Jun Xu

Wuhan University, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (24)20.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of HtrA serine peptidase 1 (HTRA1) in the proliferation and migration of cells of the human retinal pigment epithelial cell line ARPE-19, and the possible mechanisms involved. ARPE-19 cells were transduced by a recombinant lentiviral vector carrying HTRA1-shRNA to knockdown HTRA1 expression. Subsequent HTRA1 gene and HTRA1 protein levels in these cells and control cells were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Changes in cell proliferation and migration associated with the inhibition of HTRA1 expression were assessed, as well as changes in the mRNA levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). The recombinant lentivirus carrying HTRA1-shRNA was successfully generated, as evidenced by reduced levels of HTRA1 mRNA and HTRA1 protein in ARPE-19 cells. The knockdown of HTRA1 in ARPE-19 cells was associated with reduced cellular proliferation and migration, and increased mRNA levels of TGF-β1, BMP4, and BMP2. Silence of the HTRA1 gene was associated with significantly higher levels of TGF-β1, BMP4, and BMP2 mRNA and reduction in the proliferation and migration of ARPE-19 cells.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 12/2014; 253(4). DOI:10.1007/s00417-014-2901-2 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As regular topology networks, grid networks are widely adopted in network deployment. Link congestion and routing path length are two critical factors that affect the delay and throughput of a network. In this paper, we study the routing problem in grid networks concerning these two factors. The main objective of our routing algorithms is to minimize the maximum link congestion. The shortest path minimum maximum (SPMM) link congestion and non-shortest path minimum maximum (NSPMM) link congestion routing problems are studied. The two problems are first formulated as integer optimization problems. Then, corresponding routing algorithms (SPMM and NSPMM routing algorithms) are proposed. For SPMM routing algorithm, the path length is optimal, while for NSPMM routing algorithm, the path is limited in a submesh. Thus, the path length can be bounded. At last, we compare the proposed routing algorithms under different scenarios with other popular routing algorithms (RowColumn, ZigZag, Greedy, Random routing algorithms). The performances are evaluated through different metrics including link congestion, path length, path congestion, path congestion to path length ratio, delay and throughput.
    Wireless Networks 12/2014; 21(5). DOI:10.1007/s11276-014-0878-8 · 1.06 Impact Factor
  • 08/2014; 9(8). DOI:10.4304/jnw.9.8.2026-2036
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To identify the possible association between C(-106)T polymorphism of the aldose reductase (ALR) gene and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a cohort of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods From November 2009 to September 2010, patients with T2DM were recruited and assigned to DR group or diabetic without retinopathy (DWR) group according to the duration of diabetes and the grading of 7-field fundus color photographs of both eyes. Genotypes of the C(-106)T polymorphism (rs759853) in ALR gene were analyzed using the MassARRAY genotyping system and an association study was performed.Results A total of 268 T2DM patients (129 in the DR group and 139 in the DWR group) were included in this study. No statistically significant differences were observed between the 2 groups in the age of diabetes onset (P=0.10) and gender (P=0.78). The success rate of genotyping for the study subjects was 99.6% (267/268), with one case of failure in the DR group. The frequencies of the T allele in the C(-106)T polymorphism were 16.0% (41/256) in the DR group and 19.4% (54/278) in the DWR group (P=0.36). There was no significant difference in the C(-106)T genotypes between the 2 groups (P=0.40). Compared with the wild-type genotype, odds ratio (OR) for the risk of DR was 0.7 (95% CI, 0.38-1.3) for the heterozygous CT genotype and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.18-3.25) for the homozygous TT genotype. The risk of DR was positively associated with microalbuminuria (OR=4.61; 95% CI, 2.34-9.05) and insulin therapy (OR=3.43; 95% CI, 1.94-6.09).Conclusions Microalbuminuria and insulin therapy are associated with the risk of DR in Chinese patients with T2DM. C(-106)T polymorphism of the ALR gene may not be significantly associated with DR in Chinese patients with T2DM.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 03/2014; 29(1):1-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the vision-related quality of life in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 03/2014; 50(3):189-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To identify the possible association between C(-106)T polymorphism of the aldose reductase (ALR) gene and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a cohort of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods From November 2009 to September 2010, patients with T2DM were recruited and assigned to DR group or diabetic without retinopathy (DWR) group according to the duration of diabetes and the grading of 7-field fundus color photographs of both eyes. Genotypes of the C(-106)T polymorphism (rs759853) in ALR gene were analyzed using the MassARRAY genotyping system and an association study was performed. Results A total of 268 T2DM patients (129 in the DR group and 139 in the DWR group) were included in this study. No statistically significant differences were observed between the 2 groups in the age of diabetes onset (P=0.10) and gender (P=0.78). The success rate of genotyping for the study subjects was 99.6% (267/268), with one case of failure in the DR group. The frequencies of the T allele in the C(-106)T polymorphism were 16.0% (41/256) in the DR group and 19.4% (54/278) in the DWR group (P=0.36). There was no significant difference in the C(-106)T genotypes between the 2 groups (P=0.40). Compared with the wild-type genotype, odds ratio (OR) for the risk of DR was 0.7 (95% CI, 0.38-1.3) for the heterozygous CT genotype and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.18-3.25) for the homozygous TT genotype. The risk of DR was positively associated with microalbuminuria (OR=4.61; 95% CI, 2.34-9.05) and insulin therapy (OR=3.43; 95% CI, 1.94-6.09). Conclusions Microalbuminuria and insulin therapy are associated with the risk of DR in Chinese patients with T2DM. C(-106)T polymorphism of the ALR gene may not be significantly associated with DR in Chinese patients with T2DM.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 03/2014; 29(1):1–6. DOI:10.1016/S1001-9294(14)60016-X
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    ABSTRACT: Memory and energy optimization strategies are essential for the resource-constrained wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes. In this article, a new memory-optimized and energy-optimized multithreaded WSN operating system (OS) LiveOS is designed and implemented. Memory cost of LiveOS is optimized by using the stack-shifting hybrid scheduling approach. Different from the traditional multithreaded OS in which thread stacks are allocated statically by the pre-reservation, thread stacks in LiveOS are allocated dynamically by using the stack-shifting technique. As a result, memory waste problems caused by the static pre-reservation can be avoided. In addition to the stack-shifting dynamic allocation approach, the hybrid scheduling mechanism which can decrease both the thread scheduling overhead and the thread stack number is also implemented in LiveOS. With these mechanisms, the stack memory cost of LiveOS can be reduced more than 50% if compared to that of a traditional multithreaded OS. Not is memory cost optimized, but also the energy cost is optimized in LiveOS, and this is achieved by using the multi-core "context aware" and multi-core "power-off/wakeup" energy conservation approaches. By using these approaches, energy cost of LiveOS can be reduced more than 30% when compared to the single-core WSN system. Memory and energy optimization strategies in LiveOS not only prolong the lifetime of WSN nodes, but also make the multithreaded OS feasible to run on the memory-constrained WSN nodes.
    Sensors 01/2014; 15(1):22-48. DOI:10.3390/s150100022 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of diabetic self-management with the risk of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cross-sectional study. Recruited patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Desheng community of urban Beijing between November 2009 and May 2011. All patients were surveyed using a standardized questionnaire and underwent detailed ophthalmic examination. Patients were classified into DR group or diabetic without retinopathy (DWR) group according to the grading of fundus color photographs using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) standard grading protocol. In the DR group, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) was further defined. The overall levels of diabetes self-management in the study population were assessed and compared for the differences between DR and DWR, PDR and NPDR groups. One thousand one hundred patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited. The prevalence of DR was 32.1% (353/1100) in the study population. Sixty-three percent (652/1035) of patients had glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level less than 7.0%. The majority of patients (85.4%, 916/1072) conducted a diet control, 77.3% (827/1070) exercised, 56.0% (609/1088) monitored blood glucose regularly, 56.8% (416/733) detected HbA1c more than once every six months, 71.7% (762/1062) had ophthalmologic examination after the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, and 47.9% (525/1097) had mydriatic check-up. Increased risk of DR was associated with longer duration of diabetes (more than 10 years) (OR = 3.90, 95% CI:2.97-5.51, P < 0.05), higher HbA1c level of ≥ 7.0% (OR = 3.23, 95% CI:2.44-4.28, P < 0.05), insulin therapy (OR = 4.82, 95% CI:3.55-6.57, P < 0.05), male gender (OR = 1.41, 95% CI:1.08-1.84, P < 0.05), lower level of education (OR = 1.90, 95% CI:1.39-2.62, P < 0.05), lower monthly income (OR = 1.46, 95% CI:1.12-1.91, P < 0.05), lower obedience to diet control (OR = 1.72, 95% CI:1.22-2.43, P < 0.05), no exercise (OR = 1.42, 95% CI:1.04-1.94, P < 0.05), change of therapeutic protocol during the last five years (OR = 1.78, 95% CI:1.32-2.41, P < 0.05), and family history of diabetes (OR = 1.35, 95% CI:1.01-1.78, P < 0.05). Increased risk of PDR was associated with the diagnosis age of diabetes (OR = 0.92, 95% CI:0.89-0.95, P < 0.05), longer duration of diabetes (more than 10 years) (OR = 4.54, 95% CI:1.95-12.32, P < 0.05), and insulin therapy (OR = 4.85, 95% CI:2.34-10.90, P < 0.05). In the multifactor logistic regression model, male gender (OR = 2.21, 95% CI:1.57-3.11, P < 0.05), lower level of education (OR = 1.98, 95% CI:1.33-2.94, P < 0.05), lower monthly income (OR = 1.66, 95% CI:1.15-2.39, P < 0.05) ,longer duration of diabetes (more than 10 years) (OR = 2.46, 95% CI:1.77-3.41, P < 0.05) ,HbA1c ≥ 7.0% (OR = 2.24, 95% CI:1.64-3.07, P < 0.05) and insulin therapy (OR = 3.38, 95% CI:2.38-4.8, P < 0.05) were associated with higher risk of DR. The diagnosis age of diabetes (OR = 0.94, 95% CI:0.91-0.98, P < 0.05) and insulin therapy (OR = 3.49, 95% CI:1.47-8.27, P < 0.05) were associated with PDR. Higher risk of DR is associated with longer duration of diabetes,insulin therapy, higher HbA1c level, male gender, and lower level of education, whereas higher risk of DR is also associated with lower obedience to diet control and less exercise, which suggest that lower level of diabetic self-management increased the risk of DR.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 06/2013; 49(6):500-506.
  • Na Li · Xiu-Fen Yang · Hong Gu · Yu Deng · Jun Xu · Kai Ma · Ning-Pu Liu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene locus rs1799752 insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Case-control study. Type 2 diabetes patients were recruited and assigned into DR group, which included proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) group or diabetes without retinopathy (DWR) group. Volunteers without diabetes from the same community were recruited as the control group. PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis methods were adopted to determine the rs1799752 I/D polymorphism genotypes of the ACE gene. The frequency of genotypes and alleles was compared among the various groups. Four hundred and twelve diabetes patients: (207 subjects of DR, including 53 subjects of PDR and 205 subjects of DWR) and 97 non-diabetic control subjects were included in the study. The frequencies of the I and D alleles of ACE rs1799752 polymorphism were 54.1% and 45.9%, respectively, in the DR group, 52.8% and 47.2% in the PDR group, and 48.0% and 52.0% in the DWR group. There were no statistical differences between DR and DWR groups (χ(2) = 3.02, P > 0.05) or between PDR and DWR groups (χ(2) = 0.77, P > 0.05). Moreover, there were no statistical differences in the distribution of the ACE genotypes between DR group (II 25.1%, ID 58.0%, DD 16.9%) and DWR group (II 22.0%, ID 52.2%, DD 25.9%) (χ(2) = 4.92, P > 0.05) or between PDR group (II 20.7%, ID 64.2%, DD 15.1%) and DWR group (χ(2) = 3.19, P > 0.05). No statistical differences were found in the frequencies of the I and D alleles, and the distributions of I/D genotypes between diabetic group and the control group (χ(2) = 0.25, 4.98; P > 0.05). In the multiple regressions model including clinical factors such as the age of onset of diabetes, urinary albumin, insulin usage, creatinine, glycated hemoglobin, fast glucose, and the use of ACE inhibitor, no association was found between ACE gene polymorphism and DR (OR = 0.80, 95%CI: 0.59 - 1.09) or PDR (OR = 1.23, 95%CI: 0.78 - 1.93). There is no association between ACE rs1799752 gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and DR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 01/2013; 49(1):52-7.
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    ABSTRACT: : To investigate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the pi isoform of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP1) gene and the risk of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a Chinese case-control cohort. : A total of 131 Chinese patients with exudative AMD and 138 control individuals were recruited. Genomic DNA was extracted from venous blood leukocytes. Two common nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms in GSTP1 (rs1695 and rs1138272) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction followed by allele-specific restriction enzyme digestion and direct sequencing. : Significant association with exudative AMD was detected for single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs1695 (P = 0.019). The risk G allele frequencies were 21.8% in AMD patients and 12.7% in control subjects (P = 0.007). Compared with the wild-type AA genotype, odds ratio for the risk of AMD was 1.91 (95% confidence interval, 1.09-3.35) for the heterozygous AG genotype and 2.52 (95% confidence interval, 0.6-10.61) for the homozygous GG genotype. In contrast, rs1138272 was not associated with exudative AMD (P = 1.00). The risk G allele frequencies of rs1138272 were 0.4% in AMD patients and 0.4% in control subjects (P = 1.00). : Our data suggest that the GSTP1 variant rs1695 moderately increases the risk of exudative AMD. The variant rs1138272 was rare and was not associated with exudative AMD in this Chinese cohort.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 04/2012; 32(9):1967-72. DOI:10.1097/IAE.0b013e31824dae04 · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macular pigment may protect against age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by its capacity to absorb blue light and scavenge free radicals. Current information on human macular pigment density has been largely from studies on Caucasian populations. The purpose of this study was to assess macular pigment density and its determinant factors in a Chinese population sample. Macular pigment optical density (MPOD) was measured in a healthy Chinese population using heterochromatic flicker photometry (HFP). Participants received a standard ophthalmic examination, and only subjects who were confirmed not to have any eye diseases except mild age-related cataract were included in the study. Demographic and lifestyle data and general health status were recorded by questionnaire. A total of 281 unrelated healthy Chinese individuals, including 96 males and 185 females, with ages ranging from 17 to 85 years, participated in the study. The mean and standard deviation of MPOD levels were 0.56 ± 0.19, 0.49 ± 0.18, 0.36 ± 0.15, and 0.19 ± 0.12, respectively, at 0.25°, 0.5°, 1.0°, and 1.75° eccentricity points. A significant age-related decline in MPOD was observed at 0.25° (P = 0.014). Females tended to have relatively lower levels of MPOD than males at 0.25° (P = 0.21), 0.5° (P = 0.025), and 1.0° (P = 0.16). No statistically significant association of MPOD was observed with body mass index or smoking status. Macular pigment density measured by HFP tended to decline with aging in this healthy Chinese population sample. Females may have lower levels of MPOD than males.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 03/2012; 53(4):2106-11. DOI:10.1167/iovs.11-8518 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the interaction of susceptibility genes in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a Chinese case-control cohort. It was a case-control study. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previousely genotyped in cases with exudative AMD and control indivisuals, including complement factor H (CFH) non-coding variant rs1410996, CFH rs1061170 (Y402H), LOC387715 rs10490924, C3 rs2230199 (R102G), C3 rs1047286 (P314L), and HTRA1 rs11200638, were selected for analyzing the interactions among susceptibility genes. The numerical data were examined by Student t test. The genotype distributions between cases and controls were compared using the Chi2 test. Genetic interactions were examined using logistic regression model and synergy index (SI) value based on crossover analysis table. A total of 150 cases with exudative AMD (88 male, 62 female) and 161 control individuals (84 male, 77 female) were included in this study. There was no significant difference in age (t = 0.91, P = 0.37) or gender (Chi2 = 1.32, P = 0.25) between the AMD cases and the controls. SNPs associated with the risk of exudative AMD included CFH non-coding variant rs1410996 (Chi2 = 17.83, P < 0.05), LOC387715 rs10490924 (Chi2 = 17.71, P < 0.05) and HTRA1 rs11200138 (Chi2 = 2.77, P < 0.05). No interaction was observed between CFH rs1410996 and LOC387715 rs10490924 (logistic regression, P = 0.41; SI = 1.04, P = 0.45) or between CFH rs1410996 and HTRA1 rs 11200138 (logistic regression, P = 0.91; SI = 1.42, P = 0.17). The data suggest that LOC387715 rs10490924 / HTRA1 rs11200138 and CFH rs1410996 are independently associated with the risk of exudative AMD in Chinese.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 03/2012; 48(3):241-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The collection of buccal cells with swabs provides a noninvasive method for obtaining genomic DNA for genetic screening. We aimed to study the feasibility of using buccal swabs for genetic screening in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Blood and buccal swabs were collected for genetic analysis from 65 patients with exudative AMD. Genomic DNA was isolated from either blood or buccal swabs. The yield of genomic DNA from both sources was determined by spectrophotometer. Genotyping for CFH, LOC387715, and HTRA1 Polymorphisms was performed using a method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by restriction enzyme digestion. Results using genomic DNA from blood or buccal swabs were compared. Three swabs were obtained from each patient, 2 from each side of buccal mucosa, and 1 from both upper and inferior gingival mucosa. From swabs with genomic DNA extracted within a week after sample collection, an average of (3.17 ± 1.46) µg genomic DNA was obtained from swab collected from the left or right side buccal mucosa, and (3.94 ± 1.04) µg from swab collected from the upper and inferior gingival mucosa, with relatively higher yield of genomic DNA from the upper and inferior gingival mucosa (t = 6.79, P < 0.05). From swabs of the left or right side buccal mucosa after being stored at -20°C for 12 months, an average of (3.10 ± 1.17) µg genomic DNA was obtained, which showed no statistically significant difference as compared to the yield of genomic DNA extracted from newly collected swabs (t = 0.59, P > 0.05). In all 65 patients, genomic DNA isolated from either buccal swabs or blood samples showed exactly the same results regarding the genotypes of CFH, LOC387715, and HTRA1 Polymorphisms. Buccal swab is a simple, noninvasive, and reliable source for obtaining genomic DNA. Swabs stored for 12 months at -20°C provide similar amount of genomic DNA as the freshly collected swabs.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 02/2012; 48(2):114-8.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we give classification for various traffics in Internet of Things according to such features as packet length and importance, and propose priority-based scheduling strategy for efficient packet transmission. Detailed theoretical analysis based on one-server queuing theory is provided to show the superiority of short-packet-first non-preemptive strategy over other strategies. And by simulation experiments in NS2, we verify the effectiveness of our method in term of such performance metrics as end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio and processing overhead.
  • Wenxiang Li · Qingguo Xiong · Jun Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Deploying SIP services in wireless mesh networks is valuable for communication scenarios without infrastructure. In traditional method of SIP service provision, severs work individually without cooperation, and there exist such problems as low availability of resources and high cost of information update. In our multi-servers cooperation scheme for providing SIP services in wireless mesh networks, all servers are placed in an overlay. The overlay is built on Chord algorithm with 2 modifications; one is recording the information of all nodes in route table, the other is replicas-distribution by equal-distance hashing method. Theoretical analysis and comparison on performance were made among the scheme without cooperation, Chord-based cooperation scheme, and our scheme. And our scheme is proved to be superior in such metrics as query-delay and maintenance cost, and is especially applicable for networks with fixed number of servers and a lot of dynamic SIP users. Simulation results verified that our scheme can guarantee higher query-hit-ratio and forwarding speed, and decrease the overhead of network traffic.
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the disease-causing mutation in a family of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Clinical data and family information were collected. Peripheral venous blood was drawn from patients and family members who agreed to donate the blood samples. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood leukocytes. Three primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, G3460A, G11778A, and T14484C were screened using a method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by direct sequencing. This 3-generation family had 14 members. Seven family members were affected, including 5 female patients and 2 male patients. Pedigree analysis showed maternal inheritance. Mutation analysis in 4 affected and 3 unaffected family members showed G11778A mutation in all 4 affected and 2 of the 3 unaffected individuals. G11778A mutation in mtDNA is the disease-causing mutation in this family of LHON. For the mutation carriers, early intervention may prevent or delay the onset of the disease.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 12/2011; 47(12):1080-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene are associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a cohort of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 268 patients with T2DM (129 with DR and 139 without DR) were recruited and enrolled in the study. Patients with T2DM were assigned to a DR group or a diabetic-without-retinopathy group, based on the duration of diabetes and grading of fundus images. Genotypes of eight SNPs in the VEGF gene (rs699947, rs833061, rs13207351, rs2010963, rs833069, rs2146323, rs3025021, and rs3025039) were analyzed using a mass-array genotyping system, and an association study was performed. After adjusting for covariates, a significant association of DR was observed with the homozygous genotype of the minor allele for promoter SNPs rs699947 (odds ratio (OR)=3.54, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-11.19), rs833061 (OR=3.72, 95% CI: 1.17-11.85) and rs13207351 (OR=3.76, 95% CI: 1.21-11.71). A significant association of DR was also observed with haplotype ACA, as defined by minor alleles of promoter SNPs rs699947, rs833061, and rs13207351 (OR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.03-2.24), and haplotype GAA, as defined by SNPs rs2010963, rs833069, and rs2146323 (OR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.08-2.41). Our data suggest that polymorphisms in the promoter region of the VEGF gene increase the risk of DR in Chinese patients with T2DM.
    Molecular vision 11/2011; 17:3088-96. · 2.25 Impact Factor
  • Xiu-fen Yang · Jun Xu · Kai Ma
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 09/2011; 26(3):194-6. DOI:10.1016/S1001-9294(11)60048-5
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    ABSTRACT: We identified a large Chinese family with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical findings of the family and to identify the genetic mutation by screening the retinoschisis 1 (RS1) gene. Family history was collected and all family members underwent routine ophthalmic examination. Venous blood was collected from family members and genomic DNA was extracted. The exons of RS1 were screened by PCR followed by direct sequencing and/or restriction enzyme digestion. The pedigree of interest was a four-generation family with 52 family members, including seven affected individuals. The proband was a 5-year-old boy showing highly elevated bullous retinoschisis with moderate vitreous hemorrhage in both eyes. Vitrectomy was performed in the left eye of the proband. Five affected males showed large peripheral retinoschisis in both eyes, either involving the macula or combined with foveal stellate cystic change. One of the affected family members showed only a foveal stellate cystic change in both eyes without periphery retinoschisis. Visual acuity of affected individuals ranged from hand motion to 0.4. The R213W mutation in exon 6 of RS1 was identified in all affected individuals, predicting an amino acid substitution of arginine to tryptophan at codon 213. Our data show that the R213W mutation in RS1 causes various severities of retinoschisis in a large Chinese family, providing further evidence for X-linked juvenile retinoschisis phenotypic variability.
    Molecular vision 08/2010; 16:1593-600. · 2.25 Impact Factor
  • Hao Jiang · Yang Yang · Jun Xu · Lin Wang
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    ABSTRACT: Node motion and complex radio environment make packet loss estimation in VANET difficult. However, packet loss estimation impacts routing protocol and transmission control algorithm of VANET, so it is an important issue. In this chapter, we measured packet error of VANET in real urban road, and analyzed the characteristics of packet error in VANET, described packet error by a packet-level Makov (PLM) model and used GMM (Gaussian Mixture Model) to present probability density of packet error, and then proposed two methods to estimate packet error, one is based on PLM model, and another is RPEE (real-time packet error estimation) which adopts GMM of probability density of packet error in VANET.
    04/2010: pages 329-359;

Publication Stats

64 Citations
20.03 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Wuhan University
      • School of Electronic Information
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2008–2014
    • Capital Medical University
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Peping, Beijing, China