Publications (2)2.87 Total impact
Article: Patellar tendon shortening after treatment of patellar instability with a patellar tendon medialization procedure.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patellar instability is a multifactorial disorder. Patella alta is strongly associated with patellar instability. We hypothesize that procedures of the patellar tendon such as medialization may shorten the patellar tendon. In this retrospective study, 41 patients with patellar instability were treated operatively with a patellar tendon medialization procedure. Twenty-eight knees were treated using a modified Roux-Goldthwait method and 16 using a modified Elmslie-Trillat method. The patients were followed 2-7 years after the operation. Pre- and post-operative x-rays were analyzed with particular emphasis on patellar tendon length, patellofemoral congruence angle and osteoarthritis. The final clinical outcome was assessed using the Lysholm score and clinical examination. In both groups patients were generally satisfied with the result of the operation and there was no significant difference in Lysholm scores at follow-up. However, patellofemoral osteoarthritic changes increased in both groups compared with the pre-operative status. The patellar tendon length was reduced in both groups, but significantly, by 7%, in the Roux-Goldthwait group. We conclude that patellar tendon shortens after a Roux-Goldthwait procedure.Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 01/2008; 18(4):442-6. · 2.87 Impact Factor
Article: Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity as a dynamic measure of cardiac anticholinergic drug effect.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 1. In this study, the analysis of spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was applied to the dynamic assessment of cardiac anticholinergic drug effect in healthy male volunteers. 2. The anticholinergic effects of single intravenous (i.v.) injections of atropine (10 microg kg(-1)), glycopyrrolate (5 microg kg(-1)) and scopolamine (5 microg kg(-1)), as well as a 2-h infusion of glycopyrrolate (5 microg kg(-1) h(-1)) were investigated. Baroreflex sensitivity, a validated measure of cardiac parasympathetic reflex regulation, was repeatedly measured from 5-min recordings of electrocardiogram (ECG) and continuous blood pressure by using the sequence technique, a method based on detection of spontaneous fluctuations in blood pressure and heart rate. 3. Single injections of atropine, glycopyrrolate and scopolamine decreased the mean BRS by 71 +/- 32, 68 +/- 23 and 27 +/- 45%, respectively, whereas the slow glycopyrrolate infusion gradually decreased BRS (up to 83 +/- 11% reduction) and increased both systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial pressures (DAP) (on an average, by 9 mmHg). 4. During the withdrawal of the parasympathetic blockade (indicated by increasing BRS), the proportion of baroreflex sequences in the recordings increased transiently from 10 up to 20-25%, probably reflecting the restoration of the baroreflex integrity and the baroreflex-induced attempt to counteract the blood pressure increase. 5. The sequence method to study BRS seems to be feasible in the assessment of cardiac anticholinergic drug effects, and it also provides good time resolution for the dynamic measurements.Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology 05/2001; 21(2):71-8.