[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sweet's syndrome refers to a set of cutaneous, systemic and histopathological alterations that occur in response to different stimuli, in a similar way to that occurring in erythema nodosum, erythema multiforme and leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The syndrome has been described in association with conditions such as infections, pregnancy, the use of certain medications and malignancy.
To evaluate the clinical and histopathological alterations occurring in this syndrome and to assess the association between these alterations and other conditions.
A retrospective study of 73 cases was conducted, evaluating data on the microscopic examination of skin lesions, as well as clinical and laboratory data.
The majority of the patients were female (83.0%), white (49.2%) and between 30 and 60 years of age (73.8%). The principal alterations found were: erythymatous plaques (76.9%), papules (43.0%), pseudo-vesiculation (PV) (38.4%) and target lesions (18.5%). With respect to the associated conditions, upper respiratory tract infections (15.4%) and the use of medication (10.8%) were the most common. Other associations, albeit represented by only one case each, were: Hodgkin's lymphoma, pregnancy, ulcerative colitis, polycythemia vera and lupus erythematosus in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The principal microscopic findings were: neutrophils with leukocytoclasia (98.6%), collagen degeneration (87.7%), edema (74.0%) and PV (38.4%). The presence of eosinophils (41.1%) ranged from rare to abundant and was usually unrelated to the use of medication. Inflammatory infiltrate reached the deep epidermal layer in 47.9% of cases and panniculitis was found in 80.0% of cases in which the hypodermis was affected (10 cases).
In general, these findings are in agreement with results published in the literature, emphasizing the frequent finding of eosinophils unrelated to drug use, panniculitis and the rare association with Hodgkin's lymphoma. This is the fifth report of an association between Sweet's syndrome and Hodgkin's disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tinea barbae is an uncommon superficial dermatophyte infection of the beard and moustache areas. It was more frequently observed in the past, before single-use razors became available. In most cases, the zoophilic ectothrix Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton verrucosum are responsible for this type of infection. Its clinical presentation is variable; it can mimic many other skin disorders such as sycosis, iododerma, contact dermatitis, perioral dermatitis, and actinomycosis. We report a case of tinea barbae caused by an uncommon agent Trichophyton rubrum, misdiagnosed as sycosis, and review the approach and management of the disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acquired digital fibrokeratomas (ADF) are benign and uncommon lesions consisting of collagenous papules and nodules covered by hyperkeratotic epidermis. These tumors occur mainly on the fingers and toes and infrequently on the palms and soles. They may possibly be triggered by a reaction to a trauma, ADF usually present as small and solitary dome-shaped lesions with a collarete of slightly raised skin at the base. We report a rare case of fibrokeratoma of the heel, presenting as a large and pedunculated nodule.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are different types of skin changes associated with internal malignancy. One type is the skin involvement as a result of cutaneous metastasis from an internal tumor. The skin is an uncommon site for distant metastasis; when it is present the most common sources are breast, lung, and colon. Metastasis generally occurs after an internal malignancy had been discovered and signifies disseminated disease with a poor prognosis. We report an exuberant and rare case of cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma as the first sign of this serious visceral cancer.