Panyong Mao

302 Military Hospital of China, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (26)85.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop a rapid and sensitive assay based on magnetic beads to detect the concentration of influenza H3N2. The possibility of using variable domain heavy-chain antibodies (nanobody) as diagnostic tools for influenza H3N2 was investigated. A healthy camel was immunized with inactivated influenza H3N2. A nanobody library of 8 × 10(8) clones was constructed and phage displayed. After three successive biopanning steps, H3N2-specific nanobodies were successfully isolated, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified. Sequence analysis of the nanobodies revealed that we possessed four classes of nanobodies against H3N2. Two nanobodies were further used to prepare our rapid diagnostic kit. Biotinylated nanobody was effectively immobilized onto the surface of streptavidin magnetic beads. The modified magnetic beads with nanobody capture specifically influenza H3N2 and can still be recognized by nanobodies conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) conjugates. Under optimized conditions, the present immunoassay exhibited a relatively high sensitive detection with a limit of 50 ng/mL. In conclusion, by combining magnetic beads with specific nanobodies, this assay provides a promising influenza detection assay to develop a potential rapid, sensitive, and low-cost diagnostic tool to screen for influenza infections.
    Nanoscale Research Letters 01/2014; 9(1):528. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enteroviruses can frequently target the human central nervous system to induce a variety of neurological diseases. Although enteroviruses are highly cytolytic, emerging evidence has showed that these viruses can establish persistent infections both in vivo and in vitro. Here, we investigated the susceptibility of three human brain cell lines CCF-STTG1, T98G and SK-N-SH to the infection of three enterovirus serotypes Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A9. Persistent infection was observed in CVB3 infected CCF-STTG1 as evidenced by prolonged detection of infectious virions, viral RNA, and viral antigens. Of note, infected CCF-STTG1 cells expressed non-functional canonical viral receptors, coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor and decay-accelerating factor, while removal of cell surface chondroitin sulfate from CCF-STTG1 inhibited the replication of CVB3, suggesting that receptor usage was one of the major limiting factors in CVB3 persistence. In addition, CVB3 curtailed the induction of IFN-β in infected CCF-STTG1 cells, which likely contributed to the initiation of persistence. Furthermore, proinflammatory chemokines and cytokines such as VCAM-1, IL-8 and IL-6, were up-regulated in CVB3 infected CCF-STTG1 and human progenitor-derived astrocytes. Our data together demonstrate the potential of CCF-STTG1 as a novel cell model for studying CVB3-CNS interactions, providing the basis toward a better understanding of CVB3-induced chronic neuropathogenesis.
    Journal of Virology 09/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vibrio parahaemolyticus AphA and OpaR are the two master regulators of quorum sensing (QS) that are abundantly produced and operate at low cell density (LCD) and high cell density (HCD), respectively, with an outcome of reciprocally gradient production of these two proteins with transition between LCD and HCD. The cpsQ-mfpABC gene cluster is transcribed as two operons cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC in V. parahaemolyticus. MfpABC is a putative membrane fusion transporter that contributes to biofilm development. CpsQ is a c-di-GMP-binding regulator that activates the expression of capsular polysaccharide genes and mfpABC and, thus, induces biofilm development. As shown in this study, OpaR and AphA bind to the promoter region of mfpABC to enhance and repress its transcription, respectively. In contrast, the positive and negative regulation of cpsQ-mfpABC by AphA and OpaR, respectively, achieves probably through acting of AphA or OpaR on additional unknown regulator(s) of cpsQ-mfpABC. The transcriptional levels of cpsQ-mfpABC and mfpABC enhance gradually with transition from LCD to HCD due to the above reciprocal regulatory action of OpaR and AphA. Data presented here present a novel paradigm of combined action of the two master QS regulators in controlling expression of the QS regulon members.
    International journal of food microbiology 07/2013; 166(3):458-463. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated features and clinical implications of HBV mutations in patients with different clinical manifestations. In total, 516 patients were enrolled in this study, including 131 patients with acute hepatitis B, 239 patients with chronic hepatitis B, and 146 patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. HBV genotypes and mutations were analyzed by direct sequencing of complete viral genomes. Genotypes B2, C1, C2, and D1 accounted for 22.2%, 1.6%, 74.6%, and 1.6%, respectively. Genotype B was more frequently detected in patients with acute hepatitis B than those with chronic hepatitis B and acute-on-chronic liver failure. Deletion mutations were detected mostly in preS1 and preS2 regions and the detection rates were 3.8%, 19.7%, and 24.7% for acute hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis B and acute-on-chronic liver failure patients, respectively. Incidences of point mutation T53C (preS1F53L), G1613A (polR841K), G1775A and A1762T + G1764A in the basal core promoter region, G1896A and G1899A in precore region and A2189C (coreI97L) in core region increased along with acute hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis B, and acute-on-chronic liver failure. The mutation G1896A was independently associated with poor survival of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. The gradual increase of viral mutation incidences was also observed in three HLA-A2-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitopes from HLA-A2-positive patients, that is env188-196 (5.8%, 10.1%, 22.5%), core107-115 (4.3%, 4.6%, 19.7%), and x92-100 (1.4%, 20.2%, 33.8%). In conclusion, certain viral mutations in various regions of HBV genome are associated with disease progression of HBV infection. J. Med. Virol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 07/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infections with bacterial or fungal biofilms have emerged as a major public heath concern because biofilm-growing cells are highly resistant to both antibiotics and host immune defenses. This review focuses on the progress in understanding the mechanisms of biofilm-specific antimicrobial resistance and in developing innovative therapeutic measures based on novel antibiofilm agents.
    Future Microbiology 07/2013; 8:877-886. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical use of a bioartificial liver (BAL) device strongly depends on the development of human liver cell lines. The aim of this study was to establish and assess the potential use of the stable HepG2 cell line expressing human augmenter of liver regeneration (hALR). The cDNA encoding hALR protein was inserted into pcDNA3.1 to generate pcDNA3.1/hALR, following which pcDNA3.1/hALR was transfected to HepG2 to establish a cell line that stably expressed hALR (HepG2 hALR). A total of 800 million HepG2 hALR cells were loaded into laboratory-scale BAL bioreactors and cultured for 4 days, during which time the parameters of hepatocyte-specific function and general metabolism were determined. The cell line that stably expressed human ALR was successfully established. The expression of recombinant hALR was higher in the HepG2 hALR cell line than in the HepG2 cell line based on immunofluorescence and immunoblot assays. In samples removed from the BAL bioreactor on day 4, compared to HepG2 cells, HepG2 hALR cells produced significantly more alpha-fetoprotein (127.3 %; P < 0.05) and urea (128.8 %; P < 0.05) and eliminated more glucose (135.7 %; P < 0.05); the level of human albumin was also higher (117 %) in HepG2 hALR cells, but the difference was not significant (P > 0.05). After 24 h of culture, the mean lidocaine removal rate was 65.1 and 57.3 % in culture supernatants of HepG2 hALR and HepG2 cell lines, respectively (P < 0.01). Based on these results, we conclude that HepG2 hALR cells showed liver-specific functionality when cultured inside the bioreactor and would therefore be a potential cell source for BAL.
    Human Cell 06/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1202933
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2013; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Precise regulation of innate immunity is crucial for maintaining optimal immune responses against infections. Whereas positive regulation of IFN signaling elicits rapid type I IFNs, negative regulation is equally important in preventing the production of superfluous IFNs that can be hazardous to the host. The positive regulators of IFN pathway are known to be the main targets of viruses to antagonize the innate immune system. Whether viruses target the negative regulators of IFN pathway remains to be fully investigated. In this study, we report that the structural protein VP2 of human Bocavirus modulates IFN pathway by targeting the ring finger protein 125 (RNF125), a negative regulator of type I IFN signaling, which conjugates Lys(48)-linked ubiquitination to retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and subsequently leads to the proteasome-dependent degradation of RIG-I. VP2 not only upregulated Sendai virus (SeV)-induced IFNB promoter activity, but also enhanced SeV-induced IFN-β production at both mRNA and protein levels. In agreement, the level of Ser(396)-phosphorylated IFN regulatory factor 3 stimulated by SeV was enhanced in the presence of VP2. Furthermore, VP2 was demonstrated to physically interact with RNF125, resulting in the reduction of RNF125-mediated ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation of RIG-I. Additional study indicated that endogenous RIG-I degradation was decreased in VP2-expressing cells. Our study delineates a unique phenomenon for aberrant activation of IFN regulatory factor 3 pathway and may represent a new mechanism underlying viral manipulation of the host immune system.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2013; · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Influenza has emerged every year but a complete profile of laboratory indices throughout the disease course remains unknown. Clinical data was collected from 28 confirmed cases of the pandemic influenza H1N1 2009. The levels of serum iron (Fe), carbon dioxide combining power (CO2-CP), total complement hemolytic activity (CH50), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cell (WBC) and differential count were analyzed. Major laboratory abnormalities recokled for patients upon admission were lymphopenia (96.4%), eosinopenia (50.0%), hypoferremia (92.9%), decreased levels of serum CO2-CP (60.7%), increased levels of serum CRP (84.6%) and serum CH50 (71.4%). The serum iron and CO2-CP concentration and the counts for lymphocytes, eosinophils, and basophils were significantly increased four days after sickness was noticed compared with the first three days of illness (p < 0.05). The total WBC and neutrophil counts were significantly decreased four days after onset of illness compared with the counts over the first three days (p < 0.05). The monocyte count and CRP concentration was significantly decreased 7 days after onset of illness compared with first 3 days after illness onset (p < 0.05). The serum CH50 concentrations were higher than the normal range during disease course and significantly elevated 7 days after onset of illness compared with the first 6 days after illness onset (p < 0.05). The serum levels of iron, CO2-CP, CH50, CRP, and WBC and differential count Were significantly varied during the whole pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009. The development of WBC count in patients with influenza may be an effective predictor for severity of illness.
    Clinical laboratory 01/2013; 59(3-4):337-42. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vibrio parahaemolyticus AphA and OpaR are the two master quorum sensing (QS) regulators that are abundantly expressed at low cell density (LCD) and high cell density (HCD), respectively, with a feature of reciprocally gradient production of them with transition between LCD and HCD. The type VI secretion system 2 (T6SS2) gene cluster can be assigned into three putative operons, namely VPA1027-1024, VPA1043-1028, and VPA1044-1046. T6SS2 contributes to adhesion of V. parahaemolyticus to host cells. OpaR box-like sequences were found within the upstream promoter regions of all the above three operons, while none of AphA box-like elements could be identified for them. The subsequent primer extension, LacZ fusion, electrophoretic mobility shift, and DNase I footprinting assays disclosed that OpaR bound to the promoter regions of these three operons to stimulate their transcription, while AphA negatively regulated their transcription most likely through acting on OpaR. This regulation led to a gradient increase of T6SS2 transcription with transition from LCD to HCD. V. parahaemolyticus OpaR and AphA positively and negatively regulate T6SS2 expression, respectively, leading to a gradient elevation of T6SS2 expression with transition from LCD to HCD. T6SS2 genes are thus assigned as the QS regulon members in V. parahaemolyticus.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e73363. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human bocavirus (HBoV) mainly infects young children. Although many infected children suffer from respiratory or gastroenteric tract diseases, an association between HBoV and these diseases is not definite. Because modulation of type I IFN is crucial for viruses to establish efficient replication, in this study, we tested whether HBoV modulates type I IFN production. We observed that a nearly full-length HBoV clone significantly reduced both Sendai virus (SeV)- and poly(deoxyadenylic-thymidylic) acid-induced IFN-β production. Further study showed that NP1 blocked IFN-β activation in response to SeV, poly(deoxyadenylic-thymidylic) acid, and IFN-β pathway inducers, including retinoic acid-inducible protein I, mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein, inhibitor of κB kinase ε, and TANK-binding kinase 1. In addition, NP1 interfered with IRF-3-responsive PRD(III-I) promoter activated by SeV and a constitutively active mutant of IRF-3 (IRF-3/5D). Although NP1 suppressed the IRF-3 pathway, it did not affect IRF-3 activation processes, including phosphorylation, dimerization, and nuclear translocation. Coimmunoprecipitation assays confirmed the interaction between NP1 and IRF-3. Additional deletion mutagenesis and coimmunoprecipitation assays revealed that NP1 bound to the DNA-binding domain of IRF-3, resulting in the interruption of an association between IRF-3 and IFNB promoter. Altogether, our results indicate that HBoV NP1 blocks IFN production through a unique mechanism. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the modulation of innate immunity by HBoV. Our findings suggest a potential immune-evasion mechanism used by HBoV and provide a basis for better understanding HBoV pathogenesis.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2012; 189(3):1144-53. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mimotopes of viruses are considered as the good targets for vaccine design. We prepared mimotopes against multiple subtypes of influenza A and evaluate their immune responses in flu virus challenged Balb/c mice. The mimotopes of influenza A including pandemic H1N1, H3N2, H2N2 and H1N1 swine-origin influenza virus were screened by peptide phage display libraries, respectively. These mimotopes were engineered in one protein as multi- epitopes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and purified. Balb/c mice were immunized using the multi-mimotopes protein and specific antibody responses were analyzed using hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The lung inflammation level was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE). Linear heptopeptide and dodecapeptide mimotopes were obtained for these influenza virus. The recombinant multi-mimotopes protein was a 73 kDa fusion protein. Comparing immunized infected groups with unimmunized infected subsets, significant differences were observed in the body weight loss and survival rate. The antiserum contained higher HI Ab titer against H1N1 virus and the lung inflammation level were significantly decreased in immunized infected groups. Phage-displayed mimotopes against multiple subtypes of influenza A were accessible to the mouse immune system and triggered a humoral response to above virus.
    Virology Journal 12/2011; 8:542. · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Immunology 09/2011; 187(5):2202. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enterovirus 71 (EV71), a single, positive-stranded RNA virus, has been regarded as the most important neurotropic enterovirus after the eradication of the poliovirus. EV71 infection can cause hand, foot, and mouth disease or herpangina. Cytokine storm with elevated levels of proinflammatory and inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, has been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of EV71-induced disease. TNF-α-mediated NF-κB signaling pathway plays a key role in inflammatory response. We hypothesized that EV71 might also moderate host inflammation by interfering with this pathway. In this study, we tested this hypothesis and identified EV71 2C protein as an antagonist of TNF-α-mediated activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Expression of 2C protein significantly reduced TNF-α-mediated NF-κB activation in 293T cells as measured by gene reporter and gel mobility shift assays. Furthermore, overexpression of TNFR-associated factor 2-, MEK kinase 1-, IκB kinase (IKK)α-, or IKKβ-induced NF-κB activation, but not constitutively active mutant of IKKβ (IKKβ SS/EE)-induced NF-κB activation, was inhibited by 2C protein. These data together suggested that the activation of IKKβ is most likely targeted by 2C; this notion was further strengthened by immunoblot detection of IKKβ phosphorylation and IκBα phosphorylation and degradation. Coimmunoprecipitation and colocalization of 2C and IKKβ expressed in mammalian cells provided compelling evidence that 2C interacts with IKKβ. Collectively, our data indicate that EV71 2C protein inhibits IKKβ activation and thus blocks NF-κB activation.
    The Journal of Immunology 09/2011; 187(5):2202-12. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the features of hepatitis B virus (HBV) basal core promoter/precore (BCP/PC) mutations and genotypes in a large number of mild/severe chronic hepatitis B (CHB-M/CHB-S), and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients and analyze the clinical implications of the virologic features. Sera of 793 (325 CHB-M, 170 CHB-S, and 298 ACLF) patients admitted to or who had visited Beijing 302 Hospital from January 2005 to December 2008 were collected and successfully amplified for the HBV BCP/PC and a 1225-bp-long S/Pol (nt 54-1278) gene regions. Biochemical and serological parameters and HBV DNA level were routinely performed. Viral DNA was extracted and subjected to a nested PCR. Genotypes/subgenotypes were determined based on complete genomic sequence or on analysis of the 1225-bp-long S/Pol-gene sequence. HBV genotyping was performed by direct PCR sequencing followed by molecular evolutionary analysis of the viral sequences. A P value of <0.05 (two-sided) was considered to be statistically significant. Our findings suggest that CHB patients infected with BCP/PC mutant viruses are more susceptible to severe hepatitis and ACLF than those with the BCP/PC wild-type virus and that ACLF patients with PC mutant viruses have an increased risk of death. As such, the HBV PC mutation is a potential predictive indicator of ACLF outcome.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2011; 46(3):391-400. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is suspected to trigger primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) in susceptible individuals, yet the precise mechanism of its effect in PBC remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate altered responses to LPS ligand for Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in pathogenesis of PBC in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, we investigated levels of LPS and pro-inflammatory cytokines in sera and expression of LPS receptors in liver tissues from 162 patients with PBC, 325 patients with other liver diseases and 80 healthy controls. In vitro, altered responses to LPS on monocytes and cultured human biliary epithelial cells (BECs) from patients with PBC were determined. Significantly higher levels of LPS in patients with PBC were detected, compared with patients with other liver diseases and healthy controls. Immunohistochemically, expression of TLR4, CD14, CD68 and NF-κB was significantly enhanced in liver tissues from patients with PBC. Before LPS stimulation, we found significantly higher serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 in patients with PBC than those in healthy controls. After LPS stimulation, TLR4 expression and pro-inflammatory cytokine production in CD14-positive monocytes and cultured BEC from patients with PBC increased significantly. These results indicated that patients with PBC were prone to exhibit higher serum LPS level, hypersensitivity of monocytes and BEC to LPS, and enhanced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. LPS altered expression of TLR4, CD14 and NF-κB on monocytes and BEC, which may be implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of PBC.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2011; 46(4):485-94. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study was undertaken to investigate the features and clinical implications of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes, basal core promoter (BCP) and precore (PC) mutations in hepatitis B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HB-ACLF). Samples from 75 patients with HB-ACLF and without pre-existing liver cirrhosis and 328 age-matched patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were analyzed. HBV genotype and BCP/PC mutations were determined by direct sequencing. Mutations at 8 sites of the BCP/PC region were compared between the two groups of patients. A significantly higher ratio of genotype B to C was found in patients with HB-ACLF than in patients with CHB (30.7-69.3% vs 16.5-82.6%, P < 0.01). Single mutations including T1753V (C/A/G), A1762T, G1764A, G1896A and G1899A and triple mutations T1753V/A1762T/G1764A and A1762T/G1764A/C1766T (or T1768A) were more frequently detected in patients with HB-ACLF than in patients with CHB. Correspondingly, BCP/PC wild-type sequences were absent in patients with HB-ACLF in contrast to 27.1% in patients with CHB. The BCP/PC mutations were found to be associated with increased HBeAg negativity, higher alanine aminotransferase level and lower viral load. Patients with HB-ACLF infected with the PC mutant virus had a higher mortality. The findings suggest that patients with CHB infected with genotype B with BCP/PC mutations were more likely to develop HB-ACLF than those with genotype C with wild-type BCP/PC regions, and patients with HB-ACLF with the PC mutation had increased risk of a fatal outcome.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 12/2010; 17(12):887-95. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and basal core promoter (BCP) and precore (PC) mutations with the clinical characteristics is increasingly recognized. To investigate virologic features and clinical implications of HBV genotypes, BCP and PC mutations between large-size patients with acute hepatitis B (AHB) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB). One hundred and eighty-two AHB patients and 325 CHB patients were investigated. HBV genotypes and BCP/PC mutations were determined by direct sequencing. Mutations at 10 interested sites of the BCP/PC region were compared between the two groups of patients. AHB patients had a significantly higher ratio of genotype B to C than CHB patients (37.4-62.6% vs. 16.6-83.4%, P<0.001). The prevalence of BCP/PC wild-type virus was 60.4% in AHB patients in contrast to 28.9% in CHB patients. Significantly lower prevalence of A1762T, G1764A, G1896A, and G1899A but higher prevalence of T1758C was found in AHB patients. Interestingly, T1758C and A1762T/G1764A appeared mutual restraint. Genotype B virus had lower BCP mutation frequency and similar PC mutation frequency compared to genotype C virus. AHB patients with BCP/PC mutant virus had higher viral load, whereas CHB patients with BCP/PC mutant virus had lower viral load and elevated alanine aminotransferase, in comparison with those with the wild-type virus. Patients with genotype B virus, BCP/PC wild-type virus or T1758C mutant virus were more susceptible to develop AHB, whereas high prevalence of the BCP/PC mutations was associated with CHB development.
    Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 03/2010; 47(3):243-7. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in China, while little is known of the genetic susceptibility to hepatocarcinogenesis. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) pathway plays an important role in tumorigenesis, including HCC. EGF polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to several types of cancers. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether EGF genetic polymorphisms can influence HCC development. A total of 338 chronic HBV-infected patients (186 HCC patients and 152 cirrhotic patients) and 186 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. EGF 61A/G polymorphisms of all subjects and 12 cell lines were assayed with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and the sequencing method. Furthermore, EGF protein levels were measured in the serum and the results were compared with the different genotypes. EGF expression in the liver tissue of the HCC patients was detected by immunohistochemical analysis. EGF 61A and 61G allele frequencies in healthy subjects were 28.76 and 71.24%. EGF 61GG and G allele frequencies in the HCC group were higher than those in the cirrhosis group. EGF protein levels with the GG genotype were significantly higher than those with either the GA or the AA genotype. About 59.09% of HCC liver tumour tissues assayed showed EGF protein expression. The EGF 61 GG genotype might be associated with a high risk for the development of chronic HBV infection-related HCC in Chinese patients.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 10/2009; 30(1):112-8. · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    Y Huang, P Mao, H Wang
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    ABSTRACT: A novel parvovirus, human bocavirus (HBoV), was first discovered in children with respiratory tract infections in Sweden. A retrospective study of HBoV in faecal samples from children suffering from diarrhea, covering a 3-year period (November 2000 to October 2003) in Wuhan, China, was undertaken. PCR assays were used to evaluate 214 faecal samples and to determine the role of HBoV in diarrhoea. Among 196 virus-infected children with diarrhoea, 2.55% were HBoV-positive; however, all HBoV-positive patients were co-infected with common enteric viruses. This result does not support the notion that HBoV is a viral agent causing acute diarrhoea.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 07/2009; 16(5):490-2. · 4.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

142 Citations
85.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • 302 Military Hospital of China
      • Centre for Liver Failure Treatment and Research
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008–2013
    • Wuhan Institute Of Virology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
      Peping, Beijing, China