Noriko Izumi

Niigata University, Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan

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Publications (5)11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is relatively common in the elderly, and aging of populations is progressing in developed nations, notably so in Japan. The major age group in Japan and Sado Island are distributed between 30 and 60 and between 50 and 80, respectively. The aim of this study was to analyze the features of MDS in the population of Sado Island to anticipate the characteristics of the disease in the near future. One-hundred and fifty-three patients (71 male, 82 female, 19-94 years old, median 73 years old) with de novo MDS between 1985 and 2005 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients were reclassified according to WHO-2001 criteria. The predictive power of the international prognostic scoring system and the WHO classification-based prognostic scoring system were evaluated. The major causes of death were leukemic transformation (38%) in refractory anemia with an excess of blasts and infection (48%) for total MDS. Age was another independent prognostic factor. Elderly patients exhibited a significantly poorer prognosis mainly due to infections such as pneumonia. Although novel remedies for MDS and hyperferremia have recently been developed, prevention of infection remains important in MDS, particularly for older patients.
    International journal of hematology 02/2012; 95(4):420-7. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporin A (CsA) has been used most widely as an immunosuppressive agent for preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To explore the risk factors including CsA blood levels for grades II-IV acute GVHD, we retrospectively analyzed the data of patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in our hospital between March 1989 and July 2001. Seventy-three patients (47 males and 26 females) received CsA and short-term methotrexate for GVHD prophylaxis. CsA 1.5 mg/kg was administered as a 3-h infusion twice daily from day 1 until the patient recovered from the toxic gastrointestinal complication. Methotrexate was given at a dose of 15 mg/m(2) on day 1 and 10 mg/m(2) on days 3, 6 and 11. Grades II-IV acute GVHD occurred in 18 patients (24.7%). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that higher C(5) (the whole-blood CsA concentration at 5 h after the start of infusion) before the onset of acute GVHD reduced the onset of grades II-IV acute GVHD with a hazard ratio of 0.994 (95% confidence interval 0.989-0.999) for every increase of 1 ng/ml. Our data indicate that inadequate exposures of CsA can be a vital risk for developing acute GVHD. From our results, we consider that precise monitoring of CsA concentrations and adjustment of CsA dose using the concentration may be effective to prevent the onset of severe acute GVHD. To confirm this finding, further prospective study will be needed.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 12/2007; 40(9):875-80. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fifty-seven patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) received the following treatment in our hospital between May 1992 and April 2005. Group A: combination of enocitabine, daunorubicin, 6-mercaptopurine riboside and prednisolone (BHAC-DMP) for remission induction, BHAC-DMP or idarubicin (IDR)+cytarabine (Ara-C) for first consolidation, combination of prednisolone, Ara-C, mitoxantrone and etoposide (PAME) for second consolidation, and PAME for late intensification; Group B: IDR+Ara-C for remission induction, PAME for first consolidation, and high-dose Ara-C+mitoxantrone for second consolidation; Group C (acute promyelocytic leukemia, APL) : all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for remission induction, BHAC-DMP or IDR+Ara-C for first consolidation, and PAME for second consolidation. The complete remission (CR) rate was 77% in Group A, 76% in Group B, and 71% in Group C. Five-year relapse-free survival rate of the CR patients was 35% in Group A, 49% in Group B, and 70% in Group C. All of the patients had severe neutropenia, but the number of infectious death was small. A short duration treatment with intensive consolidation therapy was effective for patients with AML and improved their quality of life (QOL).
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 12/2007; 34(11):1793-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Therapy related acute myelogenous leukemia in a 55-year-old Japanese woman is described. She had been treated for a diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 2 years before the onset of the secondary leukemia. She was diagnosed as AML (FAB: M2) with monosomy 7, and successfully treated by an intensive combination chemotherapy followed by an autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. The disease relapsed shortly after the treatment, and the karyotype analysis revealed a complex abnormality accompanied with t(9;11)(p22;q23), however, monosomy 7 was absent. Southern blotting analysis was performed, and MLL rearrangement was evident in both the bone marrow samples obtained at that time and the cryopreserved marrow cells obtained at the onset of the disease. The bone marrow sample stored in a Carnoy solution at the onset was further analyzed, and three karyotype panels showing 45,XX, -7, t(9;11)(p22;q23) were found. Like this situation, a masked MLL rearrangement may have existed in some cases with hematopoietic malignancies, and appear to be disclosed in the clinical course.
    Leukemia Research 04/2003; 27(3):285-90. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed hemolysis mediated by long-term production of pre-existing recipient-derived antibodies directed against donor RBC antigens after allogenic BMT is an unusual complication of hematopoietic transplantation. A 26-year-old man with aplastic anemia had pre-existing alloantibodies to E and c. He received BMT from a donor, whose Rh phenotype was E+, c+. From about 1 month after the transplant, he showed mild hemolysis due to the antibodies. The patient was typed as group B, CCDee and had anti-E and c alloantibodies before BMT. The donor was typed as group O, ccDEE. Although MNCs from the donor marrow were infused into the patient, DAT became positive on Day 21, and the patient-origin antibodies remained detectable by both DAT and IAT even 20 months after BMT. However, immunomagnetically isolated peripheral circulating B cells were 100 percent donor origin. The patient received prednisolone from Day 221, and thereafter, the signs of hemolysis disappeared. It is likely that the long-term production of alloantibodies is due to the existence of long-lived recipient plasma cells, which survive the conditioning regimen. This case suggests that patients with pre- existing alloantibodies that do not belong to the ABO system should be carefully followed up after BMT.
    Transfusion 03/2003; 43(2):241-5. · 3.53 Impact Factor