Li-Yuan Ma

Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (6)26.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENK/TCL), is an aggressive and rare hematological malignancy. Patients with advanced and relapsed/refractory disease have very poor outcomes. In this study, we retrospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of MEDA regimen (methotrexate, etoposide, dexamethasone and pegaspargase) in the treatment of advanced and relapsed/refractory ENK/TCL patients. Thirteen patients received a total of 55 cycles of MEDA, with a median of four cycles. At the completion of treatment, the overall response rate was 76.9 %, with a complete response rate of 61.5 %. The 1-year overall survival rate was 69.2 %, and 1-year progression-free survival was 61.5 %. Treatment-related toxicity was monitored in all patients. Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 46.2 % of patients. Serious infections happened in two cases (15.4 %). Grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 30.8 % of patients, and 23.1 % received platelet transfusion. Grade 3/4 anemia was observed in 23.1 % of patients. Hepatotoxicity and low fibrinogen were common, but mild. These results show that MEDA regimen is very effective with tolerable adverse effects in the treatment of advanced and relapsed/refractory ENK/TCL. Further prospective trials are expected to validate the efficacy of MEDA in an expanded number of patients.
    International journal of hematology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12185-015-1809-x · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Hui Yang · Hui Liang · Jing-song Yan · Rong Tao · Si-guo Hao · Li-yuan Ma
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    ABSTRACT: The PU.1 transcription factor is a crucial regulator of hematopoiesis, and its expression is altered in various leukemic processes. It has been shown that expression of PU.1 is severely impaired in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but the mechanism underlying this effect remains unknown. Through bisulfite sequencing, semi-quantitative PCR, and indirect immunofluorescence and Western blot techniques, we found aberrant methylation in the promoter region of transcription factor PU.1 in CML patients both in the chronic and blast crisis phases, as well as in the CML blast K562 cell line. Of these, several CpG sites were more highly methylated in blast crisis than chronic phase, while no methylation of these sites was observed in healthy individuals. Interestingly, CML patients achieved complete cytogenetic remission under imatinib mesylate treatment, but the aberrant methylation status of PU.1 was not reversed. Down-regulation of PU.1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels was also observed in association with aberrant methylation. Thus, for the first time, we have revealed a potential epigenetic modification of PU.1 in CML, which may be responsible for the down-regulation of PU.1. These data suggest that aberrant methylation of PU.1 may play a role in CML pathogenesis, and may therefore serve as a useful biomarker and potential target for demethylating drugs.
    International journal of hematology 06/2012; 96(1):65-73. DOI:10.1007/s12185-012-1106-x · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Hui Yang · Jin-song Yan · Rong Tao · Si-guo Hao · Hui Liang · Li-yuan Ma
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the underlying mechanism and clinical significance of PU.1 down-expression in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Different methylation status of PU.1 promoter region containing 20 CpG islands in normal individuals, CML chronic phase and blast crisis patients, complete cytogenetic remission patients after imatinib treatment, and blast crisis bone marrow K562 CML cells was detected by bisulfite sequencing. Semi-quantitative PCR was used to detect the PU.1 mRNA expression in normal controls, CML chronic phase and blast crisis patients, and blast crisis bone marrow K562 CML cells. Indirect immune fluorescence and Western blot were used to analyze the exprtession of PU.1 protein in normal individuals, CML chronic phase and blast crisis patients, and blast crisis bone marrow K562 CML cells. Aberrant methylation in the promoter region of transcription factor PU.1 was found in both CML chronic phase and blast crisis phase bone marrow cells, as well as in CML blast K562 cells. Down-expression of PU.1 mRNA and protein levels was found in above cells. No methylation in the promoter region of PU.1 was observed in normal individuals, and the PU.1 mRNA and protein expressions were not reduced at all. Furthermore, high methylation status of bone marrow cells was even observed in the CML patients who acquired complete cytogenetic remission. The results of our study indicate that the epigenetic modification of PU.1 in CML patients and K562 cell line might be responsible for the down-expression of PU.1. The data suggest that aberrant methylation of PU.1 plays a role in CML pathogenesis, therefore, it might serve as a useful biomarker and potential target in therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 03/2012; 34(3):169-75.
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    ABSTRACT: The BCR-ABL fusion protein generated by t(9;22)(q34;q11) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of the myeloproliferative disorder status at the chronic phase of the disease, but progression from the chronic phase to blast crisis (BC) is believed to require additional mutations. To explore the underlying mechanisms for BC, which is characterized by a blockage of blood cell differentiation, we screened several genes crucial to hematopoiesis and identified 10 types of mutations in RUNX1 among 11 of 85 (12.9%) patients with acute transformation of CML. Most of the mutations occurred in the runt homology domain, including H78Q, W79C, R139G, D171G, R174Q, L71fs-ter94, and V91fs-ter94. Further studies indicated that RUNX1 mutants not only exhibited decreased transactivation activity but also had an inhibitory effect on the WT RUNX1. To investigate the leukemogenic effect of mutated RUNX1, H78Q and V91fs-ter94 were transduced into 32D cells or BCR-ABL-harboring murine cells, respectively. Consistent with the myeloblastic features of advanced CML patients with RUNX1 mutations, H78Q and V91fs-ter94 disturbed myeloid differentiation and induced a BC or accelerated phase-like phenotype in mice. These results suggest that RUNX1 abnormalities may promote acute myeloid leukemic transformation in a subset of CML patients.
    Blood 02/2012; 119(12):2873-82. DOI:10.1182/blood-2011-08-370981 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resistance developed by leukemic cells, unsatisfactory efficacy on patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) at accelerated and blastic phases, and potential cardiotoxity, have been limitations for imatinib mesylate (IM) in treating CML. Whether low dose IM in combination with agents of distinct but related mechanisms could be one of the strategies to overcome these concerns warrants careful investigation. We tested the therapeutic efficacies as well as adverse effects of low dose IM in combination with proteasome inhibitor, Bortezomib (BOR) or proteasome inhibitor I (PSI), in two CML murine models, and investigated possible mechanisms of action on CML cells. Our results demonstrated that low dose IM in combination with BOR exerted satisfactory efficacy in prolongation of life span and inhibition of tumor growth in mice, and did not cause cardiotoxicity or body weight loss. Consistently, BOR and PSI enhanced IM-induced inhibition of long-term clonogenic activity and short-term cell growth of CML stem/progenitor cells, and potentiated IM-caused inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis of BCR-ABL+ cells. IM/BOR and IM/PSI inhibited Bcl-2, increased cytoplasmic cytochrome C, and activated caspases. While exerting suppressive effects on BCR-ABL, E2F1, and beta-catenin, IM/BOR and IM/PSI inhibited proteasomal degradation of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), leading to a re-activation of this important negative regulator of BCR-ABL. In addition, both combination therapties inhibited Bruton's tyrosine kinase via suppression of NFkappaB. These data suggest that combined use of tyrosine kinase inhibitor and proteasome inhibitor might be helpful for optimizing CML treatment.
    PLoS ONE 02/2009; 4(7):e6257. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0006257 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acquisition of additional genetic and/or epigenetic abnormalities other than the BCR/ABL fusion gene is believed to cause disease progression in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) from chronic phase to blast crisis (BC). To gain insights into the underlying mechanisms of progression to BC, we screened DNA samples from CML patients during blast transformation for mutations in a number of transcription factor genes that are critical for myeloid-lymphoid development. In 85 cases of CML blast transformation, we identified two new mutations in the coding region of GATA-2, a negative regulator of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell differentiation. A L359V substitution within zinc finger domain (ZF) 2 of GATA-2 was found in eight cases with myelomonoblastic features, whereas an in-frame deletion of 6 aa (delta341-346) spanning the C-terminal border of ZF1 was detected in one patient at myeloid BC with eosinophilia. Further studies indicated that L359V not only increased transactivation activity of GATA-2 but also enhanced its inhibitory effects on the activity of PU.1, a major regulator of myelopoiesis. Consistent with the myelomonoblastic features of CML transformation with the GATA-2 L359V mutant, transduction of the GATA-2 L359V mutant into HL-60 cells or BCR/ABL-harboring murine cells disturbed myelomonocytic differentiation/proliferation in vitro and in vivo, respectively. These data strongly suggest that GATA-2 mutations may play a role in acute myeloid transformation in a subset of CML patients.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2008; 105(6):2076-81. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0711824105 · 9.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

106 Citations
26.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2012
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008–2012
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China