Teresa V Bowman

Neural Stem Cell Institute, Rensselaer, New York, United States

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Publications (18)236.84 Total impact

  • Experimental hematology. 08/2014; 42(8S):S63.
  • Teresa V Bowman, Leonard I Zon
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    ABSTRACT: Knowing how an organism's tissues handle stress throughout life is key to understanding ageing and disease. Stems cells of the blood system seem to tackle metabolic stress by means of a process called autophagy. See Article p.323
    Nature 02/2013; · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During development, the hematopoietic lineage transits through hemogenic endothelium, but the signaling pathways effecting this transition are incompletely characterized. Although the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is hypothesized to play a role in patterning blood formation, early embryonic lethality of mice lacking Hh signaling precludes such analysis. To determine a role for Hh signaling in patterning of hemogenic endothelium, we assessed the effect of altered Hh signaling in differentiating mouse ES cells, cultured mouse embryos, and developing zebrafish embryos. In differentiating mouse ES cells and mouse yolk sac cultures, addition of Indian Hh ligand increased hematopoietic progenitors, whereas chemical inhibition of Hh signaling reduced hematopoietic progenitors without affecting primitive streak mesoderm formation. In the setting of Hh inhibition, induction of either Notch signaling or overexpression of Stem cell leukemia (Scl)/T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia protein 1 rescued hemogenic vascular-endothelial cadherin(+) cells and hematopoietic progenitor formation. Together, our results reveal that Scl overexpression is sufficient to rescue the developmental defects caused by blocking the Hh and Notch pathways, and inform our understanding of the embryonic endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12/2012; · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    Teresa V Bowman, Eirini Trompouki, Leonard I Zon
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    ABSTRACT: Comment on: Trompouki E, et al. Cell 2011; 147:577-89.
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 02/2012; 11(3):424-5. · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BMP and Wnt signaling pathways control essential cellular responses through activation of the transcription factors SMAD (BMP) and TCF (Wnt). Here, we show that regeneration of hematopoietic lineages following acute injury depends on the activation of each of these signaling pathways to induce expression of key blood genes. Both SMAD1 and TCF7L2 co-occupy sites with master regulators adjacent to hematopoietic genes. In addition, both SMAD1 and TCF7L2 follow the binding of the predominant lineage regulator during differentiation from multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells to erythroid cells. Furthermore, induction of the myeloid lineage regulator C/EBPα in erythroid cells shifts binding of SMAD1 to sites newly occupied by C/EBPα, whereas expression of the erythroid regulator GATA1 directs SMAD1 loss on nonerythroid targets. We conclude that the regenerative response mediated by BMP and Wnt signaling pathways is coupled with the lineage master regulators to control the gene programs defining cellular identity.
    Cell 10/2011; 147(3):577-89. · 31.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In mammals, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) promotes hematopoietic cell mobilization and migration. Although the zebrafish, Danio rerio, is an emerging model for studying hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), the role of SDF-1 in the adult zebrafish has yet to be determined. We sought to characterize sdf-1 expression and function in the adult zebrafish in the context of HCT. In situ hybridization of adult zebrafish organs shows sdf-1 expression in kidney tubules, gills, and skin. Radiation up-regulates sdf-1 expression in kidney to nearly 4-fold after 40 Gy. Assays indicate that zebrafish hematopoietic cells migrate toward sdf-1, with a migration ratio approaching 1.5 in vitro. A sdf-1a:DsRed2 transgenic zebrafish allows in vivo detection of sdf-1a expression in the adult zebrafish. Matings with transgenic reporters localized sdf-1a expression to the putative hematopoietic cell niche in proximal and distal renal tubules and collecting ducts. Importantly, transplant of hematopoietic cells into myelosuppressed recipients indicated migration of hematopoietic cells to sdf-1a-expressing sites in the kidney and skin. We conclude that sdf-1 expression and function in the adult zebrafish have important similarities to mammals, and this sdf-1 transgenic vertebrate will be useful in characterizing the hematopoietic cell niche and its interactions with hematopoietic cells.
    Blood 05/2011; 118(3):766-74. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The proliferation and differentiation of adult stem cells is balanced to ensure adequate generation of differentiated cells, stem cell homeostasis, and guard against malignant transformation. CD48 is broadly expressed on hematopoietic cells but excluded from quiescent long-term murine HSCs. Through its interactions with CD244 on progenitor cells, it influences HSC function by altering the BM cytokine milieu, particularly IFNγ. In CD48-null mice, the resultant misregulation of cytokine signaling produces a more quiescent HSC, a disproportionate number of short-term progenitors, and hyperactivation of Pak1, leading to hematologic malignancies similar to those found in patients with X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. CD48 plays a vital role as an environmental sensor for regulating HSC and progenitor cell numbers and inhibiting tumor development.
    Blood 05/2011; 118(1):80-7. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zebrafish has been used for many years as a model to study development and disease. The ability of zebrafish to produce thousand of embryos in a synchronous manner has made zebrafish an invaluable tool for genetic and chemical screens. Since its emergence as an important model organism the molecular tools for studying zebrafish have been limited. In this chapter, we describe a simple method to identify DNA binding sites and chromatin architecture in erythrocytes from adult zebrafish using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with next generation sequencing. This technique has been used extensively and successfully in other systems and it will be a useful tool for studying epigenetics in zebrafish.
    Methods in cell biology 01/2011; 104:341-52. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    Teresa V Bowman, Leonard I Zon
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years in vivo chemical screening in zebrafish has emerged as a rapid and efficient method to identify lead compounds that modulate specific biological processes. By performing primary screening in vivo, the bioactivity, toxicity, and off-target side effects are determined from the onset of drug development. A recent study demonstrates that in vivo screening can be used successfully to perform structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies. This work validates the zebrafish as an effective model for not only drug discovery but also drug optimization.
    ACS Chemical Biology 02/2010; 5(2):159-61. · 5.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Topoisomerases solve the topological problems encountered by DNA throughout the lifetime of a cell. Topoisomerase II alpha, which is highly conserved among eukaryotes, untangles replicated chromosomes during mitosis and is absolutely required for cell viability. A homozygous lethal mutant, can4, was identified in a screen to identify genes important for cell proliferation in zebrafish by utilizing an antibody against a mitosis-specific marker, phospho-histone H3. Mutant embryos have a decrease in the number of proliferating cells and display increases in DNA content and apoptosis, as well as mitotic spindle defects. Positional cloning revealed that the genetic defect underlying these phenotypes was the result of a mutation in the zebrafish topoisomerase II alpha (top2a) gene. top2a was found to be required for decatenation but not for condensation in embryonic mitoses. In addition to being required for development, top2a was found to be a haploinsufficient regulator of adult liver regrowth in zebrafish. Regeneration analysis of other adult tissues, including fins, revealed no heterozygous phenotype. Our results confirm a conserved role for TOP2A in vertebrates as well as a dose-sensitive requirement for top2a in adults.
    Molecular and cellular biology 05/2009; 29(13):3746-53. · 6.06 Impact Factor
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    Teresa V Bowman, Leonard I Zon
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    ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) are used clinically to treat human blood-related genetic diseases and leukemias, but the availability of this therapy is constrained by the limiting number of transplantable HSCs. Previous strategies to expand HSCs in vitro resulted in precocious differentiation and reduced transplant efficiency. In vivo analysis of the mechanisms utilized by fetal and adult niches to control HSCs can be mimicked for therapeutic use. This review summarizes the latest research on the in vivo HSC niche and the clinical applications of this knowledge to promote ex vivo expansion and direct de novo generation of HSCs.
    Drug Discovery Today Therapeutic Strategies 01/2009; 6(4):135-140.
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    ABSTRACT: The zebrafish is a useful model for understanding normal and cancer stem cells, but analysis has been limited to embryogenesis due to the opacity of the adult fish. To address this, we have created a transparent adult zebrafish in which we transplanted either hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells or tumor cells. In a hematopoiesis radiation recovery assay, transplantation of GFP-labeled marrow cells allowed for striking in vivo visual assessment of engraftment from 2 hr-5 weeks posttransplant. Using FACS analysis, both transparent and wild-type fish had equal engraftment, but this could only be visualized in the transparent recipient. In a tumor engraftment model, transplantation of RAS-melanoma cells allowed for visualization of tumor engraftment, proliferation, and distant metastases in as little as 5 days, which is not seen in wild-type recipients until 3 to 4 weeks. This transparent adult zebrafish serves as the ideal combination of both sensitivity and resolution for in vivo stem cell analyses.
    Cell stem cell 03/2008; 2(2):183-9. · 23.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The formation of blood in the embryo is dependent on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), but how BMP signaling intersects with other regulators of hematopoietic development is unclear. Using embryonic stem (ES) cells, we show that BMP4 first induces ventral-posterior (V-P) mesoderm and subsequently directs mesodermal cells toward blood fate by activating Wnt3a and upregulating Cdx and Hox genes. When BMP signaling is blocked during this latter phase, enforced expression of either Cdx1 or Cdx4 rescues hematopoietic development, thereby placing BMP4 signaling upstream of the Cdx-Hox pathway. Wnt signaling cooperates in BMP-induced hemogenesis, and the Wnt effector LEF1 mediates BMP4 activation of Cdx genes. Our data suggest that BMP signaling plays two distinct and sequential roles during blood formation, initially as an inducer of mesoderm, and later to specify blood via activation of Wnt signaling and the Cdx-Hox pathway.
    Cell stem cell 02/2008; 2(1):72-82. · 23.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) continuously regenerate the hematologic system, yet few genes regulating this process have been defined. To identify candidate factors involved in differentiation and self-renewal, we have generated an expression database of hematopoietic stem cells and their differentiated progeny, including erythrocytes, granulocytes, monocytes, NK cells, activated and naive T cells, and B cells. Bioinformatic analysis revealed HSCs were more transcriptionally active than their progeny and shared a common activation mechanism with T cells. Each cell type also displayed unique biases in the regulation of particular genetic pathways, with Wnt signaling particularly enhanced in HSCs. We identified approximately 100-400 genes uniquely expressed in each cell type, termed lineage "fingerprints." In overexpression studies, two of these genes, Zfp 105 from the NK cell lineage, and Ets2 from the monocyte lineage, were able to significantly influence differentiation toward their respective lineages, demonstrating the utility of the fingerprints for identifying genes that regulate differentiation.
    Cell Stem Cell 12/2007; 1(5):578-91. · 25.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homeostasis is tightly controlled by growth factors, signalling molecules and transcription factors. Definitive HSCs derived during embryogenesis in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros region subsequently colonize fetal and adult haematopoietic organs. To identify new modulators of HSC formation and homeostasis, a panel of biologically active compounds was screened for effects on stem cell induction in the zebrafish aorta-gonad-mesonephros region. Here, we show that chemicals that enhance prostaglandin (PG) E2 synthesis increased HSC numbers, and those that block prostaglandin synthesis decreased stem cell numbers. The cyclooxygenases responsible for PGE2 synthesis were required for HSC formation. A stable derivative of PGE2 improved kidney marrow recovery following irradiation injury in the adult zebrafish. In murine embryonic stem cell differentiation assays, PGE2 caused amplification of multipotent progenitors. Furthermore, ex vivo exposure to stabilized PGE2 enhanced spleen colony forming units at day 12 post transplant and increased the frequency of long-term repopulating HSCs present in murine bone marrow after limiting dilution competitive transplantation. The conserved role for PGE2 in the regulation of vertebrate HSC homeostasis indicates that modulation of the prostaglandin pathway may facilitate expansion of HSC number for therapeutic purposes.
    Nature 07/2007; 447(7147):1007-11. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene expression profiling using microarrays is a powerful method for studying the biology of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Here, we present methods for activating HSCs with the chemotherapeutic drug 5-Fluorouracil, isolating HSCs from whole bone marrow, and performing microarray analysis. We also discuss quality control criteria for identifying good arrays and bioinformatics strategies for analyzing them. Using these methods, we have characterized the gene expression signatures of HSC quiescence and proliferation and have constructed a molecular model of HSC activation and self-renewal.
    Methods in molecular medicine 02/2007; 134:1-16.
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    ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) maintain tissue homeostasis by rapidly responding to environmental changes. Although this function is well understood, the molecular mechanisms governing this characteristic are largely unknown. We used a sequenced-based strategy to explore the role of both transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in HSC biology. We characterized the gene expression differences between HSCs, both quiescent and proliferating, and their differentiated progeny. This analysis revealed a large fraction of sequence tags aligned to intronic sequences, which we showed were derived from unspliced transcripts. A comparison of the biological properties of the observed spliced versus unspliced transcripts in HSCs showed that the unspliced transcripts were enriched in genes involved in DNA binding and RNA processing. In addition, levels of unspliced message decreased in a transcript-specific fashion after HSC activation in vivo. This change in unspliced transcript level coordinated with increases in gene expression of splicing machinery components. Combined, these results suggest that post-transcriptional regulation is important in HSC activation in vivo.
    Stem Cells 04/2006; 24(3):662-70. · 7.70 Impact Factor
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Publication Stats

859 Citations
236.84 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2014
    • Neural Stem Cell Institute
      Rensselaer, New York, United States
  • 2009–2013
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      • Manton Center of Orphan Disease Research
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007–2012
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Maryland, United States
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2006–2011
    • Baylor College of Medicine
      • • Department of Molecular & Human Genetics
      • • Center for Cell and Gene Therapy
      Houston, TX, United States