Yaritzabel Roman

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, United States

Are you Yaritzabel Roman?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)8.03 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metnase, also known as SETMAR, is a SET and transposase fusion protein with an undefined role in mammalian DNA repair. The SET domain is responsible for histone lysine methyltransferase activity at histone 3 K4 and K36, whereas the transposase domain possesses 5'-terminal inverted repeat (TIR)-specific DNA binding, DNA looping, and DNA cleavage activities. Although the transposase domain is essential for Metnase function in DNA repair, it is not clear how a protein with sequence-specific DNA binding activity plays a role in DNA repair. Here, we show that human homolog of the ScPSO4/PRP19 (hPso4) forms a stable complex with Metnase on both TIR and non-TIR DNA. The transposase domain essential for Metnase-TIR interaction is not sufficient for its interaction with non-TIR DNA in the presence of hPso4. In vivo, hPso4 is induced and co-localized with Metnase following ionizing radiation treatment. Cells treated with hPso4-siRNA failed to show Metnase localization at DSB sites and Metnase-mediated stimulation of DNA end joining coupled to genomic integration, suggesting that hPso4 is necessary to bring Metnase to the DSB sites for its function(s) in DNA repair.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/2008; 283(14):9023-30. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Metnase (SETMAR) is a SET and transposase fusion protein that promotes in vivo end joining activity and mediates genomic integration of foreign DNA. Recent studies showed that Metnase retained most of the transposase activities, including 5'-terminal inverted repeat (TIR)-specific binding and assembly of a paired end complex, and cleavage of the 5'-end of the TIR element. Here we show that R432 within the helix-turn-helix motif is critical for sequence-specific recognition, as the R432A mutation abolishes its TIR-specific DNA binding activity. Metnase possesses a unique DNA nicking and/or endonuclease activity that mediates cleavage of duplex DNA in the absence of the TIR sequence. While the HTH motif is essential for the Metnase-TIR interaction, it is not required for its DNA cleavage activity. The DDE-like motif is crucial for its DNA cleavage action as a point mutation at this motif (D483A) abolished its DNA cleavage activity. Together, our results suggest that Metnase's DNA cleavage activity, unlike those of other eukaryotic transposases, is not coupled to its sequence-specific DNA binding.
    Biochemistry 11/2007; 46(40):11369-76. · 3.38 Impact Factor