[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development of endocavitary dual-mode probes is essential for the accurate treatment of many deep-seated cancers, which require a high imaging resolution and the capacity to selectively treat focal areas in the region of interest. The MULTIP project is aimed at using state-of-art piezoelectric technologies to design dual-mode ultrasonic probes for cancer-foci treatment and monitoring. In order to allow an efficient surgery planning, the technical study has been accompanied by a volume processing study permitting the design of the ultrasonic imaging/therapy process based on high-resolution–high-quality MRI images. Several prototypes were designed based on a simulation study and implemented: 1) two successive wide-band dual-mode transducer allowing imaging at high-resolution (6 MHz) on a wide field of view, and therapy at 3 MHz with a good transduction efficiency (48% and 70%); 2) a therapy-only transducer matrix adapted to the desired curvature with a high transduction efficiency (70%). Finally, a registration study of MRI volumes on ultrasound volumes has shown that, because of the texture of the ultrasound images, it is more efficient to search at registering the surfaces of the volumes once they have been segmented in each modality, rather than trying to register the two data volumes directly.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper deals with a T2 MRI prostate segmentation method. We assume to have an initial surface mesh obtained interactively or after a first rough segmentation. The surface of the prostate is then searched within the initial mesh neighborhood using the Optimal Surface Detection algorithm (OSD). This algorithm is based on the construction of a directed graph from the information obtained around the initial mesh. The optimal surface is then obtained by a graph cut. Three different cost functions for the graph have been explored, one based on the local gradient, another on a statistical model of shape and a third on a model of gradient profile. The parameters of this method have been tuned on 33 different T2 MRI volumes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prostate segmentation in MRI may be difficult at the interface with the bladder where the contrast is poor. Coupled-models that segment simultaneously both organs with non-overlapping constraints offer a good solution. As a pre-segmentation of the structures of interest is required, we propose in this paper a fast deformable model to segment the bladder. The combination of inflation and internal forces, locally adapted according to the gray levels, allow to deform the mesh toward the boundaries while overcoming the leakage issues that can occur at weak edges. The algorithm, evaluated on 33 MRI volumes from 5 different devices, has shown good performance providing a smooth and accurate surface.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 08/2011; 2011:5702-5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prostate segmentation in 3-D transrectal ultrasound images is an important step in the definition of the intra-operative planning of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy. This paper presents two main approaches for the semi-automatic methods based on discrete dynamic contour and optimal surface detection. They operate in 3-D and require a minimal user interaction. They are considered both alone or sequentially combined, with and without postregularization, and applied on anisotropic and isotropic volumes. Their performance, using different metrics, has been evaluated on a set of 28 3-D images by comparison with two expert delineations. For the most efficient algorithm, the symmetric average surface distance was found to be 0.77 mm.
IEEE transactions on medical imaging. 11/2010; 30(3):792-803.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A moment-based approach is proposed for texture analysis of medical images. The neighborhood of texture pixel is calculated by moments for texture feature extraction. After verified on Brodatz textures, the moment-based texture analysis method is applied on CT liver scan classification and prostate ultrasound segmentation. A support vector machine and a multi-channel active contour model are used in our application. The result shows that our method works well but still have some limitations.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 01/2010; 2010:5581-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper describes a modeling method of the tissue temperature evolution over time in hyperthermia. More precisely, this approach is used to simulate the hepatocellular carcinoma curative treatment by a percutaneous high intensity ultrasound surgery. The tissue temperature evolution over time is classically described by Pennes' bioheat transfer equation which is generally solved by a finite difference method. In this paper we will present a method where the bioheat transfer equation can be algebraically solved after a Fourier transformation over the space coordinates. The implementation and boundary conditions of this method will be shown and compared with the finite difference method.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 02/2008; 2008:2538-41.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This letter describes a temperature-varying attenuation approach for preoperative planning of high intensity ultrasound interstitial targeted therapy. Such approach is mainly aimed at the treatment of primary liver cancer for which a precise lesion control must be achieved. It is shown through simulation that the shape and size of the resulting necrotic volume is significantly different from the one obtained when this tissue property is considered constant in time.