[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the role and importance of the urine trypsinogen-2 dipstick test in the differential diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in the Emergency Department and to compare results with those of conventional tests.
The study was performed prospectively in the patients admitting to the Emergency Department due to upper abdominal pain. Thirty-two of the 87 patients included in the study had acute pancreatitis diagnosis. Serum amylase, lipase, C-reactive protein (CRP) and urine trypsinogen-2 using Actim pancreatitis dipstick were studied in all patients. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 11.5 package program.
Urine trypsinogen-2 was found positive in 21 (65.6%) of 32 patients. The sensitivity of the test for pancreatitis was identified as 64%, specificity as 85%, positive predictive value as 72%, and negative predictive value as 81%. These values were statistically significant compared to the control group (p<0.01).
Although it has lower sensitivity and specificity compared to amylase and lipase, we suggest that urine trypsinogen-2 test may be an important diagnostic tool in excluding the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, since it provides results within 5 minutes in the Emergency Department, is cheaper, has a higher negative predictive value, and is easy to use.
Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 03/2010; 16(2):125-9. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the results of open lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) and the recurrence and incontinence rate, to perform a long-term assessment of incontinence and to assess complications and relief of symptoms. This clinical prospective study was undertaken in patients undergoing open LIS. One hundred and twenty-nine patients entered the study. Mean duration of pain relief was 1.2 +/- 0.4 days and mean time before defecation without pain was 1.9 +/- 1.0 days. Complication rate was 41.8%. We found that urine retention was seen frequently in males. We demonstrated that open LIS up to the dentate line does not have a higher rate of incontinence. Incontinence after LIS was only to flatus and two-thirds of these resolved in 6 weeks. No patient showed improvement of incontinence after 6 weeks.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 02/2009; 54(10):2220-4. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the diagnostic value of Ohmann and Eskelinen scores, leukocyte count and ultrasonographic (USG) evaluations in acute appendicitis.
This is a retrospective presentation of 186 patients (105 males, 81 females; mean age 29.94+/-12.70; range 6 to 70 years) operated with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis between May 1, 2004 and January 1, 2005. The diagnostic value of Ohmann and Eskelinen scores, leukocyte counts, and USG evaluations and the differences between the sexes were studied.
According to the evaluation of Ohmann and Eskelinen scores, there were significant differences in positive and negative appendectomy between the total patient population and female patients (p=0.01), but no significant difference was found for men (p=0.341 and p=0.217, respectively). The leukocyte count increase and USG evaluations also demonstrated significant differences between negative and positive appendectomy in female patients (p=0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). However, no significant differences in the leukocyte count increase and USG evaluations between positive and negative appendectomy were determined in male patients (p=0.480 and p=0.732, respectively).
Ohmann and Eskelinen scores could be useful in definitive diagnosis of appendicitis especially in primary care units. The leukocyte count increase alone or with the help of USG evaluation could be helpful in the diagnosis of appendicitis especially in females during the reproductive period.
Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 02/2009; 15(1):77-81. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatic rupture with resulting hemoperitoneum due to metastatic cancer is uncommon. Reports in the literature have described a wide variety of neoplasms causing this usually fatal phenomenon. We describe a rare case of spontaneous rupture of hepatic metastases from gastric leiomyosarcoma. A 72-year-old male patient with sudden onset severe epigastric pain was rushed into emergency service. After examination, the patient underwent urgent operation with possible diagnosis of perforated gastric or duodenal ulcer. During exploration, we determined bleeding mass on the diaphragmatic side of the left lobe of the liver and a mass on the posterior wall of the stomach. Hemostasis was provided.
The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology 07/2006; 17(2):120-2. · 0.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human hydatid disease is caused by the larval form of the tapeworm genus Echinococcus. The ova hatch in the small intestine, penetrate the intestinal wall, pass through the portal vein into the liver, lungs, and other tissues, and develop into a hydatid cyst. Hydatid disease is endemic in many parts of the world; in the Mediterranean Countries, the Middle and Far East and South America. Soft tissue hydatid disease without the liver and the lung involvement occurs in 2.3% of patients reported from endemic areas. Hydatid disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cystic masses in all anatomic locations especially in endemic areas.