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ABSTRACT: High-dose chemotherapy (HDC) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is used for the treatment of hemato-oncologic malignancies. In this study, we measured the effect of HDC/ASCT on plasma concentrations of antiangiogenic soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sVEGFR1) and of leukapheresis products (LP) and patient serum on chick chorioallantoic (CAM) angiogenesis.
VEGFR1- and CD34-expressing cells of leukapheresis products were analyzed by flow cytometry. Alternatively spliced isoforms of VEGFR1 mRNA were quantified using reverse transcription PCR.
Plasma concentrations of sVEGFR1 decreased after HDC, but significantly increased after ASCT. In the CAM assay, sera of patients elicited a proangiogenic effect before and after HDC, but a strong antiangiogenic response after ASCT, comparable to that of bevacizumab at therapeutic concentrations. LP contains high concentrations of sVEGFR1, and high density of VEGFR1(+) neutrophilic granulocytes, in which mRNA expression is shifted toward the soluble VEGFR1 isoform.
Neutrophil-derived antiangiogenic sVEGFR1 within the LP may contribute to the therapeutic efficacy of ASCT.
Anticancer research 10/2011; 31(10):3115-24. · 1.87 Impact Factor