[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypotheses explaining pathogenesis of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH) in late and severe CKD as a unique entity called Sagliker syndrome (SS) are still unclear. This international study contains 60 patients from Turkey, India, Malaysia, China, Romania, Egypt, Tunisia, Taiwan, Mexico, Algeria, Poland, Russia, and Iran. We examined patients and first degree relatives for cytogenetic chromosomal abnormalities, calcium sensing receptor (Ca SR) genes in exons 2 and 3 abnormalities and GNAS1 genes mutations in exons 1, 4, 5, 7, 10, 13. Our syndrome could be a new syndrome in between SH, CKD, and hereditary bone dystrophies. We could not find chromosomal abnormalities in cytogenetics and on Ca SR gene exons 2 and 3. Interestingly, we did find promising missense mutations on the GNAS1 gene exons 1, 4, 10, 4. We finally thought that those catastrophic bone diseases were severe SH and its late treatments due to monetary deficiencies and iatrogenic mistreatments not started as early as possible. This was a sine qua non humanity task. Those brand new striking GNAS1 genes missense mutations have to be considered from now on for the genesis of SS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is known that skeletal changes due to secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH) can be severe in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently described Sagliker syndrome (SS) is a very striking and prominent feature of SH in CKD, including an uglifying appearance to the face, short stature, extremely severe maxillary and mandibulary changes, soft tissue in the mouth, teeth/dental abnormalities, fingertip changes, knee and scapula deformities, hearing abnormalities, and neurological and, more important, severe psychological problems.
In the past 8 years, we have encountered 40 cases of SS in SH and CKD by performing an international study in Turkey, India, Romania, Egypt, Maleysia, Tunis, and China.
The medical history of these patients showed that they did not receive proper therapy. Changes, particularly in children and teenagers, become irreversible, which was disastrous for the patients both aesthetically and psychologically.
Treatment must begin early and be the appropriate treatment given in centers with sophisticated skills. Otherwise, the inability to correct all the changes in the skull and face, to remodel a new face, to extending the height, and, most important, to convince the patients to face the dramatic psychological problems can be catastrophic for those patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is known that secondary hyperparathyroidism (SH) and particularly skeletal changes is a severe condition in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sagliker syndrome (SS) is a very prominent feature in CKD including uglifying human face appearances, short stature, extremely severe maxillary and mandibulary changes, soft tissues in the mouth, teeth-dental abnormalities, finger tip changes and severe psychological problems.
In the last 8 years we have confronted 36 extremely incredible SS cases in CKD by performing an international study in Turkey, India, Malaysia, Romania and Egypt.
In addition to the uglifying human face appearance, we found extremely severe X-ray and tomographical, pantomographical, histo-pathological changes in the head and whole body. Finally, we compared previous face pictures with recent ones. Just a few years earlier they had been pretty and good-looking young boys and girls. By investigating their history, we understood they had not received proper therapy and were in the late-irreversible period.
SS is a serious and severe complication of CKD. Late and improper treatment leads to abnormalities throughout skeleton particularly in the skull and face. Changes particularly in children and teens become irreversible-disastrous for appearance and psychological health. Appropriate treatment must begin as early as possible in specialized centers. It is possible that SS patients may survive long-term with dialysis, but with all those particular changes could anyone claim this type of life would continue in an acceptable way without extending their height, correcting all the changes in the skull and face, remodeling new faces and most particularly convincing the patients to deal with all those tragi-dramatic psychological problems?