Yuqing Zhao

Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China

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Publications (25)54.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Callistephus chinensis flower (CCF) polyphones on symptoms of metabolic syndrome in a newly developed high-fat diet-induced Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) mice model. C57BL/6J mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD; 50% energy as fat) with normal drinking fluid or HFD with CCF polyphones (50 mg/L or 100 mg/L) in drinking fluid for 12 wk. As a comparison, mice fed a normal-fat (NFD; 10% energy as fat) and with normal drinking fluid was also included. HFD group developed more body weight gain and severe symptoms of metabolic syndrome than the NFD group. CCF polyphones treatment significantly reduced body weight gain associated with increased fecal lipids compared to the NFD group. Liver damage and liver triglyceride levels were also decreased by CCF polyphones treatment. Moreover, both morphologic and histological detections indicated that CCF polyphones significantly reversed HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and liver injury. Furthermore, CCF polyphones significantly ameliorated HFD-induced metabolic disorders, including insulin resistance, inflammatory cytokines include interlukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Besides, hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARα) and the gene involved in PPARα, Peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase (ACOX), were markedly up-regulated at protein levels by CCF polyphones. Our results demonstrate that the HFD produces metabolic syndrome of NAFLD and CCF polyphones treatment can alleviate these symptoms. The beneficial effects of CCF polyphones are associated with decreased lipid absorption and reduced levels of inflammatory cytokines.
    Food Funct. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous compounds isolated from Ginseng have been shown to exhibit various biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic, and anti-tumor activities. Recent research has focused on the potential values of these compounds in the prevention and treatment of human cancers. The anti-tumor activity of 25-hydroxyprotopanaxadiol (25-OH-PPD), a natural compound isolated from Panax ginseng, has been established in previous study. In the current study, we investigated the anti-tumor activity of three derivatives of 25-OH-PPD, namely xl, 1c, and 8b with respect to lung cancer. All three compounds significantly inhibited the growth of the human lung cancer cells A549 and H460. Oral administration of these compounds significantly inhibited the growth of xenograft tumors in mice without affecting body weight. Further mechanistic study demonstrated that these compounds could decrease the expression levels of β-catenin and its downstream targets Cyclin D1, CDK4, and c-myc in lung cancer cells. Taken together, the results suggested that the anti-growth activity exerted by these 25-OH-PPD derivatives against lung cancer cells probably involved β-catenin-mediated signaling pathway, a finding that could have important implication for chemotherapeutic strategy aiming at the treatment of lung cancer.
    European journal of pharmacology. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (SCTB) is a functional, economical and medicinal herb that has numerous medicinal and nutritional properties. The present study was carried out to investigate its inhibitory activities against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and α-glucosidase. The extracts and compounds isolated from petroleum ether (PE) extract were further tested for their PTP1B and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. The data showed that the anti-diabetic activity of SCTB is attributable to the PE (IC50 = 1.77 ± 0.20 μg/mL) and EtOAc (IC50 = 1.04 ± 0.20 μg/mL) extracts as well as compounds 1 (IC50 = 2.36 ± 0.20 μM) and 4 (IC50 = 9.78 ± 0.10 μM) that were compared with the positive controls NaVO4 (IC50 = 22 ± 0.20 μM) and acarbose (IC50 = 2.10 ± 0.10 μg/mL), respectively. These results demonstrate that the stems of SCTB are useful as potential functional food ingredients for the prevention and treatment of type-2 diabetes.
    Journal of Functional Foods 07/2014; 9:264–270. · 2.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three new (1–3) and 12 known compounds were isolated from L. inermis flowers. All the compounds were evaluated for cytotoxicity against MCF-7, Hela, HCT-116 and HT-29 cell lines. results showed that compound 3 and 5 presented much stronger inhibitory activities than the positive control 5-fluorouracil.
    Fitoterapia 04/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Weizhuo Tang, Baoshan Sun, Yuqing Zhao
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the preparative separation and purification of rosmarinic acid (RA) from perilla seed meal (PSM), which is a by-product of edible oil production, was achieved using combined column chromatography over macroporous and polyamide resins. To optimize the RA enrichment process, the performance and separation characteristics of nine selected macroporous resins with different chemical and physical properties were investigated. SP825 resin was the most effective: the content of RA increased from 0.27% in the original extract to 16.58% in the 50% ethanol fraction (a 61.4-fold increase). During further purification treatment on polyamide resin, 90.23% pure RA could be obtained in the 70% ethanol fraction. RA with a higher purity (>95%) could also be easily obtained using one crystallization operation. The proposed method is simple, easily operated, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly and is suitable for both large-scale RA production and waste management.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 02/2014; s 947–948:41–48. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim seed (ZBMS) has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as an ingredient of polyherbal formulations for the treatment of inflammation and asthma. The aim of this study was to analyze the major composition and to evaluate the anti-asthma activity of ZBMS. Some murine models including acetylcholine/histamine-induced asthma, ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation, ear edema and toe swelling measurement, citric acid-induced cough, and anti-stress abilities were investigated to fully study the anti-asthma activity of ZBMS.GC chromatography was also performed to analyze the major fatty acid composition of ZBMS. The results demonstrated that the major fatty acid composition of ZBMS includes oleic acid (20.15%), linoleic acid (26.54%), and α-linolenic acid (30.57%), which was the leading component of ZBMS, and that the total fatty acid content of ZBMS was 77.27%. The murine models demonstrated that ZBMS displays a protective effect on guinea pig sensitization, a dose-dependent inhibition of the increases in RL and decreases in Cdyn, which resulted in the relief of auricle edema and toe swelling in mice and anti-stress activity. Our results validate the traditional use of ZBMS for the treatment of asthma and other inflammatory joint disorders, and suggest that ZBMS has potential as a new therapeutic agent for asthma management.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 02/2014; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop a self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) to enhance the oral bioavailability of the poorly water-soluble compound 20(S)-25-methoxydammarane-3β;12β;20-triol (25-OCH3-PPD). Optimized SMEDDS formulations for 25-OCH3-PPD contained Cremophor® EL (50%) as the surfactant, glycerin (20%) as the cosurfactant, and Labrafil® M1944 (30%) as the oil. The SMEDDS were characterized by morphological observation and mean droplet size. The pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of the 25-OCH3-PPD suspension and SMEDDS were evaluated and compared in rats. The plasma concentrations of 25-OCH3-PPD and its main metabolite, 25-OH-PPD, were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The relative bioavailability of SMEDDS was dramatically enhanced by an average of 9.8-fold compared with the suspension. Improved solubility and lymphatic transport may contribute to this enhanced bioavailability. Our studies highlight the promise of SMEDDS for the delivery of 25-OCH3-PPD via the oral route.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 01/2014; 9:913-920. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study characterized in vitro metabolites of 20(R)-25-methoxyl-dammarane-3β, 12β, 20-triol (20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD) in mouse, rat, dog, monkey and human liver microsomes. 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD was incubated with liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH. The reaction mixtures and the metabolites were identified on the basis of their mass profiles using LC-Q/TOF and were quantified using triple quadrupole instrument by multiple reaction monitoring. A total of 7 metabolites (M1-M7) of the phase I metabolites were detected in all species. 25(R)-OCH3-PPD was metabolized by hydroxylation, dehydrogenation, and O-demethylation. Enzyme kinetic of 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD metabolism was evaluated in rat and human hepatic microsomes. Incubations studies with selective chemical inhibitors demonstrated that the metabolism of 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD was primarily mediated by CYP3A4. We conclude that 20(R)-25-OCH3-PPD was metabolized extensively in mammalian species of mouse, rat, dog, monkey, and human. CYP3A4-catalyzed oxygenation metabolism played an important role in the disposition of 25(R)-OCH3-PPD, especially at the C-20 hydroxyl group.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e94962. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Panax notoginseng has been used as a general tonic agent to invigorate human body for millennia in China and continued to be used until present. Some chromatographic methods were performed to isolate pure triterpenoids, and their structures were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. Anti-diabetes activities of isolated compounds were evaluated through their inhibitory activity of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) enzyme. Three new dammarane-type triterpenoids, notoginsenoside-LX (1), notoginsenoside-LY (2), and notoginsenoside-FZ (3) together with eighteen known compounds were isolated from the Panax notoginseng leaves. The structure-activity relationship of the compounds with dammarane-type triterpenoids and their PTP1B inhibitory activity were also reported. Results showed that compounds 2, 15, 20, and 21 can significantly inhibit the enzyme activity of PTP1B in a dose-dependent manner, with inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) values of 29.08 μM, 21.27 μM, 28.12 μM, and 26.59 μM, respectively. The results suggested that Panax notoginseng leaves might have potential as a new therapeutic agent for the treatment of diabetes.
    Journal of ginseng research 01/2014; 38(1):28-33. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 25-hydroxyprotopanaxadiol (25-OH-PPD) is a natural compound isolated from Panax ginseng, and its anti-tumor activity has been studied in previous publication. In the current study, we investigated the anti-tumor activity of three novel derivatives synthesized from 25-OH-PPD, namely (20R)-12β-O-(L-chloracetyl)-dammarane-3β, 20, 25-triol (xl), (20R)-3β-O-(L-alanyl)-dammarane-12β, 20, 25-triol (1c), and (20R)-3β-O-(Boc-L-arginyl)-dammarane-12β, 20, 25-triol (8b). All three compounds significantly inhibited the growths of human colorectal cancer cells, while having lesser effect on the growth of normal primary muscle cells and spleno-lymphocytes. Further mechanistic study demonstrated that these compounds could induce apoptosis by activating the components of caspase-signaling pathways in HCT116 cells, but not in spleno-lymphocytes. Taken together, the results suggested that 25-OH-PPD derivatives exerted promising anti-tumor activity that is specific to human colorectal cancer cells, and may therefore represent a potential chemotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of colorectal cancer.
    Steroids 12/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carya cathayensis is a fruit-bearing plant that belongs to the Juglandaceae family and is widely distributed throughout the world. It possesses various important biological activities. We have previously isolated an antitumor compound from the shell of C. cathayensis fruits and named it E2S ((E)-3-[(2S,3R)-2,3-dihydro-2-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxymethyl-7-methoxy-1-benzo[b]furan-5-yl]-2-propenal). In this study, we investigated the antitumor activity of E2S against various human colorectal cancer cell lines (HCT116, HT29, SW480, LoVo). The results showed that E2S could significantly inhibit the growth of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner, as well as disrupt the progression of the cell cycle. Mechanistic study revealed that E2S could decrease the protein levels of β-catenin and its downstream targets (such as c-myc, a key transcriptional target of β-catenin) in the cells. In addition, it also significantly suppressed β-catenin/TCF transcriptional activity. Taken together, the results suggested that E2S might partially exert an antiproliferative effect on human colorectal cancer cells by targeting β-catenin signaling, a finding that might potentially translate into a chemotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer. It might also have implications for cancer prevention strategies.
    Planta Medica 11/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract 1. The pharmacokinetics of the 25-OCH3-PPD epimers and active metabolites in rat plasma after a single intravenous (i.v.) administration were studied by a rapid, selective and sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method. 2. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Acquity UPLC with Agela C18 column, and the solvents of 5 mM ammonium acetate (pH 7.8) - acetonitrile (65: 35, v/v) were used as mobile phase for elution. The quantification was performed with the transitions of m/z 493.5 → 475.5 for 20(R,S)-25-OCH3-PPD, m/z 479.5 → 461.5 for 20(R,S)-25-OH-PPD. The Lower Limit Of Quantitation (LLOQ) was 20.0 ng mL(-1) for 20(R,S)-25-OCH3-PPD, 2.0 ng mL(-1) for 20(R,S)-25-OH-PPD in the plasma samples assay. 3. The pharmacokinetic parameters of AUC, t1/2 and MRT had no difference between 20(R)- and (S)-25-OCH3-PPD, but S-epimer has a lower plasma clearance compared to the R-isomer. The active metabolite 20(S)-25-OH-PPD showed significantly higher AUC, MRT and a longer half-life than that of 20(R)-25-OH-PPD. These assay results are necessary for the evaluation of the pharmacokinetic behavior of 25-methoxydammarane-3β,12β,20-triol in vivo.
    Xenobiotica 04/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To screen the presence of ginkgolide B-producing endophytic fungi from the root bark of Ginkgo biloba, a total of 27 fungal isolates, belonging to 6 different genus, were isolated from the internal root bark of the plant Ginkgo biloba. The fungal isolates were fermented on solid media and their metabolites were analyzed by TLC. The obtained potential ginkgolides-producing fungus, the isolate SYP0056 which was identified as Fusarium oxysporum, was successively cultured in the liquid fermentation media, and its metabolite was analyzed by HPLC. The ginkgolide B was successfully isolated from the metabolite and identified by HPLC/ESI-MS and (13)C-NMR. The current research provides a new method to produce ginkgolide B by fungal fermentation, which could overcome the natural resource limitation of isolating from the leaves and barks of the plant Ginkgo biloba.
    Fitoterapia 04/2012; 83(5):913-20. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two new cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides, charantagenins D (1) and E (2), and one new sterol, 7-oxo-stigmasta-5,25-diene-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), were isolated from the fruit of Momordica charantia L. together with another eight known compounds. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectral analysis. Cytotoxicity activities of the isolated major compounds were evaluated against lung cancer cell line A549, glioblastoma cell line U87, and hepatoma carcinoma cell line Hep3B by using a 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) in vitro assay. Results showed compounds 1 and 7 (goyaglycoside d) with an -OMe substituent group in the side chain exhibited significant cytotoxic activities against cancer cells. Impressively, the IC(50) values of the new compound 1 to A549, U87, and Hep3B were 1.07, 1.08, and 14.01 μmol/L, respectively, which were much lower than those of other tested compounds.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 02/2012; 60(15):3927-33. · 3.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two new cyclic bisdesmosides elucidated as lobatoside L (1) and lobatoside M (2) and four known cyclic bisdesmosides (3-6) were isolated from Actinostemma lobatum MAXIM (Cucurbitaceae). Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses including IR, HR-FAB-MS, TOCSY, 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments and chemical reactions. The inhibitory effects of the six compounds on human cancer cell growth (including esophageal squamous carcinoma cell line ECA109, lung cancer cell line A549 and gastric cancer cell line MGC-803) were determined using the MTT assay. The results revealed that the six compounds exhibited cytotoxicity against all the cell lines tested, and compounds 1, 3 and 5 showed significant activities in a dose dependent manner against all the cell lines, especially for compound 1 and 5, the IC(50) values for ECA-109 cells were 8.25 μM and 3.71 μM. The results demonstrated that compounds 1 and 5's activities are 2- and 4-fold that of cisplatin.
    Fitoterapia 10/2011; 83(1):147-52. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An effective method for simultaneous determination of five hydrolysis products of 20 (R)-dammarane-3β,6α,12β,20,25-pentol, 24(R)-ocotillol, 20(R)-protopanaxatriol, 20(S)-panaxatriol and 20(R)-dammarane-3β,12β,20,25-tetrol was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD). The hydrolysis products from Panax quinquefolium L. in the stems and leaves, berries, flower buds and roots components were successfully separated on a Kromasil C(18) column using methanol and water (83:17, v/v) as mobile phase in 18 min. The parameter for the ELSD was set to a probe temperature of 40°C and the nebulizer for nitrogen gas was adjusted to 3 L/min. All calibration curves showed good linear regression (r > 0.9975) within test ranges. The validation of the method included recovery, linearity, accuracy and precision (intra- and inter-day variation). The accuracy and precision were satisfactory, with the overall intra- and inter-day variation being less than 3.11%, and recoveries of this method were greater than 95.0%. This study developed an effective and rapid method for simultaneous determination of multiple hydrolysis components from Panax quinquefolium L.
    Biomedical Chromatography 06/2011; 25(6):646-51. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioassay-directed separation of the ethyl acetate extract from the aerial parts of Saussurea involucrata (Kar. et Kir. ex Maxim) led to the isolation of three new sesquiterpene lactones sausinlactones A (1), B (2), C (3) and six known ones (4-9). The structures were established by spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR). CD technique was also employed to determine the absolute configurations of new compounds 1-3. The anti-inflammatory activities of compounds 1-9 and antitumor activities of new compounds 1-3 were tested. The results presented that compounds 5 and 6 were responsible for anti-inflammatory activities, and compounds 1 and 2 showed significant cytotoxic activities against A549 cells.
    Fitoterapia 05/2011; 82(7):983-7. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a novel and unique ginsenoside Rg(1)-hydrolyzing β-D-glucosidase from Penicillium sclerotiorum was isolated, characterized, and generally described. The β-glucosidase is an ~180 kDa glycoprotein with pI 6.5, and consists of four identical subunits of ~40 kDa. The β-glucosidase was active in a narrow pH range (4-5) and at relatively high temperature (60-70°C). The optimal activity against p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (pNPG) was as follows: pH 4.5 and temperature 65°C. Under these conditions, the K(m) of the enzyme was 0.715 mM with a V(max) of 0.243 mmol nitrophenol/min mg. Metal ions such as Ba(2+), K(+), Fe(3+), and Co(2+) significantly promoted the enzymatic activity, while Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Ag(+) inhibited its activity. Of the tested substrates, only ginsenoside Rg(1) could be specifically hydrolyzed by the β-glucosidase at the C6-glucoside to form the rare ginsenoside F(1). These properties were novel and different from those of other previously described glycosidases.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 03/2011; 43(3):226-31. · 1.81 Impact Factor
  • Yuqing Zhao, Chunfu Wu
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    ABSTRACT: To introduce the establishment of food pharmacy research progress. To overview research situations of food pharmacy development according to edible product. Food pharmacy development in China has been set up preliminarily, and needs to be developed further. The trend of the functional food will be safe, effective and its quality will be control.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 02/2011; 36(4):391-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of addition of grape seed tannins on the phenolic composition, chromatic characteristics, and antioxidant activity of red wine was studied. Two highly pure commercial grape seed tannins (GSE100 and GSE300) were selected, and their phenolic compositions were determined. Two types of red wines were made with Castelão/Tinta Miúda (3/2, w/w) grapevine varieties by fermentation on skin using two different maceration times, which correspond to the wines rich and poor in polyphenols, respectively. Each of these wines was used for experimentation with the addition of GSE100 and GSE300 before and immediately after alcoholic fermentation. Phenolic composition, chromatic characteristics, and antioxidant activity of the finished red wines were analyzed by HPLC-DAD, CIElab 76 convention, and DPPH radical test, respectively. The results showed that the addition of grape seed tannins had obvious effects of increasing color intensity and antioxidant activity only in the wines poor in polyphenols. Although GSE300 contained much higher amounts of di- and trimer procyanidins and a lower amount of polymeric proanthocyanidins, it provided effects of increasing the color intensity and antioxidant activity of the wines poor in polyphenols similar to those of GSE100. Furthermore, GSE100 released more gallic acid to wines than GSE300, although no gallic acid was detected in GSE100. Tannins added after alcoholic fermentation had a better effect on phenolic composition of red wine than tannins added before alcoholic fermentation.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 10/2010; 58(22):11775-82. · 3.11 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

85 Citations
54.85 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • Shenyang Pharmaceutical University
      • • School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica
      • • Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China
  • 2013
    • Liaoning University
      • College of Life Sciences
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China
  • 2004–2007
    • Northeast Normal University
      Hsin-ching, Jilin Sheng, China