Publications (3)5.66 Total impact
Article: Induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by the ethyl acetate fraction of Kalopanax pictus leaves in human colon cancer cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Kalopanax pictus is a deciduous tree used in traditional medicine; its leaves are also consumed as a vegetable. In this study, the ethyl acetate fraction of K. pictus leaves (EFK) was tested in vitro for anticancer activity against four cell lines: human colon cancer (HT-29) cells, human stomach cancer (NCI-N87) cells, human breast cancer (MDA-MB231) cells, and mouse melanoma (B16F1) cells. Results indicated that EFK showed the most potent tumor selective growth inhibitory activity against HT-29 cells with less cytotoxic effect on normal cell lines. Cytotoxicity of EFK on HT-29 cells was associated mainly with cell chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation, and loss of membrane phospholipid asymmetry with appearance of G2/M phase arrest. Cell death induced by EFK displayed features characteristic of apoptosis, and was associated with generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increase of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. These findings suggest that K. pictus leaves have anticancer properties and may be valuable for application in pharmaceutical industry.Bioresource technology 12/2010; 101(23):9366-72. · 4.25 Impact Factor
Article: Antidiabetic properties of 2,5-dihydroxy-4,3'-di(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-trans-stilbene from mulberry (Morus bombycis koidzumi) root in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated the antidiabetic properties of 2,5-dihydroxy-4,3-di(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-trans-stilbene (DGTS) isolated from Morus bombycis Koidzumi in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The DGTS prevented the increase in aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and blood urea nitrogen levels in serum of diabetic rats. At doses of 200-800 mg/kg, DGTS improved hyperglycemia in the rats, and the hypoglycemic effect of DGTS was comparable to that of tolbutamide. The histological observations showed that DGTS prevented atrophy of pancreatic beta-cells and vascular degenerative changes in the islets. DGTS reversed STZ-induced diabetes and had antioxidant activity in assays of FeCl(2)/ascorbic acid-induced lipid peroxidation in the rats. Levels of cytochrome P450 2E1 mRNA, as measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, were lower in the livers of the DGTS-treated rats than those of the control group. These results suggest that DGTS might be beneficial in the treatment of type 1 diabetes.Journal of Medicinal Food 01/2008; 10(4):602-7. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the antioxidative activities of (−)-catechin (1), (−)-catechin-7-O-β-d-apiofuranoside (2) and (−)-catechin-7-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (3) in terms of their abilities to promote metal chelation, prevent lipid peroxidation, and inhibit DNA cleavage. In addition, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to quantify compounds (1–3) in each of various solvent extracts from Ulmus davidiana.Regarding metal-chelating activity, (−)-catechin (1) exhibited moderate activity at a concentration of 180 μg/ml, with 57.5 ± 0.03% of metal ions chelated. However, (−)-catechin-7-O-β-d-apiofuranoside (2) and (−)-catechin-7-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (3) exhibited weak chelating activity. The values obtained for compounds (2 and 3) were comparable to that of α-tocopherol at a concentration of 180 μg/ml (9.11 ± 0.01%). In addition, (−)-catechin-7-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (3) showed inhibitory activity similar to α-tocopherol (inhibition of lipid peroxidation). Moreover, compounds (1–3) exhibited moderate protective activity against DNA cleavage. These results are consistent with our results for antioxidative activity.Food Chemistry.