Zhi-Hong Liu

Beijing Fuwai Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (47)72.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity (sST2) has been proposed to be a marker for biomechanical strain and a possible predictor of mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. The use of sST2 in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has not been well defined.
    Clinical Cardiology 06/2014; 37(6):365-70. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH).
    Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We observed the pulmonary function and exercise capacity of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) patients using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). We evaluated and compared the two groups. Pulmonary abnormalities and decreased exercise capacity are common in IDCM and IPAH. Little is known about the differences in these two syndromes. Sixty-three patients were involved the study, 23 with IDCM and 40 with IPAH. All patients underwent pulmonary function testing at rest and CPX. Patients with IPAH had a higher peak respiratory frequency (32.40 ± 7.88 vs 29.60 ± 6.50 b/min), peak dead space volume/tidal volume (29.33 ± 4.55 vs 26.30 ± 3.31%), peak end-tidal partial pressure of O2 (125.18 ± 5.88 vs 115.17 ± 6.06 mm Hg), peak minute ventilation/CO2 production (50.14 ± 13.26 vs 33.50 ± 6.80 L/min/L/min), and a lower peak oxygen uptake (1262.70 ± 333.34 vs 742.76 ± 194.72 ml/min), peak minute ventilation (38.20 ± 13.07 vs 45.33 ± 12.31 L), peak oxygen uptake/heart rate (5.11 ± 1.47 vs 9.43 ± 2.79 ml/b) and peak end-tidal partial pressure of CO2 (23.73 ± 5.39 vs 35.30 ± 5.45 mm Hg) during exercise. Compared to IDCM, patients with IPAH had worse pulmonary function and exercise capacity resulting from severe ventilation/perfusion mismatching and gas exchange abnormalities.
    Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 05/2014; · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vascular remodelling and inflammation have been implicated in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). YKL-40, a marker of tissue remodelling and inflammation, has recently been recognized as a risk predictor of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. The study aimed to investigate a potential role of YKL-40 in predicting prognosis in idiopathic PAH (IPAH). Plasma YKL-40 levels were measured in 82 IPAH patients without current or previous PAH-specific treatment during right heart catheterization and in 54 healthy volunteers. Concurrent data included clinical, haemodynamic and biochemical variables. Plasma YKL-40 levels were increased in IPAH patients compared with control subjects (median, interquartile range: IPAH: 24.90, 17.68-39.78 ng/mL; controls: 16.58, 14.20-19.64 ng/mL; P < 0.001). YKL-40 levels correlated with cardiac index (r = -0.244, P = 0.027) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, r = 0.263, P = 0.017). After a median follow-up of 578 days, YKL-40 outperformed NT-proBNP, uric acid, and 6-min walk distance in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in predicting both clinical worsening (area under the curve (AUC) 0.681) and death (AUC 0.717). Compared with patients with YKL-40 below the ROC-derived cut-off point (24.5 ng/mL), the high YKL-40 group showed higher pulmonary vascular resistance and serum uric acid levels, and showed more clinical worsening events and deaths in Kaplan-Meier analyses. Plasma YKL-40 was independently associated with clinical worsening in univariate and multivariate Cox analyses (all P < 0.05). Plasma YKL-40 might serve as a promising indicator of disease severity and prognosis in patients with IPAH.
    Respirology 04/2014; · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) can have elevated F-FDG uptake in the right ventricle (RV) on PET imaging. This study was designed to assess possible relationship between FDG uptake of ventricles and the function/hemodynamics of the RV in patients with PH. Thirty-eight patients with PH underwent FDG PET imaging in both fasting and glucose-loading conditions. The standard uptake value (SUVs) corrected for partial volume effect in both RV and left ventricle (LV) were measured. The ratio of FDG uptake between RV to LV (SUVR/L) was calculated. Right heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were performed in all patients within 1 week. The FDG uptake levels by the ventricles were compared with the result form the right heart catheterization and CMR. The SUV of RV (SUVR) and SUV of LV were significantly higher in glucose-loading condition than in fasting condition. In both fasting and glucose-loading conditions, SUVR and SUVR/L showed reverse correlation with right ventricular ejection fraction derived from CMR. In addition, in both fasting and glucose-loading conditions, SUVR and SUVR/L showed positive correlations with pulmonary vascular resistance. However, only SUVR/L in glucose-loading condition could independently predict right ventricular ejection fraction after adjusted for age, body mass index, sex, mean right atrial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and pulmonary vascular resistance (P = 0.048). The FDG uptake of RV increases with decreased right ventricular function in patients with PH. Increased FDG uptake ratio between RV and LV might be useful to assess the right ventricular function.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 03/2014; · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Exercise impairment is common in chronic left heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Exercise impairment degree is a strong predictor of clinical outcome. Our purpose was to evaluate differences in exercise capacity using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) in patients with chronic left and right heart failure, and determine which factors were related to exercise impairment. Methods 102 patients with class II/III New York Heart Association were involved in the study (41 with chronic left heart failure, 61 with chronic right heart failure secondary to PAH). All patients underwent CPX to evaluate exercise capacity. Results Patients with right heart failure had significantly lower peak oxygen uptake (VO2), peak VO2/kg ratio, peak oxygen uptake/heart rate (VO2/HR) ratio and increases in oxygen uptake/increase in work rate (△VO2/△WR) slope, and had higher minute ventilation/CO2 production ratio and peak dead space volume/tidal volume during exercise. In patients with left heart failure, peak VO2/HR ratio was positively correlated with △VO2/△WR slope. However, VO2 and VO2/HR ratio were positively correlated with △VO2/△WR slope in patients with right heart failure. Conclusions Compared with left heart failure, patients with right heart failure showed worse exercise capacity resulting from worse pulmonary and cardiovascular adaptation to exercise.
    Heart Lung &amp Circulation 01/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Pulmonary abnormalities are found in both chronic heart failure (CHF) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The differences of pulmonary function in chronic left heart failure and chronic right heart failure are not fully understood. Material and Methods We evaluated 120 patients with stable CHF (60 with chronic left heart failure and 60 with chronic right heart failure). All patients had pulmonary function testing, including pulmonary function testing at rest and incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). Results Patients with right heart failure had a significantly lower end-tidal partial pressure of CO2 (PetCO2), higher end-tidal partial pressure of O2 (PetO2) and minute ventilation/CO2 production (VE/VCO2) at rest. Patients with right heart failure had a lower peak PetCO2, and a higher peak dead space volume/tidal volume (VD/VT) ratio, peak PetO2, peak VE/VCO2, and VE/VCO2 slope during exercise. Patients with right heart failure had more changes in ∆PetCO2 and ∆VE/VCO2, from rest to exercise. Conclusions Patients with right heart failure had worse pulmonary function at rest and exercise, which was due to severe ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) mismatching, severe ventilation inefficiency, and gas exchange abnormality.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:960-966. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives We observed the pulmonary function and exercise capacity of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) patients using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). We evaluated and compared the two groups. Background Pulmonary abnormalities and decreased exercise capacity are common in IDCM and IPAH. Little is known about the differences in these two syndromes. Methods Sixty-three patients were involved the study, 23 with IDCM and 40 with IPAH. All patients underwent pulmonary function testing at rest and CPX. Results Patients with IPAH had a higher peak respiratory frequency (32.40 ± 7.88 vs 29.60 ± 6.50 b/min), peak dead space volume/tidal volume (29.33 ± 4.55 vs 26.30 ± 3.31%), peak end-tidal partial pressure of O2 (125.18 ± 5.88 vs 115.17 ± 6.06 mm Hg), peak minute ventilation/CO2 production (50.14 ± 13.26 vs 33.50 ± 6.80 L/min/L/min), and a lower peak oxygen uptake (1262.70 ± 333.34 vs 742.76 ± 194.72 ml/min), peak minute ventilation (38.20 ± 13.07 vs 45.33 ± 12.31 L), peak oxygen uptake/heart rate (5.11 ± 1.47 vs 9.43 ± 2.79 ml/b) and peak end-tidal partial pressure of CO2 (23.73 ± 5.39 vs 35.30 ± 5.45 mm Hg) during exercise. Conclusions Compared to IDCM, patients with IPAH had worse pulmonary function and exercise capacity resulting from severe ventilation/perfusion mismatching and gas exchange abnormalities.
    Heart and Lung The Journal of Acute and Critical Care 01/2014; · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods Plasma levels of biomarkers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 61 patients with IPAH and 20 healthy volunteers. Results Plasma CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 concentrations were increased significantly in IPAH patients compared with controls, and significantly correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion and right ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions Increased levels of CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 are associated with right ventricular dysfunction in patients with IPAH.
    Heart and Lung The Journal of Acute and Critical Care 01/2014; · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Previous studies identified an independent relationship between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension of mixed etiologies and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the significance of RDW for predicting survival in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records and collected baseline data for patients newly diagnosed with ES in our hospital between January 2005 and October 2009. Follow-up data were collected periodically using a specifically designed network database until December 31, 2012. The end point was all-cause death. Results: A total of 109 patients with ES were included in the study. Twenty-one patients (19.3%) died during a median follow-up period of 4.2 years (interquartile range 3.7-5.0 years). Baseline RDW was significantly correlated with mixed venous oxygen saturation (r=-0.286, p=0.003), arterial oxygen saturation (r=-0.423, p<0.001), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (r=0.271, p=0.004) and total pulmonary resistance (r=0.465, p<0.001). The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates for all 109 patients were 94%, 87% and 78%, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with RDW ≥13.9% had a lower survival rate than patients with RDW <13.9% (p=0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that RDW was an independent prognostic marker in ES, with a hazard ratio of 1.162 (95% CI 1.036-1.302; p=0.010). Conclusions: Baseline RDW correlates with hemodynamics and is an independent prognostic marker in ES.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 12/2013; · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • Dan Yang, Zhi-Hong Liu, Qing Zhao, Qin Luo
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a common risk factor for several diseases. Obesity related hormone and increased insulin resistance (IR) may contribute to the effects of obstructive sleep apnoea on cardiovascular consequences. We investigated ghrelin and IR in non-diabetic apnoeic patients with stable coronary heart disease and assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Plasma ghrelin, glucose and insulin were measured in 22 patients with CPAP and 22 matched controls without CPAP at baseline and three months. Indexes including homeostasis model assessment IR (HOMA IR), HOMA S and HOMA β were calculated for the assessment of IR, insulin sensitivity and pancreatic β cell function. At three months follow-up, plasma ghrelin levels and HOMA IR in CPAP group were significantly decreased (P=0.002 and 0.046, respectively) while those in control group increased significantly (P=0.012 and 0.009, respectively). Significant moderate correlations were found between ghrelin vs. HOMA IR and ghrelin vs. HOMA S after CPAP, however, for those without CPAP, no significant associations were observed. Short-term effective continuous positive airway pressure had a significant effect on lowering plasma ghrelin levels and IR, but not body fat. Further large scale and longer term studies are warranted to corroborate these findings.
    Chinese medical journal 09/2013; 126(17):3316-20. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Chinese medical journal 08/2013; 126(15):2990-1. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the application value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). A total of 116 consecutive patients admitted into the Cardiology Department of Fuwai Hospital.They were divided into 3 groups of CTEPH (n = 44), CPE (without pulmonary hypertension in chronic pulmonary embolism) (n = 24) and control (without pulmonary embolism or pulmonary hypertension) (n = 48) respectively. Their levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured. Incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed to compare its differential results among 3 groups and evaluate the correlation between NT-proBNP and its parameters. The body mass index (BMI) in the CTEPH group was lower than those in the CPE and control groups ((23.8 ± 3.9) vs (26.1 ± 3.6) and (26.7 ± 3.2) kg/m(2) ), both P < 0.05); the medical history in the CTEPH group was longer than those in the CPE and control groups ((58 ± 48) vs (12 ± 10) and (29 ± 25) months, both P < 0.05). The plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP in the CTEPH group were higher than those in the CPE and control groups ((1678 ± 1255) vs (577 ± 167) and (608 ± 247) pmol/L, both P < 0.05). All of them completed the test and there were no severe complications such as syncope or exacerbation of disease. Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), percentage of predicted maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 %), oxygen consumption in relation to body weight (VO2/kg), anaerobic threshold and O2 pulse in the CTEPH group were significantly lower than those in the CPE and control groups (P < 0.05). The ratios of dead space volume (VD) to tidal volume (VT) in the CTEPH and CPE groups were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP were inversely correlated with right ventricular internal diameter (r = -0.690, P = 0.000) and VO2/kg (r = -0.496, P = 0.000). The right ventricular internal diameter (β = 0.583, P = 0.000) and VO2/kg (β = 0.233, P = 0.032) were strong independent determinants of NT-proBNP. As a reliable pathophysiological indictor of CTEPH, cardiopulmonary exercise testing may be used objectively and safely to evaluate the cardiopulmonary function of CTEPH patients.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2013; 93(22):1687-1690.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the role of peak oxygen consumption in assessment of heart function of patients with pulmonary hypertension. From September 2010 to April 2012, 101 patients [29 male, mean age: (32.6 ± 11.4 )years] with pulmonary hypertension diagnosis by right heart catheterization were enrolled. Correlations among peak oxygen consumption, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, NT-proBNP, 6 minute walking distance (6MWD) and cardiac index are analyzed. There were 44 cases with NYHA class II (43.6%), 49 cases with NYHA class III (48.5%), mean 6MWD was (421 ± 91 )m, NT-proBNP was (1262 ± 816) ng/L, pulmonary vascular resistance was (1031 ± 582) dyn·s(-1)·cm(-5), CI was (3.5 ± 2.3) L·min(-1)·m(-2), peak oxygen consumption was( 13.8 ± 4.1)ml·min(-1)·kg(-1). 6MWD, pulmonary vascular resistance and peak oxygen consumption were related to CI (r = 0.299, -0.541, 0.341, respectively, all P < 0.05), but NYHA class and NT-proBNP were not correlated to CI. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that peak oxygen consumption (B = 0.135, P = 0.004) but not 6MWD was correlated with CI after adjusting age, sex and pulmonary vascular resistance. ROC analysis found that the sensitivity and specificity using peak oxygen consumption <15.2 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1) as a cut-off value was 92.6% and 57.5%, respectively, for diagnosing severe heart dysfunction. The correlation between peak oxygen consumption and CI is better than that of NYHA class, 6MWD, and NT-proBNP with CI. Peak oxygen consumption less than 15.2 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1) could be used to detect reduced CI in patients with pulmonary hypertension.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 06/2013; 41(6):497-500.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the exercise characteristics of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). From November 2010 to September 2012 , 76 consecutive IPAH patients and 24 healthy controls from Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital were enrolled to undergo cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The exercise parameters were compared. Correlations among peak oxygen consumption, anaerobic threshold, peak oxygen pulse, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), 6-minute walking distance (6 MWD) and cardiac index are analyzed in IPAH. There were 21 males and 55 females in IPAH and 8 males and 16 females in controls. Their mean ages were (31.5 ± 10.6) and (35.5 ± 6.4) years respectively. Significant differences (P = 0.000) existed between two groups in peak oxygen consumption ((12.7 ± 3.3) vs (25.6 ± 5.8) ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)), anaerobic threshold ((9.8 ± 2.5) vs (16.7 ± 3.9) ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)), peak oxygen pulse ((5.3 ± 1.6) vs (9.9 ± 2.5) ml/bpm) and ventilator efficiency (slope of minute ventilation in relation to CO2 produced) ((42.6 ± 2.0) vs (25.5 ± 3.5)). In IPAH, peak oxygen consumption was significantly correlated with NYHA class (r = -0.509, P = 0.000), 6 MWD (r = 0.443, P = 0.002) and NT-proBNP levels (r = -0.423, P = 0.011). And anaerobic threshold was significantly correlated with NYHA class (r = -0.362, P = 0.002), 6MWD (r = 0.343, P = 0.004) and NT-proBNP levels (r = -0.275, P = 0.017). Peak oxygen pulse and ventilator efficiency were both correlated well with total pulmonary vascular resistance. Partial correlation analysis demonstrated that there were significant correlations among peak oxygen consumption, anaerobic threshold, NYHA class, NT-proBNP levels and 6MWD after adjusting for age, gender and weight. Peak oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold decrease ventilator efficiency in IPAH patients. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is an invasive tool of assessing safely the function of IPAH patients.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2013; 93(22):1683-1686.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinical features and hemodynamics of adult patients with Eisenmenger syndrome in different types of congenital heart diseases (CHD). Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome with different types of CHD diagnosed by right heart catheterization were enrolled from 31 clinical centers in China during the period from May 2007 to October 2010. Age, gender, body mass index (BMI), symptoms and signs, World Health Organization functional class (WHO-FC) of pulmonary hypertension, six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and hemodynamics were recorded. All the above indices were analyzed and compared. A total of 224 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome with 3 kinds of CHD were enrolled, including atrial septal defect (n = 67), ventricular septal defect (n = 104) and patent ductus arteriosus (n = 53). Among them, there were 67 males (29.9%) and 157 females (70.1%) with a mean age of (29.6 ± 9.9) years (range: 15-63). Mean BMI was (19.9 ± 4.0) kg/m(2) and mean 6MWD (371 ± 75) m. The majority of patients were in WHO-FC II (n = 158, 70.5%) and III (n = 64, 28.6%). Electrocardiogram of 77.2% of them indicated hypertrophic right ventricle. Mean right atrial pressure was (8.9 ± 5.7) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) (77.2 ± 19.1) mm Hg, cardiac index (3.03 ± 1.35) L·min(-1) · m(-2) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) (1621 ± 887) dyn · s · cm(-5). The majority of patients with Eisenmenger syndrome with different types of CHD are young females and ventricular septal defect is the most frequent underlying cause. The deterioration of heart function in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome is non-parallel to mPAP and PVR in CHD.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2013; 93(20):1546-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The favorable effects of short-term use of sildenafil on patients with Eisenmenger syndrome have been reported. We further studied the impact of long-term use of sildenafil on survival of these patients. In this study, the baseline data of patients newly diagnosed as Eisenmenger syndrome in our hospital between January 2005 and December 2009 were retrospectively collected. Patients were followed-up either by telephone contacts or during visits in our out-patient clinic. A total of 121 patients (68 patients in conventional group and 53 patients in sildenafil group) were finally included and 29 patients were re-evaluated after sildenafil therapy for 3-4 months. Compared with the baseline, a 6-minute walk distance, functional classes, plasma hemoglobin level, and hemodynamics were significantly improved after sildenafil treatment. During a median follow-up period of 35.8 months, 15 patients died (11 patients in conventional group). The 1- and 3-year survival rates in sildenafil group were 97.0% and 95.2%, significantly higher than 90.6% and 82.9% in conventional group P = .025). Multivariate analysis showed that sildenafil therapy, functional class and mean pulmonary arterial pressure were independently associated with survival. Therefore, long-term sildenafil therapy improved survival in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome.
    The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 03/2013; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Echocardiography is the most convenient method used to evaluate right ventricular function, and several echocardiographic parameters were studied in previous studies. But the value of these parameters to assess the right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has not been well defined. Patients with PAH were observed prospectively. Right heart catheterization, echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were performed within 1 week interval. The correlations between echocardiographic parameters and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) derived from CMR as well as hemodynamics were analyzed. Thirty patients were enrolled including 24 with idiopathic PAH, 5 with PAH associated with connective tissue diseases and 1 with hereditary PAH. All echocardiographic parameters except right ventricular myocardial performance index (RVMPI) correlated significantly with RVEF (tricuspid annual plane systolic excursion [TAPSE], r = 0.440, P = 0.015; tricuspid annular systolic excursion velocity [S'], r = 0.444, P = 0.016; isovolumic acceleration [IVA], r = 0.600, P = 0.001; right ventricular fraction area change [RVFAC], r = 0.416, P = 0.022; ratio of right ventricular transverse diameter to left ventricular transverse diameter [RVETD/LVETD], r = -0.649, P<0.001; RVMPI, r = -0.027, P = 0.888). After adjusted for mean right atrial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), only IVA and RVETD/LVETD could independently predict RVEF. Four echocardiographic parameters displayed significant correlations with PVR (TAPSE, r = -0.615, P<0.001; S', r = -0.557, P = 0.002; RVFAC, r = -0.454, P = 0.012; RVETD/LVETD, r = 0.543, P = 0.002). The echocardiographic parameters IVA and RVETD/LVETD can reflect RVEF independently regardless of hemodynamics in patients with PAH. In addition, TAPSE, S', RVFAC and RVETD/LVETD can also reflect PVR in PAH patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71276. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between serum uric acid levels and patient conditions and prognosis in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). METHODS: A total of 76 IPAH patients confirmed by right heart catheterization were enrolled consecutively and followed up until the endpoint of all-cause death. Their baseline data were recorded and analyzed by Spearman's rank test and independent t-test. And the follow-up outcomes were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier plots. RESULTS: There were 27 males and 49 females with a mean age of 29.7 ± 9.7 years. They were classified into World Health Organization functional class (WHO-FC)II (n = 28), class III (n = 45) and class IV (n = 3). Their baseline mean pulmonary artery pressure was (65 ± 16) mm Hg, pulmonary vascular resistance (1677 ± 669) dyn×s(-1)×cm(-5), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (9.6 ± 5.0) mm Hg, mean right atrial pressure (9.8 ± 6.1) mm Hg, cardiac index (2.07 ± 0.57) L ×min(-1)× m(-2) and serum uric acid (391 ± 103) µmol/L. The correlation analysis indicated that the serum level of uric acid correlated positively with right ventricular diameter (r = 0.28, P = 0.018) and negatively with CI (r = -0.34, P = 0.003). Independent t-test results indicated that the patients with a higher level of uric acid were apt to have a worse WHO-FC, and the higher level uric acid group (serum uric acid > 416.5 µmol/L) had a relative higher level of WHO-FC, NT-proBNP and endothelin-1. A lower level of CI denoted more severe conditions and prognosis. Survival analysis indicated that the serum level of uric acid could strongly predict survival in IPAH patients with over time and those with a high level of uric acid had a worse prognosis. CONCLUSION: The serum level of uric acid correlates significantly with patient conditions and prognosis in IPAH. And a higher serum level of uric acid predicts worse conditions and prognosis.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2012; 92(46):3261-3264.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the demographic characteristics and clinical features of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) in China. METHODS: Between March 2007 and September 2010, IPAH diagnosis was confirmed by right heart catheterization in 150 adult patients from 31 clinical centers in China. Clinical and hemodynamic data were analyzed and patients were divided into WHO functional class I/II and WHO functional class III/IV group. RESULTS: The mean age of 150 patients were 36 ± 13 years with female patient/male patient ratio of 2:1, and mean BMI was (21.3 ± 3.5) kg/m(2). Fatigue (n = 123, 82.0%) and dyspnea (n = 112, 74.7%) are the most common symptoms. Accentuated pulmonic second sound (P(2)) was detected in 92.0% (n = 138) of patients during physical examination, which was also the most common sign. About 49.0% (n = 73) patients were WHO functional class I/II patients and 46.0% (n = 68) patients were WHO functional class III/IV patients. Six minutes walking distance (6MWD) and Borg dyspnea score was (337 ± 101) m and 2.0 (2.0, 4.0), respectively. Right ventricular hypertrophy was suggested by ECG in 93.1% (n = 140) patients. Right atrial pressure was (10 ± 6) mm Hg, mean pulmonary artery pressure was (61 ± 16) mm Hg, cardiac index was (2.3 ± 0.8) L×min(-1)×m(-2) and pulmonary vascular resistance (1484 ± 699) dyn×s(-1)×cm(-5) in this cohort. 6 MWD (305 m ± 89 m vs. 377 m ± 88 m) was significantly shorter while Borg dyspnea score [3.0 (3.0, 5.0) vs. 2.0 (2.0, 3.0)] was significantly higher in WHO functional class III/IV patients than in WHO functional class I/II patients. Similarly hemodynamic parameters were also worse in WHO functional class III/IV patients than in WHO functional class I/II patients (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension patients in this cohort affect mostly young adults, dominated by female gender and lower body mass index. Fatigue and dyspnea are the most common symptoms and accentuated pulmonic second sound (P(2)) is the most common sign. IPAH patients are often displaying severe functional and hemodynamic disturbance at first visit to hospitals. Dyspnea and hemodynamic impairment are related to 6MWD and WHO functional class.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 08/2012; 40(8):657-661.