Young Ah Lee

Seoul National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (40)54.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a proinflammatory lipid mediator that elicits eosinophil exocytosis, leading to allergic inflammation. However, the detailed intracellular signaling mechanisms of eosinophil exocytosis induced by LTB4 are poorly understood. Herein, we report that NADPH oxidase (NOX)2-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated BLT1 migration to the cell surface is required for exocytosis in human eosinophils induced by LTB4. Methods: Peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and stimulated for up to 60 min with LTB4. The signaling role of NOX2-derived ROS in BLT1-dependent exocytosis in LTB4-stimulated eosinophils was investigated. Results: Stimulating eosinophils with LTB4 induced intracellular ROS production and surface upregulation of the exocytosis marker protein CD63 via BLT1-mediated signaling. LTB4 induced p47(phox) phosphorylation and 91(phox) expression required for NOX2 activation in a BLT1-dependent manner. Pretreatment with NOX2 inhibitors, but not mitochondria inhibitor, prevented LTB4-induced ROS generation and exocytosis. At 30 min after stimulation with LTB4, BLT1 expression at the cell surface was upregulated. LTB4-triggered surface upregulation of BLT1 was also blocked by inhibition of ROS generation with NOX2 inhibitors. Moreover, stimulation for 30 min with LTB4 resulted in the interaction of BLT1 with NOX2 by immunoprecipitation. LTB4-induced ROS generation, surface upregulation of BLT1 and exocytosis was also inhibited by pretreatment with a lipid raft disruptor, protein kinase C inhibitor, or Src kinase inhibitor. Conclusion: These results suggest that NOX2-derived ROS-mediated BLT1 trafficking to the cell surface plays a key role in the exocytosis of human eosinophils induced by LTB4. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    International archives of allergy and immunology. 10/2014; 165(1):40-51.
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    ABSTRACT: Entamoeba histolytica is a tissue-invasive protozoan parasite causing dysentery in humans. During infection of colonic tissues, amoebic trophozoites are able to kill host cells via apoptosis or necrosis, both of which trigger IL-8-mediated acute inflammatory responses. However, the signaling pathways involved in host cell death induced by E. histolytica have not yet been fully defined. In this study, we examined whether calpain plays a role in the cleavage of pro-survival transcription factors during cell death of colonic epithelial cells, induced by live E. histolytica trophozoites. Incubation with amoebic trophozoites induced activation of m-calpain in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Moreover, incubation with amoebae resulted in marked degradation of STAT proteins (STAT3 and STAT5) and NF-κB (p65) in Caco-2 cells. However, IκB, an inhibitor of NF-κB, was not cleaved in Caco-2 cells following adherence of E. histolytica. Entamoeba-induced cleavage of STAT proteins and NF-κB was partially inhibited by pretreatment of cells with a cell-permeable calpain inhibitor, calpeptin. In contrast, E. histolytica did not induce cleavage of caspase-3 in Caco-2 cells. Furthermore, pretreatment of Caco-2 cells with a calpain inhibitor, calpeptin (but not the pan-caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk) or m-calpain siRNA partially reduced Entamoeba-induced DNA fragmentation in Caco-2 cells. These results suggest that calpain plays an important role in E. histolytica-induced degradation of NF-κB and STATs in colonic epithelial cells, which ultimately accelerates cell death.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2014; 52(5):459-69. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whether parental origin of the intact X chromosome and/or the presence of Y chromosome sequences (Yseq) play a role in three-year height response to growth hormone (GH) were investigated.
    Annals of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism. 09/2014; 19(3):127-34.
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    ABSTRACT: The enteric protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica is the causative agent of human amebiasis. During infection, adherence of E. histolytica through Gal/GalNAc lectin on the surface of the amoeba can induce caspase-3-dependent or -independent host cell death. Phosphorylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase C (PKC) in E. histolytica play an important function in the adhesion, killing, or phagocytosis of target cells. In this study, we examined the role of amoebic PI3K and PKC in amoeba-induced apoptotic cell death in Jurkat T cells. When Jurkat T cells were incubated with E. histolytica trophozoites, phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization and DNA fragmentation in Jurkat cells were markedly increased compared to those of cells incubated with medium alone. However, when amoebae were pretreated with a PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin before being incubated with E. histolytica, E. histolytica-induced PS externalization and DNA fragmentation in Jurkat cells were significantly reduced compared to results for amoebae pretreated with DMSO. In addition, pretreatment of amoebae with a PKC inhibitor, staurosporine strongly inhibited Jurkat T cell death. However, E. histolytica-induced cleavage of caspase-3, -6, and -7 were not inhibited by pretreatment of amoebae with wortmannin or staurosporin. In addition, we found that amoebic PI3K and PKC have an important role on amoeba adhesion to host compartment. These results suggest that amebic PI3K and PKC activation may play an important role in caspase-independent cell death in Entamoeba-induced apoptosis.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 08/2014; 52(4):355-65. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Entamoeba histolytica is an extracellular tissue parasite causing colitis and occasional liver abscess in humans. E. histolytica-derived secretory products (SPs) contain large amounts of cysteine proteases (CPs), one of the important amoebic virulence factors. Although tissue-residing mast cells play an important role in the mucosal inflammatory response to this pathogen, it is not known whether the SPs induce mast cell activation. In this study, when human mast cells (HMC-1 cells) were stimulated with SPs collected from pathogenic wild-type amoebae, interleukin IL-8 mRNA expression and production were significantly increased compared with cells incubated with medium alone. Inhibition of CP activity in the SPs with heat or the CP inhibitor E64 resulted in significant reduction of IL-8 production. Moreover, SPs obtained from inhibitors of cysteine protease (ICP)-overexpressing amoebae with low CP activity showed weaker stimulatory effects on IL-8 production than the wild-type control. Preincubation of HMC-1 cells with antibodies to human protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) did not affect the SP-induced IL-8 production. These results suggest that cysteine proteases in E. histolytica-derived secretory products stimulate mast cells to produce IL-8 via a PAR2-independent mechanism, which contributes to IL-8-mediated tissue inflammatory responses during the early phase of human amoebiasis.
    Parasite 01/2014; 21:1. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and factors predictive of pathological brain lesions in boys with precocious puberty (PP) or early puberty (EP) were investigated.
    Annals of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism. 12/2013; 18(4):183-90.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether low vitamin D status was related to insulin resistance (IR) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in Korean adolescents, after adjusting for total body fat mass (FM). A cross-sectional study. Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNAHNES) 2009-2010. In total, 1466 participants (769 males) aged 10-19 years were assessed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, for FM by whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and for IR by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) after an 8 h fast. Age-, sex-, season- and physical-activity-adjusted regression models showed that serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly related to markers of adiposity (P = 0·016 for FM (g), P = 0·023 for FM (%) and P = 0·035 for fat mass index). When the participants were stratified into three 25(OH)D categories (<37·5 nmol/l (n 553), 37·5 to < 50 nmol/l (n 543) and ≥ 50 nmol/l (n 370)), significantly decreasing trends were observed for fasting insulin (all P < 0·001), HOMA-IR (all P < 0·001) and the odds ratios for IFG (all P for trend < 0·05) from the lowest to the highest 25(OH)D category, after adjustments for age, sex, physical activity and all markers of adiposity. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the likelihood of participants in the lowest serum 25(OH)D category having IFG was 2·96-3·15 compared with those in the highest 25(OH)D category (all P < 0·05). There was a significant inverse relationship between vitamin D status and IR and the risk of IFG, independent of adiposity, in Korean adolescents.
    Public Health Nutrition 09/2013; · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult neurogenesis can be influenced by a variety of factors. Stress is one of the most potent inhibitors of hippocampal neurogenesis. Stress effects on adult hippocampal neurogenesis are affected differently by environmental factors, including social interaction. Sexual behavior between males and females in a social context has been suggested to influence neurogenesis and enhance hippocampal cell proliferation. However, the mechanisms of action of sexual interaction, the possible changes relative to stress state, and its effects on learning and memory remain uncertain. The current study examined the influence of sexual interaction on neurological responses in adult male mice and the function of sexual interaction relative to recognition memory in stress states. Changes in the expression of neurotrophic and transcription factors were assessed in reference to stress and/or sexual behaviors. The survival of newly generated cells and their rate of differentiation into neurons were determined in the hippocampus of chronically stressed and/or sexually experienced mice. Finally, to evaluate whether sexual experience alters adult hippocampal function, we tested learning and memory in a recognition memory task. The results demonstrated that sexual activity increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, tyrosine kinase B, and cAMP response element-binding factor. Furthermore, the results supported the view that sexual interaction could be helpful for buffering adult hippocampal neurogenesis and recognition memory function against the suppressive actions of chronic stress.
    Brain research 09/2013; · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Young Ah Lee
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    ABSTRACT: With the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in children, transitioning patients from childhood to adulthood are increasing. High-risk behaviors and poor glycemic control during the transition period increase the risk for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia as well as chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications. Discussions regarding complications and preparations for transition must take place before the actual transition to adult care systems. Pediatric care providers should focus on diabetes self-management skills and prepare at least 1 year prior to the transfer. Pediatric providers should also provide a written summary about previous and current glycemic control, complications and the presence of mental health problems such as disordered eating behaviors and affective disorders. Transition care should be individualized, with an emphasis on diabetes self-management to prevent acute and long-term complications. Regular screening and management of complications should proceed according to pediatric and adult guidelines. Birth control, use of alcohol, smoking and driving should also be discussed. Barriers to self-management and care must be recognized and solutions sought. The goals of transitional care are to effectively transition the diabetic patient from the pediatric to adult care system with less elapsed time in between and to improve post-transition outcome. Previous studies regarding diabetes transitional care programs including patient education programs, medical coordinators and auxiliary service systems reported promising results. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding best practices in transition care. Further studies are needed to provide evidence based transitional care programs that take both medical and psychosocial aspects of diabetes care into consideration.
    Annals of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism. 09/2013; 18(3):106-110.
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity and its related factors are known to suppress the secretion of growth hormone (GH). We aimed to evaluate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the peak GH response to provocative testing in short children without GH deficiency. We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 88 children (2-15 yr old) whose height was less than 3 percentile for one's age and sex, with normal results (peak GH level > 10 ng/mL) of GH provocative testing with clonidine and dopamine. Peak stimulated GH level, height, weight, pubertal status and serum IGF-1 level were measured. Univariate analysis showed that the BMI standard deviation score (SDS) correlated negatively with the natural log (ln) of the peak stimulated GH level (ln peak GH). BMI SDS did not correlate significantly with sex, age, pubertal status, or ln IGF-1 level. BMI SDS correlated negatively with ln peak GH level induced by clonidine but not by dopamine. In stepwise multivariate regression analysis, BMI SDS was the only significant predictor of ln peak GH level in the combination of tests and the clonidine test, but not in the dopamine test. In children without GH deficiency, BMI SDS correlates negatively with the peak GH level. BMI SDS should be included in the analysis of the results of GH provocation tests, especially tests with clonidine.
    Journal of Korean medical science 09/2013; 28(9):1351-5. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) frequently take an insidious clinical course before diagnosis. To date, clinical latency has been discussed in the context of germinoma in the suprasellar area and basal ganglia. In this study, we classified the clinical latency of intracranial GCTs into three categories and described their characteristics in order to understand the full spectrum of the phenomenon. In a cohort of 181 patients with intracranial GCTs, 17 patients had a delayed diagnosis of more than 3 months (90 days) from the initial brain magnetic resonance imaging to the definitive GCT diagnosis. Clinical records and radiological data of the patients were reviewed. The patients with a delayed diagnosis were categorized into three groups according to their tumor location: suprasellar (nine patients), basal ganglia (six patients), and pineal (two patients). Initial symptomatology corresponded with the tumor location: central diabetes insipidus for the suprasellar group, hemiparesis for the basal ganglia group, and precocious puberty for the pineal group. The overall survival of patients with germinoma and delayed diagnosis was significantly shorter than that of patients who were diagnosed within 3 months (P = 0.002). Clinical latency and delayed diagnosis are not restricted to germinomas in the suprasellar area and basal ganglia; they are canonical features of intracranial GCTs including pineal non-germinomatous GCTs. Early detection and proactive diagnosis of these tumors are required because diagnosis delay may negatively influence patient survival.
    Child s Nervous System 06/2013; · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe obesity is a major problem in pediatric craniopharyngioma. We investigated whether tumor origin, growth pattern, and surgical damage predict obesity in pediatric craniopharyngioma. Subjects were 58 patients (30 males) with no tumor recurrence during the first postoperative 18 months. Preoperative hypothalamic involvement was classified into no (pre_G0, n = 19), little (pre_G1, n = 21), and severe (pre_G2, n = 18) involvement groups based on sub- or supradiaphragmatic tumor origin and growth patterns. Postoperative hypothalamic involvement was classified into no (post_G0, n = 4), minimal (post_G1, n = 19), and significant (post_G2, n = 35) involvement groups according to follow-up imaging. The prevalence of obesity increased from 13.2 % at diagnosis (mean age = 8.1 years) to 37.9 % at last follow-up (mean duration = 9.1 years). Only the body mass index (BMI) Z-score increment of the first postoperative year (first-year ΔBMI_Z) was significant (P = 0.007). Both the preoperative BMI_Z (P = 0.001) and the first-year ΔBMI_Z (P = 0.017) showed an increasing trend from the pre_G0 to pre_G1 to pre_G2 group. For the 40 patients with pre_G0 or pre_G1, the first-year ΔBMI_Z was higher in the post_G2 group than the post_G1 group (0.02 ± 0.91 vs. 0.89 ± 0.72, P = 0.003). Tumor origin and growth pattern affect preoperative BMI_Z and postoperative weight gain. Despite little or no hypothalamic involvement at diagnosis, surgical damage contributes to postoperative weight gain in patients with craniopharyngioma.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and predictors for low vitamin D status in Korean adolescents living between latitudes 33° and 39°N. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2009. SUBJECTS: A total of 1510 healthy adolescents aged 12-18 years (806 male, mean age 14·7 years) participated. Possible predictors for low vitamin D status (log-transformed 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations) were evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D<20 ng/ml) was 89·1 % in spring, 53·7 % in summer, 63·9 % in autumn and 90·5 % in winter. Winter season, older age, higher education level reached, being female, being obese, a lack of vitamin D supplementation, lower milk consumption (0-<200 ml/d) and a lack of physical activity were unadjusted predictors (all P < 0·05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that winter season (P < 0·001), higher education level (P < 0·001) and a lack of vitamin D supplementation (P = 0·012) were independent predictors for low vitamin D status. The modifying effect of season on the association between vitamin D supplement use and vitamin D status was significant (P < 0·001). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in Korean adolescents, especially those in higher school grades. Vitamin D supplementation may contribute to maintain a better vitamin D status with lower seasonal variation. Further studies are required to determine optimal vitamin D intakes to maintain sufficient vitamin D status for Korean adolescents.
    Public Health Nutrition 03/2013; · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: , which causes amoebic colitis and occasionally liver abscess in humans, is able to induce host cell death. However, signaling mechanisms of colon cell death induced by are not fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the signaling role of NOX in cell death of HT29 colonic epithelial cells induced by . Incubation of HT29 cells with amoebic trophozoites resulted in DNA fragmentation that is a hallmark of apoptotic cell death. In addition, generate intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a contact-dependent manner. Inhibition of intracellular ROS level with treatment with DPI, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidases (NOXs), decreased -induced ROS generation and cell death in HT29 cells. However, pan-caspase inhibitor did not affect -induced HT29 cell death. In HT29 cells, catalytic subunit NOX1 and regulatory subunit Rac1 for NOX1 activation were highly expressed. We next investigated whether NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1)-derived ROS is closely associated with HT29 cell death induced by . Suppression of Rac1 by siRNA significantly inhibited -induced cell death. Moreover, knockdown of NOX1 by siRNA, effectively inhibited -triggered DNA fragmentation in HT29 cells. These results suggest that NOX1-derived ROS is required for apoptotic cell death in HT29 colon epithelial cells induced by .
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 02/2013; 51(1):61-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dietary reference intake (DRI) of vitamin D for Korean children was reduced from 400 IU/day in 2005 to 200 IU/day in 2010. We evaluated the risk factors for low 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status and its relationships with bone health in peripubertal nonobese children living in Seoul or Gyeonggi-do. One hundred children (9.3 ± 1.9 years, 71 prepubertal, 45 boys) participated in the winter (n = 38, December through March) and summer (June through September). Bone mineral content (Z_BMC), fat mass (Z_FM), lean mass (Z_LM), and bone mineral density for the total body (Z_TB) and lumbar spine (Z_L1-4) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Twenty-nine percent of children (47.4 % in winter, 17.7 % in summer) were vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D level of <20 ng/mL). The winter season (P = 0.008) and low vitamin D intake (P = 0.044) were associated with low 25(OH)D level. The 25(OH)D level correlated positively with Z_BMC (P = 0.040), Z_TB (P = 0.027), and Z_L1-4 (P = 0.045) independently of sex, puberty, Z_FM, Z_LM, physical activity level, and calcium intake. Z_FM correlated independently with Z_BMC (P < 0.001), Z_TB (P = 0.037), and Z_L1-4 (P < 0.001). In conclusion, almost half of peripubertal nonobese children were vitamin D deficient in winter. Adequate vitamin D status and adiposity contributed to good bone health in nonobese children. Considering the beneficial effects of adequate vitamin D status on bone health, the current DRI may be insufficient for preventing vitamin D deficiency in winter among Korean children.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 01/2013; · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may result in growth impairment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the growth during 5 yr after HSCT and to determine factors that influence final adult height (FAH). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who received HSCT. Among a total of 37 eligible patients, we selected 24 patients who began puberty at 5 yr after HSCT (Group 1) and 19 patients who reached FAH without relapse (Group 2). In Group 1, with younger age at HSCT, sex, steroid treatment, hypogonadism and hypothyroidism were not significantly associated with growth impairment 5 yr after HSCT. History of radiotherapy (RT) significantly impaired the 5 yr growth after HSCT. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) only temporarily impaired growth after HSCT. In Group 2, with younger age at HSCT, steroid treatment and hypogonadism did not significantly reduce FAH. History of RT significantly reduced FAH. Growth impairment after HSCT may occur in AML patients, but in patients without a history of RT, growth impairment seemed to be temporary and was mitigated by catch-up growth.
    Journal of Korean medical science 01/2013; 28(1):106-13. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan parasite that causes human trichomoniasis. Although T. vaginalis itself can secrete lipid mediator leukotriene (LT) B(4) leading to neutrophil activation, information regarding the signaling mechanism involved in neutrophil activation induced by T. vaginalis-secreted LTB(4) is limited. We investigated whether LTB(4) contained in the T. vaginalis-derived secretory products (TvSP) is closely involved in interleukin (IL)-8 production in human neutrophils via LTB(4) receptors BLT1 or BLT2. T. vaginalis produced more than 714 pg/ml of LTB(4) per 1 × 10(7) trichomonads. The ability of trichomonads to secrete LTB(4) was inhibited by treatment of trichomonads with the 5-lipo-oxygenease inhibitor AA861, but not the cyclo-oxygenease I inhibitor FR122047. When neutrophils were incubated with TvSP obtained from 1 × 10(7) trichomonads, IL-8 protein secretion was significantly increased compared to results for cells incubated with medium alone. The stimulatory effect of TvSP on IL-8 production was strongly inhibited by pretreatment of TvSP with lipase, although pretreatment with heat or proteinase K showed little inhibitory effect. Moreover, TvSP-induced IL-8 production was efficiently inhibited when trichomonads were pretreated with AA861 or when neutrophils were pretreated with antagonists for BLT1 or BLT2. Our results suggest that LTB(4) receptors BLT1 and BLT2 are involved in IL-8 production in neutrophils induced by T. vaginalis.
    Agents and Actions 01/2012; 61(2):97-102. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 1-y-old male miniature pig housed in our laboratory facility was evaluated for weight loss and rough coat condition. CBC results revealed neutrophilia. Radiography of the thoracic area showed increased opacity throughout the thoracic cavity except for the right caudal lobe. ¹⁸F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET-CT) revealed elevated standard uptake values in the area corresponding to the radiologic findings. Follow-up thoracic radiography taken 2 wk after FDG-PET-CT showed several interval changes, including markedly decreased opacity throughout the entire thoracic cavity. Necropsy revealed adhesions between the upper portion of the caudal lobe of the left lung and thoracic wall. ELISA for several closely related infectious species confirmed the presence of antibody to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar V.
    Comparative medicine 01/2012; 62(3):203-8. · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study used positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) to evaluate the effects of 4 anesthetic protocols on 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) accumulation in the brains and hearts of miniature pigs (Sus scrofa domestica). The 18F-FDG standard uptake value was quantified by dividing the brain into 6 regions: cerebellum, brainstem, and frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes. Five (2 female and 3 male) clinically normal miniature pigs were premedicated with medetomidine (200 μg/kg IM) after which the following 4 anesthetic protocols were administered by using a crossover design: 1) propofol (4 mg/kg IV)-isoflurane inhalation; 2) propofol (4 mg/kg IV); 3) ketamine (5 mg/kg IV); 4) tiletamine-zolazepam (4.4 mg/kg IM). Compared with levels after other protocols, brain accumulation of 18F-FDG increased during propofol anesthesia but decreased with tiletamine-zolazepam. Relative to that due to other protocols, heart accumulation of 18F-FDG increased with propofol-isoflurane anesthesia but decreased with tiletamine-zolazepam. Comparing glucose accumulation in the brain and heart of miniature pigs by using PET-CT, we found that glucose accumulation varied according to the anesthetic protocol and between the 2 organs. These results can be used to evaluate how different anesthetic agents affect glucose metabolism in brain and heart of miniature pigs. Furthermore, these data should be considered when selecting an anesthetic agent for miniature pigs that will undergo PET-CT imaging with 18F-FDG.
    Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS 01/2012; 51(2):246-52. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell surface mucins configure the cell surface by presenting extended protein backbones that are heavily O-glycosylated. The glycopeptide structures establish physicochemical properties at the cell surface that enable and block the formation of biologically important molecular complexes. Some mucins, such as MUC1, associate with receptor tyrosine kinases and other cell surface receptors, and engage in signal transduction in order to communicate information regarding conditions at the cell surface to the nucleus. In that context, the MUC1 cytoplasmic tail (MUC1CT) receives phosphorylation signals from receptor tyrosine kinases and serine/threonine kinases, which enables its association with different signaling complexes that conduct these signals to the nucleus and perhaps other subcellular organelles. We have detected the MUC1CT at promoters of over 500 genes, in association with several different transcription factors, and have shown that promoter occupancy can vary under different growth factor conditions. However, the full biochemical nature of the nuclear forms of MUC1 and its function at these promoter regions remain undefined. I will present evidence that nuclear forms of the MUC1CT include extracellular and cytoplasmic tail domains. In addition, I will discuss evidence for a hypothesis that the MUC1CT possesses a novel catalytic function that enables remodeling of the transcription factor occupancy of promoters, and thereby engages in regulation of gene expression.
    Glycobiology 11/2011; 21(11):1454-531. · 3.54 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

79 Citations
54.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chungnam National University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2007–2014
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010–2013
    • Konkuk University
      • • College of Veterinary Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • The Seoul Institute
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Seojeong College
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea