ABSTRACT: We aimed at assessing the significance of nm23 gene expression in papillary and follicular carcinomas, the two most common differentiated thyroid carcinomas.
During a cross-sectional study, 173 paraffin blocks, including 131 papillary thyroid carcinomas, 12 follicular carcinomas and 30 follicular adenomas were stained with nm23 marker by immunohistochemistry method. Cytoplasmic staining in more than 10% of the tumor cells was considered as positive, and alpha<0.05 was established as the level of statistical significance for the evaluation of the correlation between nm23 expression and age, sex, tumor size, vascular /capsular invasion and lymph node involvement.
nm23 was positive in 40% of the follicular adenoma, 67.2% of the papillary carcinoma and 66.7% of the follicular carcinoma. p value was more than 0.05 in the assessment of the relationship between nm23 and all of the above-mentioned parameters in differentiated thyroid carcinomas. nm23 expression did not significantly differentiate between follicular adenoma and carcinoma.
According to our results, there is no relationship between nm23 immunoreactivity and age or sex of the patients. Also, nm23 cannot be considered as a useful marker for the evaluation of invasion in differentiated thyroid carcinomas or in distinctions between follicular adenoma and carcinoma.
Pathology - Research and Practice 11/2008; 205(2):83-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Increased prevalence of thyroid dysfunction has been reported in HIV-infected patients, and recent studies have shown hypothyroidism as the most common thyroid function abnormality in this population, especially after treatment with antiretroviral drugs (HAART). The aim of this study is to assess risk factors of hypothyroidism in HIV-infected patients in Iran.
This case-control study was conducted among 15 hypothyroid (cases) and 70 euthyroid (control group) HIV-infected outpatients. Serum Free T4, Free T3, and TSH levels were measured, and data on age, sex, body mass index, opium addiction or injection of illicit drugs, duration of HIV infection and HAART, disease stage, CD4-cell count, opportunistic infection (OI) or malignancy, HCV co-infection, and drug use were collected.
We found no association between hypothyroidism in HIV-infected patients and any parameters measured, and P value was not significant for receipt of HAART (0.141), CD4-cell count (0.094), duration of HIV infection (0.474), duration of HAART (0.418), HCV co-infection (0.146), OI (0.566), or receipt of rifampin (0.816).
In this study, age, sex, HAART, mean CD4- cell count, duration of HIV infection, HCV co-infection, and OI were not significant risk factors of hypothyroidism in HIV-infected patients. The occurrence of hypothyroidism may be related to other factors or HIV infection itself. Therefore, hypothyroidism should be considered in all HIV-infected patients.
Infection 11/2007; 35(5):334-8. · 2.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Williams-Beuren syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder resulting from a submicroscopic deletion of contiguous genes on the long arm of chromosome 7. It consists of a variety of hallmark physical features, which include distinctive facial characteristics, cardiac anomalies (of which the most common is supravalvular aortic stenosis), and occasional idiopathic hypercalcemia. The condition also includes a unique cognitive profile, with relative sparing of language and facial recognition skills against a background of mental retardation. This paper reviews the early history and clinical experience with this syndrome, how it unfolds from infancy through adulthood, and how it manifests in different organ systems. Evidence-based recommendations are then offered for the treatment of the specific developmental and medical issues that arise in patients with Williams syndrome.
Clinical Pediatrics 05/1999; 38(4):189-208. · 1.15 Impact Factor