[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The widespread resistance to antibiotics among pathogenic bacteria has made development of alternatives to antibiotics a pressing public concern. Extensive studies have established bacteriophages (phages) and phage-encoded lytic enzymes (virolysins) as two of the most promising families of alternative antibacterials for the treatment and prophylaxis of bacterial infections. They have shown great potential in veterinary and human medicine for the treatment and prophylaxis of infections. Technologies have also been patented employing phages and virolysins in other pathogen related applications including detection and decontamination.
Recent patents on biotechnology. 02/2009; 3(1):37-45.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microalgal lipids are the oils of future for sustainable biodiesel production. However, relatively high production costs due to low lipid productivity have been one of the major obstacles impeding their commercial production. We studied the effects of nitrogen sources and their concentrations on cell growth and lipid accumulation of Neochloris oleoabundans, one of the most promising oil-rich microalgal species. While the highest lipid cell content of 0.40 g/g was obtained at the lowest sodium nitrate concentration (3 mM), a remarkable lipid productivity of 0.133 g l(-1) day(-1) was achieved at 5 mM with a lipid cell content of 0.34 g/g and a biomass productivity of 0.40 g l(-1) day(-1). The highest biomass productivity was obtained at 10 mM sodium nitrate, with a biomass concentration of 3.2 g/l and a biomass productivity of 0.63 g l(-1) day(-1). It was observed that cell growth continued after the exhaustion of external nitrogen pool, hypothetically supported by the consumption of intracellular nitrogen pools such as chlorophyll molecules. The relationship among nitrate depletion, cell growth, lipid cell content, and cell chlorophyll content are discussed.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 10/2008; 81(4):629-36. · 3.69 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microalgae are a diverse group of prokaryotic and eukaryotic photosynthetic microorganisms that grow rapidly due to their simple structure. They can potentially be employed for the production of biofuels in an economically effective and environmentally sustainable manner. Microalgae have been investigated for the production of a number of different biofuels including biodiesel, bio-oil, bio-syngas, and bio-hydrogen. The production of these biofuels can be coupled with flue gas CO2 mitigation, wastewater treatment, and the production of high-value chemicals. Microalgal farming can also be carried out with seawater using marine microalgal species as the producers. Developments in microalgal cultivation and downstream processing (e.g., harvesting, drying, and thermochemical processing) are expected to further enhance the cost-effectiveness of the biofuel from microalgae strategy.