D Roberts

Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (2)9.26 Total impact

  • Source
    D Roberts, S Gates, M Kilby, J P Neilson
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a Cochrane review to assess which of the treatments for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) improves fetal, childhood and maternal outcomes. This article represents a version of the review which includes additional data to the published version. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (April 2007) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, October 2007) for randomized and quasi-randomized studies of amnioreduction, laser coagulation and septostomy and compared their outcomes. We also searched conference proceedings and contacted the authors of published trials for clarification and additional data. No trials compared intervention with no intervention. Three studies (253 women) were included. Laser coagulation resulted in less overall death (48% vs. 59%; relative risk (RR), 0.81; 95% CI, 0.65-1.01 adjusted for clustering; two trials, 364 fetuses), perinatal death (26% vs. 44%; RR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.40-0.87 adjusted for clustering; one trial, 284 fetuses) and neonatal death (8% vs. 26%; RR, 0.29; 95% CI, 0.14-0.61 adjusted for clustering; one trial, 284 fetuses) when compared with amnioreduction. There was no difference in perinatal outcome between amnioreduction and septostomy. More babies were alive without neurological abnormality at the age of 6 months in the laser group than in the amnioreduction group (52% vs. 31%; RR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.17-2.35 adjusted for clustering; one trial). There was no difference in the proportion of babies alive at 6 months that had undergone treatment for major neurological abnormality between the laser coagulation and the amnioreduction groups (4% vs. 7%; RR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.18-1.86 adjusted for clustering; one trial). The results suggest that endoscopic laser coagulation of anastomotic vessels should be considered in the treatment of all stages of TTTS to improve perinatal and neonatal outcome.
    Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 07/2008; 31(6):701-11. · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    D Roberts, J P Neilson, M Kilby, S Gates
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    ABSTRACT: Twin-twin transfusion syndrome, a condition affecting monochorionic twin pregnancies, is associated with a high risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. A number of treatments have been introduced to treat the condition but it is unclear which intervention improves maternal and fetal outcome. The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of treatment modalities in twin-twin transfusion syndrome. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (October 2007) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 4). We also searched conference proceedings and made personal contact with experts active in the area of the review. Randomised and quasi-randomised studies of amnioreduction versus laser coagulation, septostomy versus laser coagulation or septostomy versus amnioreduction. One review author assessed eligibility and extracted data, which were checked by a second author. We contacted study authors for additional information. Two studies (213 women) were included. This review shows that laser coagulation of anastomotic vessels results in less death of both infants per pregnancy (relative risk (RR) 0.33; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16 to 0.67, one trial), less perinatal death (RR 0.59; 95% CI 0.0.40 to 0.87 adjusted for cluster, one trial) and less neonatal death (RR 0.29; 95% CI 0.14 to 0.61 adjusted for cluster, one trial) than in pregnancies treated with amnioreduction. There is no difference in perinatal outcome between amnioreduction and septostomy. A third study is awaiting assessment. More babies were alive without neurological abnormality at the age of six months in the laser group than the amnioreduction groups (RR 1.66; 95% CI 1.17 to 2.35 adjusted for clustering, one trial). This difference did not persist beyond six months of age. There was no significant difference in the babies alive at six months with neurological abnormality treated by laser coagulation or amnioreduction (RR 0.58; 95% CI 0.18 to 1.86 adjusted for clustering, one trial). Endoscopic laser coagulation of anastomotic vessels should be considered in the treatment of all stages of twin-twin transfusion syndrome to improve perinatal outcome. Further research on the effect of treatment on milder forms of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (Quintero stage 1 and 2) are required. The long-term outcomes of survivors from the studies included in this review are required.
    Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) 02/2008; · 5.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

25 Citations
25 Downloads
230 Views
9.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008
    • Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust
      Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
    • The University of Warwick
      Coventry, England, United Kingdom