Abbas Emaminia

Children's Heart Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States

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Publications (19)60.25 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Fibrocytes are integral in the development of fibroproliferative disease after lung transplantation. Undifferentiated fibrocytes (CD45+anti-collagen 1+CXCR4+) preferentially traffic by way of the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis and differentiate into smooth muscle actin-producing (CD45+CXCR4+α-smooth muscle actin+) cells. We postulated that an antibody directed against CXCL12 would attenuate fibrocyte migration and fibro-obliteration of heterotopic tracheal transplant allografts. METHODS: A total alloantigenic mismatch murine heterotopic tracheal transplant model of obliterative bronchiolitis was used. The mice were treated with either goat-anti-human CXCL12 F(ab')(2) or goat IgG F(ab')(2). Buffy coat, bone marrow, and trachea allografts were collected and analyzed using flow cytometry. Tracheal luminal obliteration was assessed using hematoxylin-eosin and Direct Red 80 collagen stain. RESULTS: Compared with the controls, the anti-CXCL12-treated mice showed a significant decrease in tracheal allograft fibrocyte populations at 7 and 21 days after transplantation. Bone marrow and buffy coat aspirates showed the same trend at 7 days. In the anti-CXCL12-treated mice, there was a 35% decrease in luminal obliteration at 21 days (65% vs 100% obliterated; interquartile range, 38% vs 10%; P = .010) and decreased luminal collagen deposition at 21 and 28 days after transplantation (P = .042 and P = .012, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the role of fibrocytes in airway fibrosis after lung transplantation could lead to a paradigm shift in treatment strategy. Anti-CXCL12 antibody afforded protection against infiltrating fibrocytes and reduced the deterioration of the tracheal allografts. Thus, the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis is a novel target for the treatment of fibro-obliteration after lung transplantation, and the quantification of fibrocyte populations could provide clinicians with a biomarker of fibrosis, allowing individualized drug therapy.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 05/2012; · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the escalating demands to increase the efficiency and decrease the cost, innovations in postoperative cardiac surgical patient care are needed. The universal bed model is an innovative care delivery system that allows patient care to be managed in one setting from postoperation to discharge. We hypothesized that the universal bed model in the context of cardiac surgery would improve outcomes and efficacy. A total of 610 consecutive patients were admitted to the universal bed unit and prospectively entered into the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Database. Intensive care unit level of care was determined by acuity and staffing needs. Telemetry was employed from admission to discharge, and multidisciplinary rounds were conducted twice daily. Postoperative outcomes were recorded during hospital stay, and comparisons were made with the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Database using identical variables over the same period of time. Decreased ventilation time, intensive care unit and hospital stay, and reduction in the incidence of atrial fibrillation and infectious complications yielded a financial benefit in the universal bed group compared with the traditional model of admission. Stroke rate and in-hospital mortality were the same compared with regional and national centers. Compared with regional centers, there was an average cost savings between $6200 and $9500 per patient depending on the operation. Patient care satisfaction by independent survey was in the 99th percentile. The universal bed patient care model allows for expedient and efficacious care as measured by decreased length of intensive care unit and hospital stay, improved postoperative outcomes, patient satisfaction, and cost savings.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 12/2011; 143(2):475-81. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a novel technique than can be used to assess and potentially repair marginal lungs that may otherwise be rejected for transplantation. Adenosine has been shown to protect against pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury through its A(2A) receptor. We hypothesized that combining EVLP with adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist treatment would enhance lung functional quality and increase donor lung use. Eight bilateral pig lungs were harvested and flushed with cold Perfadex (Vitrolife, Englewood, CO). After 14 hours of storage at 4°C, EVLP was performed for 5 hours on 2 explanted lung groups: (1) control group lungs (n = 4) were perfused with Steen Solution (Vitrolife) and dimethyl sulfoxide and (2) treated group lungs (n = 4) received 10 μM CGS21680, a selective A(2A) receptor agonist, in a Steen solution-primed circuit. Lung histologic features, tissue cytokines, gas analysis, and pulmonary function were compared between groups. Treated lungs demonstrated significantly less edema as reflected by wet-dry weight ratio (6.6 versus 5.2; p < 0.03) and confirmed by histologic examination. In addition, treated lung demonstrated significantly lower levels of interferon-γ (IFN- γ) (45.1 versus 88.5; p < 0.05). Other measured tissue cytokine levels (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-6, and IL-8) were lower in the treatment group, but values failed to reach statistical significance. The oxygenation index was improved in the treated group (1.5 versus 2.3; p < 0.01) as was mean airway pressure (10.3 versus 13; p < 0.009). Combined use of adenosine A(2A) agonist and EVLP significantly attenuates the inflammatory response in acutely injured lungs after IR and enhances pulmonary function. This combination may improve donor lung quality and could increase the donor lung pool for transplantation.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2011; 92(5):1840-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery aneurysms larger than 5 cm are exceedingly rare, and a standard treatment for them is lacking. We report two cases of giant right coronary artery aneurysms successfully treated by off-pump resection of the aneurysm and bypass grafting. The controversy surrounding the proper management of such cases is discussed.
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 11/2011; 26(6):596-9. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The shortage in organ donation is a major limiting factor for patients with end-stage lung disease. Expanding the donor pool would be beneficial. We investigated the importance of geographic distance between the donor and recipient and hypothesized that it would not be a critical determinant of outcomes after lung transplantation. We retrospectively reviewed the United Network for Organ Sharing lung transplant database from 2000 to 2005 to allow sufficient time for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) development. Allograft recipients were stratified by geographic distance from their donors (local, regional, and national) and had yearly follow-up. The primary end points were the development of BOS and 1-year and 3-year mortality. Posttransplant outcomes were compared using a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model. Kaplan-Meier curves were compared by log-rank test. Of 6,055 allograft recipients, donors were local in 59%, regional in 19.3%, and national in 21.7%. BOS-free survival did not differ by geographic distance. Geographic distance did not independently predict BOS (hazard ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 0.96 to 1.10). Similarly, Kaplan-Meier survival curves were not significantly worse for recipients with national donors. Geographic distance did not independently predict 3-year mortality (hazard ratio, 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.89 to 1.01). With appropriate donor selection, moderately long geographic distance (average ischemic time < 6 hours) between the donor and recipient is not associated with the development of BOS or increased death after lung transplantation. By placing less emphasis on distance, more donors could potentially be used to expand the donor pool.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2011; 92(5):1847-53. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a previously treated case of brucellosis and aortic root replacement, which became complicated by prosthetic valve endocarditis and a massive aortic root pseudoaneurysm. Preoperative blood and intraoperative pseudoaneurysm wall cultures were positive for Brucella, and the patient was managed successfully with a combination of surgical and medical treatment. Brucella endocarditis is further discussed.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 10/2011; 92(4):e77-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation confers increased patient morbidity and mortality. Fibrocytes are circulating bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cell progenitors that influence tissue repair and fibrosis. Fibrocytes have been implicated in chronic pulmonary inflammatory processes. We investigated the correlation of circulating fibrocyte number with BOS development in lung transplant patients. We prospectively quantified circulating fibrocyte levels among lung transplant patients. Patients were stratified according to the development of BOS as indicated by predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second. Fibrocyte activity was analyzed by flow cytometry (cluster of differentiation 45+, collagen 1+) in a blinded manner related to clinical presentation. Thirty-nine patients (61.5% men) underwent double (33.3%), left (25.6%), or right (41.0%) lung transplantation. Average patient age was similar between BOS and non-BOS patients (58.3±3.9 vs 60.3±2.0 years, p=0.67). Chronic obstructive lung disease was the most common indication for lung transplantation (41.0%). Median forced expiratory volume in 1 second was lower among BOS patients compared with non-BOS patients (1.08 vs. 2.18 L/s, p=0.001). Importantly, circulating fibrocyte numbers were increased in BOS patients compared with non-BOS patients (8.91 vs 2.96×10(5) cells/mL, p=0.03) by flow cytometry and were incrementally increased with advancing BOS stage (p=0.02). Increased circulating fibrocyte levels correlate with the development of BOS after lung transplantation and positively correlate with advancing BOS stage. Quantification of circulating fibrocytes could serve as a novel biomarker and possible therapeutic target for BOS development in lung transplant patients.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2011; 92(2):470-7; discussion 477. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenosine A(2A) receptor activation after lung transplantation attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury by reducing inflammation. However, the effect of adenosine A(2A) receptor activation in donor lungs before transplant remains ill defined. This study compares the efficacy of 3 different treatment strategies for adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist in a clinically relevant porcine lung transplantation model. Mature porcine lungs underwent 6 hours of cold ischemia before allotransplantation and 4 hours of reperfusion. Five groups (n = 6/group) were evaluated on the basis of treatment with ATL-1223, a selective adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist: thoracotomy alone (sham), transplant alone (ischemia-reperfusion), donor pretreatment via ATL-1223 bolus (ATL-D), recipient treatment via ATL-1223 infusion (ATL-R), and a combination of both ATL-1223 treatments (ATL-D/R). Lung function and injury were compared. Blood oxygenation was significantly higher among ATL-D, ATL-R, and ATL-D/R groups versus ischemia-reperfusion (392.0 ± 52.5, 428.9 ± 25.5, and 509.4 ± 25.1 vs 77.2 ± 17.0 mm Hg, respectively, P < .001). ATL-1223-treated groups had lower pulmonary artery pressures (ATL-D = 30.5 ± 1.8, ATL-R = 30.2 ± 3.3, and ATL-D/R = 29.3 ± 4.5 vs IR = 45.2 ± 2.1 mm Hg, P < .001) and lower mean airway pressures versus ischemia-reperfusion (ATL-D = 9.1 ± 0.8, ATL-R = 9.1 ± 2.6, and ATL-D/R = 9.6 ± 1.3 vs IR = 21.1 mm Hg, P < .001). Likewise, ATL-1223-treated groups had significantly lower lung wet/dry weight, proinflammatory cytokine expression, and lung injury scores by histology compared with ischemia-reperfusion. All parameters of lung function and injury in ATL-1223-treated groups were similar to sham (all P > .05). Pretreatment of donor lungs with ATL-1223 was as efficacious as other treatment strategies in protecting against ischemia-reperfusion injury. If necessary, supplemental treatment of recipients with ATL-1223 may provide additional protection. These results support the development of pharmacologic A(2A)R agonists for use in human clinical trials for lung transplantation.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 07/2011; 142(4):887-94. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Refractory ventricular tachyarrythmias (VTs) are potentially life-threatening rhythms in patients with cardiomyopathies, particularly when they result in hemodynamic instability. Here we report two cases of patients with intractable ventricular tachyarrythmias that were unresponsive to anti-arrhythmic medications and repeated catheter ablation, and for whom concomitant cryoablation and left ventricular assist device implantation was successfully performed. Both patients tolerated the procedure well with no complications and were free from ventricular tachyarrythmias postoperatively. Concomitant surgical ventricular ablation at the time of left ventricular assist device surgery may be a reasonable approach for this subset of patients as it provides excellent visualization and the ability to ablate both epicardial and endocardial sites.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 07/2011; 92(1):334-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 2005, the time-based waiting list for lung transplantation was replaced by an illness/benefit lung allocation score (LAS). Although short-term outcomes after transplantation have been reported to be similar before and after the new system, little is known about long-term results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of LAS on the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome as well as on overall 3-year and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-related survival. Data obtained from the United Network for Organ Sharing were used to review 8091 patients who underwent lung transplantation from 2002 to 2008. Patients were stratified according to time of transplantation into those treated before initiation of the LAS (pre-LAS group, January 2002-April 2005, n = 3729) and those treated after implementation of the score (post-LAS group, May 2005-May 2008, n = 4362). Overall, 3-year survivals for patient groups were compared using a univariate analysis, Cox proportional hazards model to generate a relative risk, and Kaplan-Meier curve analyses. During the 3-year follow-up period, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome developed in 22% of lung transplant recipients (n = 1801). Although the incidence of postoperative bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome development was similar between groups, post-LAS patients incurred fewer bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-free days (609 ± 7.5 vs 682 ± 9; P <.0001; log-rank test P = .0108) than did pre-LAS patients. Overall 3-year survival was lower in post-LAS patients and approached statistical significance (P = .05). Similarly, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-related survival was worse for patients in the post-LAS group (log-rank test P = .01). In the current LAS era, lung transplant recipients have significantly fewer bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-free days after 3-year follow-up. Compared with the pre-LAS population, overall and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-related survival appears worse in the post-LAS era. Limitation of known risk factors for development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome-may prove even more important in this patient population.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 02/2011; 141(5):1278-82. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2010; 90(5):1714. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenosine is produced in response to ischemia or inflammation and protects tissues from injury. Four adenosine receptors are critical in the physiologic negative-feedback mechanism for limitation and termination of tissue-specific and systemic inflammatory responses. Accumulating evidence has focused on the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive role of the adenosine 2A receptor (A(2A)R), and we have previously reported on its role in the development of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after lung transplantation. Few studies, however, have reported the role of the adenosine 2B receptor (A(2B)R) in BO. Data suggests that the A(2B)R has pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic roles. We hypothesized that adenosine signaling through A(2B)R is involved in the development of BO. A murine heterotopic tracheal model across a total alloantigenic mismatch was used to study A(2B)R signaling in BO. Tracheal transplants consisted of Balb/c donor tracheas transplanted into wild-type or A(2B)R knockout (KO) C57BL/6 recipients. Transplanted tracheas were removed 3, 7, 12, and 21 days after transplantation. The luminal obliteration was evaluated through hematoxylin and eosin staining, and the cellular infiltration (macrophage, neutrophil, CD3+ and Foxp3+ regulatory T cell) was detected by immunohistochemical staining. Compared with allografts in wild-type recipients, tracheas transplanted into A(2B)R KO mice displayed less BO development on Day 21. A(2B)R KO mice had an increase in CD3+ T cells and CD4+/CD25+/Foxp3+ regulatory T cells than did wild-type mice on Day 7. By Day 12, more CD3+ T cells were present in the wild-type trachea compared with the A(2B)R KO, but the percentage of CD4+/CD25+/Foxp3+ regulatory T cells remained higher in the tracheas of A(2B)R KO mice. A(2B)R stimulation may promote the development of BO by inhibiting CD4+/CD25+/Foxp3+ regulatory T-cell infiltration.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 10/2010; 29(12):1405-14. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 06/2009; 137(5):1285-6. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of invasive thymoma with intra-caval and intracardiac extension presenting as superior vena cava syndrome is reported. The tumor is excised on cardiopulmonary bypass, and superior vena cava is bypassed using a Dacron graft (DuPont, Wilmington, DE). Five-year follow-up of the patient showed a patent graft.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2009; 87(5):1616-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Ahmad Ali Amirghofran, Abbas Emaminia
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of left ventricular-right atrial communication in a 51-year-old patient following mitral valve replacement. Transesophageal echocardiography was used to make the diagnosis, and the communication was closed surgically using pledgeted sutures. The surgical management of such defects is discussed.
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 01/2009; 24(4):474-6. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inferior vena cava filters are considered the therapeutic modality for treatment of deep venous thrombosis in patients who are not candidates for anticoagulation therapy. Filter migration to the heart is a rare but serious complication. In this report we present two cases of Inferior vena cava filters that migrated to the heart and how they were managed.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 12/2008; 86(5):1664-5. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 15-year-old girl underwent patch aortoplasty for repair of a long-segment coarctation of the aorta 7 years ago. Balloon angioplasty had been performed twice, 3 and 5 years after the aortoplasty, because of recurrent coarctation of the aorta. She was scheduled for balloon angioplasty and stent implantation. In catheterization, there was 55 mmHg gradient between ascending and descending aorta and the angiography showed long-segment coarctation of the aorta, from the transverse aorta, after the innominate artery, to the descending aorta, after the left subclavian artery. During the final pressure measurement, in the catheterization laboratory, the stent was dislodged proximally and trial for reimplantation or retrieval failed. Echocardiography showed the trapped stent in the ascending aorta. She was taken to the operating room, where the stent was removed and the aortic arch was reconstructed from the innominate artery to the distal part of the subclavian artery, using a Dacron patch.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 10/2008; 9(9):969-70. · 2.66 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 04/2008; 135(3):695-6. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    The Journal of Rheumatology 01/2008; 34(12):2504-5. · 3.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

69 Citations
60.25 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Children's Heart Center
      Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
    • National Institutes of Health
      Maryland, United States
  • 2008–2011
    • University of Virginia
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      Charlottesville, VA, United States
    • Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Surgery
      Shīrāz, Fars, Iran
  • 2010
    • Virginia Department of Health
      Richmond, Virginia, United States