased, and this increase was abolished by mutating or deleting this sequence. Thus, expression of dbpA was positively regulated by E2F1, suggesting that one of the effects of E2F1 on cell proliferation might be mediated by dbpA at the carcinogenesis step.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2004; 322(1):297-302. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human DNA-binding protein (dbpA) is a member of a Y-box binding protein family containing a cold shock domain. The increased expression of Y box binding proteins in somatic cells is associated with cell proliferation and transformation. Recently, we isolated a splicing variant of dbpA as a candidate for the cellular recombinogenic protein that leads to genomic instability and inflammation-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis. The expression of dbpA is enhanced in proliferating cells, but the manner in which it regulates transcription is largely unknown. In this study, we analyzed the transcriptional regulatory region of dbpA, and searched for the mutation in this region by a direct sequence method. In 3 of 55 human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases, we identified one nucleotide replacement (T right curved arrow G transversion) in nucleotide position -6 of the promoter region. Among 3 cases showing this transversion, one HCC case was due to a somatic mutation and the other two were due to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). By luciferase assay, we showed that the transcriptional activity of the promoter region with the transversion was significantly higher than that of the wild-type. Using the Southwestern blotting, we also confirmed the existence of a cellular proteins (about 25 and 50 kDa) that specifically bind to the sequence with this transversion. Our results suggested the biological significance of the transversion of dbpA's promoter region as one of the factors accelerating hepatocarcinogenesis.
    International Journal of Oncology 11/2002; 21(4):847-50. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Previously we hypothesized that the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is enhanced by genomic instability induced by the integrated hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA. Using an in vitro recombination assay, we showed that a subgenomic fragment of HBV DNA designated 15AB (nt1855-1914) is indispensable for in vitro recombination, and also showed the existence of 15AB binding protein. On the assumption that the 15AB binding protein may be a candidate cellular recombinogenic protein which accelerates genomic instability and hepatocarcinogenesis, we tried to isolate it by southwestern screening. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We obtained several positive clones including mouse upstream binding factor (UBF) and DNA binding protein A (dbpA). UBF belongs to an HMG domain protein family and dbpA belongs to a Y box binding protein family. 15AB binding seemed to be mediated by the conserved DNA binding domains in these families, because other members in the families such as HMG1 and YB-1 also bound to 15AB. We report them here because several documents have already suggested the possible association of these families and DNA recombination.
    Intervirology 02/2001; 44(5):311-6. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although the mechanism of HCV-related hepatocarcinogenesis remains unclear. Recently, however, the close relationships between the development of HCC and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) cascade have been described. In the present study, we investigated the effects of HCV core protein on this MAPK/ERK cascade. HCV core protein significantly activated the MAPK/ERK cascade, including Elk1. We also examined whether HCV core protein acted synergistically along with hepatocyte mitogen-mediated MAPK/ERK activation. Interestingly, Elk-1 activities were further enhanced by the tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA), but not by hepatocyte mitogens (epidermal growth factor [EGF] and transforming growth factor alpha [TGF-alpha]) in NIH3T3 cells and HepG2 cells expressing HCV core protein. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK activation by HCV core protein was blocked in the presence of the specific MEK1 inhibitor, PD98059. These results indicate that ERK activation by HCV core protein may be independent of hepatocyte mitogen-mediated signaling but synergistic with TPA, and HCV core protein may function at MEK1 or farther upstream of that component.
    Hepatology 12/2000; 32(5):958-61. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of chronic liver dysfunction in humans and is epidemiologically closely associated with the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. Among HCV components, core protein has been reported to be implicated in cell growth regulation both in vitro and in vivo, although mechanisms explaining those effects are still unclear. In the present study, we identified that members of the 14-3-3 protein family associate with HCV core protein. 14-3-3 protein bound to HCV core protein in a phosphoserine-dependent manner. Introduction of HCV core protein caused a substantial increase in Raf-1 kinase activity in HepG2 cells and in a yeast genetic assay. Furthermore, the HCV core-14-3-3 interaction was essential for Raf-1 kinase activation by HCV core protein. These results suggest that HCV core protein may represent a novel type of Raf-1 kinase-activating protein through its interaction with 14-3-3 protein and may contribute to hepatocyte growth regulation.
    Journal of Virology 03/2000; 74(4):1736-41. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • J Hayashi, H Aoki, Y Arakawa, O Hino
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    ABSTRACT: Although human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common types of tumors in the world, the molecular mechanisms underlying hepatitis-C-related human hepatocarcinogenesis are still not clear. HCC is accompanied by virus infections in most cases, and it is suggested that hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus (HCV) significantly influence the oncogenic process. The persistence of inflammation following HCV infection is reportedly related to carcinogenesis, and the mechanism of chronic inflammation has been approached by taking viral, immunologic, cytokine and apoptotic responses into consideration. With the progress made in molecular biology, the functional abnormality of oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes has been identified and, apart from the p53 gene, involvement of the IGF-II gene has also been described recently. Furthermore, it has been suggested that uncontrolled proliferation of cancer cells might be based on abnormal regulation of intracellular signal transduction pathways. Here we review the cutting edge of molecular hepatitis C virology in terms of virus-cell interactions, which may contribute to the development of human HCCs. We also discuss the recent progress made in the molecular and cell biology of human hepatocarcinogenesis.
    Intervirology 02/1999; 42(2-3):205-10. · 1.89 Impact Factor
  • Intervirology 42(2-3):205-210. · 1.89 Impact Factor