ABSTRACT: To prepare a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the fusion protein preM/EIII of West Nile virus (WNV) for clinical detection of WNV.
Sp2/0 cells were fused with the spleen cells of BALB/c mice immunized with the recombinant fusion protein preM/EIII expressed in E. coil to obtain the hybridoma cell line that secreted preM/EIII mAb. The hybridoma cells were injected into the peritoneal cavity of BALB/c mice and the ascites was collected and purified. The specificity and titer of the obtained mAb were determined using ELISA and Western blotting.
One hybridoma cell line secreting preM/EIII mAb, named ME1, was obtained. The titer of the purified mAb was 10(-6). Identified as a mAb of the Ig subclass IgG1, ME1 was capable of specific reactions with preM/EIII protein and WNV without cross-reactions with other viruses such as JEV, SLEV, YFV and DENV. The accuracy of clinical testing of MNV with ME1 was 97.78%.
The mAb against preM/EIII obtained have a high specificity and accuracy in clinical testing of MNV and can be used in clinical diagnosis of MNV infection.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 05/2012; 32(5):742-5.
ABSTRACT: To study the change of special antibodies titer IgG, IgM and nucleocaspid to SARS coronavirus (CoV) and observing the expression of stomach and enteric involvement on SARS-CoV infection by monoclonal antibody against N protein of SARS-CoV in the 7-year recovery period among family clustering cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome.
Special antibody titer to SARS-CoV of 14 patients from 5 different families and their 10 kinfolks continuously tested by IFA and antigen-capturing ELISA methods. Samples were taken in the 1(st) - 7(th) year periods after SARS patients infected by SARS-CoV, being diluted and measured on it titers of three kinds of antibodies. Immunochemical staining with monoclonal antibody (mAb) against N protein of SARS-CoV was used to determine the stomach and enteric tissues among 5 SARS patients with their nucleocaspid antibody titer ascended obviously after 1(st)-7(th) year.
When testing the IgG antibody titer of the 14 SARS patients by IFA method, the average titer was 1/71 (95%CI: 1/58 - 1/85) in the 1(st) year, but began to descend in the following years, and the IgG antibody of the most SARS patients disappeared in the 7(th) year. Regarding the IgM titer, it disappeared in most of the SARS patients 1 year later. The average value of nucleocaspid antibody titer was 1/146 (95%CI: 1/122 - 1/171) in the 1(st) year, and it descended as the IgG antibody titer did. In 5 cases, differences appeared. The nucleocaspid antibody titer was between 1/156 and 1/210 in 3 cases, and 2 cases were normal. Immunochemical staining with mAb against N protein of SARS-CoV was identified in the stomach and enteric tissues of 5 SARS patients with the nucleocaspid antibody titer increased significantly, 1(st)-7(th) year later. The five patients were detected by gastroscopy detection and cell immunohistochemistry test. 3 cases showed N protein antibody positive in the serum, and positive immunohistochemical expression in most of the cytoplasm in the gastric tissue mucous gland epithelial cells. 1 case also expressed in the intestinal tissue slurry columnar epithelium and interstitial cells. The other two cases showed negative on both serum N protein antibody and immunohistochemical expression. The biopsy results of the 5 patients were as follows: 1 case diagnosed as "signet-ring cell carcinoma of the stomach and rectum multiple transfer", 1 case of gastric polyp, 1 case of superficial antral gastritis and 2 cases were normal.
By testing the special IgG, IgM, nucleocaspid antibody to SARS-CoV of the 14 family clustering cases, we found that they all decreased in the 7(th) year, and most of them disappeared. The nucleocaspid antibody titer was related to pathogenetic condition. SARS-CoV was proved to be still present in stomach and enteric tissues of SARS patients with the nucleocaspid antibody titer increased significantly after the 7(th) year.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 07/2010; 31(7):795-9.
ABSTRACT: The clinical features of Lophomonas blattarum infection in 26 patients with bacterial pneumonia were analyzed. Common manifestation included fever, cough and breathlessness. Computed tomography (CT) showed interstitial change and alveolar exudation. The parasites were found in sputum smear and from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Metronidazole was effectively used to cure the pulmonary infection of L. blattarum.
Zhongguo ji sheng chong xue yu ji sheng chong bing za zhi = Chinese journal of parasitology & parasitic diseases 11/2007; 25(5):430-1.