[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The fluorogenic derivatization method for aryl halide was developed for the first time. This method was based on the formation of fluorescent biphenyl structure by Suzuki coupling reaction between aryl halides and non-fluorescent phenylboronic acid (PBA). We measured the fluorescence spectra of the products obtained by the reaction of p-substituted aryl bromides (i.e., 4-bromobenzonitrile, 4-bromoanisole, 4-bromobenzoic acid ethyl ester and 4-bromotoluene) with PBA in the presence of palladium (II) acetate as a catalyst. The significant fluorescence at excitation maximum wavelength of 275-290 nm and emission maximum wavelength of 315-350 nm was detected in all the tested aryl bromides. This result demonstrated that non-fluorescent aryl bromides could be converted to the fluorescent biphenyl derivatives by the coupling reaction with non-fluorescent PBA. We tried to determine these aryl bromides by HPLC-fluorescence detection with pre-column derivatization. The aryl bromide derivatives were detected on the chromatogram within 30 min without any interfering peak derived from the reagent blank. The detection limits (S/N=3) for aryl bromides were 13-157 fmol/injection.
Journal of Chromatography A 09/2009; 1216(40):6873-6. · 4.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A highly selective and sensitive method was developed for simultaneous determination of the antihistaminic drug hydroxyzine (HZ) and its pharmacologically active metabolite cetirizine (CZ) in human serum using haloperidol as internal standard. The method was based on fluorescence labeling of both drugs with a fluorescent arylboronic acid 4-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenyl boronic acid followed by separation on silica column using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water (90:10, v/v%) containing triethylamine and acetic acid. The labeling reaction conditions were optimized and the liquid-liquid extraction method was successfully applied to extract the both drugs from serum. The linearity range was 0.025-2.00 microg/mL for HZ and CZ. The limit of detection (S/N = 3) was 10 and 5 ng/mL for HZ and CZ, respectively.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Highly sensitive, simple and accurate reversed phase liquid chromatographic and first derivative spectrophotometric methods for determination of antihistaminic drug loratadine [I] and nasal decongestant drug pseudoephedrine sulfate [II] are described. The HPLC method involves separation of [I] and [II] on micro-BondaPak C18 column using mixture of (methanol:H(2)O:phosphoric acid:ammonium dihydrogen phosphate) (220:300:2:3 g) (V/V/V/W), 60 and 40% acetonitrile as mobile phase flowing at 2 ml/min with ultraviolet detection at 247 nm. The calibration graphs are linear from 5 to 100 microg/ml for [I] and from 120 to 1200 microg/ml for [II] the detection limits are 0.5 microg/ml for [I] and 60 microg/ml for [II]. The spectrophotometric method is based on recording the first derivative spectra for [I] and [II] at 307, 266 nm, respectively, of their solutions in 0.1 M hydrochloric acid using the acid as blank. The calibration graphs are linear in the range of 5-25 microg/ml for [I] and 240-720 microg/ml for [II]; the limits of detection are 0.16 microg/ml for [I] and 10 microg/ml for [II]. The mean percentage recoveries obtained for different synthetic mixtures by using this method are 97.6% with coefficient of variation 1.79 for [I] and 101.6% with coefficient of variation 1.95 for [II]. The two methods have been applied successfully for the determination of [I] in its combination with [II] Clarinase tablets and [I] alone in different pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 12/2003; 33(4):597-604. · 2.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A fluorogenic derivatization method for the determination of chlorpropamide in human serum was developed by means of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The Suzuki coupling reaction with a non-fluorescent reagent, phenylboronic acid (PBA), was employed to convert chlorpropamide into highly fluorescent biphenyl derivative. Chlorpropamide was extracted from human serum by liquid–liquid extraction with toluene after addition of hydrochloric acid, and subsequently reacted with PBA. Because the fluorogenic derivatization was highly selective for aryl halide, the proposed method allowed sensitive and selective detection of chlorpropamide with a detection limit (at a signal to noise ratio of 3) of 0.5 ng mL−1. The sensitivity of our method was from 4 to 100 times better than HPLC–UV, gas chromatography, and LC-mass spectrometry.