Walley J Temple

The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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Publications (118)363.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer is used to downstage locally advanced and inoperable tumors. Expanded benefits of neoadjuvant chemotherapy include downstaging of tumors to allow breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and assessment of in vivo tumor response. We sought to identify patterns and predictors of neoadjuvant chemotherapy use to determine if this has translated into population-level clinical practice. Methods: All patients undergoing surgery for invasive breast cancer between January 2012 and June 2014 were identified from our provincial synoptic operating room database. Data regarding patient demographics, hospital, operating surgeon, preoperative tumor characteristics, neoadjuvant treatment, and type of surgery performed were collected. Descriptive statistics and multivariable analysis were used to identify predictors of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results: A total of 4186 patients were identified, 363 (8.53 %) of whom underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A significant increase was seen in the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy over time. In multivariable analysis, neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with prechemotherapy tumor size, multicentricity, lymph node positivity, and decreasing patient age. In addition, there was significant variability in neoadjuvant chemotherapy use between operating surgeons. Of those patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 68.9 % were not pretreatment candidates for BCS. At the time of definitive surgery, 72.1 % had mastectomy, with 18.7 % opting for contralateral prophylactic mastectomy. As reported, this was due to the tumor being advanced/too large (50.4 %), patient preference (12.6 %), multicentricity (8.8 %) and margins, genetics, and previous radiotherapy (4 %). Conclusions: A significant increase in the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy over time was identified, and treatment with mastectomy as definitive surgical management remained high. There was significant variability in neoadjuvant chemotherapy use by the operating surgeons, in addition to factors generally associated with more locally advanced/aggressive tumors.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2015; 22(10). DOI:10.1245/s10434-015-4714-x · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) have improved survival for colorectal and high-grade appendiceal carcinomatosis. We compared the overall and recurrence-free survival (OS and RFS) of patients treated with HIPEC with mitomycin c and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC) with fluorouracil versus HIPEC alone using oxaliplatin and simultaneous IV infusion of fluorouracil. Ninety-three patients with colorectal or high-grade appendiceal carcinomatosis were treated with CRS and HIPEC + EPIC or HIPEC alone. OS and RFS were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank testing. Survival did not differ between HIPEC regimens. The 3-year OS and RFS rates were 50% and 21% for HIPEC + EPIC and 46% and 6% for HIPEC alone (P = .72 and P = .89, respectively). HIPEC + EPIC patients experienced more grade III/IV complications (43.2% vs 19.6%, P = .01). There was no difference in OS and RFS between colorectal and high-grade appendiceal adenocarcinoma patients treated with CRS and HIPEC + EPIC versus HIPEC alone. However, HIPEC + EPIC patients suffered greater morbidity, making HIPEC alone the preferable regimen. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The American Journal of Surgery 05/2015; 210(3). DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2015.03.008 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To meet the needs of patients, Canadian surgical and medical oncology leaders in the treatment of peritoneal surface malignancies (psms), together with patient representatives, formed the Canadian HIPEC Collaborative Group (chicg). The group is dedicated to standardizing and improving the treatment of psm in Canada so that access to treatment and, ultimately, the prognosis of Canadian patients with psm are improved. Patients with resectable psm arising from colorectal or appendiceal neoplasms should be reviewed by a multidisciplinary team including surgeons and medical oncologists with experience in treating patients with psm. Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy should be offered to appropriately selected patients and performed at experienced centres. The aim of this publication is to present guidelines that we recommend be applied across the country for the treatment of psm.
    Current Oncology 04/2015; 22(2):e100-12. DOI:10.3747/co.22.2058 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative irradiation reduces local recurrence of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs), but major wound complication rates approach 25-35 %. Using a novel neoadjuvant chemoradiation protocol, we prospectively documented functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) and hypothesized a lower major wound complication rate. Patients with STS deep to muscular fascia were treated with 3 days of doxorubicin (30 mg/day) and 10 days of irradiation (300 cGy/day) followed by limb-sparing surgery. Wound complications were assessed, and functional assessment and QOL were followed prospectively using the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS), Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS), and Short Form (SF)-36 questionnaires preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Altogether, 52 consecutive patients were accrued during 2006-2011. Overall, 80.8 % of STSs were >5 cm, and 67.3 % involved the lower extremity. Seven (13.5 %) major wound complications occurred, all requiring reoperation. Preoperative scores for TESS, MSTS, and SF-36 physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) health components were 83.3, 86.7, 40.6, and 49.4, respectively. There were no differences seen 6 months postoperatively. By 12 months, however, patients showed improved functional scores (TESS 93.0, p = 0.02; MSTS 93.3, p < 0.01) and QOL scores (PCS 45.1, p = 0.02; MCS = 52.9, p = 0.05). No differences in scores were seen between patients with or without wound complications. Patients treated with our neoadjuvant chemoradiation protocol had stable QOL and functional scores 6 months postoperatively and showed improvement by 12 months. Importantly, the major wound complication rate was low.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2015; 22(9). DOI:10.1245/s10434-015-4490-7 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obtaining a complete cytoreduction in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is one of the most significant prognostic variables for long-term survival. This study explored features on preoperative computed tomography (CT) to predict unresectability. A retrospective case-control study was conducted of 15 patients with unresectable PC and 15 patients with completely resected PC matched by intraoperative peritoneal cancer index (PCI) and pathology type. Two surgical oncologists blindly analyzed all abdominopelvic CT scans. PCI estimated on imaging was not higher in unresectable patients (P = .851) and significantly underestimated intraoperative PCI measurement (P = .003). No single concerning feature was associated with unresectability. However, patients with 2 or more concerning features were more likely to be unresectable (87.5% vs 36.4%, P = .035). Two or more concerning CT imaging features appear to be associated with a higher risk of unresectability in patients with PC. However, no specific imaging feature should exclude a patient from an attempted cytoreduction.
    American journal of surgery 05/2014; 207(5):760-5. DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.12.024 · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Walley J. Temple · Laura Chin-Lenn · Lloyd A. Mack ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background A web-based synoptic operative reporting system (WebSMR) incorporates implicit guidelines and real-time feedback of a surgeon’s practice compared with provincial data. This study compares rates of TM between the overall provincial and WebSMR patients and examines decision-making factors in WebSMR patients. Methods Patients treated for invasive breast cancer (2007-2011) were identified from WebSMR and the Alberta Cancer Registry. Reports include surgery type and reasons for TM. Results Among 5787 patients in WebSMR (2007-2011), TM rate decreased from 48 to 42% (p<0.001). In 2011, the provincial cancer registry recorded a 56% TM rate compared to 42% in WebSMR patients. Patient preference accounted for 36% in the latter group. Conclusions In WebSMR patients, TM rates were lower than the overall provincial rate and decreased significantly during the study period. Reasons are unclear but guidelines and real-time feedback likely plays a role.
    American journal of surgery 05/2014; 207(5). DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.12.013 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) and appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (AMNs) are considered as different appendiceal tumors. Coexistence of both tumors was occasionally noted. We further observed the concurrence in both primary tumors and their peritoneal dissemination, that is, peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) including pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). Review of our 10-year file identified two subgroups of cases with such concurrence. Group 1 is 14 cases of PC/PMP treated by surgical cytoreduction. Morphologic components of GCC, low-grade mucinous neoplasm (LMN), mucinous adenocarcinoma (MCA), and non-mucinous adenocarcinoma (NMCA) were identified separately in different organs/tissues. Group 2 is eight cases of localized primary tumors of appendix and ileocecal junction. In Group 1, primary tumors (11 GCC, 1 GCC + LMN, 1 MCA, 1 NMCA) were identified in appendix (13) and in rectum (1). Further review identified mixed morphologic components in 7/12 GCC cases, including GCC + LMN (2), GCC + MCA (2), GCC + NMCA (1), and GCC + MCA + NMCA (2). Over peritoneal dissemination, GCC and/or other components were coexistent at different sites and in variable combinations. In Group 2, primary tumors were initially diagnosed as GCC (7) and MCA (1). Further review identified mixed components in all cases, including GCC + LMN (3), GCC + LMN + MCA (3), GCC + MCA + NMCA (2). GCC may present as a component mixed with AMNs and even with conventional adenocarcinoma in both primary tumors and metastatic lesions. AMN in any given single case may show a wide morphologic spectrum. GCC and AMN may share a common tumor stem cell with potential of multiple lineage differentiations. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2014; 109(6). DOI:10.1002/jso.23537 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    Justin D Rivard · Yarrow J McConnell · Walley J Temple · Lloyd A Mack ·
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    ABSTRACT: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are increasingly used to treat peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer. It is still relatively unknown which poor prognostic factors to avoid in order to optimize patient selection for CRS + HIPEC. Between February 2003 and October 2011, 68 consecutive colorectal cancer patients who underwent CRS + HIPEC with a complete cytoreduction were identified from a prospective database. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method, with log rank testing of differences between groups. Multivariate analysis was conducted using Cox proportional hazard regression. Median follow-up was 30.3 (range, 2-88) months amongst survivors. Patients with a peritoneal cancer index (PCI) of 10 or less showed improved survival over those with a PCI of 11 or higher (P = 0.03). No difference in survival was seen for the other potentially poor prognostic variables including lymph node status, synchronous peritoneal disease, peri-operative systemic chemotherapy, and rectal cancer primary. A low PCI was associated with improved survival. Complete CRS + HIPEC appears to result in similar survival outcomes regardless of delivery of peri-operative systemic chemotherapy. Rectal origin, lymph node status, and synchronous peritoneal disease should not be used as an absolute exclusion criteria for CRS + HIPEC based on current data. J. Surg. Oncol. 2014 109:104-109. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; 109(2):104-9. DOI:10.1002/jso.23446 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The debate remains whether appendiceal goblet cell cancers behave as classical carcinoid or adenocarcinoma. Treatment options are unclear and reports of outcomes are scarce. Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS+HIPEC) is considered optimal treatment for peritoneal involvement of other epithelial appendiceal tumors. Prospective cohorts of patients treated for advanced appendiceal tumors from three peritoneal malignancy centres were collected (1994-2011). All patients underwent complete CRS+HIPEC, when possible, or tumor debulking. Demographic and outcome data for patients with goblet cell cancers were compared to patients with low- or high-grade epithelial appendiceal tumors treated during the same time period. Details on 45 goblet cell cancer patients were compared to 708 patients with epithelial appendix lesions. In the goblet cell group, 57.8 % were female, median age was 53 years, median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 24, and CRS+HIPEC was achieved in 71.1 %. These details were similar in patients with low- or high-grade epithelial tumors. Lymph nodes were involved in 52 % of goblet cell patients, similar to rates in high-grade cancers, but significantly higher than in low-grade lesions (6.4 %; p < 0.001). At 3 years, overall survival (OS) was 63.4 % for goblet cell patients, intermediate between that for high-grade (40.4-52.2 %) and low-grade (80.6 %) tumors. On multivariate analysis, tumor histology, PCI, and achievement of CRS+HIPEC were independently associated with OS. This data supports the concept that appendiceal goblet cell cancers behave more as high-grade adenocarcinomas than as low-grade lesions. These patients have reasonable long-term survival when treated using CRS+HIPEC, and this strategy should be considered.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 01/2014; 21(6). DOI:10.1245/s10434-013-3469-5 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of the management of DCIS poses challenges, as standard breast cancer outcome measures such as mortality do not apply. We have developed quality indicators (QIs) to measure the quality of DCIS treatment in Alberta, Canada. A modified Delphi process was used to determine QIs in the treatment of DCIS after review of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Patients diagnosed with DCIS from 2000 to 2001 (cohort 1) and 2009-2010 (cohort 2) were identified from the Alberta Cancer Registry and QIs were retrospectively abstracted. The expert panel developed eight QIs to assess the overall quality of care for DCIS patients. Five hundred eighty eligible patients were identified in the two cohorts. There was significant improvement in radiation oncology referral, radiation post lumpectomy and complete pathology reporting. Axillary staging significantly increased from 20% (axillary dissection in cohort 1) to 60% (sentinel node biopsy in cohort 2). Other QIs did not differ significantly. By developing QIs, performance measures for DCIS may assessed and compared over time. Although there have been significant improvements with pathology reporting and radiation oncology assessment and treatment, axillary staging rates are unexpectedly high, necessitating further investigation. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; 108(6). DOI:10.1002/jso.23401 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are few established indications for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). This study examines factors contributing to the high rate of SLNB in DCIS in Alberta, Canada. Patients who underwent definitive surgery from January 2009 to July 2011 for DCIS diagnosed on preoperative core-needle biopsy were identified using a provincial synoptic operative report database (WebSMR). The relationship between baseline patient and tumor characteristics and treatment with total mastectomy (TM), use of SLNB, and upstaging were examined. There were 394 patients identified in the study cohort. Mean age was 57 years, and average preoperative tumor size was 3 cm. Overall, 148 patients (37.6 %) underwent TM; predictors were preoperative tumor size [odds ratio (OR), 1.92 per 1-cm increase in size; 95 % CI 1.65-2.24] and surgeon. Upstaging to invasive cancer at surgery occurred in 23 %, predicted only by preoperative tumor size (OR 1.14 per 1 cm; 95 % CI 1.03-1.27). SLNB was performed in 306 patients overall (77 %) and 140 of those treated with BCS (61 %). Predictors of SLNB were larger preoperative tumor size (OR 1.55 per 1 cm; 95 % CI 1.18-2.04) and the surgeon. In patients treated with BCS, 3 patients who were upstaged had positive SLNs (>0.2 mm), and no patients with DCIS had a positive SLN. SLNB use is high in patients undergoing BCS for DCIS. Tumor size and the operating surgeon predicted SLNB use. Despite a 23 % upstaging rate, the rate of clinically significant positive SLNs in patients treated with BCS is low, supporting omission of upfront SLNB.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 09/2013; 21(1). DOI:10.1245/s10434-013-3239-4 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Peritoneal metastases (PM) can be treated with cytoreduction surgery (CRS) with intraoperative heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) plus or minus early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (EPIC). HIPEC + EPIC may be associated with more complications than HIPEC alone. Methods: A prospective database of consecutive patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC ± EPIC at the University of Calgary between February 2000 and May 2011 was reviewed. Patient, tumor, and perioperative variables included peritoneal cancer index (PCI), completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) score, HIPEC ± EPIC type, and grade III/IV complications. Results: 198 patients had a CCR score of 0/1 and received: (1) HIPEC mitomycin C + EPIC 5-fluorouracil for 5 days (n = 85; February 2000-January 2008); or (2) HIPEC oxaliplatin with IV 5-fluorouracil + no EPIC (n = 113; February 2008-May 2011). Clinicodemographics were similar except PCI was higher in the HIPEC-alone group (mean PCI 22 vs. 17; P = 0.02). The rate of grade III/IV complications was higher in the HIPEC + EPIC group (44.7% vs. 31.0%; P = 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression only HIPEC + EPIC and PCI > 26 were associated with an increased rate of complications. Conclusion: In patients with PM, the use of EPIC, in combination with CRS and HIPEC, is associated with an increased rate of complications. Surgeons should consider using HIPEC only (without EPIC).
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2013; 107(6). DOI:10.1002/jso.23276 · 3.24 Impact Factor
  • Karen J Brasel · David M Mahvi · Lloyd A Mack · Walley J Temple ·

    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 11/2012; 215(5):737-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2012.08.010 · 5.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, the dictated operative report forms the cornerstone of documenting breast cancer surgery. Synoptic electronic reporting using a standardized template has been proposed for breast cancer operative notes to improve documentation. The goal of this study was to determine the current completeness of dictated operative reports for breast cancer surgery. An iterative, consensus-based approach to determining elements of a proposed synoptic surgical operative report identified critical elements. We then evaluated the dictated operative reports of 100 consecutive breast cancer patients for completeness of these elements. Details regarding presentation and diagnosis were frequently incomplete (84%). Among patients undergoing mastectomy, the potential for breast conservation was partially described in only 60%. Only 41% had data regarding intra-operative margin assessment during breast conservation surgery. In axillary lymph node dissections, 92% of patients had complete data about preservation of nerves, yet only 14% of reports contained complete information regarding sentinel lymph node biopsy. Closure was partially described in 91%. The dictated operative report for breast cancer surgery does not adequately capture important data. A synoptic reporting system, which requires documentation of important elements, is a potentially beneficial tool in breast cancer surgery.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; 106(1):79-83. DOI:10.1002/jso.23031 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Ten- to 15-year survival results were analyzed from a prospective multi-institutional randomized surgical trial that involved 740 stages I and II melanoma patients with intermediate thickness melanomas (1.0 to 4.0 mm) and compared elective (immediate) lymph node dissection (ELND) with clinical observation of the lymph nodes as well as prognostic factors that independently predict outcomes. Methods: Eligible patients were stratified according to tumor thickness, anatomical site, and ulceration, and then prerandomized to either ELND or nodal observation. By using Cox stepwise multivariate regression analysis, the independent predictors of outcome were tumor thickness ( P , .001), the presence of tumor ulceration (P , .001), trunk site (P 5 .003), and patient age more than 60 years (P 5 .01). Results: Overall 10-year survival was not significantly different for patients who received ELND or nodal observation (77% vs. 73%; P 5 .12). Among the prospectively stratified subgroups of patients, 10-year survival rates favored those patients with ELND, with a 30% reduction in mortality rate for the 543 patients with nonulcerated melanomas (84% vs. 77%; P 5 .03), a 30% reduction in mortality rate for the 446 patients with tumor thickness of 1.0 to 2.0 mm (86% vs. 80%; P 5 .03), and a 27% reduction in mortality rate for 385 patients with limb melanomas (84% vs. 78%; P 5 .05). Of these subgroups, the presence or absence of ulceration should be the key factor for making treatment recommendations with regard to ELND for patients with intermediate thickness melanomas. Conclusions: These long-term survival rates from patients treated at 77 institutions demonstrate that ulceration and tumor thickness are dominant predictive factors that should be used in the staging of stages I and II melanomas, and confer a survival advantage for these subgroups of prospectively defined melanoma patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2012; 7(2):87-97. DOI:10.1007/s10434-000-0087-9 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a novel knowledge translation initiative, the Government of Ontario's Asthma Plan of Action funded the development of an Asthma Care Map to enable adherence with the Canadian Asthma Consensus Guidelines developed under the auspices of the Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS). Following its successful evaluation within the Primary Care Asthma Pilot Project, respiratory clinicians from the Asthma Research Unit, Queen's University (Kingston, Ontario) are leading an initiative to incorporate standardized Asthma Care Map data elements into electronic health records in primary care in Ontario. Acknowledging that the issue of data standards affects all respiratory conditions, and all provinces and territories, the Government of Ontario approached the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee. At its meeting in September 2010, the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee agreed that developing and standardizing respiratory data elements for electronic health records are strategically important. In follow-up to that commitment, representatives from the CTS, the Lung Association, the Government of Ontario, the National Lung Health Framework and Canada Health Infoway came together to form a planning committee. The planning committee proposed a phased approach to inform stakeholders about the issue, and engage them in the development, implementation and evaluation of a standardized dataset. An environmental scan was completed in July 2011, which identified data definitions and standards currently available for clinical variables that are likely to be included in electronic medical records in primary care for diagnosis, management and patient education related to asthma and COPD. The scan, sponsored by the Government of Ontario, includes compliance with clinical nomenclatures such as SNOMED-CT® and LOINC®. To help launch and create momentum for this initiative, a national forum was convened on October 2 and 3, 2011, in Toronto, Ontario. The forum was designed to bring together key stakeholders across the spectrum of respiratory care, including clinicians, researchers, health informaticists and administrators to explore and recommend a potential scope, approach and governance structure for this important project. The Pan-Canadian REspiratory STandards INitiative for Electronic Health Records (PRESTINE) goal is to recommend respiratory data elements and standards for use in electronic medical records across Canada that meet the needs of providers, administrators, researchers and policy makers to facilitate evidence-based clinical care, monitoring, surveillance, benchmarking and policy development. The focus initially is expected to include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary function standards elements that are applicable to many respiratory conditions. The present article summarizes the process and findings of the forum deliberations.
    Canadian respiratory journal: journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society 03/2012; 19(2):117-26. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    Lloyd Mack · Walley Temple ·

    Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy - Current Applications in Clinical Practice, 02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-994-3
  • Trevor Hamilton · Kathryn Lanuke · Lloyd A Mack · Walley J Temple ·
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to report a long-term survival analysis of a phase II protocol of cytoreductive surgery (CS) and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PCs). Between 2000 and 2008, 101 consecutive patients were treated with CS, HIPEC and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy using a standardized protocol. Disease recurrence and mortality data were collected prospectively. Primary outcomes were median, 3-year, and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The median age was 49 years (range, 18-77 years), and the majority (82%) had complete CS with no gross residual cancer. Tumor types included appendiceal (n = 58), colorectal (n = 31), and other (n = 12). Median follow-up was 28 months (range, 0-119 months), with minimum of 24 months among survivors. For appendiceal tumors, median DFS was 34 months (range, 0-119 months) and OS has not yet been defined. Three-year and 5-year DFS was 48% and 42%, respectively, and 3-year and 5-year OS was 76% and 62%, respectively. For colorectal carcinomatosis, median disease-free and OS was 9 months (range, 0-87 months) and 27 months (range, 0-87 months), respectively. Three-year and 5-year DFS was 34% and 26%, respectively, and 3-year and 5-year OS was 38% and 34%, respectively. Long-term survival with regional treatment of PC from appendiceal or colorectal primary tumors with CS and HIPEC is achievable.
    American journal of surgery 05/2011; 201(5):650-4. DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2011.01.013 · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Thomas WaiThong Ho · Lloyd A Mack · Walley J Temple ·
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    ABSTRACT: Retroperitoneal nodal recurrence after curative resection of colorectal cancer is an uncommon and challenging problem. The evidence for salvage surgery is limited and remains controversial, particularly when major vascular structures are involved. Some reports have demonstrated a survival benefit after metachronous resection of retroperitoneal metastasis with and without concomitant aortic resection. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to find evidence in favor of or against salvage surgery. Electronic searches of the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and EMBASE database were performed. Additional papers were identified by a manual search of the references from the key articles. Only peer-reviewed articles published in the English language were evaluated. A total of nine suitable studies were identified: three case reports and six larger series, of which one was a case-control study. Including our case reports, the total number of patients who underwent surgical resection that are available for review was 110. Median overall survival was between 34 and 44 months and median disease-free survival between 17 and 21 months. Concomitant resection of major vessels with graft replacement was feasible with survival ranging from 19 months to 18 years. There was no reported mortality associated with surgical salvage of retroperitoneal recurrence and the overall morbidity was 17-33%. The current literature suggests that more aggressive surgical treatment of retroperitoneal nodal recurrence in CRC has acceptable morbidity and may be associated with an improved survival in well-selected patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2011; 18(3):697-703. DOI:10.1245/s10434-010-1322-7 · 3.93 Impact Factor
  • Gitonga Munene · Lloyd A Mack · Randy D Moore · Walley J Temple ·
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    ABSTRACT: Inferior vena cava (IVC) leiomyosarcomas are rare and are a relatively small subset of retroperitoneal sarcomas. The current approach is resection and ligation or reconstruction of the IVC. This study was undertaken to analyze the outcomes associated with the use of neoadjuvant radiotherapy and IVC reconstruction in the treatment of IVC leiomyosarcoma. A retrospective clinicopathological review of patients treated during a 10-year period. Four patients were treated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy, median 47.5 Gy, all underwent margin negative resection with 75% of the tumors being high grade and all patients requiring resection of adjacent organs. Reconstruction of the IVC was performed with an autologous superficial femoral vein graft. There were no mortalities and the morbidity rate was 50%. At a median follow up of 37 months; two patients had a patent IVC, no patients had a local recurrence, and one patient developed a distant metastases treated successfully with metastectomy. Neoadjuvant radiotherapy and resection of the IVC leiomyosarcoma resulted in 100% local control, and all patients are alive at median follow up of 37 months. IVC reconstruction with the superficial femoral vein is safe and associated with acceptable short and long term morbidity.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 02/2011; 103(2):175-8. DOI:10.1002/jso.21798 · 3.24 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
363.26 Total Impact Points


  • 1990-2015
    • The University of Calgary
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of Surgical Oncology
      • • Division of Plastic Surgery
      • • Division of General Surgery
      Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 1987-2014
    • Tom Baker Cancer Centre
      Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 1980-1984
    • University of Miami
      • Department of Surgery
      كورال غيبلز، فلوريدا, Florida, United States
  • 1981-1983
    • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
      • Division of Surgical Oncology
      Miami, Florida, United States