ABSTRACT: With numerous prosthetic options and a changing landscape of prosthetic development, a systematic approach to choosing a prosthetic is more sensible than trying to memorize all the details of each prosthetic. The surgeon should hone a single technique for the vast majority of inguinal hernia repairs to maximize proficiency. This limits the number of prosthetics to those suitable for that technique. Narrowing the choice further should be based on the likelihood that a given prosthetic will achieve the preoperative goals of the hernia repair. For alternative clinical scenarios, the surgeon should know one to two additional techniques, which may require a different prosthetic. The surgeon should use existing experimental and clinical data to estimate long-term benefits of any new prosthetic.
Surgical Clinics of North America 03/2008; 88(1):179-201, x. · 2.14 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) with paraesophageal hernias (PEH) are not only older and less healthy than those with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but in addition the repair is more complicated. We evaluated whether outcomes relating to GERD symptoms and quality of life (QOL) were impacted by the presence of PEH.
Prospectively entered data from 149 patients (109 GERD and 40 PEH) were evaluated prior to and one year after LNF with standardized and validated symptoms scores. Scores for heartburn, dysphagia, disease-specific QOL (GERD-HRQL), and general health-related QOL (SF-12 physical and mental component scores) were compared between patients undergoing LNF for PEH or for GERD alone, at baseline and one year after surgery. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Preoperative data for GERD-HRQL, heartburn, and dysphagia were available for 134 patients, with 96% one-year follow-up. SF-12 data were collected for 98 patients with 100% follow-up. PEH patients were older and had greater comorbidity. Preoperative GERD-HRQL and heartburn were significantly worse in the GERD group. One year after surgery, both GERD and PEH patients showed significant improvement in GERD-HRQL, heartburn and dysphagia scores, with no difference in any of these disease or symptom measures between the two study groups. Postoperative PCS and MCS scores showed improvement in GERD patients, while PEH patient scores remained at or below the population mean.
LNF is equally effective as an antireflux procedure in both GERD and PEH patients, prevents symptoms of reflux in PEH patients that have none preoperatively, and does not increase dysphagia in either group. Despite the increased complexity of the procedure, LNF provides an effective control of reflux symptoms in patients undergoing PEH repair.
Surgical Endoscopy 02/2008; 22(2):343-7. · 4.01 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The role of nitric oxide (NO) production because of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is unclear. In this study the roles of both iNOS and NO were characterized in a rat model of renal I/R injury. In addition, the effect of iNOS inhibition on renal function was evaluated.
Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 45 min of left renal ischemia and contralateral nephrectomy followed by various periods of reperfusion and renal function analysis [plasma creatinine, fractional excretion of sodium (FENa), creatinine clearance (CrCl), and measurement of plasma and urine NO levels]. In addition, the effect of treatment with 1400W, a highly selective iNOS inhibitor, was evaluated.
Renal dysfunction peaked at 48 h after reperfusion and immunohistochemistry studies revealed iNOS expression in the vasculature (3 h) and renal tubules (48 h) after reperfusion. Renal function improved significantly in treated animals compared to controls [creatinine of 1.1 v. 1.9 mg/dl (P < 0.05) and CrCl of 0.54 v. 0.31 ml/min (P < 0.05), respectively]. In addition, FENa was decreased by 50%, plasma NO levels were significantly lower (32.7 v. 45.7 micromol/L, P < 0.01), and deposition of nitrotyosine in the tubules of treated rats was less than in control animals.
These data support the hypothesis that iNOS and NO are involved in the pathogenesis of renal I/R injury and suggests that use of iNOS inhibitors may be a valuable therapeutic strategy clinical situations where renal I/R may be prevalent.
Journal of Surgical Research 01/2006; 129(2):236-41. · 2.25 Impact Factor