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Publications (4)1.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to report the preliminary results of the Hungarian multicentric randomised DCIS study. Between 2000 and 2007, 278 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated by breast-conserving surgery were randomised according to predetermined risk groups. Low/intermediate-risk patients (n=29) were randomised to 50 Gy whole-breast irradiation (WBI) or observation. High-risk cases (n=235) were allocated to receive 50 Gy WBI vs. 50 Gy WBI plus 16 Gy tumour bed boost. Very high-risk patients (patients with involved surgical margins; n=14) were randomised to 50 Gy WBI plus 16 Gy tumour bed boost or reoperation (reexcision plus radiotherapy or mastectomy alone). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to detect the expression of potential molecular prognostic markers (ER, PR, Her2, p53, Bcl-2 and Ki-67). At a median follow-up of 36 months no recurrence was observed in the low/intermediate- and very high-risk patient groups. In the high-risk group, 4 (1.7%) local recurrences and 1 (0.4%) distant metastasis occurred. No patient died of breast cancer. In the high-risk group of patients, the 3- and 5-year probability of local recurrence was 1.1% and 3.1%, respectively. The positive immunostaining for Her2 (38%), p53 (37%) and Ki-67 (44%) correlated with a high nuclear grade. Significant inverse correlation was found between the expression of ER (77%), PR (67%), Bcl-2 (64%) and grade. Preliminary results suggest that breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy yields an annual local recurrence rate of less than 1% in patients with DCIS. IHC of molecular prognostic markers can assist to gain insight into the biologic heterogeneity of DCIS.
    Magyar Onkológia 10/2008; 52(3):269-77.
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    ABSTRACT: Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) followed by radiotherapy (RT) has become the standard of care for the treatment of early-stage (St. I-II) invasive breast carcinoma. However, controversy exists regarding the value of RT in the conservative treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). In this article we review the role of RT in the management of DCIS. Retrospective and prospective trials and meta-analyses published between 1975 and 2007 in the MEDLINE database, and recent issues of relevant journals/handbooks relating to DCIS, BCS and RT were searched for. In retrospective series (10,194 patients) the 10-year rate of local recurrence (LR) with and without RT was reported in the range of 9-28% and 22-54%, respectively. In four large randomised controlled trials (NSABP-B-17, EORTC-10853, UKCCCR, SweDCIS; 4,568 patients) 50 Gy whole-breast RT significantly decreased the 5-year LR rate from 16-22% (annual LR rate: 2.6-5.0%) to 7-10% (annual LR rate: 1.3-1.9%). In a recent meta-analysis of randomised trials the addition of RT to BCS resulted in a 60% risk reduction of both invasive and in situ recurrences. In a multicentre retrospective study, an additional dose of 10 Gy to the tumour bed yielded a further 55% risk reduction compared to RT without boost. To date, no subgroups have been reliably identified that do not benefit from RT after BCS. In the NSABP-B-24 trial, the addition of tamoxifen (TAM) to RT reduced ipsilateral (11.1% vs. 7.7%) and contralateral (4.9% vs. 2.3%) breast events significantly. In contrast, in the UKCCCR study, TAM produced no significant reduction in all breast events. Based on available evidence obtained from retrospective and prospective trials, all patients with DCIS have potential benefit from RT after BCS. Further prospective studies are warranted to identify subgroups of low-risk patients with DCIS for whom RT can be safely omitted. Until long-term results of ongoing studies on outcomes of patients treated with BCS alone (with or without TAM or aromatase inhibitors) are available, RT should be routinely recommended after BCS for all patients except those with contraindication.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 02/2008; 14(2):179-92. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • Orvosi Hetilap 05/1995; 136(15):771-6.
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    ABSTRACT: 289 duktális in situ emlőrák (DCIS) miatt emlőmegtartó műtéttel kezelt beteget randomizáltunk a lokális recidíva szempontjából meghatározott rizikó csoportok szerinti besorolás után. Immunhisztokémiai (IHK) módszerrel vizsgáltuk a lehetséges molekuláris prognosztikai markerek (ER, PR, Her2, p53, Bcl2 és Ki-67) expresszióját. A pozitív IHK reakció a Her2 (38%), p53 (36%) és Ki-67 (47%) markereknél a nukleáris grade-del korrelált. Ezzel szemben az ER (77%), PR (67%) és Bcl2 (67%) pozitivitás szignifikáns inverz összefüggésben volt a grade-del. A klinikai eredményeket 3 éves medián követési idő után 278 betegnél elemeztük. A magas rizikójú betegcsoportban emlőmegtartó műtét és sugárkezelés után 4 (1,7%) lokális recidíva és 1 (0,4%) távoli áttét alakult ki, emlődaganatos haláleset nem volt. A helyi daganatkiújulás 3 és 5 éves valószínűsége 1,1% és 3,1% volt. Tapasztalataink alapján a DCIS egyértelmű diagnózisa esetén az őrszem nyirokcsomó biopszia rutinszerű elvégzése nem indokolt. Korai eredményeink alapján az emlő DCIS kezelésében az emlőmegtartó műtét és posztoperatív sugárkezelés alkalmazásával a helyi daganatkiújulás éves aránya 1% alatt marad. A tumorágy "boost" kezelés hatékonyságának megítélésére és a vizsgált molekuláris markerek prognosztikai/prediktív értékének elemzésére hosszabb követési idő után lesz lehetőségünk. A molekuláris prognosztikai faktorok IHK vizsgálata segítségünkre lehet a DCIS biológiai heterogenitásának feltérképezésében. | 289 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated by breast-conserving surgery were randomised according to predetermined risk groups. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to detect the expression of potential molecular prognostic markers (ER, PR, Her2, p53, Bcl2, and Ki-67). The positive immunostaining for Her2 (38%), p53 (36%), and Ki-67 (47%) correlated with a high nuclear grade. Significant inverse correlation was found between the expression of ER (77%), PR (67%), Bcl2 (67%) and grade. Clinical results was analysed for 278 patients at a median follow-up of 36 months. In the high-risk patient group 4 (1.7%) local recurrences and 1 (0.4%) distant metastasis occurred. No patient died of breast cancer. The 3- and 5-year probability of local recurrence was 1.1% and 3.1%, respectively. Based on our experience, the definitive diagnosis of DCIS does not warrant sentinel lymph node biopsy. Preliminary results suggest that breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy yields an annual local recurrence rate of less than 1% in patients with DCIS. Further follow-up is needed to define the clinical benefit of tumour bed boost irradiation and to analyse the prognostic/predictive value of molecular prognostic factors. IHC of molecular prognostic markers can assist to gain insight into the biologic heterogeneity of DCIS.